Click for next page ( 144


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 143
Literature cited Anderson, E. 1949. Introgressive Hybridization. New York: Wiley. 109 pp. Anderson, E. 1952. Plants, Man and Life. Boston: Little, Brown. 245 pp. Association of Official Seed Certification Agencies. 1971. AOSCA Certification Handbook. Publication 23. Attwood, G. T., R. A. Lockington, G. P. Xue, and J. D. Brooker. 1988. Use of unique gene sequences as a probe to enumerate a strain of Bactcroidce mmincola introduced into the rumen. Appl. Environ. Microbial. 54:534-539. Austin, S., M. A. Beer, and J. P. Helgeson. 1985. Transfer of resistance to potato leaf roll virus from Solanum breviden~ into Solanum tubcrosum by somatic fusion. Plant Sci. 39:75-82. Ayres, J. C., J. O. Mundt, and W. E. Sandine. 1980. Microbiology of F`oods. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman. 708 pp. Bahme, J. B., and M. N. Schroth. 1987. Spatial-temporal colonization patterns of a rhizobacterium on underground organs of potato. Phytopathology. 77:1093-1100. Baker, lI. G. 1972. Migration of weeds. Pp. 327-347 in Taxonomy, Phytogeog- raphy and Evolution, D. H. Valentine, ed. London: Academic Press. Baker, H. G. 1974. The evolution of weeds. Annul Rev. Ecol. Syst. 5:1-24. Baker, H. G. 1986. Patterns of plant invasion in North America. Pp. 44-57 in Ecology of Biological Intrusions of North America and Hawaii, H. A. Mooney and J. A. Drake, eds. Ecological Studies 58. New York: Springer-Verlag. Banwart, G. J. 1979. Basic Food Microbiology. Westport, Conn.: AVI Publish- ing. 781 pp. Barrett, J. 1985. Gene-for-gene hypothesis: Parable or paradigm. Pp. 215-225 in Ecology and Genetics of Host-Parasite Interaction, D. Rs~llinson and R. M. Anderson, eds. London: Academic Press. Barrett, S. C. H. 1983. Crop mimicry in weeds. Econ. Bat. 37:255-282. 143

OCR for page 143
144 Barrett, S. C. H., and B. J. Richardson. 1986. Genetic attributer of invading species. Pp. 21-23 in Ecology of Biological Invasions, R. H. Groves and J. J. Burdon, eds. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. Barry, G. F. 1986. Permanent insertion of foreign genes into the chromosomes of soil bacteria. Bio/Technology 4:446-449. Bazzaz, F. A. 1986. Life history of colonizing plants: Some demographic, genetic, and physiological features. Pp. 96-110 in Ecology of Biological Invasions of North America and Hawaii, H. A. Mooney and J. A. Drake, eds. Ecological Studies: Vol 58. New York: Springer-Verlag. Beachy, R. N., Z. L. Chen, R. B. Horsch, S. G. Rogers, N. J. Hoffmann, and R. T. Fraley. 1985. Accumulation and assembly of soybean-conglycinin in seeds of transformed petunia plants. EMBO J. 4:3047-3053. Berg, P., D. Baltimore, and H. W. Boyer. 1974a. NAS ban on plasmid en- gineering. Nature 250:175. Berg, P., D. Baltimore, and H. W. Boyer. 1974b. Potential biohazards of re- combinant DNA molecules. Science 185:303. Berg, P., D. Baltimore, and S. Brenner. 1975a. Asilomar conference on recombinant DNA molecules. Science 188:991-994. Berg, P., D. Baltimore, and S. Brenner. 1975b. Summary statement of the Asilomar conference on recombinant DNA molecules. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 72:1981-1984. Bevan, M. 1984. Agrobacterium vectors for plant transformation. Nucleic Acids Res. 12:8711-8718. Bishop, D. H. L. 1986. UK release of genetically marked virus. Nature 323:496. Bishop' D. H. L. 1988. The relea~e into the environment of genetically engineered viruses, vaccines and ~riral pesticides. Pp. 12-15 in Planned Release of Genetically Engineered Organisms (fiends in Biotechnology/Trends in Ecology and Evolution Special Issue), J. Hodgson and A. M. Sugden, eds. Cambridge, England: Elsevier. Bishop, D. H. L., P. F. Entwistle, I. R. Cameron, C. J. Allen, and R. D. Possee. 1988. Field trials of genetically engineered baculovirus insecticides. Pp. 143-179 in The Release of Genetically-Engineered Micro-Organisms, M. Sussman, G. H. Collins, F. A. Skinner, and D. E. Stewart-Tall, eds. London, England: Academic Press. Bohlool, B. B., and E. L. Schmidt. 1980. The immuno~uoresence approach in microbial ecology. Ad~r. Microbial Ecol. 4:203-241. Bopp, L. H. 1986. Degradation of highly chlorinated PCB's by P`cudomonas strain LB400. J. Ind. Microbiol. 1:23-29. Borenstein, S., and E. Ephrati-Elizur. 1969. Spontaneous release of DNA in sequential genetic order by Bacillue aubtilw. J. Mol. Biol. 45:137-152. Bouma, J. E., and R. E. Lenski. 1988. Evolution of a bacteria/plasmid association. Nature 335:351-352. Bonwer, E. J., B. E. Rittman, and P. L. McCarty. 1981. Anaerobic degradation of halogenated 1- and 2-carbon organic compounds. En~riron. Sci. Technol. 15 :596-599. Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research. 1987. Regulatory Considera- tions: Genetically Engineered Plants. San Francisco: Center for Science Information. 106 pp.

OCR for page 143
145 Boynton, J. E., N. W. Gillham, E. H. Harris, J. P. Hosler, A. M. Johnson, A. R. Jones, B. L. Randolph-Anderson, D. Robertson, T. M. Klein, K. B. Shark, and J. C. Sanford. 1988. Chloroplast transformation in Chlamydomonas with high-velocity microprojectiles. Science 240:1534-1538. Braun, V., and K. Hantke. 1977. Bacterial receptors {or phages and colicin~ as constituents of specific transport systems. Pp. 99-137 in Microbial Interactions, J. L. R~issig, ed. London: Chapman & Hall. Brill, W. J. 1985. Safety concerns and genetic engineering in agriculture. Science 227:381-384. Brisson, N., J. Paszkowski, J. R. Penswick, B. Gronenborn, I. Potrykus, and T. Hohn. 1984. Expression of a bacterial gene in plants by using a viral vector. Nature 310:511-514. Brisson-Noel, A., M. Arthur, and P. Courvalin. 1988. Evidence for natural gene transfer from gram-positive cocci to Eechencha coli. J. Bacterial. 170:1739-1745. Brown, M. P., R. E. Wagner, and D. L. Bernard. 1988. PCB dechlorination in Hudson River sediment. Science 240:1675-1676. Brubaker, R. R. 1985. Mechanisms of bacterial virulence. Annul Rev. Microbial. 39:2 1-50. Burdon, J. J., R. H. Groves, and J. M. Cullen. 1981. The impact of bio- logical control on the distribution and abundance of Chondrilla juneca in southeastern Australia. J. Appl. Ecol. 18:957-966. Cairns, J., Jr., M. Alexander, K. W. Cummins; W. T. Edmondson, R. Goldman, J. Harte, A. R. Insensee, R. Levin, J. F. McCormick, T. J. Peterle, and J. H. Zar. 1981. Testing for Effects of Chemicals on Ecosystems. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Chase, S. S. 1969. Monoploids and monoploid derivatives of maize (Zca maw L.~. Bot. Rev. 35:117-167. Choo, T. M., E. Reinbergs, and K. J. Kasha. 1985. Use of haploids in breeding barley. Plant Breeding Rev. 3:219-252. Close, T., and R. L. Rodriguez. 1982. Construction and characterization of the chloramphenicol resistance gene cartridge: A new approach to the transcriptional mapping of extrachromosomal elements. Gene 20:305-316. Collmer, A. S., and N. T. Keen. 1986. The role of pectic enzymes in plant pathogenesis. Annul Rev. Phytopathol. 24:383-409. Colwell, R. K., E. A. Norse, D. Pimentel, F. E. Sharples, and D. Simber~o 1985. Genetic engineering in agriculture. Science 229:111-112. Colwell, R. R., P. R. Brayton, D. J. Grimes, D. B. Rossak, S. A. Huq, and L. M. Palmer. 1985. Viable but non-culturable Yibno cholera and related pathogens in the environment: Implications for the release of genetically engineered microorganisms. Bio/Technology 3:817-820. Colwell, R. R., C. Somerville, I. Knight, and W. Straube. 1988. Detection and monitoring of genetically engineered micro-organisms. Pp. 47-60 in The Release of Genetically Engineered Micro-Organisms, M. Sussman, G. H. Collins, F. A. Skinner, and D. E. Stewart-Tall, eds. London: Academic Press. Costerton, J. W., R. T. Irvin, and K. J. Chang. 1981. The bacterial glycocalyx in nature and disease. Annul Rev. Microbial. 35:299-324. Cripe, C. R., and P. H. Pritchard. In preparation. Microcosms as Test Systems for Fate and Transport of Microorganisms.

