Appendix B

Biographical Information on the
Committee on Science for EPA’s Future

Jerald L. Schnoor (Chair) is the Allen S. Henry Chair in Engineering, professor of civil and environmental engineering, professor of occupational and environmental health, codirector of the Center for Global and Regional Environmental Research, and faculty research engineer of the Iowa Institute of Hydraulic Research — Hydroscience and Engineering. Dr. Schnoor’s interests are in water-quality modeling, environmental chemistry, and climate change. His present research includes phytoremediation of groundwater contamination and hazardous wastes, water observatory networks, global change, and sustainability. Dr. Schnoor is editor-in-chief of Environmental Science and Technology. He is a member of the US Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board, a member of the National Academy of Engineering, and a member of the National Institute of Environmental Health Science National Advisory Environmental Health Sciences Council. He has served on several previous National Research Council committees, most recently as a member of the Committee on Economic and Environmental Impacts of Increasing Biofuels Production. Dr. Schnoor earned a PhD in civil (environmental health) engineering from the University of Texas.

Tina Bahadori resigned from the committee on March 26, 2012, when she was appointed the national program director for chemical safety for sustainability in the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Research and Development. While she served as a member of the committee, she was the managing director for the American Chemistry Council’s Long-Range Research Initiative (LRI) program. In that position, she was responsible for the direction of the LRI, which sponsors an independent research program that advances the science of risk assessment for the health and ecological effects of chemicals to support decision-making by government, industry, and the public. Before joining the American Chemistry Council, she was the manager of Air Quality Health Inte-



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Appendix B Biographical Information on the Committee on Science for EPA's Future Jerald L. Schnoor (Chair) is the Allen S. Henry Chair in Engineering, profes- sor of civil and environmental engineering, professor of occupational and envi- ronmental health, codirector of the Center for Global and Regional Environ- mental Research, and faculty research engineer of the Iowa Institute of Hydraulic Research Hydroscience and Engineering. Dr. Schnoor's interests are in water-quality modeling, environmental chemistry, and climate change. His present research includes phytoremediation of groundwater contamination and hazardous wastes, water observatory networks, global change, and sustain- ability. Dr. Schnoor is editor-in-chief of Environmental Science and Technology. He is a member of the US Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board, a member of the National Academy of Engineering, and a member of the National Institute of Environmental Health Science National Advisory Envi- ronmental Health Sciences Council. He has served on several previous National Research Council committees, most recently as a member of the Committee on Economic and Environmental Impacts of Increasing Biofuels Production. Dr. Schnoor earned a PhD in civil (environmental health) engineering from the Uni- versity of Texas. Tina Bahadori resigned from the committee on March 26, 2012, when she was appointed the national program director for chemical safety for sustainability in the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Research and Devel- opment. While she served as a member of the committee, she was the managing director for the American Chemistry Council's Long-Range Research Initiative (LRI) program. In that position, she was responsible for the direction of the LRI, which sponsors an independent research program that advances the science of risk assessment for the health and ecological effects of chemicals to support decision-making by government, industry, and the public. Before joining the American Chemistry Council, she was the manager of Air Quality Health Inte- 206

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Appendix B 207 grated Programs at the Electric Power Research Institute. Dr. Bahadori is the immediate past president of the International Society of Exposure Science and an associate editor of the Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epi- demiology. She served as a member of the Board of Scientific Counselors of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Center for En- vironmental Health (NCEH)/Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), as a member of the CDC NCEH/ATSDR National Conversation on Public Health and Chemical Exposure Leadership Council, as a peer reviewer for the EPA grants and programs, and as a member of the Chemical Exposure Working Group on the National Children's Study. She has also served on sev- eral National Research Council committees, most recently as a member of the Committee to Develop a Research Strategy for Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials, the Committee on Human and Environmental Exposure Science in the 21st Century, and the Board on Envi- ronmental Studies and Toxicology. Dr. Bahadori earned an ScD in environ- mental science and engineering from the Harvard School of Public Health. Eric J. Beckman is the George M. Bevier Professor of Engineering in the Uni- versity of Pittsburgh Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering. He is also codirector of the Mascaro Center for Sustainable Innovation, a center in the school of engineering that focuses on the design of sustainable communities. Dr. Beckman's research interests involve the design of green chemical products and molecular design of biomedical devices. Dr. Beckman was honored as the 1992 recipient of the National Science Foundation Young Investigator Award and the 2002 Academic Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Award. He earned a PhD in polymer science from the University of Massachusetts. Thomas A. Burke is associate dean for public-health practice and professor of health policy and management at the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health. He holds joint appointments in the Department of En- vironmental Health Sciences and the School of Medicine's Department of On- cology. Dr. Burke is also director of the Johns Hopkins Risk Sciences and Pub- lic Policy Institute. His research interests include environmental epidemiology and surveillance, evaluation of population exposures to environmental pollut- ants, assessment and communication of environmental risks, and application of epidemiology and health risk assessment to public policy. Before joining Johns Hopkins University, Dr. Burke was deputy commissioner of health for New Jer- sey and director of science and research for the New Jersey Department of Envi- ronmental Protection. In New Jersey, he directed initiatives that influenced the development of national programs, such as Superfund, the Safe Drinking Water Act, and the Toxics Release Inventory. Dr. Burke was the inaugural chair of the advisory board to the director of the US Centers for Disease Control and Preven- tion National Center for Environmental Health and is currently a member of the US Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board. He has served on several National Research Council committees, most recently as chair of the

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208 Science For Environmental Protection: The Road Ahead Committee on Improving Risk Analysis Approaches Used by the US EPA and the Committee to Review EPA's Title 42 Hiring Authority for Highly Qualified Scientists and Engineers. He was also chair of the Committee on Human Bio- monitoring for Environmental Toxicants and the Committee on Toxicants and Pathogens in Biosolids Applied to Land. In 2003, he was designated a lifetime national associate of the National Academies. Dr. Burke received his PhD in epidemiology from the University of Pennsylvania. Frank W. Davis is director of the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis and a professor at the Bren School of Environmental Science and Management of the University of California, Santa Barbara, where he teaches ecology and conservation planning. His current research focuses on the land- scape ecology of California rangelands, ecologic implications of modern climate change, and conservation planning for renewable-energy development. Dr. Davis is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, a fellow in the Aldo Leopold Leadership Program, a Google Science Communi- cation Fellow, and a trustee of the Nature Conservancy of California. He has served on several National Research Council committees and is currently a member of the Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology. Dr. Davis earned a PhD in geography and environmental engineering from Johns Hopkins University. David L. Eaton is a professor of environmental and occupational health sci- ences and interim vice provost for research at the University of Washington (UW). He also serves as the director of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Center for Ecogenetics and Environmental Health at UW. He has held several other UW positions, including director of the toxicology pro- gram and associate chairman in the Department of Environmental Health and associate dean for research in the School of Public Health. Dr. Eaton maintains an active research and teaching program that is focused on the molecular basis of environmental causes of cancer and how human genetic differences in bio- transformation enzymes may increase or decrease individual susceptibility to chemicals found in the environment. He has published over 150 scientific arti- cles and book chapters in toxicology and risk assessment. Nationally, he has served on the board of directors and as treasurer of the American Board of Toxi- cology, as secretary and later as president of the Society of Toxicology, as a member of the board of directors and as vice-president of the Toxicology Educa- tion Foundation, and as a member of the board of trustees of the Academy of Toxicological Sciences. Dr. Eaton is a member of the Institute of Medicine and has served on several National Academies committees, most recently as a mem- ber of the Institute of Medicine Committee on Breast Cancer and the Environ- ment: The Scientific Evidence, Research Methodology, and Future Directions. He is an elected fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and of the Academy of Toxicological Sciences. Dr. Eaton earned a PhD in pharmacology from the University of Kansas Medical Center.

