Wang, Y. C., P. Coxson, Y.-M. Shen, L. Goldman, and K. Bibbins-Domingo. 2012. A penny-per-ounce tax on sugar-sweetened beverages would cut health and cost burdens of diabetes. Health Affairs 31(1):199-207.

Welsh, J. A., A. J. Sharma, L. Grellinger, and M. B. Vos. 2011. Consumption of added sugars is decreasing in the United States. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 94(3):726-734

Wendt, M., and J. E. Todd. 2011. The effect of food and beverage prices on children’s weights. Economic Research Report No. 118. Washington, DC: USDA, ERS.

White House Task Force on Childhood Obesity. 2010. Solving the problem of childhood obesity within a generation: White House Task Force on Childhood Obesity report to the President. Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President of the United States.

WHO (World Health Organization). 2004. Global strategy on diet, physical activity, and health. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.

Wiecha, J. L., D. Finkelstein, P. J. Troped, M. Fragala, and K. E. Peterson. 2006. School vending machine use and fast-food restaurant use are associated with sugar-sweetened beverage intake in youth. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 106(10):1624-1630.

Woodward-Lopez, G., J. Kao, and L. Ritchie. 2010. To what extent have sweetened beverages contributed to the obesity epidemic? Public Health Nutrition 1-11.

Wootan, M. G., A. Batada, and E. Marchlewicz. 2008. Kids meals. Obesity on the menu. Washington, DC: Center for Science in the Public Interest.

Zenk, S. N., A. J. Schulz, B. A. Israel, S. A. James, S. Bao, and M. L. Wilson. 2005. Neighborhood racial composition, neighborhood poverty, and the spatial accessibility of supermarkets in metropolitan Detroit. American Journal of Public Health 95(4):660-667.

Zoumas-Morse, C., C. L. Rock, E. J. Sobo, and M. L. Neuhouser. 2001. Children’s patterns of macronutrient intake and associations with restaurant and home eating. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 101(8):923-925.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement