Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.
Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.
OCR for page 13
H-13 APPENDIX B Sources of Data Some data needed for the fuel comparisons can be found market price of conventional jet fuel to maximize profits. easily. Other information, such as transportation costs (pipe- However, if the fuel producer and fuel buyer go into a long- line, truck, barge, rail, etc.) and storage and blending fees term contract, then the fuel producer may sell its product at a depend on the facility and businesses involved. Fuel informa- discount to conventional jet fuel. Because of this, AFIT has a tion is provided below. The AFIT software provides the typi- default assumption that the price of the alternative fuel is cal cost range for the various handling fees. assumed to be 90% of conventional jet fuel. Fuel Transportation and Storage Costs Gasoline and Diesel These costs are not collected and posted conveniently on EIA gasoline and diesel prices: any single website. The cost ranges provided in AFIT were http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_gnd_dcus_nus_ collected by reviewing financial filings, regulatory require- w.htm ments, and other legal and non-legal documents and sources. U.S. Gulf Coast No. 2 Diesel Low Sulfur Spot Price FOB Pipeline, barge, truck, and rail costs vary widely depending on (cents per gallon) a multitude of factors. The Energy Information Association http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/dnav/pet/hist/LeafHandler.ashx?n= (EIA) is a large repository of useful information and can be PET&s=rdlusg&f=d found at http://www.eia.doe.gov/. IATA Jet Fuel Price Monitor New Diesel Fueling Station Costs http://www.iata.org/whatwedo/economics/fuel_monitor/ Construction costs vary depending on region, project type, index.htm preexisting arrangements, and so on, but the RSMeans Building ATA Jet Fuel Price Statistics http://www.airlines.org/Energy/FuelCost/Pages/MonthlyJet Construction Cost Data manual is an excellent source for the FuelCostandConsumptionReport.aspx latest industry standards. The 2008 edition was used for this version of the handbook. A 2010 version of the manual is Alternative Fuel Price Estimates at the Producer now available. Many reports (e.g., Hileman et al., 2009) provide estimates of the economic costs of producing fuel, but these values are Equipment Costs in terms of the fuel producer. This should not be confused GSE equipment replacement costs vary widely depend- with the price that would be paid by a fuel consumer. The ing on the equipment on site, its age and condition, onsite price paid by a consumer will be set by the prevailing market inventory, mechanical skill level of employees, and other price for conventional jet fuel. Assuming that the fuel pro- factors. Fleet and equipment managers currently maintain- ducer can create its alternative jet fuel at a cost that is less than ing the equipment will likely be able to find the best cost the prevailing price of conventional jet fuel, it will sell it at the data with their current suppliers.