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Appendix B 209 Paul Gilman is senior vice president and chief sustainability officer of Covanta Energy. Previously, he served as director of the Oak Ridge Center for Advanced Studies and as assistant administrator for the Office of Research and Develop- ment in the US Environmental Protection Agency. He also worked in the Office of Management and Budget, where he had oversight responsibilities for the US Department of Energy (DOE) and all other science agencies. In DOE, he ad- vised the secretary of energy on scientific and technical matters. From 1993 to 1998, Dr. Gilman was the executive director of the Commission on Life Sci- ences and the Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources of the National Re- search Council. He has served on numerous National Research Council commit- tees and is currently a member of the Committee on Human and Environmental Exposure Science in the 21st Century. Dr. Gilman received his PhD in ecology and evolutionary biology from Johns Hopkins University. Daniel S. Greenbaum is president and chief executive officer of the Health Effects Institute (HEI), an independent research institute funded jointly by gov- ernment and industry. In this role, he leads HEI's efforts to provide public and private decision-makers with high-quality, impartial, relevant, and credible sci- ence on the health effects of air pollution to inform air-quality decisions in the developed and developing world. Mr. Greenbaum has focused HEI's efforts on providing timely and critical research and reanalysis on particulate matter, air toxics, diesel exhaust, and alternative technologies and fuels. Before joining HEI, he served as commissioner of the Massachusetts Department of Environ- mental Protection. Mr. Greenbaum has chaired the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Blue Ribbon Panel on Oxygenates in Gasoline and EPA's Clean Diesel Independent Review Panel, and he is a member of the board of directors of the Environmental Law Institute. He has also served on several National Re- search Council committees, most recently the Committee on Health, Environ- mental, and Other External Costs and Benefits of Energy Production and Con- sumption and the Committee on Estimating Mortality Risk Reduction Benefits from Decreasing Tropospheric Ozone Exposure. Mr. Greenbaum earned an MS in city planning from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Steven P. Hamburg is chief scientist at the Environmental Defense Fund. He is an ecosystem ecologist specializing in the impacts of disturbance on forest struc- ture and function. He has served as an adviser to both corporations and nongov- ernment organizations on ecologic and climate-change mitigation issues. Previ- ously, he spent 16 years as a tenured member of the Brown University faculty and was founding director of the Global Environment Program of the Watson Institute for International Studies. Dr. Hamburg is the co-chair of the Royal So- ciety's Solar Radiation Management Governance Initiative and a member of the US Department of Agriculture Advisory Committee on Research, Economics, Extension and Education. He has been the recipient of several awards, including recognition by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change for contributing

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210 Science For Environmental Protection: The Road Ahead to its being awarded the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize. Dr. Hamburg earned a PhD in forest ecology from Yale University. James E. Hutchison is the Lokey-Harrington Professor of Chemistry at the University of Oregon. He is the founding director of the Oregon Nanoscience and Microtechnologies Institute's Safer Nanomaterials and Nanomanufacturing Initiative, a virtual center that unites 30 principal investigators in the Northwest around the goals of designing greener nanomaterials and nanomanufacturing. Dr. Hutchison's research focuses on molecular-level design and synthesis of functional surface coatings and nanomaterials for a wide array of applications in which the design of new processes and materials draws heavily on the principles of green chemistry. He has received several awards and honors including the Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship and the National Science Foundation Ca- reer Award. He was a member of the National Research Council Committee on Grand Challenges for Sustainability in the Chemistry Industry and he is cur- rently a member of the Committee to Develop a Research Strategy for Environ- mental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials. Dr. Hutchison received a PhD in organic chemistry from Stanford University. Jonathan I. Levy is a professor of environmental health at the Boston Univer- sity School of Public Health. Dr. Levy's research centers on air pollution expo- sure assessment and health risk assessment, with a focus on urban environments and issues of heterogeneity and equity. Major research topics include evaluating spatial patterns of air pollution in complex urban terrain, developing methods to quantify the magnitude and distribution of health benefits associated with emis- sions controls for motor vehicles and power plants, using systems science ap- proaches to evaluate the influence of indoor environmental exposures on pediat- ric asthma in low-income housing, and developing methods for community- based cumulative risk assessment that includes chemical and non-chemical stressors. Dr. Levy was the recipient of the Health Effects Institute Walter A. Rosenblith New Investigator Award in 2005. He has been a member of several National Research Council committees, including the Committee on Health Im- pact Assessment and the Committee on Improving Risk Analysis Approaches Used by the US Environmental Protection Agency. Dr. Levy earned his ScD in environmental science and risk management from the Harvard School of Public Health. David E. Liddle joined US Venture Partners as a general partner in 2000 after retiring as president and chief executive officer of Interval Research Corpora- tion, a laboratory and new-business incubator in Silicon Valley, California. He has spent his career in developing technologies for interaction and communica- tion between people and computers in activities spanning research, develop- ment, management, and entrepreneurship. Before cofounding Interval, Dr. Lid- dle founded Metaphor Computer Systems in 1982 and served as its president and chief executive officer. The company was acquired by IBM in 1991, and Dr.