OCR for page 143
146 Crossway, A., H. Hauptli, C. M. Houck, J. M. Irvine, J. V. Oakes, and L. A. Perani. 1986. Micromanipulation techniques in plant biotechnology. BioTechniques 4:320-334. Crow, J. F., and M. Kimura. 1970. An introduction to population genetics theory. New York: Harper & Row. "Reprinted Minneapolis: Burgessi. Crow, M. E., and Et. B. Taub. 1979. Designing a microcosm bioassay to detect ecosystem level effects. Intern. J. Environ. Stud. 13:141-147. Curtiss, R., III. 1988. Engineering organisms for safety: What is necessary? Pp. 7-20 in The Release of Genetically Engineered Micro-Organisms, M. Sussman, G. H. Collins, F. A. Skinner, and D. E. Stewart-Tall, eds. London: Academic Press. Davis, B. D. 1987. Bacterial domestication: Underlying assumptions. Science 235:1329-1335. Davison, J. 1988. Plant beneficial bacteria. Bio/Technology 6:282-286. de Wet, J. M. J. 1966. The origin of weediness in plants. Proc. Oklahoma Acad. Sci. 47:14-17. Decker, D., and H. D. Wilson. 1987. Allozyme variation in the Cuc?=bita pepo complex: C. pipe var. ovifcra vs. C. tezana. Syst. Bot. 12:263-273. DeMaagd, R. A., R. DeRijk, I. H. M. Mulders, and B. J. J. Logtenberg. 1989. Immunological characterization of Rhizabiurn~ Ic~ununo~arum outer membrane antigens by use of polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies. J. Bacterial. 171: 1136-1142. Deroles, S. C., and R. C. Gardner. 1988. Expression and inheritance of anamycin resistance In a large number of transgenic petunias generated by Agrobactcrium-mediated transformation. Plant Mol. Biol. 11:355-364. Dessaux, Y., J. Tempe, and S. K. Farrand. 1987. Genetic analysis of mannitol opine catabolism in octopine-type A~robactcmum tumefacicns strain 15955. Mol. Gen. Genet. 208:301-308. Dewey, R. E., D. H. Timothy, and C. S. Levings III. 1987. A mitochondrial protein associated with cytoplasmic male sterility in the T c~rtonlm~m of maize. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 84:5374-5378. 1 ~ ~ ~ - -~ ~ Dewey, R. E., J. N. Siedew, D. H. Timothy, and C. S. Levings III. 1988. A 13-kilodalton maize mitochondrial protein in E. cold confers sensitivity to Bipolar" may toxin. Science 239:293-295. Dim, R. J., M. Luckenbach, S. Thornton, M. H. Roberts, Jr., R. J. Livingston, C. C. Koenig, G. L. Ray, and L. E. Wolfe. 1987. Field validation of multi- species laboratory test systems for estuarine benthic communities: Project Summary EPA/600/S3-87/016. Gulf Breeze, E`la.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Research Laboratory. Djordjevic, M. A., D. W. Gabriel, and B. G. Rolfe. 1987. Rhizobium: The refined parasite of legumes. Annul Rev. Phytopathol. 25:145-168. Djordjevic, M. A., J. W. Redmond, M. Batley, and B. G. Rolfe. 1987. Clover secretes specific phenolic compounds which either stimulate or repress nod gene expression in Rhizabium trifolu. EMBO J. 6:1173-1179. Doebley, J. F. 1984. Maize introgression illtc) ten~int.r A r-~r~r~r=;~] A-~, Mo. Bot. Gard. 71:1100-1113. Dowling, D. N., and W. J. Broughton. 1986. Competition for modulation of legumes. Annul Rev. Microbial. 40:131-157. Downey, R. K., and J. F. W. Rakow. 1987. Rapeseed and mustard. Pp. 437-486 in Principles in Cultivar Improvement, W. R. Fehr, ed. New York: MacMillian. are ~ ~

OCR for page 143
147 Drahos, D. J., B. C. Hemming, and S. McPherson. 1986. Tracking recombi- nant organisms in the environment: ,B-galactosidase as a selectable non- antibiotic marker for fluorescent pseudomonads. Bio/Technology 4:439-444. Drahos, D. J., G. F. Barry, B. C. Hemming, E. J. Brandt, H. D. Skipper, E. L. Kline, D. A. Kluepfel, T. A. Hughes, and D. T. Gooden. 1988. Pre-release testing procedures: U.S. field test of a lacZY-engineered soil bacterium. Pp. 181-191 in The Release of Genetically Engineered Micro-Organisms, M. Sussman, G. H. Collins, F. A. Skinner, and D. E. Stewart-Tall, eds. London: Academic Press. Duncan, K. E., C. A. Istock, and N. Fergason. In preparation. Genetic exchange between Bacillm st~btilw and Bacillus licher~iforn=: Variable hybrid stability and the nature of bacterial species. Duval-I8ah, Y., P. Raibaud, and M. Rousseau. 1981. Antagonisms among isogenic strains of E~cher~cha cold in the digestive tracts of gnotobiotic mice. Infect. Immunol. 34:957-969. Dykbuizen, D., and D. L. Hartl. 1980. Selective neutrality of 6PGD allozymes in E. cold and the effects of genetic background. Genetics 96:801-817. Edlin, G., R. C. Tait, and. R. L. Rodriguez. 1984. A bacteriophage lambda co- hesive end~ (co~) DNA fragment enhances the fitness of plasmid-containing bacteria growing in energy-limited chemostats. Bio/Technology 2:251-254. Ehlenfeldt, M. K., and J. P. Helgenson. 1987. Fertility of somatic hybrids from protoplast fusion of Solanum brc~ndene and S. tubero~urr~ Theor. Appl. Genet. 73:395-402. Ehrlich, H. L., ed. 1981. Geomicrobiology. New York: Marcel Dekker. 392 pp. Ellingboe, A. H. 1982. Genetical aspects of active defence. Pp. 192-197 in Active Defense Mechanisms in Plants, R. K. S. Wood, ed. London: Plenum. Ellis, J. G., A. Kerr, M. Van Montagu, and J. Schell. 1979. Agrobacterium genetic studies on agrocin 84 production and the biological control of crown gall. Physiol. Plant Pathol. 15:311-319. Ellis, J. G., P. J. Murphy, and A. Kerr. 1982. Isolation and properties of transfer regulatory mutants of the nopaline Ti plasmid pTiC58. Mol. Gen. Genet. 186:275-281. Ellstrand, N. C. 1988. Pollen as a vehicle for the escape of engineered genes? Trends Biotechnol. 6:530-532. Entwistle, P. F., and H. F. Evans. 1985. Viral control. Pp. 347-412 in Comprehensive Insect Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, vol. 12, L. I. Gilbert and G. A. Kerkut, eds. Oxford: Pergamon. Falcone, G., M. Campa, H. Smith, and G. M. Scott, eds. 1984. Bacterial and Viral Inhibition and Modulation of Hosts Defenses. London: Academic Press. 249 pp. Farrand, S. K., J. E. Slota, J. S. Shim, and A. Kerr. 1985. TnS insertions in the agrocin 84 plasmid: The conjugal nature of pAgK84 and the locations of determinants for transfer and agrocin 84 production. Plasmid 13:106-117. Faust, M. A. 1982. Relationship between land-use practices and fecal bacteria in soils. J. Environ. Qual. 11:141-146. Federation of Brit~sh Plant Pathologists. 1973. A guide to the use of terms plant pathology. Phytopathology 17:1-55. Feldman, K. A., M. O. Marks, M. L. Christianson, and R S. Quatrano. 1989. A dwarf mutant of Arabidop~ generated by T-DNA insertion mutagenesis. Science 243:1351-1354.

