Objective evidence should be obtained from an oral elimination challenge trial before advising women to make long-term diet changes to reduce the problem of allergy or colic in their breastfed infants. In such studies, the suspected food allergen is first eliminated from the mother's diet to determine whether the breastfed infant will become asymptomatic. Oral challenges should then be conducted under careful medical supervision to ascertain whether the symptoms can be reproduced. Provoked reactions should be treated with appropriate medications as rapidly as possible. If a basic food must be eliminated from the diet for weeks to months, adequate nutrient intake should be promoted through special dietary planning.
Aaby, P., J. Bukh, I.M. Lisse, and A.J. Smits. 1984. Overcrowding and intensive exposure as determinants of measles mortality. Am. J. Epidemiol. 120:49-63.
Adair, L.S., and E. Pollitt. 1985. Outcome of maternal nutritional supplementation: a comprehensive review of the Bacon Chow study. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 41:948-978.
Agras, W.S., H.C. Kraemer, R.I. Berkowitz, A.F. Korner, and L.D. Hammer. 1987. Does a vigorous feeding style influence early development of adiposity? J. Pediatr. 110:799-804.
Ahlfors, K., and S.A. Ivarsson. 1985. Cytomegalovirus in breast milk of Swedish milk donors. Scand. J. Infect. Dis. 17:11-13.
Ala-Houhala, M. 1985. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D levels during breastfeeding with or without maternal or infantile supplementation of vitamin D. J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr. 4:220-226.
Arnaud, S.B., G.B. Stickler, and J.C. Haworth. 1976. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D in infantile rickets. Pediatrics 57:221-225.
Arnon, S.S., K. Damus, B. Thompson, T.F. Midura, and J. Chin. 1982. Protective role of human milk against sudden death from infant botulism. J. Pediatr. 100:568-573.
Axelsson, I., S. Borulf, L. Righard, and N. Räihä. 1987. Protein and energy intake during weaning. I. Effects on growth. Acta Paediatr. Scand. 76:321-327.
Bates, C.J., A.M. Prentice, A.A. Paul, A. Prentice, B.A. Sutcliffe, and R.G. Whitehead. 1982. Riboflavin status in infants born in rural Gambia, and the effect of a weaning food supplement. Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 76:253-258.
Bayley, N. 1969. Manual for the Bayley Scales of Infant Development. Psychological Corp, New York. 178 pp.
Belton, N. 1986. Rickets—not only the "English Disease." Acta Paediatr. Scand. Suppl. 323:68-75.
Berkowitz, R.I., W.S. Agras, A.F. Korner, H.C. Kraemer, and C.H. Zeanah. 1985. Physical activity and adiposity: a longitudinal study from birth to childhood. J. Pediatr. 106:734-738.
Biagi, P.L., A. Bordoni, M. Masi, G. Ricci, C. Fanelli, A. Patrizi, E. Ceccolino. 1988. A long-term study of the use of evening primrose oil (Efamol) in atopic children. Drugs Exp. Clin. Res. 14:285-290.
Biering-Sørensen, F., T. Jørgensen, and J. Hilden. 1978. Sudden infant death in Copenhagen 1956-1971. I. Infant feeding. Acta Paediatr. Scand. 67:129-137.