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Education and Training in the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: A Guide for Developing Institutional Programs 1 Sources of Information The following organizations are useful resources for course coordinators, content experts, and participants. Animal Welfare Information Center See Appendix II. Contact: Animal Welfare Information Center, National Agricultural Library, Room 304, Beltsville, MD 20705 (301-344-3212). National Library of Medicine Maintains an extensive collection of published source materials and reference works on basic veterinary sciences and clinical veterinary medicine, emphasizing those areas most closely related to human health and health research. Publishes Current Bibliographies in Medicine, including those dealing with pain, anesthesia, and analgesia in laboratory animals; care and use of animals; and laboratory animal welfare. Contact: National Library of Medicine, Coordinator of Veterinary Affairs, Bethesda, MD 20892 (301-496-6308). Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources Provides information on sources of laboratory animals and appropriate animal models for studying physiologic and pathologic processes. Prepares guidelines for the care and use

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Education and Training in the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: A Guide for Developing Institutional Programs of laboratory animals. Contact: Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources, National Research Council, 2101 Constitution Avenue, Washington, DC 20418 (202-334-2590). Foundation for Biomedical Research Provides information for the scientific community and the general public on the use of animals in research, testing, and education. Provides a handbook and training materials. Contact: Foundation for Biomedical Research, 818 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 303, Washington, DC 20006 (202-457-0654). Center for Alternatives Disseminates information on alternatives to the use of animals in product safety testing. Publishes a newsletter three times per year on progress in in vitro toxicology, distributes reprints of scientific articles by the director and associate director, and provides technical reports in in vitro toxicology. Contact: Center for Alternatives, The Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205 (301-955-3343). Center for Animals and Public Policy Analyzes technical and public policy issues relating to the development and application of alternatives to laboratory animals in toxicity testing. Provides a bimonthly technical newsletter containing news and analysis on the latest developments in the search for alternatives; the relevant policy issues; and the roles of government, industry, and the public. Conducts and provides reports of workshops for various interest groups involved with the alternatives issue. Contact: Center for Animals and Public Policy, Tufts University School of Veterinary Medicine, 200 Westboro Road, North Grafton, MA 01536 (508-839-5302, Ext. 4750).

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Education and Training in the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: A Guide for Developing Institutional Programs 2 Selected Bibliography The following selected bibliography is provided to assist those who present course topics in preparing their material. It can also be used as a resource for participants. The references that the committee believes are essential for a minimum institutional library have been designated by an asterisk. A publication that summarizes many of the areas covered in this program is as follows: * Essentials for Animal Research. A Primer for Research Personnel. B. T. Bennett, M. J. Brown, and J. C. Schofield. 1990. Beltsville, Md.: National Agricultural Library. 126 pp. LAWS, POLICIES, AND GUIDELINES * Animal Welfare Act. 1985. U.S. Code, Title 7, Sections 2131–2157. (Available from: Regulatory Enforcement and Animal Care, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Federal Building, Room 268, Hyattsville, MD 20872.) * Animal Welfare Regulations. Code of Federal Regulations, Title 9 (Animals and Animal Products), Subchapter A (Animal Welfare), Parts 1–3 (9 CFR 1–3) (Available from: Regulatory Enforcement and Animal Care, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Federal Building, Room 268, Hyattsville, MD 20872.) * Good Laboratory Practices Regulations. Code of Federal Regulations, Title 21 (Food and Drugs), Part 58 (Good Laboratory Practice for Nonclinical Laboratory Studies), Subparts A–K. Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40 (Protection of Environment), Part 160 (Good Laboratory Practice Standards), Subparts A–J. Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40 (Protection of Environment), Part 792 (Good Laboratory Practice Standards), Subparts A–L. * Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. National Research Council. 1985. A report of the Institute

