Click for next page ( 68

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement

Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 67
67 References Briaud, J. L. (1989). “The Pressuremeter Test for Highway Applica- AASHTO (1994). LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, 1st Edition, Amer- ican Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, tion.” Report FHWA-IP-89-008, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. AASHTO (1996). Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges, 16th Edi- Briaud, J. L. (1992). “The Cone Penetrometer Test.” Report FHWA-SA- tion, American Association of State Highway and Transportation 91-043, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, D.C. Officials, Washington, D.C. Brinch-Hansen, J. (1953). “Earth Pressure Calculation.” Danish Techni- AASHTO (2007). LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, 4th Edition, Amer- cal Press, Copenhagen, Denmark. ican Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Brinch-Hansen, J. (1956). “Limit Design and Safety Factors in Soil Washington, D.C. Mechanics.” Bulletin No. 1, Danish Geotechnical Institute, Copen- ACI (1995). “Building Code Requirements for Reinforced Concrete.” hagen, Denmark. American Concrete Institute, Detroit, MI. Brinch-Hansen, J. (1966). “Code of Practice for Foundation Engineer- ACI (1998). “Code Requirements for Nuclear Safety-Related Concrete ing.” Bulletin No. 22, Danish Geotechnical Institute, Copenhagen, Structures (ACI 349-97) and Commentary.” Publication No. ACI Denmark. 349R-97, ACI Committee 349, American Concrete Institute, Farm- Byrne, R. J., D. Cotton, J. Porterfield, C. Wolschlag, and G. Ueblacker ington Hills, MI, p. 129. (1998). “Manual for Design and Construction Monitoring of Soil AISC (1994). Load and Resistance Factor Design Manual of Steel Con- Nail Walls.” Report FHWA-SA-96-69R, Federal Highway Admin- struction, American Institute of Steel Construction, Chicago, IL. istration, Washington, D.C. Allen, T. M. (2005). “Development of Geotechnical Resistance Factors Caltrans (1991). “A User’s Manual for the SNAIL Program, Version and Downdrag Load Factors for LRFD Foundation Strength Limit 2.02—Updated PC Version.” Division of New Technology, Material State Design.” Publication No. FHWA-NHI-05-052, Federal High- and Research, Office of Geotechnical Engineering, California way Administration, Washington, D.C., 41 pp. Department of Transportation, Sacramento, California. Allen, T. M., B. R. Christopher, V. Elias, and J. DiMaggio (2001). “Devel- Caltrans (2007). “A User’s Manual for the SNAILZ Program, Version opment of the Simplified Method for Internal Stability of Mechani- 2.02—Updated PC Version.” Division of New Technology, Material cally Stabilized Earth (MSE) Walls.” Washington State Department and Research, Office of Geotechnical Engineering, California Depart- of Transportation, Report WA-RD 513.1, 108 pp. ment of Transportation, Sacramento, California. Allen, T. M., A. S. Nowak, and R. J. Bathurst (2005). “Calibration to Determine Load and Resistance Factors for Geotechnical and Struc- Chen, Y. (2000a). “Practical Analysis and Design Methods of Mechani- tural Design.” Circular Number E-C079, Transportation Research cally Stabilized Earth Walls I: Design Philosophies and Procedures,” Board, Washington, D.C. Engineering Structures, Vol. 22, No. 7, pp. 793–808. Anderson, D. G., G. R. Martin, I. Lam, and J. N. Wang (2008). NCHRP Chen, Y. (2000b). “Practical Analysis and Design Methods of Report 611: Seismic Analysis and Design of Retaining Walls, Buried Mechanically Stabilized Earth Walls II: Design Comparisons and Structures, Slopes, and Embankments. Transportation Research Impact of LRFD Method,” Engineering Structures, Vol. 22, No. 7, Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C. pp. 809–830. API (1989). “Draft Recommended Practice for Planning, Designing and CIRIA (1977). “Rationalization of Safety and Serviceability Factors in Constructing Fixed Offshore Platforms—Load and Resistance Factor Structural Codes.” CIRIA Report 63. SWIP 3AU, Report 63, London, Design.” API RP2ALRFD. American Petroleum Institute, Dallas, TX. England. Baecher, G. B. and J. T. Christian (2003). Reliability and Statistics in Clouterre (1991). “Recommandations Clouterre 1991” (Trans.: Soil Nail- Geotechnical Engineering. Wiley & Sons, Inc. Hoboken, N.J. ing Recommendations 1991), English Translation, Presses de l’Ecole Barker, R. M., J. M. Duncan, K. B. Rojiani, P. S. K. Ooi, C. K. Tan, and Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées, Paris, France. S. G. Kim (1991). NCHRP Report 343: Manuals for the Design of Clouterre (2002). “Additif 2002 aux recommandations Clouterre 1991” Bridge Foundations: Shallow Foundations, Driven Piles, Retaining (Trans.: 2002 Addenda to Recommendations Clouterre 1991), In Walls and Abutments, Drilled Shafts, Estimating Tolerable Movements, French, Presses de l’Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées, Paris, and Load Factor Design Specifications and Commentary. Transporta- France. tion Research Board, Washington, D.C.