OCR for page 143
148 Firmin, J. J., K. E. Wilson, L. Rossen, and A. W. B. Johnston. 1986. Flavonoid activation of nodulation genes in Rkszobi?~m reversed by other compounds present in plants. Nature 324:90-92. Fischhoff, D. A., K. S. Bowdish, F. J. Perlak, P. G. Marrone, S. M. McCormick, J. G. Niedermeyer, D. A. Dean, K. Kusano-Krettzmer, E. J. Mayer, D. E. Rochester, S. G. Rogers, and R. T. Fraley. 1987. Insect-tolerant transgenic tomato plants. Bio/Technology. 5:807-813. Fliermans, C. B., T. J. Phelps, D. Ringelberg, A. T. Mikell, and D. C. White. 1988. Mineralization of trichloroethylene by heterotrophic enrichment cultures. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 54:1709-1714. Flor, H. H. 1956. The complementary genie systems in flax and flax rust. Adv. Genet. 8:29-54. Flor, H. H. 1958. Mutations to wider virulence in Melamp~ora lieu. Phytopathol- ogy 48:297-301. Focht, D. 1988. Performance of biodegradati~re microorganisms in soil: Xenobi- otic chemicals as unexploited metabolic niches. Pp. 15-29 in Environmen- tal Biotechnology: Reducing Risks from Environmental Chemicals through Biotechnology, G. S. Omenn, ed. New York: Plenum. Focht, D. D., and W. Brunner. 198S. Kinetics of biphenyl and polychlorinated biphenyl metabolism in soil. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 50:1058-1063. Forde, B. G., and C. J. Leaver. 1989. Nuclear and cytoplasmic genes controlling synthesis of variant mitochondrial polypeptides in male sterile maize Zca mays. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 77:418-422. Forseth, I. N., and A. H. Teramura. 1987. E`ield photosynthesis, microclimate and water relations of an exotic temperate liana, Pucransa lobata, kudzu. Oecologia 71:262-267. Foundation of Economic Trends v. Heclcler, 587 F. Supp. 753 (D.D.C. 1984), aff'd in part. vacated in part. 756 F.2d 143 (D.C. Cir. 19853. Foundation on Economic ~end~ v. Heckler, 756 F.2d 143 (D.C. Cir. 1985~. Foundation on Economic Trends ~r. Lyug, Civ. No. 86-1130 (D.D.C.. filed Anril 26, 1986~. ~ ~., ~.r ~ ^~ Fraley, R. T., S. G. Rogers, and R B. Horsch. 1986. Genetic transformation in higher plants. Crit. Rev. Plant Sci. 4:1-46. Frantz, B., and A. M. Chakrabarty. 1986. Degradative plasmids in P`cudomona,. Pp. 295-323 in The Bacteria, vol. 10, J. R. Sokatch and L. N. Ornston, eds. New York: Academic Press. E`redrickson, J. K., D. F. Bezdicek, Ft. J. Brockman, and S. W. Li. 1988. Enumeration of Tn5 mutant bacteria in soil by using a most-probable- number DNA hybridization procedure and antibiotic resist:`n~e Annl Env. Microbiol. 54: 446-453. _ =,1 - Freifelder, D. 1987. Microbial Genetics. Boston: Jones & Bartlett. 601 pp. French, R., M. Janda, and P. Ahlquist. 1986. Bacterial gene inserted in an engineered RNA virus: Efficient expression in monocotyledonous plant cells. Science 231:1294-1297. Frick, T. D., R. L. Crawford, M. Martinson, T. Chresand, and G. Bateson. 1988. Microbiological cleanup of groundwater contaminated by pentachlorophe- nol. Pp. 173-191 in Environmental Biotechnology: Reducing Risks from Environmental Chemicals through Biotechnology, G. S. Omenn, ed. New York: Plenum. Fromm, M. E., L. P. Taylor, and V. Walbot. 1986. Stable transformation of maize after gene transfer by electroporation. Nature 319:791-793.

OCR for page 143
149 F`ro mm, M. E., L. P. Taylor, and V. Walbot. 1987. Electroporation of DNA and RNA into plant protoplasts. Methods Enzymol. 153:351-366. E`ry, J., A. Barnason, and R. B. Horsch. 1987. Transformation of Bra~sca napw with Agrobactcrsum fumefacicn~ based vectors. Plant Cell Rep. 6:321-325. Fulbright, D. 1989. In press. Molecular basis for hypovirulence and its ecological relationships. In New Directions in Biological Control, R. Baker, ed. New York: Alan R. Liss. Farner, I. J., G. A. Huffman, R. A. Amasino, D. J. Garfinkel, M. P. Gordon, and E. W. Nester. 1986. An Agrobactcrsum transformation in the evolution of the genus Nicotsana. Nature 319:422-427. Gabriel, D. W., A. Burges, and G. R. Lazo. 1986. Gene-for-gene interactions of five cloned Virulence genes from Xanthomo~ campcstr" pv. malvaccarum with specific resistance genes in cotton. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 83:6415-6419. Gade, D. W. 1976. Naturalization of plant aliens: the volunteer orange in Paraguay. J. Biogeogr. 3:269-279. Gasser, C. S., and R. T. Fraley. 1989. Genetically engineered plants for crop improvement. Science 244:1293-1299. GAO (U.S. General Accounting Office). 1988 (June). Biotechnology: Managing Risks of Field Testing Genetically Engineered Organisms. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office (GAO/RCED-88-27~. 108 pp. Ghosal, D., I. S. You, D. K. Chatterjee, and A. M. Chakrabarty. 1985. Microbial degradation of halogenated compounds. Science 228:135-142. Gibson, R. W., M. G. K. Jones, and N. Fish. 1988. Resistance to potato leaf roll virus and potato virus Y in somatic hybrids between dihaploid Solanum tubero~um and S. brc2nden~. Theor. Appl. Genet. 76:113-117. Giesy, J. P., Jr., ed. 1980. Microcosms in Ecological Research. Springfield, Va.: National Technical Information Service; DOE Symposium 52. Gillett, J. W., and J. M. Witt, eds. 1979. Terrestrial Microcosms. Washington, D.C.: National Science Foundation. NSF`-RA-79-0034. 34 pp. Gillett, J. W., J. D. Gile, and L. K. Russell. 1983. Predator-prey (vole-cricket) interactions: Effects of wood preser~ratives. En~riron. Toxicol. Chem. 2:83- 93. Gillett, J. W., A. M. Stern, S. A. Levin, M. A. Harwell, M. Alexander, and D. A. Andow. 1985. Potential Impacts of Environmental Release of Biotechnology Products: Assessment, Regulation, and Research Needs. Ithaca, NY.: Ecosystems Research Center, Cornell University, ERC-075. 219 pp. Gio~rianni, S. J., E. F. Delong, G. J. Olsen, and N. R. Pace. 1988. Phyloge- netic group-specific oligodeoxynucleotide probes for identification of single microbial cells. J. Bacteriol. 170:720-726. Goldberg, R. B. 1988. Plants: Novel developmental processes. Science, 240:1460-1467. Goldberg, R. B., S. J. Barker, and L. Perez-Grau. 1989. Regulation of gene expression during plant embryogenesis. Cell 56:149-160. Golovleva, L. A., R. N. Pertsova, A. M. Boronin, V. M. Travkin, and S. A. Koslovsky. 1988. Kelthane degradation by genetically engineered Pscu- domona~ acrugsrzosa BS827 in a soil ecosystem. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 54:1587-1590. Gottlieb, L. D. 1984. Genetics and morphological evolution in plants. Am. Nat. 123:681-709.

OCR for page 143
150 Graham, 3. B., and C. A. Istock. 1979. Gene exchange and natural selection cause B. subtile to evolve in soil culture. Science 204:637-639. Greenberg, E. P., N. J. Poole, H. A. P. Pritchard, J. Tiedje, and D. E. Carpet. 1988. Use of microcosms. Pp. 266-274 in The Release of Genetically Engineered Micro-Organisms, M. Sussman, G. H. Collins, F. A. Skinner, and D. E. Stewart-Tall, eds. New York: Academic Press. Grice, G., and M. R. Reeve, eds. 1982. Marine Mesocosms: Biological and Chemical Research in Experimental Ecosystems. New York: Springer- Verlag. 440 pp. Grimes, D. J., and R. R. Colwell. 1986. Viability and virulence of Eacherschia cold suspended by membrane chamber in semitropical ocean water. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 34:161-165. Grimes, D. J., R. W. Attwell, P. R. Brayton, L. M. Palmer, D. M. Rollins, D. B. Roszk, F. L. Singleton, M. L. Tamplin, and R. R. Colwell. 1986. The fate of enteric pathogenic bacteria in estuarine and marine environments. Microbial. Sci. 3:324-329. Grimsley, N., T. Hohn, J. W. Davies, and B. Hahn. 1987. Agrobactcrium- mediated delivery of infectious mix ctr-nlr ~r;r'~c ;n+^ ~;~^ ~1~_~^ At_,,_ 325:177-179. ~^~ ~ ~ ~ ~# = ~ ~ ~ ~ a. z ~ ~ u u ~ = Guerry, P., and R. R. Colwell. 1977. Isolation of cryptic plasmid deoxyribonu- cleic acid from Kanagawa positive strains of Vibrso parahacmolyticu,. Inform. Immunol. 16:328-334. Ham, G. E. 1980. Inoculation of legumes with Rhizobium in competition with naturalized strains. Pp. 131-138 in Nitrogen Fixation, Carol. 2, W. E. Newton and W. H. Orme-Johnson, eds. Baltimore: University Park Press. Hammonds, A., ed. 1981. Ecotoxicological Test Systems. Washington, D.C.: Office of Toxic Substances, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, ORNATE 5709, EPA-560/11-80-004. Harlan, J. R. 1975. Crops and Man. Madison, Wis.: American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America. 295 pp. Harper, J. L. 1965. Establishment, aggression, and cohabitation in weedy species. Pp. 245-265 in The Genetics of Colonizing Species. H. G. Baker and G. L. Stebbins, eds. New York: Academic Press. Harper, J. L. 1982. After description. Pp. 11-25 in The Plant Community as a Working Organism, Special publication of the British Ecological Society, E. I. Newman, ed. Oxford, England: Blackwell Scientific Publications. Harte, J., D. Levy, 3. Rees, and E. Saagebarth. 1980. Making microcosms an ef- fective assessment tool. Pp. 105-107 in Microcosms in Ecological Research, J. P. Geisy, Jr., ed. Springfield, Va.: National Technical Information Service, DOE Symposium 52. 1008 pp. Hartl, D. L., and D. E. Dykbuizen. 1984. The population genetics of E~chcrichia colt. AIlnu. Rev. Genet. 18:31-68. Hartl, D. L., D. E. Dyl~huizen, R. D. Miller, L. Green, and J. Delframond. 1983. Transposable element IS50 improves growth rate of E. cold cells without transposition. Cell 35:503-510. Haughn, G., J. Smith, B. Mazur, and C. Somerville. 1988. Transformation with a mutant Araiidops" acetolactate synthase gene renders tobacco resistant to sulfonylurea herbicides. Mol. Gen. Genet. 211:266-271. Hawkes, J. G. 1982. History of the potato. Pp. 1-13 in The Potato Crop, P. M. Harris, ed. London: Chapman & Hall.