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Education and Training in the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: A Guide for Developing Institutional Programs of Laboratory Animal Resources Committee on Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. NIH Pub. No. 86-23. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 83 pp. * Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Public Health Service. 1986. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 28 pp. (Available from: Office for Protection from Research Risks, Building 31, Room 4B09, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892.) ETHICS, ANIMAL WELFARE, AND THE USE OF ANIMALS IN BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND TESTING Animal Liberation. A New Ethics for Our Treatment of Animals. P. Singer. 1975. New York: Avon Books. 297 pp. Animal Research and Ethical Conflict. An Analysis of the Scientific Literature: 1966–1986. M. T. Phillips and J. A. Sechzer. 1989. New York: Springer-Verlag. 251 pp. The animal rights movement: A research perspective. H. A. Pincus, T. Fine, H. Pardes, and F. K. Goodwin. 1986. Am. J. Psychiat. 143:1585–1586 (editorial). Animal welfare considerations in neuroscience research. W. Hodos. 1983. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 406:119–127. The Case for Animal Rights. T. Regan. 1983. Berkeley: University of California Press. 425 pp. The enduring animal issue. L. Horton. 1989. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 81:736–743. Ethics of animal welfare in research: The institution's attempt to achieve appropriate social balance. E. E. Prentice, I. H. Zucker, and A. Jameton. 1986. Physiologist 28:19–20. The Experimental Animal in Biomedical Research. Vol. I: A Survey of Scientific and Ethical Issues for Investigators. B. E. Rollin, ed. 1990. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press. 464 pp. Guidelines for Ethical Conduct in the Care and Use of Animals. American Psychological Association. 1985. Washington, D.C.: The American Psychological Association. 8 pp. (Available from: APA, Order Department, 1400 North Uhle Street, Arlington, VA 22201.) The Importance of Animal Experimentation for Safety and Biomedical Research. S. Garattini and D. W. van Bekkum, eds. 1990. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. 246 pp. Of Mice, Models, & Men: A Critical Evaluation of Animal Research. A. N. Rowan. 1984. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press. 323 pp. The role of animals in biomedical research. J. A. Sechzer, ed. 1983. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 406:1–227. Science and Animals: Addressing Contemporary Issues. H. N. Guttman, J. A. Mench, and R. C. Simmonds, eds. 1989. Bethesda, Md.: Scientists Center for Animal Welfare. 149 pp. (Available from: SCAW, 4805 St. Elmo Avenue, Bethesda, MD 20814.) Use of Animal in Biomedical Research. The Challenge and Response. American Medical Association White Paper. 1988. Chicago: American Medical Association. 36 pp. (Available from: AMA, 515 North State Street, Chicago, IL 60610.) *Veterinary Ethics. J. Tannenbaum. 1989. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins. 358 pp. ALTERNATIVES Animal and Alternatives in Toxicity Testing. M. Balls, R. J. Riddell, and A. N. Worden, eds. 1983. London: Academic Press. 550 pp. Alternatives to animals in toxicity testing. A. M. Goldberg and J. M. Frazier. 1989. Sci. Am. 261(2):24–30. Alternatives to the use of live vertebrates in biomedical research and testing: Second annual annotated bibliography. Compiled by G. J. Cosmides, R. S. Stafford, and P.-Y. Lu. 1990. ILAR News 32(1):A1–A18. Laboratory Animals in Vaccine Production and Control: Replacement, Reduction and Refinement. C. F. M. Hendriksen and J. C. Petricciani. 1988. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. 158 pp.

