Duff, R.A. (1993). Choice, character, and criminal liability. Law and Philosophy, 12(4), 345-383.
Duggan, P. (1999, November 9). George W. Bush: The Texas record, youth feel the force of a vow kept; juvenile justice overhaul reflects tougher approach. The Washington Post, p. A01.
Durlak, J.A., and DuPre, E.P. (2008). Implementation matters: A review of research on the influence of implementation on program outcomes and the factors affecting implementation. American Journal of Community Psychology, 41(3-4), 327-350.
Durlauf, S.N., and Nagin, D.S. (2011). Imprisonment and crime: Can both be reduced? Criminology & Public Policy, 10(1), 13-54.
Durston, S., Davidson, M.C., Tottenham, N., Galvan, A., Spicer, J., Fossella, J.A., and Casey, B.J. (2006). A shift from diffuse to focal cortical activity with development. Developmental Science, 9(1), 1-8.
Eccles, J.S., and Roeser, R.W. (2009). Schools, academic motivation, and stage-environment fit. In R.M. Lerner and L.D. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of Adolescent Psychology (pp. 404-434). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Eccles, J.S., Midgley, C., Wigfield, A., Buchanan, C.M., Reuman, D., Flanagan, C., and Iver, D.M. (1993). Development during adolescence. The impact of stage-environment fit on young adolescents’ experiences in schools and in families. The American Psychologist, 48(2), 90-101.
Eckberg, D.A., Podkopzacz, M.R., and Zehm, K. (2004). Juvenile Court Fairness Study. Minneapolis, MN: Fourth Judicial District Court of Minnesota. Available: http://www.mncourts.gov/Documents/4/Public/Research/Juvenile_Court_Fairness_Report_(2004).pdf [October 2012].
Eckenrode, J., Zielinski, D., Smith, E., Marcynyszyn, L.A., Henderson, C.R., Jr., Kitzman, H., Cole, R., Powers, J., and Olds, D.L. (2001). Child maltreatment and the early onset of problem behaviors: Can a program of nurse home visitation break the link? Development and Psychopathology, 13(4), 873-890.
Eddy, J.M., Whaley, R.B., and Chamberlain, P. (2004). The prevention of violent behavior by chronic and serious male juvenile offenders: A 2-year follow-up of a randomized clinical trial. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 12(1), 2-8.
Eder, D., Evans, C.C., and Parker, S. (1995). School Talk: Gender and Adolescent Culture. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Eisenberg, N., Fabes, R.A., Murphy, B.C. (1996). Parents’ Reactions to Children’s Negative Emotions: Relations to Children’s Social Competence and Comforting Behavior. Child Development, 67(5), 2227-2247.
Elliott, D.S. (1994). Serious violent offenders: Onset, developmental course, and termination— the American Society of Criminology 1993 presidential address. Criminology, 32(1), 1-21.
Elliott, D.S., Huizinga, D., and Ageton, S.S. (1985). Explaining Delinquency and Drug Use. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Elliott, D.S., Huizinga, D., and Menard, S. (1989). Multiple Problem Youth: Delinquency, Substance Use, and Mental Health Problems. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Ellis, B.J., Del Giudice, M., Dishion, T.J., Figueredo, A.J., Gray, P., Griskevicius, V., Hawley, P.H., Jacobs, W.J., James, J., Volk, A.A., and Wilson, D.S. (2012). The evolutionary basis of risky adolescent behavior: Implications for science, policy, and practice. Developmental Psychology, 48(3), 598-623.
Ellis, D.A., Zucker, R.A., and Fitzgerald, H.E. (1997). The role of family influences in development and risk. Alcohol Health & Research World, 21(3), 218-226. Available: http://www.circle.wisc.edu/13-Eval/Tools/PDF-Documents/Family%20Influences%20and%20Risk.pdf [September 2012].