OCR for page 143
151 Heinemann, J. A., and G. F. Sprague, Jr. 1989. Bacterial conjugative plasm id mobilize DNA transfer between bacteria and yeast. Nature 340: 205-209. Hemming, B. C., and D. J. Drahos. 1984. p-galactosidase, a selectable non- antibiotic marker for fluorescent pseudomonades. J. Cell. Biochem. Suppl. 8B:252. Hershey, A. D., and R. Rotman. 1949. Genetic recombination between host range and plaque-type mutants of bacteriophage in single bacterial cells. Genetics 34:44-71. Hinchee, M. A. W., D. V. Connorward, C. A. Newell, R. E. McDonnell, D. A. F`ischhoff, D. B. Re, R. T. Fraley, and R. B. Horsch. 1988. Pro- duction of transgenic soybean using A~robactcmum-mediated DNA transfer. Biotechnology 6:915-921. Hilder, V. A., A. M. R. Gatehouse, S. E. Sheerman, R. F. Barker, and D. Boulter. 1987. A novel mechanism of insect resistance engineered into tobacco. Nature 330:160-163. Hill, D. L., T. J. Phelps, A. V. Palumbo, D. C. White, G. W. Strandberg, and T. L. Donaldson. In press. Bioremediation of polychlorinated biphenyls: Degradation capabilities ~ field lysimeters. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. Hofte, H., and H. R. Whitely. 1989. Insecticidal crystal proteins of Bacillus thurir~gicn - . Microbiol. Rev. 53:242-255. Holben, W. E., J. K. Jansson, B. K. Chelm, and J. M. Tiedje. 1988. DNA probe method for the detection of specific microorganisms in the soil bacterial community. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 54:7t)3-711. Holm, L. G., D. L. Plucknett, J. V. Pancho, and J. P. Herberger. 1977. The World's Worst Weeds. Honolulu: The East-West Center, University of Hawaii. Hulbert, L. C. 1955. Ecological studies of Bromide tcetorum and other annual bromegrasses. Ecol. Monogr. 25:181-213. Hunter, Ft. R., N. E. Cook, and P. F. Entwistle. 1984. Virus as pathogens for the control of insects. In Microbial Methods for Environmental Biotechnology, J. M. Grainger and J. M. Lynch, eds. New York: Academic Press. Hymowitz, T. 1984. Dorsett-Morse soybean collection trip to East Asia: 50-year retrospective. Econ. Bot. 38:378-388. Hymowitz, T. 1987. Introduction of soybean to Illinois. Econ. Bot. 41:28-32. Hymowitz, T., and C. A. Newell. 1981. Taxonomy of the genus Glycinc: Domestication and uses of soybeans. Econ. Bot. 35:272-288. Infante, P. F., and T. A. Tsongas. 1982. Mutagenic and oncogenic erects of chloromethanes, chloroethanes, and halogenated analogs of vinyl chloride. Environ. Sci. Res. 25: 301-327. Isensee, A. R., and N. Taysputch. 1986. Distribution of carbofuran in a rice- paddy-fish micro ecosystem. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 36 :763-769. Jain, S. K. 1977. Genetic diversity of weedy rye populations in California. Crop Sci. 17:480-482. Jaynes, J. M., K. G. Xanthopoulos, L. Destefano-Beltran, and J. H. Dodds. 1987. Increasing bacterial disease resistance in plants utilizing antibacterial genes from insects. Bioessays 6:263-270. Johnson, H. W., U. M. Mears, and C. R. Weber. 1965. Competition for nodule sites between strains of Rhizobium japonicurr~ Agron. J. 57:179-185. Johnston, S. A., P. Q. Anziano, K. Shark, J. C. Sanford, and R. A. But- low. 1988. Mitochondrial transformation in yeast by bombardment with microprojectiles. Science 240:1538-1541.

OCR for page 143
152 Jones, D. A., and A. Kerr. 1989. The efficacy of Agrobactenum radiobactcr strain K1026, a genetically engineered derivative of strain K84, for the biological control of crown gall. Plant Dis. 73:15-18. Jones, D. A., M. H. Ryder, B. G. Glare, S. K. Farrand, and A. Kerr. 1988. Construction of a Tra~ deletion mutant of pAgK84 to safeguard the biological control of crown gall; Mol. Gen. Genet. 212:207-214. Keen, N. T., and B. Staskawicz. 1988. Host-range determinants in plant pathogens and symbionts. Annul Rev. Microbiol. 42:421-440. Kelman, A. 1953. The bacterial wilt caused by Pecudomor~a, aolanaccarum: A literature review and bibliography. N. Car. Exp. Sta. Tech. Bull. 99:194pp. Kerr, A., and K. Htay. 1974. Biological control of crown gall through bacteriocin production. Physiol. Plant Pathol. 4:37-44. Keyser, H. H., B. F. Weber, and S. L. Uratsu. 1984. Rhszobium japoruc?`m serotype and hydrogenate phenotype distribution ~ 12 states. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 47:613-615. Kieft, T. L., E. Soroken, and M. K. Firestone. 1987. Microbial biomass response to a rapid increase in water potential when dry soil is wetted. Soil Biol. Biochem. 19:119-126. Kilbane, J. J., D. K. Chatterjee, and A. M. Chakrabarty. 1983. Detoxification of 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid from contaminated soil by Pseudomonas ccpacia. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 45:1697-1700. Kimbara, K., T. Hashimoto, M. E`ukada, T. Koana, M. Takagi, M. Oishi, and c K. Yano. 1989. Cloning and sequencing of two tandem genes involved in degradation of 2,3-dihydroxybiphenyl to benzoic acid in the polychlorinated biphenyl-degrading soil bacterium Pacudomonas sp. strain KKS102. J. Bacterial. 171 :2740-2747. Klein, T., M. Fromm, A. Weissinger, D. Tomes, S. Schaaf, M. Sleetem, and J. Sanford. 1988. Transfer of foreign genes into intact maize cells using high-velocity microprojectiles. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 85:4305-4309. Knapp, S. J. 1988. Temperate industrial oilseed crops. Abstract in First National Symposium for New Crops: Research, Development, Economics, Indianapolis, Ind., October 23-26, 1988. Kobayashi, H., and B. E. Rittmau. 1982. Microbial removal of hazardous organic chemicals. Environ. Sci. Technol. 1 6:1 70A- 181 A. Koncz, C., O. Olsson, W. H. R. Langridge, J. Schell, and A. A. Szalay. 1987. Expression and assembly of functional bacterial luciferase in plants. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 84:131-135. Konings, W. N., and E. H. Veldkamp. 1980. Phenotypic response to environ- mental change. Pp. 161-191 in Contemporary Microbiology, D. C. Elloond, J. N. Hedges, M. J. Lathan, J. M. Lynan, J. H. Slater, eds. London: Academic Press. Konzak, C. F., S. A. Kleinhofs, and S. E. Ullrich. 1984. Induced mutations in seed-propagated crops. Plant Breeding Reviews 2:13-72. Korwek, E. L. 1988. 1988 Biotechnology Regulations Handbook. Washington, D.C.: Center for Energy and Environmental Management. Korwek, E. L., and P. L. de la Cruz. 1985. Federal regulation of environmental releases of genetically manipulated microorganisms. Rutgers J. Comput. Technol. Law. 118:801-886. Kuhlemeier, C., P. J. Green, and N. H. Chua. 1987. Regulation of gene expression in higher plants. Annul Rev. Plant Physiol. 38:221-257.