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Education and Training in the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: A Guide for Developing Institutional Programs * Models for Biomedical Research. A New Perspective. National Research Council. 1985. A report of the Board on Basic Biology Committee on Models for Biomedical Research. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 180 pp. Nonmammalian Animal Models for Biomedical Research. A. D. Woodhead, ed. 1989. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press. 393 pp. Principles of Humane Experimental Technique. W. M. S. Russell and R. L. Burch. 1959. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C Thomas. 238 pp. A statistical approach for calculating the minimum number of animals needed in research. H. N. Erb. 1990. ILAR News 32(1):11–16. The Use of Alternatives in Drug Research. A. N. Rowan and C. J. Stratmann, eds. 1980. New York: Macmillan. 190 pp. Utilization of alternative species for toxicity testing: An overview. L. B. Gross and T. D. Sabourin. 1985. J. Appl. Toxicol. 5:193–219. INSTITUTIONAL ANIMAL CARE AND USE COMMITTEES * Recommendations for Governance and Management of Institutional Animal Resources. AAMC-AAU Ad Hoc Committee on the Governance and Management of Institutional Animal Resources. 1985. Washington, D.C.: Association of American Medical Colleges-Association of American Universities. 10 pp. (Available from: AAMC, Division of Biomedical Research, 1 Dupont Circle, NW, #200, Washington, DC 20036.) Science and Animals: Addressing Contemporary Issues. H. N. Guttman, J. A. Mench, and R. C. Simmonds, eds. 1989. Bethesda, Md.: Scientists Center for Animal Welfare. 149 pp. (Available from: SCAW, 4805 St. Elmo Avenue, Bethesda, MD 20814.) Scientific Perspectives on Animal Welfare. W. J. Dodds and F. B. Orlans, eds. 1982. New York: Academic Press. 131 pp. Effective animal care and use committees. Scientists Center for Animal Welfare. 1987. Lab. Anim. Sci. 37(Special Issue):1–178. RECOGNITION AND ALLEVIATION OF PAIN AND DISTRESS Alternatives to Pain in Experiments on Animals. D. Pratt. 1980. New York: Argus Archives. 283 pp. Analgesia and behavioral effects of butorphanol, nalbuphine, and pentazocine in the cat. D. C. Sawyer. 1987. J. Am. Anim. Hosp. Assoc. 23:438–446. Anesthesia. Canadian Council on Animal Care. 1980. Pp. 62–76 in Guide to the Care and Use of Experimental Animals, Vol. 1. Ottawa, Ontario: Canadian Council on Animal Care. (Available from: CCAC, 1105-151 Slater Street, Ottawa, Ontario K1P 5H3, Canada.) Anesthesia and surgery of laboratory animals. W. J. White and K. J. Field. 1987. Vet. Clin. N. Am. 17:989–1017. Anesthesia for rabbits and rodents. C. J. Sedgewick. 1980. Pp. 706–710 in Current Veterinary Therapy VII, R. W. Kirk, ed. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders. Animal Anesthesia. C. J. Green. 1979. Laboratory Animal Handbooks 8. London: Laboratory Animals Ltd. 300 pp. *Animal Pain. Perception and Alleviation. R. L. Kitchell and H. H. Erickson, eds. 1983. Bethesda, Md.: American Physiological Society. 221 pp. Animal Stress. G. P. Moberg, ed. 1985. New York: Oxford University Press. 332 pp. Assessment of animal pain in experimental animals. L. R. Soma. 1987. Lab. Anim. Sci. 37:71–74. Assessment of pain and stress. Canadian Council on Animal Care. 1980. P. 70 in Guide to the Care and Use of Experimental Animals, Vol. 1. Ottawa, Ontario: Canadian Council on Animal Care.

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Education and Training in the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: A Guide for Developing Institutional Programs * Assessment of pain in animals. R. L. Kitchell and R. D. Johnson. 1985. Pp. 113–140 in Animal Stress, G. Moberg, ed. Bethesda, Md.: American Physiological Society. The challenge of balancing experimental variables: Pain, distress, analgesia, and anesthesia. F. M. Loew. 1987. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 191:1193–1194. Control of animal pain and distress in antibody production and infectious disease studies. H. L. Amyx. 1987. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 191:1287–1289. Control of stress using non-drug approaches. T. L. Wolfle. 1987. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 191:1219–1221. Extrapolations for the pain research literature to problems of adequate veterinary care. C. J. Vierck. 1976. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 168:510–513. Guidelines for the recognition and assessment of pain in animals. J. Sanford, R. Ewbank, V. Molony, W. D. Tavernor, and O. Uvarov. 1986. Vet. Rec. 118:334–338. Guidelines for the use of tranquilizers, anesthetics, and analgesics in laboratory animals. H. C. Hughes, W. J. White, and C. M. Lang. 1975. Vet. Anesth. 2:19–23. Handbook of Veterinary Anesthesia. W. W. Muir III and J. A. E. Hubbell. 1989. St. Louis: C. V. Mosby. 