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6 Guidelines for Integrating Alternative Jet Fuel into the Airport Setting 1.3 Why Are Airports Interested in Alternative Jet Fuels? Airports can specifically benefit from alternative jet fuels for the following reasons: Improvements to local air quality: As mentioned before, alternative jet fuels have the potential to provide benefits in terms of reduced emissions of local air quality pollutants, such as NOx, SOx, and PM, compared to conventional jet fuel. This is of particular interest to air- ports that operate in air quality non-attainment areas, which means that they are operating or trying to build something in an area with air quality that does not conform to federal or state standards of acceptability with respect to various pollutants. Being a good citizen: As vital members of the community and important players in the local economy, airports want to actively contribute to the well-being of the communities they serve. Many airports are already making changes along the lines of being more environmentally con- scious by, for example, introducing electric-powered vehicles, building more energy-efficient buildings, and modernizing firefighting training facilities. The introduction of alternative jet fuels offers airports an opportunity to further their efforts to create a positive impact. Serving their airlines' needs: Airports may have an opportunity to play an enabling role for sourcing and distributing alternative jet fuels to interested airlines. Furthermore, the availabil- ity of alternative jet fuel at an airport may attract additional air service from parts of the world that are particularly sensitive to environmental issues. This may lead to incremental business for the airports. 1.4 What Roles Can Airports Play in Alternative Fuel Projects? There are a number of ways in which airports can be involved with alternative jet fuel proj- ects. Before describing those roles, however, it is useful to briefly describe how airports are currently involved in the sourcing of conventional jet fuel. Airports ensure that safety and reg- ulatory requirements of fuel handling and storage are met but are not typically involved with commercial aspects of fuel sourcing. The supply of jet fuel at airports is typically the responsi- bility of airlines that enter into contracts with oil companies, third-party suppliers, or fixed- based operators (FBOs). Furthermore, the jet fuel infrastructure at airports is typically managed and maintained by third-party vendors on behalf of the airports or airlines. Thus, the sourcing and handling of jet fuel is usually not part of an airport's core business. In the case of alternative jet fuels, however, there are opportunities for airports to get involved and be supportive of projects. While it is not currently expected that airports would take the lead and be the main project developer, there are multiple ways in which they can participate and offer support. For example, airports can: Help obtain support from local and regional authorities; Facilitate partnerships with feedstock producers, alternative jet fuel producers, airlines, and other stakeholders; Conduct studies to identify the feasibility of introducing alternative jet fuels; and Provide direct support, such as the use of airport property for construction of storage and other infrastructure that may be required. The kind of support that airports provide will depend greatly on the specific conditions and governing structure of each airport. Because this is such a new and maturing field, airport roles are likely to differ from site to site, but any contribution will be significant to get this industry