Building Global Science Capacity

Effectively advancing science and its beneficial applications, several participants noted, involves actions by the United States and partners around the world, including:

• Developing research agendas that have a potential major effect on human welfare in developing countries;

• Bringing the talents of girls and women around the world into science and technology;

• Helping developing countries to be effective partners and to develop and retain scientific talent through national science and technology programs and the commitment of resources; and

• Recognizing and encouraging accomplishments in developing countries.

Learning from Industry

Given the increasing role of the private sector in the research arena, some workshop participants encouraged innovative public–private partnerships. They argued that governments in particular should try to leverage the experience of industry and apply the private sector’s entrepreneurial and flexible spirit to governmental agencies. There is also a need for more university–industry partnerships nationally and internationally, they said, which can effectively contribute to educational training and technology transfer.

Responsible Science

Several participants pointed out that in a rapidly changing research environment involving unprecedented volumes of data and intense competitive pressure, continued work is needed to assure the necessary institutional basis for scientific cooperation. This particularly includes a common understanding of scientific integrity and responsibility.

Global Connectivity

Some discussants commented that growing global connectivity can dramatically accelerate cooperation and thereby expand the scale of scientific programs, highlighting the critical role of global connectivity for both developed and developing countries. Many pointed out that, while it is important to make efficient use of new information technologies and social media tools to implement new partnerships, they cannot replace face-to-face meetings.

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