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Appendix B 211 Liddle was named vice president of new-systems business development. Previ- ously, he held various research and development positions in Xerox Corpora- tion's Palo Alto Research Center. Dr. Liddle has served as director of numerous public and private companies and as chair of the board of trustees of the Santa Fe Institute. He has served on the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Information Science and Technology Committee and has participated in several National Research Council committees, including as chair of the Computer Sci- ence and Telecommunications Board, member of the Committee on Innovation in Information Technology, and chair of the Committee to Study Wireless Tech- nology Prospects and Policy. He has been named a senior fellow of the Royal College of Art and elected as a director of the New York Times Company. Dr. Liddle earned a PhD in electrical engineering from the University of Toledo. Jana B. Milford is a professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Colorado. She previously served as a senior staff member with the Environ- mental Defense Fund. Her research addresses technical, legal, and policy aspects of air pollution. Her primary technical focus is modeling the chemistry and transport of ozone, secondary organic aerosols, and other photochemical air pol- lutants. Her research includes application of formal sensitivity and uncertainty analysis and optimization techniques to chemistry and transport models and use of these models in making decisions. She is also interested in application and evaluation of statistical and mass-balance techniques for identifying sources of air pollution on the basis of chemically speciated measurements, including out- door, indoor, and personal exposure measurements. She has served on several National Research Council committees, including the Committee on Air Quality Management in the United States, and is currently a member of the Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology. Dr. Milford obtained a PhD from the Department of Engineering and Public Policy of Carnegie Mellon University and a JD from the University of Colorado School of Law. M. Granger Morgan is a professor and head of the Department of Engineering and Public Policy and University and Lord Chair Professor in Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University. In addition, he holds academic appointments in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and in the H. John Heinz III College. His research addresses problems in science, technology, and public policy with a particular focus on energy, environmental systems, climate change, and risk analysis. Much of his work has involved the development and demonstration of methods of characterizing and treating uncertainty in quantita- tive policy analysis. At Carnegie Mellon, Dr. Morgan directs the National Sci- ence Foundation Climate Decision Making Center and is codirector of the Car- negie Mellon Electricity Industry Center. He serves as chair of the Scientific and Technical Council for the International Risk Governance Council. In the recent past, he served as chair of the US Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board and as chair of the Electric Power Research Institute Advisory Council. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of

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212 Science For Environmental Protection: The Road Ahead Science, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, and the Society for Risk Analysis. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and serves as a member of the National Academies Division Committee on Engineering and Physical Sciences, the Report Review Committee, the Aeronautics Research and Technology Roundtable, the Keck Futures Initiative Ecosystem Services Steering Committee, and the Planning Committee on Fostering Partnerships and Linkages in Sustainability Science and Innovation--A Symposium. Dr. Morgan earned a PhD in applied physics from the University of California, San Diego. Ana Navas-Acien is an associate professor in the Department of Environmental Health Sciences of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. She is a physicianepidemiologist with a specialty in preventive medicine and public health and a long-term interest in the health consequences of widespread envi- ronmental exposures. Her research, based on an epidemiologic approach, inves- tigates chronic health effects of arsenic, selenium, lead, cadmium, and other trace metals. Dr. Navas-Acien has served as an expert witness to the Baltimore City Council and served as a member of the 2010 National Toxicology Program Workshop on the Role of Environmental Chemicals in the Development of Dia- betes and Obesity. She earned an MD from the University of Granada School of Medicine in Spain and a PhD in epidemiology from the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health. Gordon H. Orians is a professor emeritus of biology at the University of Wash- ington (UW). He was a professor at UW from 1960 to 1995 and was director of the UW Institute for Environmental Studies from 1976 to 1986. Most of Dr. Orians's research has focused on behavioral ecology of birds and has dealt pri- marily with problems of habitat selection, mate selection and mating systems, selection of prey and foraging patches, and the relationship between ecology and social organization. Recently, his research has focused on environmental aes- thetics and the evolutionary roots of strong emotional responses to components of the environment, such as landscapes, flowers, sunsets, and sounds. Dr. Orians has served on the Science Advisory Board of the US Environmental Protection Agency and on boards of such environmental organizations as the World Wild- life Fund and the Nature Conservancy. He has also served on many National Academies committees, including the Committee on Independent Scientific Re- view of Everglades Restoration Progress, the Committee on Cumulative Envi- ronmental Effects of Alaskan North Slope Oil and Gas Activities, and the Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Dr. Orians earned a PhD in zoology from the University of California, Berkeley. Joan B. Rose serves as the Homer Nowlin Chair in Water Research at Michigan State University, the codirector of the Center for Advancing Microbial Risk As- sessment, and the director of the Center for Water Sciences. She is an interna- tional expert in water microbiology, water quality, and public-health safety and

