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Appendix E Acronyms and Abbreviations ADPC Asian Disaster Preparedness Center ICIMOD International Centre for Integrated AOT aerosol optical thickness Mountain Development IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate BC black carbon Change CALIOP Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogo- LIA Little Ice Age nal Polarization LLOF landslide lake outburst flood CALIPSO Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation masl meters above sea level CRED Centre for Research on the Epidemi- MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging ology of Disasters Spectroradiometer MSU Microwave Sounding Unit DEMs digital elevation models DTM digital terrain model NATHAN Natural Hazards Assessment Network EF environmental flow NDSI Normalized Difference Snow Index EHP elevated heat pump NGO nongovernmental organization ELA equilibrium line altitude NRC National Research Council EPS expressed population signal OCHA Office for the Coordination of FAO Food and Agriculture Organization Humanitarian Affairs FUGs forest user groups OMI ozone measuring instrument GAR Global Assessment Report on POP persistent organic pollutant Disaster Risk Reduction GHG greenhouse gas SAARC South Asian Association for GLIDE GLobal IDEntifier Regional Cooperation GLOF glacial lake outburst flood SST sea surface temperature GRACE Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment TP Tibetan Plateau GRanD Global Reservoir and Dam GRUMP Global Rural Urban Mapping Project WGMS World Glacier Monitoring Service WUAs water user associations HKH Hindu Kush-Himalayan 137
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