help create more rational, scientifically based societies that find dogmatism intolerable.

Widely recognized for his work in the fields of biochemistry and molecular biology, Dr. Alberts has earned many honors and awards, including 16 honorary degrees. He currently serves on the advisory boards of more than 25 non-profit institutions, including the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation.

Cynthia M. Beall (see Appendix B)

Paul Beardsley (see Appendix B)

Spencer Benson is the director of the Center for Teaching Excellence, associate professor in the Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics and an affiliate associate professor in the Department of Curriculum and Instruction at the University of Maryland, College Park. Dr. Benson has served as a consultant for Project 2061, the Quality Undergraduate Education (QUE) initiative, the Coalition for Education in the Life Science (CELS), Science Education for New Civic Engagement and Responsibility (SENCER), and the Center for Advancement of Stem Education (CASE). He has been involved in numerous K-16 education initiatives at the University of Maryland including an on-line Master Program in the Life Sciences for high school biology teachers. He is past chair of the Undergraduate Education Committee of the American Society of Microbiology (ASM), past chair of ASM’s Div-W (Teaching), and interim chair member of ASM’s International Education Committee. He is a founding member of the International Society for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning (ISSoTL) and the ASM sponsored Biological Scholars Program. In the 2002 he was named the CASE-Carnegie Maryland Professor of the Year award and in 2011 he was awarded the ASM Carski Teaching award. Dr. Benson has been an AP Biology exam reader (six years), test item reviewer, cochair of the AP Biology Redesign Commission (2006-2007), a member of the AP Biology Review Advisory Panel (2008), and cochair of the AP Biology Curriculum, Development and Assessment Committee (2008-2012).

V. Celeste Carter is a program director in the Division of Undergraduate Education (DUE) of the National Science Foundation (NSF). Dr. Carter received her Ph.D. in microbiology from the Pennsylvania State University School of Medicine in 1982 under the direction of Dr. Satvir S. Tevethia. She completed postdoctoral studies in the laboratory of Dr. G. Steven Martin at the University of California at Berkeley. She joined the Division of Biological and Health Sciences at Foothill College in 1994 to



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