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Appendix B 213 has over 300 publications. Dr. Rose's work has examined new molecular meth- ods for detecting waterborne pathogens and zoonotic agents and source-tracking techniques. She has been involved in the study of water supplies, water used for food production, coastal environments, and drinking-water treatment, wastewa- ter treatment, reclaimed water, and water reuse. She has been instrumental in advancing quantitative microbial risk assessment. Dr. Rose was awarded the Athelie Richardson Irvine Clarke Prize from the National Water Research Insti- tute for contributions to water science and technology in 2001 and the Interna- tional Water Association (IWA) Women in Water award in 2008 and is cur- rently a member of the Strategic Council of the IWA. She had served as chair of the US Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board Drinking Water Committee. She is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and has served on several National Academies committees, most recently the Planning Committee for Water Challenges for Public Health Needs Domesti- cally and Internationally: A Workshop, the Committee on Sustainable Under- ground Storage of Recoverable Water, and the Panel on Human Health and Se- curity. Dr. Rose earned a PhD in microbiology from the University of Arizona. James S. Shortle is Distinguished Professor of Agricultural and Environmental Economics and director of the Environment and Natural Resources Institute of Pennsylvania State University. His research focuses on markets and incentives for ecosystem services with a goal of advancing theory and practice. He is also interested in the use of integrated assessment for environmental decision-making to improve capacity to predict, manage, and adapt to environmental change. Dr. Shortle has served on the editorial boards of Environment and Development Economics and European Review of Agricultural Economics. He has served as a member and secretary of the National Technical Advisory Committee of the US Department of Energy National Initiative on Global Environmental Change, as a member of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Science Advisory Board (SAB) Panel on the Second Generation Model, and as a member of the National Research Council Committee on Water Quality in the Pittsburgh Re- gion, and he is currently a member of the EPA SAB Environmental Economics Advisory Committee. Dr. Shortle earned a PhD in economics from Iowa State University. Joel A. Tickner is an associate professor in the Department of Community Health and Sustainability of the University of Massachusetts Lowell. He is in- terested in the development of innovative scientific methods and policies to im- plement a precautionary and preventive approach to decision-making under un- certainty while advancing assessment and adoption of safer substitutes to chemicals and products of concern. His teaching and research interests include regulatory science and policy, risk assessment, pollution prevention, cleaner production, and environmental health. Dr. Tickner has served on several advi- sory boards and as an expert reviewer, most recently for the California Green Chemistry Initiative, the US Environmental Protection Agency National Pollu-

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214 Science For Environmental Protection: The Road Ahead tion Prevention and Toxics Advisory Committee, and the First National Precau- tionary Principle Conference Advisory Committee. He is the recipient of several honors and awards, including the University of Massachusetts President's Award for Public Service, the National Pollution Prevention Roundtable Cham- pion Award, and the North American Hazardous Waste Managers Policy Leader Award. Dr. Tickner earned an ScD in cleaner production and pollution preven- tion from the University of Massachusetts Lowell. Anthony D. Williams is founder and chief executive of Anthony D. Williams Consulting. He is an author, speaker, and consultant who helps organizations to harness the power of collaborative innovation in business, government, and so- ciety. He is a coauthor of Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Every- thing and the followup book MacroWikinomics: Rebooting the Business and the World. Mr. Williams is currently a visiting fellow at the Munk School of Global Affairs of the University of Toronto and a senior fellow for innovation at the Lisbon Council in Brussels. Among other appointments, he is an adviser to GovLoop, the world's largest social network for government innovators, and a founding fellow of the OpenForum Academy, a global research initiative fo- cused on understanding the effects of open standards and open sources on busi- ness and society. As a senior fellow at nGenera Insight, Mr. Anthony founded and led the world's definitive investigation into the impact of Web 2.0 and wiki- nomics on the future of governance and democracy. He has advised Fortune 500 firms and international institutions, including the World Bank. Mr. Williams earned an MSc in research in political science from the London School of Eco- nomics. Yiliang Zhu is a professor in the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics of the University of South Florida College of Public Health. He is also director of the college's Center for Collaborative Research. His current research is fo- cused on biostatistical methods for spatiotemporal data, exposure to environ- mental contaminants and health consequences, evaluation of health-care systems and outcomes, and quantitative methods in health risk assessment, including physiologically based pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic models, dose response modeling, benchmark-dose methods, and uncertainty quantification. He also conducts research in disease surveillance and health-care access and use in developing countries. Dr. Zhu has served as a member of several National Research Council committees as is currently a member of the Committee on Shipboard Hazard and Defense II (SHAD II). He received his PhD in statistics from the University of Toronto.