OCR for page 67
68 D’Appolonia (1999). “Developing New AASHTO LRFD Specifications Juran, I., G. Baudrand, K. Farrag, and V. Elias (1990). “Kinematical Limit for Retaining Walls.” Final Report, NCHRP Project 20-7, Task 88. Analysis for Design of Nailed Structures,” Journal of Geotechnical Ground Technology, Inc., Monroeville, PA. 50 pp. Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. 116, No. 1, Elias, V., B. R. Christopher, and R. Berg (2001). “Mechanically Stabilized pp. 54–72. Earth Walls and Reinforced Soil Slopes Design and Construction Kavazanjian, E. Jr., N. Matasovic, T. Hadj-Hamou, and P. J. Sabatini ´ Guidelines.” Publication FHWA-NHI-00-043, Federal Highway (1997). “Design Guidance: Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering Administration, Washington, D.C., 394 pp. for Highways, Volume I, Design Principles.” Geotechnical Engi- Elias, V. and I. Juran (1991). “Soil Nailing for Stabilization of Highway neering Circular No. 3, Publication FHWA-SA-97-076, Federal Slopes and Excavations.” Publication FHWA-RD-89-198, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, D.C. Highway Administration, Washington D.C. Kulhawy, F. H. and K. K. Phoon (1996). “Engineering Judgment in the Ellingwood, B. and T. Galambos (1982). “Probability-Based Criteria for Evolution from Deterministic to Reliability-Based Foundation Structural Design,” Structural Safety, Vol. 1, pp. 15–26. Design,” Uncertainty in the Geologic Environment: From Theory Ellingwood, B., T. V. Galambos, J. G. MacGregor and C. A. Cornell to Practice, Geotechnical Special Publication No. 58, Vol. 1, C. D. (1980). “Development of a Probability Based Load Criterion for Shackelford, P. P. Nelson and J. J. S. Roth (eds.), American Soci- American National Standard A58.” Special Publication 577, ety of Civil Engineers, pp. 29–48. National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C. Lazarte, C. A., V. Elias, R. D. Espinoza, and P. J. Sabatini (2003). “Soil Ellingwood, B., T. Galambos, J. MacGregor, and C. Cornell (1982a). Nail Walls.” Geotechnical Engineering Circular No. 7, Publication “Probability Based Load Criteria: Assessment of Current Design FHWA-IF-03-017, Federal Highway Administration, Washing- Practices,” Journal of the Structural Division, American Society of ton, D.C. Civil Engineers, Vol. 108, No. ST5, pp. 959–977. Long, J. H., E. Chow, E. T. Cording, and W. J. Sieczkowski (1990). “Sta- Ellingwood, B., T. Galambos, J. MacGregor, and C. Cornell (1982b). bility Analysis for Soil Nailed Walls.” Geotechnical Special Publica- “Probability Based Load Criteria: Load Factors and Load Combi- tion No. 25, American Society of Civil Engineers, pp. 676–691. nations,” Journal of the Structural Division, American Society of Meyerhof, G. (1994). “Evolution of Safety Factors and Geotechnical Civil Engineers, Vol. 108, No. ST5, pp. 978–997. Limit State Design.” Second Spencer J. Buchanan Lecture, Texas Felio, G. Y., M. Vucetic, M. Hudson, O. Barar, and R. Chapman (1990). A&M University, Nov. 4, 32 p. “Performance of Soil Nailed Walls during the October 17, 1989 Mononobe, N. (1929). “Earthquake-Proof Construction of Masonry Loma Prieta Earthquake,” Proceedings, 43rd Canadian Geotechni- Dams,” Proceedings of the World Engineering Conference, Vol. 9. cal Conference, Quebec, pp. 165–173. Moses, F. (1985). “Implementation of a Reliability-Based API RP2A For- Fellenius, B. (1994). “Limit States Design for Deep Foundations,” Pro- mat.” Final Report. API PRAC 83-22. American Petroleum Institute, ceedings, U.S. DOT International Conference on Deep Foundations, Dallas, TX. Orlando, Federal Highway Commission. Moses, F. (1986). “Development of Preliminary Load and Resistance Fac- FHWA (1993a). “FHWA International Scanning Tour for Geotechnol- tor Design Document for Fixed Offshore Platforms.” Final Report. ogy, September–October 1992, Soil Nailing Summary Report.” API-PRAC 95-22. American Petroleum Institute, Dallas, TX. Publication FHWA-PL-93-020, Federal Highway Administration, Nowak, A. S. (1999). NCHRP Report 368: Calibration of LRFD Bridge Washington, D.C. Design Code. Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C. FHWA (1993b). “French National Research Project Clouterre 1991— Nowak, A. S. and Collins, K. R. (2000). Reliability of Structures. New Recomandations Clouterre 1991 (English Translation: Soil Nailing York: McGraw-Hill. Recommendations).” Publication FHWA-SA-93-026, Federal High- National Research Council of Canada (1977) “National Building Code.” way Administration, Washington, D.C. Ottawa. Freudenthal, A. M. (1947). “Safety of Structures,” Transactions, ASCE, O’Neill, M. (1995). “LRFD Factors for Deep Foundations through Direct Vol. 112, pp. 125–180. Experimentation,” Proceedings of US/Taiwan Geotechnical Engineer- Freudenthal, A. M. (1951). “Planning and Interpretation of Fatigue ing Collaboration Workshop. Sponsored by the National Science Tests,” Symposium on Statistical Aspects of Fatigue, ASTM Special Foundation (USA) and the National Science Council (Taiwan, Technical Publication. ROC), A. B. Huang, Y. S. Fang, P. W. Mayne, and S. G. Paikowsky Freudenthal, A. M. and E. J. Gumbel (1956). “Physical and Statistical (eds.), Taipei, January 9–11, pp. 100–114. Aspects of Fatigue,” Advances in Applied Mechanics. Okabe, S. (1926). “General Theory of Earth Pressure,” Journal of Japan Galambos, T. and M. Ravindra (1978). “Properties of Steel for Use in Society of Civil Engineering, Vol. 12, No. 1. LRFD,” Journal of Structural Engineering, American Society of Civil Oregon DOT (1999). “Monitoring of Soil Nailed Walls at the Highway Engineers, Vol. 104, No. 9, pp. 1459–1468. 217 and Highway 26 Interchange.” Final Report, State Planning Golder (1993). “GOLDNAIL Soil Nailing Design Program.” Golder and Research, Project 370, Oregon Department of Transportation. Associates, Seattle, Washington. Paikowsky, S. G., B. Birgisson, M. McVay, T. Nguyen, C. Kuo, G. Baecher, Hamilton, J. and J. Murff (1992). “Selection of LRFD Resistance Fac- B. Ayyub, K. Stenersen, K. O. Malley, L. Chernauskas, and M. O. Neill tors for Pile Foundation Design,” Proceedings Structures Congress (2004). NCHRP Report 507: Load and Resistance Factor Design ’92, American Society of Civil Engineers Structures Congress, April (LRFD) for Deep Foundations. Transportation Research Board of the 13–15, San Antonio, Texas. National Academies, Washington, D.C. Hannigan, P. J., G. G. Goble, G. Thendean, G. E. Likins and F. Rausche Porterfield, J. A., D. M. Cotton, and R. J. Byrne (1994). “Soil Nail- (2005). “Design and Construction of Driven Pile Foundations,” ing Field Inspectors Manual, Project Demonstration 103.” Publi- Vol. I and II, Publications FHWA-HI-05-042 & 043, Federal High- cation FHWA-SA-93-068, Federal Highway Administration, way Administration, Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. Hasofer, A. M. and N. Lind (1974). “An Exact and Invariant First-Order PTI (2005). “Recommendations for Prestressed Rock and Soil Anchors.” Reliability Format,” Journal of Engineering Mechanics, Vol. 100, 4th Edition, Post-Tensioning Institute, Phoenix, Arizona. No. 1, pp. 11–121.