340 pp. Ketamine anesthesia in chimpanzees and other great ape species. W. B. Bonner, M. E. Keeling, E. T. Van Ormer, and J. E. Haynie. 1972. The Chimpanzee 5:255–268. * Laboratory Animal Anaesthesia. P. A. Flecknell. 1987. London: Academic Press. 156 pp. Laboratory animal technicians: Their role in stress reduction and human-companion animal bonding. T. L. Wolfe. 1985. Vet. Clin. North Am. 15:441–454. Large Animal Anesthesia: Principles and Techniques. T. W. Riebold, D. O. Goble, and D. R. Geiser. 1982. Ames: Iowa State University Press. 154 pp. Pain and discomfort. How to recognize and manage pain associated with animal research. J. S. Spinelli and R. H. Morrish. 1987. Invest. Radiol. 22:348-52. * Pain, Anesthesia, and Analgesia in Common Laboratory Animals. F. P. Gluckstein. 1987. National Library of Medicine Literature Search, No. 86-17. (Available from: Literature Search Program, Reference Section, National Library of Medicine, 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20894.) Pain terms: A list with definitions and notes on usage. H. Mersky. 1979. Pain 6:249–252. Perioperative analgesia: A surgeon's perspective. S. W. Crane. 1987. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 191:1254–1257. Pharmacologic aspects of analgesic drugs in animals: An overview. W. L. Jenkins. 1987. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 191:1231–1240. Physiologic basis and consequences of distress in animals. R. L. Kitchell. 1987. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 191:1212–1215. The Practice of Small Animal Anesthesia. D. C. Sawyer. 1982. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders. 256 pp. Preanesthesia, anesthesia, analgesia, and euthanasia. D. H. Clifford. 1984. Pp. 527–562 in Laboratory Animal Medicine, J. G. Fox, B. J. Cohen, and F. M. Loew, eds. Orlando, Fla.: Academic Press. * Principles and Practices of Veterinary Anesthesia. C. E. Short, ed. 1987. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins. 669 pp. Problems in defining stress and distress in animals. G. P. Moberg. 1987. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 191:1207–1211. * Recognition and Alleviation of Pain and Distress in Laboratory Animals. National Research Council. In press. A report of the Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources Committee on Pain and Distress in Laboratory Animals. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. * Recognition and alleviation of pain in animals. P. A. Flecknell. 1985. Pp. 61–77 in advances in Animal Welfare Science. Boston: Martinus Nijholt. The relief of pain in laboratory animals. P. A. Flecknell. 1984. Lab. Anim. 18:147–160. Research on pain mechanisms in animals. R. Dubner. 1987. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 191:1273–1276. Restraint, venipuncture, endotracheal intubation, and anesthesia of miniature swine. H. A. Ragan and M. F. Gillis. 1975. Lab. Anim. Sci. 25:409–419. Small Animal Anesthesia: Mosby's Fundamentals of Animal Health Technology. R. G. Warren, ed. 1983. St. Louis: C. V. Mosby. 367 pp.

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Education and Training in the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: A Guide for Developing Institutional Programs * Veterinary Anesthesia. 2nd ed. W. V. Lumb and E. W. Jones. 1984. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger. 693 pp. * Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 6th ed. N. H. Booth and L. E. McDonald, eds. 1988. Ames: Iowa State University Press. 1,227 pp. SURGERY * Anesthesia and surgery of laboratory animals. W. J. White and K. J. Field. 1987. Vet. Clin. N. Am. 17:989–1017. Animal Physiologic Surgery. 2nd ed. C. M. Lang, ed. 1982. New York: Springer-Verlag. 180 pp. * Basic Surgical Exercises Using Swine. M. M. Swindle. 1983. New York: Praeger. 237 pp. Canine Surgery: A Text and Reference Work. 2nd ed. J. Archibald, ed. 1974. Wheaton, Ill.: American Veterinary Publications. 1,172 pp. * Current Techniques in Small Animal Surgery. 3rd ed. M. J. Bojrab, ed. 1990. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger. 950 pp. Experimental Surgery: Including Surgical Physiology. 5th ed. J. Markowitz, J. Archibald, and H. G. Downie. 1964. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins. 659 pp. * Experimental and Surgical Technique in the Rat. H. B. Waynforth. 1980. New York: Academic Press. 269 pp. Orthopedic procedures for laboratory animals and exotic pets. D. A. Rickards, P. J. Hinco, E. M. Morse. 1972. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 161:728–732. * Small Animal Surgical Nursing: Mosby's Fundamentals of Animal Health Technology. D. L. Tracy, ed. 1983. St. Louis: C. V. Mosby. 