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How to Use This Handbook This handbook is a guide for readers with different knowledge of and interest in alterna- tive jet fuels. Following is a brief overview of the handbook, taking into account the famil- iarity of different readers with alternative jet fuels and the roles readers may play in their introduction to the airport environment: Section 1: Introduction. This section provides an introduction to alternative jet fuels, including the main reasons for pursuing them. It also identifies resources that offer fur- ther information on this topic. This section is recommended for readers with general interest and limited knowledge of alternative jet fuels. Section 2: What Are the Main Characteristics of Alternative Jet Fuels? This section is an abbreviated primer on alternative jet fuels covering the following topics: Safety and certification, Feedstocks (raw materials) and technologies for producing alternative jet fuels, Environmental and economic benefits, and Possible economic implications of regulation. This section is recommended for readers with general interest and limited knowledge of alternative jet fuels. Readers familiar with the fundamentals of alternative jet fuels and interested in a deeper understanding of the topics covered in Section 2 are encouraged to consult the primer included in the appendices. In addition to providing more detail on the topics covered in Section 2, the primer includes information on more technical and implementation-related aspects, including: Financial considerations, FAA policies and regulations, Environmental reviews and permitting, Energy policy, and Examples of publicly announced alternative fuel projects. Section 3: How Can Alternative Jet Fuels Be Integrated into the Airport Setting? This section is intended for readers comfortable with the fundamentals of alternative jet fuels. It presents an evaluation framework that allows the analysis and evaluation of potential projects in a sequential manner. The main steps of this framework are: Stakeholder analysis: Helps to identify the needs of the main stakeholders and how to get them involved (see Section 3.3). Initial screening of options: Provides high-level screening criteria to reduce the large number of potential alternative fuel projects to a select few (see Section 3.4). Comparative evaluation of screened options: Gives guidance to evaluate, compare, and further refine the selection of projects identified in the previous step (see Section 3.5). Suggested next steps: Suggestions for continuing the work started with this handbook (see Section 3.6). 2

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How to Use This Handbook 3 The sequential nature of the evaluation framework allows readers from airports and other readers to systematically explore the case for pursuing alternative jet fuels while develop- ing internal capabilities in the evaluation of potential opportunities. It also allows read- ers to proceed according to their internal timeline and without necessarily committing significant levels of scarce resources from the start. Section 4: Frequently Asked Questions. This section presents a representative set of ques- tions and concerns from the aviation industry and the communities they serve with respect to alternative jet fuels. It is intended as a quick reference for anyone with an interest in alternative jet fuels. Section 5: Supporting Materials and Worksheets. This section presents supplemental materials and worksheets to aid in the evaluation of alternative jet fuel projects. Section 6: Bibliography. This section presents a bibliography of material on alternative jet fuels. Primer on Alternative Jet Fuels (Appendices). The appendices present more detailed information on the different aspects of alternative jet fuels discussed in Sections 1 through 4, providing a more in-depth understanding of alternative jet fuels.