OCR for page 67
69 Tufenkjian, M. R. (2002). “Performance of Soil Nailed Retaining Struc- Richards, R. and D. G. Elms (1979). “Seismic Behavior of Gravity tures during the 2001 Nisqually, Earthquake,” Proceedings of the 7th Retaining Walls,” Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division, U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering, July 21–25, American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. 105, No. GT4, April, Boston. pp. 449–464. Tufenkjian, M. R. and M. Vucetic (2000). “Dynamic Failure Mecha- Sabatini, P. J., D. G. Pass, and R. C. Bachus (1999). “Ground Anchors nism of Soil-Nailed Excavation Models in Centrifuge,” Journal of and Anchored Systems.” Geotechnical Engineering Circular No. 4, Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, American Society Publication FHWA-IF-99-015, Federal Highway Administration, of Civil Engineers, Vol. 126, No. 3, pp. 227–235. Washington, D.C., 281pp. Vucetic, M., M. Tufenkjian, and M. Doroudian (1993). “Dynamic Cen- Seed, H. B. and R. V. Whitman (1970). “Design of Earth Retaining trifuge Testing of Soil-Nailed Excavations,” ASTM Geotechnical Structures for Dynamic Loads.” State of the Art Papers presented Testing Journal, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 172–187. at 1970 Specialty Conference on Lateral Stresses in the Ground and Withiam, J. L. and A. S. Nowak (2004). “Load and Resistance Factors for Design of Earth-Retaining Structures, American Society of Civil Earth Pressures on Bridge Substructures and Retaining Walls.” Final Engineers. Report, NCHRP Project 12-55. D’Appolonia Engineering Division, Seible, F. (1996). “Structural Response Assessment of Soil Nail Wall Fac- Ground Technology, Inc., Monroeville, Pennsylvania, 374 p. ings.” Report No. SSRP-96/01, Division of Structural Engineering, Withiam, J. L., E. P. Voytko, and B. C. Kelly (1995). “Section 10, Foun- University of California, San Diego. dations,” “Section 11, Abutments, Piers and Walls,” and “Section 12, Sheahan, T. C., T. Oral, and C. L. Ho (2003). “A Simplified Trial Wedge Buried Structures of ‘Design Manual 4,’ ” Exception Specifications to Method for Soil Nailed Wall Analysis,” Journal of Geotechnical and AASHTO LRFD Specification for the Pennsylvania Department of Geoenvironmental Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, Transportation. Vol. 129, No.: 2, pp. 117–124. Withiam, J. L., E. P. Voytko, and C. J. Lewis (1991). “Development of Shen, C. K., L. R. Herrmann, K. M. Romstand, S. Bang, Y. S. Kim, and a Comprehensive Bridge Specification and Commentary— J. S. Denatale (1981). “In-Situ Earth Reinforcement Lateral Sup- Soil-Structure Interaction Systems.” Final Report, NCHRP Project port System.” Report No. 81-03, Department of Civil Engineering, 12-33C. D’Appolonia Engineering Division, Ground Technology, University of California, Davis, California. Inc., Monroeville, Pennsylvania. Siu, W., S. Parimi, and N. Lind (1975). “Practical Approach to Code Withiam, J. L., E. P. Voytko, J. M. Duncan, R. M. Barker, B. C. Kelly, Calibration,” Journal of the Structural Division, American Society S. C. Musser, and V. Elias (1997). “Load and Resistance Factor of Civil Engineers, Vol. 101, No. ST7, pp. 1469–1480. Design (LRFD) for Highway Bridge Substructures.” Report FHWA Stocker, M. F., G. W. Korber, G. Gässler, and G. Gudehus (1979). “Soil DTFH61-94-C-00098, 850 p. Nailing,” International Conference on Soil Reinforcement I, Paris, Withiam, J. L., E. P. Voytko, V. Elias, and P. J. Hannigan (1998). “Rec- France, Vol. 2, pp. 469–474. ommended Specifications for the Design of Foundations, Retaining Tang, W. (1993). “Recent Developments in Geotechnical Reliability,” Walls and Substructures.” Final Report, NCHRP 12-35. D’Appolo- Proceedings of the Conference on Probabilistic Methods in Geotechnical nia Engineering Division, Ground Technology, Inc., Monroeville, Engineering, K. Li and S-C. Lo (eds.), Canberra, Australia, Balkema, Pennsylvania. Rotterdam, The Netherlands, pp. 3–28. Woods, R. I. and K. Barkhordari (1997). “The Influence of Bond Dis- Tatsuoka, F., J. Koseki, and M. Tateyama (1997). “Performance of tributions on Ground Anchor Design,” International Conference on Reinforced Soil Structures During the 1995 Hyogo-ken Nanbu Ground Anchorages and Anchored Structures, Institute of Civil Engi- Earthquake.” Special Lecture, Proceedings of the International Sym- neers, London, March. posium on Earth Reinforcement (IS Kyushu ‘96), Balkema, Vol. 2, Zhang, L., W. H. Tang, and C. W. W. Ng (2001). “Reliability of Axially pp. 973–1008. Loaded Driven Pile Groups,” Journal of Geotechnical and Environ- Taylor, D. W. (1948). Fundamentals of Soil Mechanics. J. Wiley, New York. mental Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. 127, Terzaghi, K., R. Peck, and G. Mesri (1996). Soil Mechanics in Engineering No.12, pp. 1051–1060. Practice. 3rd Edition, J. Wiley & Sons, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, N.J.