OCR for page 143
153 Kunkel, T. A. 1985. Rapid and efficient site-specific mutagenesis without phenotypic selection. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 82:488-492. Lee, S.W., and G. Bdlin. 1985. Expression of tetracycline resistance in pBR322 derivatives reduces the reproductive fitness of plasmid-containing E`cherichia coli. Gene 39:173-180. Leffler, J. W. 1984. The use of self-selected, generic aquatic microcosms for pollution effects assessment. Pp. 139-157 in Concepts in Marine Pollution Measurements, H. H. White, ed. College Park, Md.: Maryland Sea Grant College, University of Maryland. Lenski, R. E. 1987. The infectious spread of engineered genes. Pp. 99-124 in Application of Biotechnology: Environmental and Policy Issues, J. R. Fowle III, ed. Washington, D.C.: American Association for the Advancement of Science. Lenski, R. E. In press. Fitness and Gene Stability, M. Levin, R. Seidler, P. H. Pritchard, and M. Rogul, eds. Washington, D.C.: American Society for Microbiology. Lenski, R. E., and T. T. Nguyen. 1988. Stability of recombinant DNA and its effects on fitness. Pp. 18-20 in Planned Release of Genetically Engineered Organisms (Special Issue of Trends in Biotechnology and Trends in Ecology and Evolution), J. Hodgson and A. M. Sugden, edit. Cambridge, England: Elsevier. Lenski, R. E., and S. E. Hattingh. 1986. Coexistence of two competitors on one resource and one inhibitor: A chemostat model based on bacteria and antibiotics. J. Theor. Biol. 122:83-93. Levin, B. R. 1984. Changing views of the hazards of recombinant DNA ma- nipulation and the regulation of these procedures. Recomb. DNA Tech. Bull. 7:107-114. Levin, B. R., and V. A. Rice. 1980. The kinetics of transfer of nonconjugative plasmids by mobilizing conjugative factors. Genet. Res. Cambridge 35:241- 259. Levy, S. B., and R. P. Novick, eds. 1986. Antibiotic Resistance Genes: Ecology, Transfer, and Expression. Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Liang, L. N., J. L. Sinclair, L. M. Mallory, and M. Alexander. 1982. Fate model ecosystems of microbial species of potential use in genetic engineer- ing. Appl. Environ. Microbial. 44:708-714. Lighthart, B., Baham, J., and V. V. yolk. 1982. Microbial respiration and ~ . ~ . . - . . ~ ~ ~ 1 ~ TO _ ~ __ ~ Ada r ~^ r JO chemical speclatlon In metal-amenaea SOllS. J. ~nVlrOIl. usual. 1;-. Lindow, S. E. In press. Construction of isogenic ice-strains of Pacudomona~ eyrsngac for evaluation of specificity of competition on leaf surfaces. In Microbial Ecology, F. Megusar, ed. Lindow, S. E., and N.J. Panopoulos. 1988. Field tests of recombinant ice- P~cudomona~ synngac for biological frost control in potato. Pp. 121-138 in The Release of Genetically Engineered Micro-Organisms, M. Sussman, G. H. Collins, F. A. Skinner, and D. E. Stewart-Tall, eds. London: Academic Press. Lindow, S. E., N. J. Panopoulos, and B. L. McFarland. 1989. Genetic engineer- ing of bacteria from managed and natural habitats. Science 244:1300-1307. Little, C. D., A. V. Palumbo, S. E. Herbes, M. E. Lidstrom, R. L. Tyndall, and P. J. Gilmer. 1988. Trichloroethylene biodegradation by a methane- oxidizing bacterium. Appl. Environ. Microbial. 54: 951-956.

OCR for page 143
154 Livingston, R. J., R. J. Oiaz, and D. C. White. 1985. laboratory-derived multispecies aquatic test systems. ~ ~arc ~ . _ Field validation of Gulf Breeze, Fla.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Research Labora- tory, EPA/600/S4-85/039. Mach, P. A., and D. J. Grimes. 1982. R-plasmid transfer in a wastewater treatment plant. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 44:1395-1403. Mack, R. N. 1981. Invasion of Bromm tcetorum L. into western North America: An ecological chronicle. Agro-Ecosystems 7:145-165. Mack, R. N. 1985. Invading plants: Their potential contribution to population biology. Pp. 127-142 in Plant Populations: Essays in Honour of John L. Harper, J. White, ed. London: Academic Press. Mazodier, P., R. Petter, and C. Thompson. 1989. Intergeneric conjugation between E`chericha cold and Streptomyocs species. J. Bacterial. 171:3583- 3585. Macl`, R. N. 1986. Alien plant invasions into the intermountain west: A case history. Pp. 191-213 in Ecology of Biological Invasions of North America and Hawaii. Ecological Studies: Vol 58. H. A. Mooney and J. A. Drake, eds. New York: Springer-Verlag. McCabe, D. E., W. F. Swain, B. J. Martinell, and P. Christou. 1988. Stable transformation of soybean glycine-max by particle acceleration. Bio/Technology 6:923-926. McClintock, B. 1950. Mutable loci in moist ~,nrn-~;~ T-~+ W^~t.:~_ 49:157-167. ~45~_ ^~ ~ - ~ ~ C~\j U\J ~1 Ball He McConnell, M. M., H. R. Smith, J. A. Willshaw, A. M. Field, and B. Howe. 1981. Plasmids coding for colonization factor antigen I and heat-stable enterotoxin production isolated from enterotoxigenic E~chericha coli: Com- parison of their profiler. Infect. Immunol. 32:927-36. McCormick, D. 1985. No escaping free release. Bio/Technology 3:1065-1067. McFeters, G. A., and D. G. Stuart. 1972. Sur~ri~ral of coliform bacteria in natural waters: Field and laboratory studies with membrane filter chambers. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 24:805-811. McGarity, T. O., and K. O. Bayer. 1983. Federal regulation of emerging genetic technologies. Vanderbilt Law Rev. 36:461-540. Mellano, V. J., and D. A. Cooksey. 1978. Development of host-range mutants of Xar~homon~ can~c~tr" pv. tran~lucens. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 54:884- 889. Metcalf, R. L., G. K. Sangha, and I. P. Kapoor. 1971. Model ecosystem for the evaluation of pesticide biodegradability and ecological magnification. Environ. Sci. Technol. 5:709-713. Miller, J. F., J. K. Mekalanos, and S. Falkow. 1989. Coordinate regulation and sensory transduction in the control of bacterial virulence. Science 243:916-922. Miller, R. V. 1988. Potential for gene transfer and establishment of engineered genetic sequences. Pp. 23-27 in Planned Release of Genetically Engineered Organisms (Special Issue of Trends in Biotechnology/Trend in Ecology and Evolutions, J. Hodgson and A. M. Sugden, eds. Cambridge, England: Elsevier. Miller, J. H. 1983. Kudzu: Where did it come from? And how do we stop it? Southern J. Appl. Forestry 7:165-169. Mims, C. A. 1982. The Pathogenesrs of Infectious Disease. New York: Academic Press. 297 pp.

OCR for page 143
155 Moawad, H. W., W. R. Ellis, and E. L. Schmidt. 1984. Rhizosphere response as a factor in competition among three serogroups of indigenous R~izabium japonicum for nodulation of field-grown soybeans. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 47:607-612. Molin, S. P., P. Klemm, L. K. Poulsen, H. Biehl, K. Gerdes, and P. Andersson. 1987. Conditional suicide system for containment of bacteria and plasmids. Bio/Technology 5:1315-1318. Morese, S. A., S. R. Johnson, J. W. Biddle, and M. C. Roberts. 1986. High- level tetracycline resistance in Nc=`cria gonorrhocac is result of acquisition of streptococcal tet M determinant. A.A.C. 30:664-670. Morita, R. Y. 1982. Starvation-survival of heterotrophs in the marine environ- ment. Adv. Microbial. Ecol. 6:171-198. Morton, J. F. 1978. Brazilian pepper Its impact on people, animals and the environment. Econ. Bot. 32:353-359. Morton, J. F. 1980. The Australian pine or beefwood (Casuanna c - ectifolia), an invasi~re "weed" tree in Florida. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 93:87-95. NAS (National Academy of Sciences). 1977. Research with Recombinant DNA: An Academy Forum. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences. 52 pp. NAS (National Academy of Sciences). 1987. Introduction of Recombinant DNA- engineered Organisms into the Environment: Key Issues. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 24 pp. Nelson, M. J. K., S. O. Montgomery, E. J. O'Neill, and P. H. Pritchard. 1986. Aerobic metabolism of trichloroethylene by a bacterial molate. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 52:383-384. Nelson, R., S. McCormick, X. Delannay, P. Dube, J. Layton, E. Anderson, M. Kaniewski, R. Proksch, R. Horsch, S. Rogers, R. Fraley, and R. Beachy. 1988. Virus tolerance, plant growth, and field performance of transgenic tomato plants expressing coat protein from tobacco mosaic virus. Bio/Technology 6:1394-1395. Nester, E. W., M. P. Gordon, R M. Amasino, and M. E`. Yanoisky. 1984. Crown gall: A molecular and physiological analysis. Annul Rev. Plant Physiol. 35:387-413. Nester, E. W., and T. Kosuge. 1981. Plasmids specifying plant hyperplasias. Annul Rev. Microbiol. 35:531-56S. New, P. B., and A. Kerr. 1972. Biological control of crown gall: Field measurements and glasshouse experiments. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 35:279-287. Nicolaides, A. A. 1987. Microbial mineral processing: The opportunities for genetic manipulation. J. Chem. Tech. Biotechnol. 38:167-185. NIH (National Institutes of Health). 1976. Recombinant DNA research: Guide- lines. Fed. Reg. 41(July 7~:27902. NIH (National Institutes of Health). 1978. Guidelines for research involving recombinant DNA molecules. Fed. Reg. 43(December 22~:60108. NIH (National Institutes of Health). 1981. Recombinant DNA research: Action under guidelines. Fed. Reg. 46(August 7~:40331. NIH (National Institutes of Health). 1983. Recombinant DNA research: Action under guidelines. Fed. Reg. 48(April 15~:16459. NIH (National Institutes of Health). 1983. Recombinant DNA research: Actions under guidelines. Fed. Reg. 48 (June 1~:24548. Nilson, E. B., D. L. Devlin, and D. G. Mosier. 1988. E;hattercane Control in Field Crops. North Central Regional Extension Publ. 297. llpp.

