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OCR for page 47
Frequently Asked Questions 47 A: In new rules issued by USDA in February 2011, foreign sources of investment in U.S.-based project developments are now eligible for support through certain USDA programs, including loan guarantees to develop alternative jet fuel projects. While this policy has been executed, regulations on specific USDA programs may be required to capture its intent. Airports and their clients should consult with CAAFI or local or national USDA Rural Development Authorities to establish which programs are eligible. Once this is known, consultation with U.S. Department of Commerce programs such as Invest in America (http://www. investamerica.gov/) may be useful. 4.3 What Are Some of the Potential Concerns Around the Storage, Handling, and Use of Alternative Jet Fuel? Q: Do airlines support the use of alternative jet fuel? A: Yes, the U.S. airlines' interest in alternative jet fuel is being coordinated by the ATA. The ATA supports alternative jet fuels as long as they are safe, environmentally friendly, reliable, and economically feasible. Airlines are committed to supporting alternative jet fuel facilities by signing long-term purchase agreements, but their willingness to pay a premium over the cost of conventional fuel will depend on the amount and duration of the premium. Q: Does alternative jet fuel need any special airport-related infrastructure? A: No, alternative jet fuel will not be qualified if it cannot be handled by existing airport fueling equipment. Q: Will alternative jet fuels require duplicate storage or distribution systems at my airport? A: No, by definition, drop-in fuels do not require duplicate storage or distribution. However, if the fuel is delivered through infrastructure not currently in use, then hookups will be neces- sary. For example, if an airport currently receives conventional jet fuel through a pipeline from a refinery, and starts to receive alternative jet fuel by railroad, then a hookup between the railroad car and the pipeline will be required. Q: Is alternative jet fuel really safe to use in all aircraft, including older models? A: Yes, alternative jet fuel will be thoroughly tested and will not receive certification unless it is safe in all existing gas turbine engines. Q: Is alternative jet fuel safe to mix with conventional jet fuel in our existing tanks? A: Yes, alternative jet fuel will be thoroughly tested and will not receive qualification approval from ASTM unless it is safe to mix with conventional jet fuel. Q: How can I know jet fuel produced by a particular process has been qualified as safe? A: Alternative jet fuels that are safe are listed under annexes to the alternative fuels specification ASTM D7566. CAAFI can be consulted if there are questions in this regard. Q: We always test jet fuel before we accept delivery and add it to our fuel tanks. Can we use the same testing methods on regular Jet A and alternative jet fuels? A: Yes, the same testing procedures will be used for regular Jet A and alternative jet fuel per current plans. Q: Does alternative jet fuel have more quality control problems than regular fuel? A: There is no current evidence to indicate that alternative jet fuel have more quality control problems than conventional jet fuel. One concern, however, will be the proliferation of many new fuel providers. This issue is being studied by the FAA and has been highlighted by CAAFI.