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APPENDIX D STATE ALTERNATIVE CERTIFICATION PROGRAMS* (AS OF JUNE 1987) State Program characteristics Alabama Certified teacher may apply for temporary math permit, 6 semesters of math yearly for 4 years to complete certification. Arizona Associate Teacher Authorization, renewable twice, allows holder to teach part-time or one-half year full-time under supervision of certified teacher. California Pass CHEST and NTE, mentor teacher and program to work for certification after 2 years. Connecticut Six weeks' education training and classroom experience under 90-day provisional certificate, then enter 1 year new teacher support and assessment program. Florida On secondary level, 3 week intensive training program and 1 year internship. Georgia Indiana Louisiana In areas of critical need, a science/mathematics major, teacher certification test, performance based assessment, course work and 1 year internship. Limited license with 15 semester hours science/mathematics, renewable with 6 hours credit each year toward licensure requirements. Louisiana State University program; pass NTE, course work, internship. Maryland Proposed "alternative programs" approved under Creative Initiatives in Teacher Education. Mississippi On secondary level, provisional certificate until pass NTE, complete 12 hours credit and on-thejob competency. New Hampshire Pass teacher certification exam, 3 year internship with master teacher. New Jersey Pass NTE and subject area test, employment with a training program. New Mexico Pass NTE, employment and individualized professional plan. North Carolina Lateral entry in area of critical need, employment and examination of qualifications. 131

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132 Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania South Carolina Tennessee Texas Vermont Virginia West Virginia APPENDIX D Proposed "alternative programs" approved under Flexible and Innovative Individualized Program Standard. Pass teacher certification test, employment and teacher education program. Certified teachers may take NTE subject exam for science/mathematics endorsement. May teach if participating in intern program at institution of higher education. In area of critical need, summer courses, training workshops in school year and 3 graduate courses within 3 years. Fifth year program for second career persons with part-time classroom teaching. In area of critical need, pass teacher certification test, course work and 1 year internship with appraisal. Peer Review. On secondary level, pass NTEV, employment and 2 years to complete 9 credit hours. In area of critical need, summer session and 1 year internship. Notes: *Programs designed, at least partially, to increase the number of science or mathematics teachers in the state. Alternative certificate program: Teacher preparation program that enrolls uncertified individuals who hold at least a bachelor's degree. Offers shortcuts, special assistance, or unique curricula leading to eligibility for a standard teaching credential (Adelman, 1986~. (From Blank, R. K. 1988. The role of state policies in improving science education, pp. 61-96. In A. B. Champagne and I. M. Baden, Eds. Science Teaching: Making the System Work. Washington, D.C.: American Association for the Advancement of Science. Pp. 73 and 74.)