OCR for page 143
156 Nutman, P. S. 1975. Rhizobium in the soil. Pp. 111-131 in Soil Microbiology, N. Walker, ed. New York: Academic Press. Obukowicz, M. G., F. J. Perlak, K. Kusano-Kretzmer, E. J. Meyer, S. L. Bolten, and L. S. Watrud. 1987. IS50L as a non-self transposable vector used to integrate the Bacilw th~rin~cn~ delta-endotoxin gene into the chromosome of root-colonizing Pseudomonads. Gene 51:91-96. Ogram, A. V., and G. S. Sayler. 1988. The use of gene probes in the rapid analysis of natural microbial communities. 3. kindest. Microbial. 3:281-292. 0150n' B. H., and T. Barkay. 1986. Feasibility of using bacterial resistance ~ 1 ' ~ ~ . - so mesas In mmera1 exploration. Pp. 311-327 in Mineral Exploration: Biological Systems and Organic Matter, D. Carlisle, W. Berry, I. Kaplan, and J. Watterson, eds. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. Olson, B. H., and I. Thornton. 1982. The development of a bacterial indicator system to assess bioavailability of metals in contaminated land. J. Soil Sci. 33:271-279. Olson, S. 1986. The molecular and microbial products of biotechnology. Pp. 14-29 in Biotechnology: An Industry Comes of Age. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Ooms, G., M. M. Burrell, A. Karp, M. Bevan, and J. Hillel 1987. Ge- netic transformation in two potato cultivars with T-DNA from disarmed Agrobactcrium. Theor. Appl. Genet. 73:744-750. Orrego, C., A. Arnaudo, and H. O. Halvorson. 1978. Bacillw subtiluJ 168 genetic transformation mediated by outgrowing spores: Necessity for cell contact. J. Bacterial. 134:973-981. Orser, C. S., R. Lotstein, B. J. Staskawicz, D. Dahlbeck, E. LaLue, D. K. Willis, S. E. Lindow, and N. J. Panopoulos. 1984. Molecular genetics of bacterial ice nucleation. Pp. 98-107 in Proceeding of the Second Working Group on Pecudomonas syringac pathovar~, C. G. Panagopoulos, P. G. Psallid=, ant A. S. Alivizatos, eds. Athens: Hellenic Phytopathological Society. Orton, T. J. 1983. Somaclonal variation: Theoretical and practical consider- ations. Pp 427-468 in Gene Manipulations in Plant Improvement, J. P. Gu~tafson, ed. New York: Plenum. OSTP Voice of Science and Technology Policy). 1984. Proposal for a coordi- nated framework for regulation of biotechnology. Fed. Rep. 49(December 31~:50856. O ~ ~ OSTP (Office of Science and Technology Policy). 1985. Coordinated framework for regulation of biotechnology: Establishment of the Biotechnology Science Coordinating Committee. E`ed. Reg. 50(November 14~:47174. OSTP (Office of Science and Technology Policy). 1986. Coordinated framework for regulation of biotechnology. Fed. Reg. 51 (June 26~:23302. OTA (Office of Technology Assessment). U.S. Congress. 1984. Commercial Biotechnology: An International Analysis. DC OTA-BA-218, 160 pp. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. OTA (Office of Technology Assessment). U.S. Congress. 1988. New Develop- ments in Biotechnology Field-Testing Engineered Organisms: Genetic and Ecological Issues. OTA-8A-350. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Once. 150 pp. Ow, D. W., K. V. Wood, M. Deluca, J. R. DeWet, D. R. Helinski, and S. H. Howell. 1986. Transient and stable expression of the firefly luciferase gene in plant cells and transgenic plants. Science 234:856-859.

OCR for page 143
157 Panagopoulos, C. G., P. G. Psallidas, and A. S. Alivijatos. 1979. Evidence of a breakdown in the effectiveness of biological control of crown gall. Pp. 569-578 in Soil-Borne Plant Pathogens, B. Schippers and W. Garns, eds. London: Academic Press. Parker, C., and M. L. Dean. 1976. Control of wild rice in rice. Pestic. Sci. 7:403-416. Parker, C. A., M. J. Dominick, and D. L. Chatel. 1977. Rhizobia as soil and rhizosphere inhabitants. Pp. 311-352 in A Treatise on Dinitrogen Fixation, R W. F. Hardy and A. H. Gibson, eds. New York: Wiley-Interscience. Pa~zkowski, J., M. Baur, A. Bogucki, and I. Pot rykus. 1988. Gene targeting in plants. EMBO J. 7:4021-4026. Peerbolte, R., K. Leenhouts, G. M. S. Hooykaa~-Van Slogteren, J. Hoge, G. J. Wullems, and R. A. Schillperoon. 1986. Clones from a shooty tobacco crown gall tumor. I. Deletions, rearrangements and amplifications resulting in irregular T-DNA structures and organizations. Plant Mol. Biol. 7:265- 284. Peters, N. K., J. W. E`ront, and S. R. Long. 1986. A plant {lavone, luteolin, induces expression of Rhizabium mcldoti nodulation genes. Science 233:977- 980. Pickersgill, B. 1981. Bio~ystematics of crop-weed complexes. Kulturp~anze 29:377-388. Podgewaite, J. D. 1985. Strategies for field use of baculoviruse~. Pp. 775-797 in Viral Insecticides for Biological Control, K. Maramorosch and K. E. Sherman, eds. New York: Academic Press. Powell-Abel, P., R. S. Nelson, B. De, N. Ho~mann, S. G. Rogers, R. T. E!raley, and R. N. Be achy. 1986. Delay of disease de~relopment in transgenic plants that express the tobacco mosaic virus coat protein gene. Science 232:738-743. Prentki, P., and H. M. Krisch. 1984. In vitro insertional mutagenesis with a selectable DNA fragment. Gene 29:303-313. Pritchard, P. H., and A. W. Bourquin. 1984. The use of microcosmn for evaluation of interactions between pollutants and microorganisms. Adv. Microb. Ecol. 7:133-215. Rake, T. M., C. Hagedorn, E. L. McCoy, and G. F. Klug. 1978. Transport of antibiotic-resistant E:echenchsa cold through western Oregon hillslope soils under conditions of saturated flow. J. Environ. Qual. 7:487-494. Quensen, J. F., III, J. M. Tiedje, and S. A. Boyd. 1988. Reductive dechlorination of polychlorinated biphenyls by anaerobic microorganisms from sediments. Science 242:752-754. Reddy, P. M., and Roger, P. A. 1988. Dynamics of algal populations and acetylene-reducing activity in five rice soils inoculated with blue-green algae. Biol. Fertil. Soils 6:14-21. Redmond, J. W., M. Bately, M. A. Djordjevic, R. W. Innes, P. L. Kuempel, and B. G. Rolfe. 1986. Flavones induce expression of nodulation genes in Rhizabi~ Nature 323:632-634. Reyes, V. G., and J. M. Tiedje. 1976. Ecology of the gut microbiota lFachcons~cu~ rathlc~s. Pedobiologia }6:67-74. Reznikoff, W., and L. Gold. 1985. Maximizing Gene Expression. Boston: Butterworth Publishers. 375 pp.

