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year. Some are large, sweet, fleshy, and said to be at least as good as the traditional cherry of the rest of the world. (Page 223)
Cherimoya. Of all the Inca fruits, only the cherimoya (Annona cherimola, Annonaceae) is cultivated substantially outside the Andes. It is being grown commercially in Spain, Southern California, and a few other places. Such interest is understandable. Inside the thin greenish skin of the cherimoya is a delicious, sweet, and juicy flesh with a creamy, custardlike texture. Its unique flavor tastes like a subtle blend of papaya, pineapple, and banana. (Page 229)
Goldenberry. A relative of the North American husk tomato, the goldenberry (Physalis peruviana, Solanaceae) is fresh tasting and makes one of the world's finest jams. Under harsh conditions it provides a wealth of yellow, marble-sized fruits that are beginning to attract international acclaim for their flavor and appearance. (Page 241)
Highland Papayas. Although the papaya is one of the premier fruits of the world, its botanical cousins (Carica species, Caricaceae) of the Andes are all but unknown. They, too, have much promise, and they might allow the extension of the cultivation of papayalike fruits into cooler areas than is now possible. (Page 253)
Lucuma. This fruit (Pouteria lucuma, Sapotaceae) can be considered a “staple fruit.” Unlike oranges or apples, its fruits are dry, rich in starch, and suitable for use as a basic, everyday carbohydrate. It has been said that a single tree can feed a family year-round. The fruits are often eaten fresh and are very popular in milkshakes, ice cream, and other treats. Dried, they store for years. (Page 263)
Naranjilla. Related to, but wholly unlike, tomatoes, this fruit (Solanum quitoense,0. Solanaceae) is highly esteemed in Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, and Guatemala, but virtually unknown elsewhere. Its delicious, refreshing juice is one of the delights of the northern Andes, and it could become popular in the African and Asian tropics, where the plant could conceivably flourish. (Page 267)
Pacay. Among the most unusual of all fruit trees, pacay (Inga species, Leguminosae) produces long pods filled with soft white pulp. This pulp is so sweet that the pods have been alled ice-cream beans. Not only are the fruits attractive and popular, this nitrogen-fixing tree is extremely promising for reforestation, agroforestry, and for production of wood products. (Page 277)