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Nutrition During Lactation
Objective evidence should be obtained from an oral elimination challenge trial before advising women to make long-term diet changes to reduce the problem of allergy or colic in their breastfed infants. In such studies, the suspected food allergen is first eliminated from the mother's diet to determine whether the breastfed infant will become asymptomatic. Oral challenges should then be conducted under careful medical supervision to ascertain whether the symptoms can be reproduced. Provoked reactions should be treated with appropriate medications as rapidly as possible. If a basic food must be eliminated from the diet for weeks to months, adequate nutrient intake should be promoted through special dietary planning.
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