OCR for page 143
158 Rhodes, C. A., D. A. Pierce, I. J. Metier, D. Mascarenhas, and J. Detmer. 1988. Genetically transformed maize plants from electroporated protoplasts. Sci- ence 240:204-2~)7. Rieseberg, L. H., D. E. Soltis, and J. D. Palmer. 1988. A molecular reexamina- tion of introgression between Hclian;thu, annus and N. bolanden (Compo~tac). Evolution 42:227-238. Roberts, M., L. P. Elwell, and S. Falkow. 1977. Molecular characterization of two beta-lactamase-specifying plasmids isolated from Nc"~cna gonorrhocac. J. Bacterial. 131:557-563. Rochkind-Dubinsky, M. L., G. S. Saylor, and J. W. Blackburn. 1987. Micro- biological Decomposition of Chlorinated Aromatic Compounds. New York: Dekker. Ross, A. 1986. Potato Breeding: Problems and Perspectives. Berlin: Parey. 132 pp. Roszak, D. B., and R. R. Colwell. 1987. Survival strategies of bacteria in the natural environment. Microbiol. Rev. 51:365-379. Rottmann, W. H., T. Brears, T. P. Hodge, and D. M. Longdale. 1987. A mitochondrial gene is lost via homologous recombination during reversion of CMS T maize to fertility. EMBO J. 6:1541-1546. Rouse, D. I., Nordheim, E. V., Hirano, S. S., and C. D. Upper. 1985. A model relating the probability of foliar disease incidence to the population frequencies of bacterial plant pathogens. Phytopathology 75:505-509. Ruvken, G. B., and F. M. Aunubel. 1981. A general method for site-directed mutagenesis in prokaryotes. Nature 289:85-88. Ryan, C. A. 1988. Protemase inhibitor gene families: Tissue specificity and regulation. Pp. 223-233 in Temporal and Spatial Regulation of Plant Genes, D. P. S. Verma and R. B. Goldberg, eds. Vienna: Springer-Verlag. Salisbury, E. J. 1961. Weeds and Aliens. London: Collins. Sangodkar, U. M. X., P. J. Chapman, and A. M. Chakrabarty. 1988. Cloning, physical mapping, and expression of chromosomal genes specifying degra- dation of the herbicide 2,4,5-T by P~cudomonae ccpacia ACllOO. Gene 71 :267-277. Sauer, J. D. 1967. The grain amaranths and their relatives: A revised taxonomic and geographic survey. Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 54:103-137. Scanferlato, U. S., D. R. Orvos, J. Cairns, and G. H. Lary. 1989. Genetically engineered E~rua carotovora in aquatic microcosms: Survival and effects on functional groups of indigenous bacteria. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 55:1477-1482. Schmidt, E. L., and F. M. Robert. 1985. Recent advances in the Ecology of Rhizobium. Pp. 279-385 in Nitrogen Fixation Research Progress. 6th International Symposium on Nitrogen Fixation, H. J. Evans, P. J. Bot- tomley, and W. E. Newton, eds. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Martins NijEoff Publishers. Schofield, P. R., A. H. Gibson, W. F. Dudman, and J. T. Watson. 1987. Evidence for genetic exchange and recombination of Rhodium symbiotic plasmids in a 50il population. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 53:2942-2947. Scolnik, P. A., and R. Haselkorn. 1984. Activation of extra copies of genes coding for nitrogenase in Rhodop~cudomonas capsulate. Nature 307:289-292. Second, G. 1982. Origin of the genetic diversity of cultivated rice (Oryza spy.: Study of the polymorphism scored at 40 isozyme loci. Jpn. J. Genet. 57:25-57.

OCR for page 143
159 Sengupta-Gopalan, C., N. A. Reichert, R. F. Barker, T. C. Hall, and J. D. Kemp. 1985. Developmentally regulated expression of the bean-phaseolin gene in tobacco seed. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 82:3320-3324. Senior, E., A. T. Bull, J. H. Slater. 1976. Enzyme evolution in a microbial community growing on the herbicide Dalapon. Nature 263:476-479. Sequeira, L. 1984. Plant-bacterial interactions. Pp. 187-211 in Cellular Interac- tions, H. F. Linskens and J. Heslop-Harrison, eds. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. Shah, D. M., R. B. Horsch, H. J. Klee, G. M. Kishore, J. A. Winter, N. E. Tamer, C. M. Hironaka, P. R. Sander, C. S. Gasser, S. Aykent, N. R. Siegel, S. G. Rogers, and R. T. E`raley. 1986. Engineering herbicide tolerance in transgenic plants. Science 233:478-481. Sheehy, R. E., M. Kramer, and W. R. Hiatt. 1988. Reduction of polygalac- turonase in tomato fruit by antisense RNA. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 85:8805-8809. Shields, M. S., S. W. Hooper, and G. S. Saylor. 1985. Plasmid-mediated mineralization of 4-chlorobiphenyl. J. Bacterial. 163:882-889. Simberloff, D. 1985. Predicting ecological effects of novel entities: evidence from higher organisms. Pp. 152-161 in Engineered Organisms in the Environment: Scientific Issues, H. O. Halvorson, D. Pramer, and M. Rogul, eds. Washington D.C.: American Society for Microbiology Simmonds, N. W., ed. 1979. Evolution of Crop Plants. New York: Longman. 339 pp. Slota, J. E., and S. K. Farrand. 1982. Genetic isolation and physical charac- terization of pAgK84, the plasmid responsible for agrocin 84 production. Plasmid 8:175-186. Small, E. 1984. Hybridization in the domesticated-weed-wild complex. Pp. 195-210 in Plant Biosystematics, W. F. Grant, ed. Ontario: Academic Press. Smith, C. W. 1985. Impact of alien plants on Hawaii's native biota. Proceedings of the Fourth National Park Science Conference. Cooperative Park Study Unit, Honolulu, Hawaii. Smith, J. S. C., M. M. Goodman, and R. N. Lester. 1981. Variation within teosinte. I. Numerical analysis of morphological data. Econ. Bot. 3535:187- 203. Smith, M. S., G. W. Thomas, R. E. White, and R. Ritonga. 1985. Transport of Eacherichsa cod through intack and disturbed soil columns. J. Environ. Qual. 14:87-91. Somerville, C. C., I. T. Knight, W. C. Straube, and R. R. Colwell. 1989. Simple, rapid method for direct isolation of nucleic acids from aquatic environments. Appl. Environ. Microbial. 55:548-554. Stachel, S. E., E. Messens, M. Van Montagu, and P. Zambryski. 1985. Identi- fication of the signal molecules produced by wounded plants that activate T-DNA transfer in Agrobactcrtium tumefacicn,. Nature 318:624-629. Stachel, S. E., E. W. Nester, and P. C. Zambryski. 1986. A plant cell factor induces Agrobactcrium tumefacicn~ sir gene expression. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 83:379-383. Stalker, D., K. McBride, and L. Malyj. 1988. Herbicide resistance in transgenic plants expressing a bacterial detoxification gene. Science 242:419-422. Staskawicz, B., D. Dahlbeck, and N. T. Keen. 1984. Cloned avirulence gene of Pacudomonas ~ynngac pv. glycinca determines race-specificity incompatibility on Glycinc man (L.) Merr. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 81:6024-6028.

OCR for page 143
160 Staskawicz, B., U. Bonas, D. Dahlbeck, T. Huynk, B. Kearney, P. Ronald, and M. Whalen. 1988. Molecular determinants of specificity in plant bacterial interactions. Pp. 124-130 in Physiology and Biochemistry of Plant-Microbial Interactions, N. T. Keen, T. Kosuge, and L. Walling. eds. Rock~ille, Md.: American Society of Plant Physiologists. StefEan, R. J., and Atlas, R. M. 1988. DNA amplification to enhance detection of genetically engineered bacteria in environmental samples. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 54: 2185-2191. SteEan, R. J., J. Goksoyr, A. K. Be;, and R. M. Atlas. 1988. Recovery of DNA from soils and sediments. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 54:2908-2915. Stetzenbach, L. D., B. Lighthart, R. J. Seidler, and S. C. Hern. 1989. Factors influencing the dispersal and survival of aerosolized microorganisms. Stotzky, G., and H. Babich. 1986. Survival of, and genetic transfer by, geneti- cally engineered bacteria in natural environments. Adv. Appl. Microbiol., xxx: 93-138. Strauss, H., D. Hattis, and G. Page. 1986. Genetically Engineered Microor- ganisms: II. Survival Multiplication and Genetic Transfer Recomb. DNA Tech. Bull. 9:69-88. , ~ ,, _ . Suneson, C. A., K. O. Rachie? and G. S. Khll~;h 196Q A rl~rn~mir. r`^r~l~l~t.;^n of weedy rye. Crop Sci. 9:121-124. _, . ~= _ I. ~ ~ _ ~ . _ ~ Taira, K, N. Hayase, N. Arimura, S. Yamashida, D. Miyazaki, and K. Furukawa. 1988. Cloning the nucleotide sequence of the 2, 3-diLydroxybiphenyl dioxy- genase gene from the PCB degrading strain of Pecudomonas paucimobilics Q1. Biochemistry 27:3990-3996. Tanksley, S. D., N. D. Young, A. H. Peterson, and M. W. Bonierbale. 1989. RFLP mapping in plant-breeding: New tools for an old science. Bio/Technology 7:257-264. Taub, F`. B., and M. E. Crow. 1980. Synthesizing aquatic microcosms. Pp. 69 104 in Microcosms in Ecological Research, J. P. Geisy, Jr., ed. Springfield, Va.: National Technical Information Service, DOE Symposium No. 52. Taylor, J. W., J. Oh, and F. Eckstein. 1985. The rapid generation of oligo nucleotide-directed mutations at high frequency using phosphorothioate- modified DNA. Nucl. Acid Res. 13:8765-8785. Tempe, J., and A. Petit. 1983. La pist des opinies. Pp. 14-32 in Molecular Genetics of the Bacteria-Plant Interaction, A. Puhler, ed. Berlin: Springer- Verlag. Thomsen, C. O., G. D. Barbe, W. A. Williams, and M. R. George. 1986. "Escaped" artichokes are troublesome pests. Calif. Agric. 40:7-9. Tiedje, J. M. 1987. Environmental monitoring of microorganisms. Pp. 115 127 in Prospects for Physical and Biological Containment of Genetically Engineered Organisms, J. W. Gillett, ed. Ithaca, N.Y.: Ecosystems Research Center Report. 114, Cornell University. Tiedje, J. M., R. K. Colwell, Y. L. Grossman, R. Hodson, R. E. Lenski, R. N. Mack, and P. J. Regal. 1989. The planned introduction of genetically engineered organisms: Ecological considerations and recommendations. Ecology 70:298-315. Timmis, K. M., G. J. Warren, H. R. Whitely, N. Gutterson, and M. J. Gasson. Round Table 1: Applications. Pp. 193-206 in The Release of Genetically Engineered Micro-Organisms, M. Sussman, G. H. Collins, F. A. Skinner, and D. E. Stewart-Tall, eds. New York: Academic Press.

OCR for page 143
161 Tolin, S., and A. K. Vidaver. 1989. Guidelines and regulations for research with genetically modified organisms: a view from academe. Menu. Rev. Phytopathol 27:551-581. Tomasek, P. H., B. Frantz, U. M. X. Sangodkar, R. A. Haugland, and A. M. Chakrabarty. 1989. Characterization and nucleotide sequence dete.mi- nation of a repeated element isolated from a 2,4,5-T degrading strain of Pscudomonae ccpacia. Gene 76:227-238. Trevors, J. T., T. Barkay, and A. W. Bourquin. 1987. Gene transfer among bacteria in soil and aquatic environments: A review. Can. J. Microbial. 33:191-198. Tucker, J. M., and J. D. Saner. l9S8. Aberrant Amaranthus populations of the Sacramento-San Joaquin delta, California. Madrono 14:252-261. Tumer, N. E., K. M. O'Connell, R. S. Nelson, P. R. Sanders, R. N. Beachy, R. T. Fraley, and D. M. Shah. 1987. Expression of alfalfa mosaic virus coat protein gene confers cross-protection in transgenic tobacco and tomato plants-.~ EMBO J. 6:1181-1188. Unterman, R., D. L. Bedard, M. J. Brennan, L. H. Bopp, J. J. Mondello, R. E. Brooks, D. P. Mobley, J. B. McDermott, C. C. Schwartz, and D. K. Diedrich. 1987. Biological approaches for polychlorinated biphenyl degradation. Pp. 253-269 in Environmental Biotechnology: Reducing Risk from Environmental Chemicals Through Biotechnology, G. S. Omenn, et. New York: Plenum. U.S. Congress. 447 U.S.C. 303 (1980~. U.S. Congress. 42 U.S.C. 4321-4347 (1982~. U.S. Congress. 1983. Environmental implications of genetic engineering. 98th Cong., 1st sess. Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight and the Subcommittee on Science, Research and Technology. Committee on Science and Technology. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. USDA (U.S. Department of Agriculture). 1986. Handbook of Agricultural Statistical Data. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. 139 pp. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1985. Substances found at proposed and final NPL sites through update number three. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Document NP~U3-6-3. U.S. Senate. 1984. The potential environmental consequences of genetic engi- neering. 98th Cong., 2d sees. September 25 and 27. Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Toxic Substances and Environmental Oversight. Com- mittee on Environment and Public Works. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. Vaeck, M., A. Reynaerts, H. Hofte, S. Jansens, M. M. De Beuckeleer, C. Dean, M. Zabeau, M. Van Montagu, and J. Leemans. 1987. Transgenic plants protected from insect attack. Nature 328:33-37. Van Voris, P., R. V. O'Neill, W. R. Emanuel, and H. H. Shugart. 1980. Functional complexity and ecosystem stability. Ecology 6:1352-1360. Van Voris, P., D. A. Tolle, M. F. Arthur, J. Chesson, and R. W. Brock~en. 1983. Terrestrial microcosms: Validation, applications, and cost-benefit analysis. Paper presented to the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Arlington, Va.

OCR for page 143
162 Van der Krol, A. R., P. E. Lenting, J. Veenstra, I. M. Van der Meer, R. E. Koes, A. G. M. Gerats, J. N. M. Mol. and A. R. Stuitje. 1988. An anti-sense chalcone synthase gene in transgenic plants inhibits flower pigmentation. Nature 333:866-869. Vandenbergh, M. P. 1986. The rutabaga that ate Pittsburgh: Federal regulation of free release biotechnology. Va. Law Rev. 72:1529-1568. Vasil, I. K. 1988. Progress in the regeneration and genetic manipulation of cereal crops. Bio/Technology 6:397-402. Vasil, I. K., ed. 1986. Cell Cultures and Somatic Cell Genetics of Plants, 3. Plant Regeneration and Genetic Variability. New York: Academic Press. 657 pp. Vidaver, A., and G. Stotzky. In preparation. Decontamination and mitigation. Vitousek, P. M. 1986. Biological invasions and ecosystem properties. Can species make a difference? Pp. 163-178 in Ecology of Biological Invasions in North America and Hawaii, H. A. Mooney and J. A. Drake, eds. New York: Springer-Verlag. Vogel, T. M., and P. L. McCarty. 1985. Biotransformation of tetrachloroethy- lene to trichloroethylene, dichloroethylene, vinyl chloride, and carbon diox- ide under methanogenic conditions. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 49:1080- 1083. Wallroth, M., A. G. M. Gerats, S. G. Rogers, R. T. Fraley, and R. B. Horsch. 1986. Chromosomal localization of forei~n ~enes in Pctur~ia kubridm Mc,1. Gen. Genet. 202:6-15. o O ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ '':F-' '- ~'''-'- Warwick, S. I., and L. D. Black. 1983. The biology of Canadian weeds. 61. Sorghum haleper~c (L.) PERS. Can. J. Plant Sci. 63:997-1014. Warwick, S. I., B. K. Thompson, and L. D. Black. 1984. Population variation in Sorghum halepcn~c, Johnson grass, at the northern limits of its range. Can. J. Bot. 62:1781-1790. Wilson, J. T., J. F. McNabb, B. H. Wilson, and M. J. Noonan. 1983. Biotransformation of selected organic pollutants in ground water. Dev. Ind. Microbiol. 24:225-233. Windle, P. N., ~d E. H. Franz. 1979a. Plant population ~tructure and aphid parasitism: Changes in barley monocultures and mixtures. J. Appl. Ecol. 16:259-268. Windle, P. N., and E. H. Franz. 1979b. The effect~ of insect parasitism on plant competition: Greenbugs and barley. Ecology 60:521-529. Winter, R. B., K. Yen, and B. Ensley. 1989. EfTicient degradation of trichloroethylene by a recombinant E`cherichia coli. Bio/Technology 7:282- 285. Wong, W. K., C. Curry, R. S. PareLh, S. R. PareLh, M. Waym an, R. W. Davies, D. G. Kilburn, and N. Skipper. 1988. Wood hydrolysis by CclluJomonas tmi endoglucanase and exoglucanase coexpressed as secreted enzymes in Saccharomyccs ccrc~iac. Bio/Technology. 6:713-719. Wright, S. F., J. G. Foster, and O. L. Bennett. 1986. Production and use of monoclonal antibodies for identification of strains of Rhizobium trifolii. Appl. En~riron. Microbiol. 52:119-123. Yates, J. R., R. P. Cunningham, and D. S. Holmes. 1988. IST2: An inser- tion sequence from Thiaba~illus fcrroozidane. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 85:7284-7287. Yoder, 0. C. 1980. Toxins in pathogenesis. Annul Rev. Phytopathol. 18:103-129.

OCR for page 143
163 Zadoks, J., and R. O. Schein. 1979. Epidemiology and Plant Disease Manage- ment. New York: Oxford University Press. 427 pp. Zelibor, J. L., Jr., M. W. Doughten, D. H. Grimes, and R. R. Colwell. 1987. Testing for bacterial resistance to arsenic in monitoring well water samples by the direct viable counting method. Appl. Environ. Microbial. 53:2929- 2934. Zund, P., and G. Lebek. 1980. Generation time-prolonging R plasmids: Cor- relation between increases in the generation time of Escherichia cold caused by R plasmids and their molecular size. Plasmid 3:65-69.

OCR for page 143