347 pp. Surgery of the Digestive System in the Rat. R. Lambert. 1965. (Translated from the French by B. Julien.) Springfield, Ill.: Charles C Thomas. 501 pp. * Techniques in Large Animal Surgery. 2nd ed. A. S. Turner and C. W. McIlwraith. 1989. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger. 381 pp. EUTHANASIA Euthanasia agents and methods. D. C. Sawyer. 1988. Pp. 219–223 in Euthanasia of the Companion Animal, W. J. Kay, S. P. Cohen, C. E. Fudin, A. H. Kutscher, H. A. Nieburg, R. E. Grey, and M. M. Osman, eds. Philadelphia: The Charles Press. Euthanasia of Amphibians and Reptiles. Joint UFAW/WSPA Working Party. 1989. Herts, England: Universities Federation for Animal Welfare (UFAW) and London: World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA). 35 pp. * 1986 Report of the AVMA Panel on Euthanasia. American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) Panel on Euthanasia. 1986. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 188:252–266. BIOLOGY, HUSBANDRY, AND CARE General References (Concerning More than one Species or Subject) * American Association for Laboratory Animal Science Training Manual Series. D. M. Stark and M. E. Ostrow, eds. Vol. I: Assistant Laboratory Animal Technician, 1989, 186 pp.; Vol. II: Laboratory Animal Technician, 1990, 214 pp.; Vol. III: Laboratory Animal Technologist, in press. Cordova, Tenn.: American Association for Laboratory Animal Science. (Available from: AALAS, 70 Timbercreek Drive, Cordova, TN 38018.) * Clinical Biochemistry of Domestic Animals. 4th ed. J. J. Kaneko, ed. 1989. San Diego: Academic Press. 932 pp.

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Education and Training in the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: A Guide for Developing Institutional Programs * The Clinical Chemistry of Laboratory Animals. W. F. Loeb and F. W. Quimby, eds. 1989. New York: Pergamon. 579 pp. Comfortable Quarters for Laboratory Animals. Rev. ed. Animal Welfare Institute. 1979. Washington, D.C.: Animal Welfare Institute. 108 pp. * Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. National Research Council. 1985. A report of the Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources Committee on Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. NIH Pub. No. 86-23. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 83 pp. * Guide to the Care and Use of Experimental Animals. Canadian Council on Animal Care. Vol. 1, 1980, 112 pp.; Vol. 2, 1984, 208 pp. Ottawa, Ontario: Canadian Council on Animal Care. (Available from: CCAC, 1105–151 Slater Street, Ottawa, Ontario K1P 5H3, Canada.) * Laboratory Animal Housing. Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources Committee on Laboratory Animal Housing. 1978. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences. 220 pp. Laboratory Manual for Animal Technicians. V. Solberg. 1985. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press. 173 pp. Laboratory Manual for Basic Biomethodology of Laboratory Animals. R. Hitzelberg, E. Lundgren, and J. Phillips. Vol. I: Mice, Rats, Guinea Pigs and Rabbits, 1985; Vol. II: Dog, Cat, Primate, 1987. Silver Spring, Md.: MTM Associates, Inc. Methods in Animal Physiology. Z. Deyl and J. Zicha, eds. 1988. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press. 448 pp. Principles of Proper Laboratory Animal Use in Research. G. R. Novak and R. Hitzelberg. 1989. Silver Spring, Md.: MTM Associates, Inc. 171 pp. The UFAW Handbook on the Care and Management of Laboratory Animals. 5th ed. Universities Federation for Animal Welfare (UFAW) Staff, ed. 1976. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. 635 pp. Species-Specific References Carnivores * Anatomy of the Dog. M. E. Miller, C. Christensen, and H. E. Evans. 1964. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders. 941 pp. * Biology and Diseases of the Ferret. J. G. Fox. 1988. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger. 345 pp. Canine Research Environment. J. A. Mench and L. Krulisch, eds. 1990. Bethesda, Md.: Scientists Center for Animal Welfare. 82 pp. (Available from: SCAW, 4805 St. Elmo Avenue, Bethesda, MD 20814.) Laboratory animal management: Cats. Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources Committee on Cats. 1978. ILAR News 21(3):C1–C20. Domestic Animals * The Biology of the Pig. W. G. Pond and K. A. Houpt. 1978. Ithaca, New York: Comstock Publishing. 371 pp. The Calf. Management and Feeding. 3rd ed. J. H. B. Roy. 1970. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press. 183 pp. The Calf. Nutrition and Health. 3rd ed. J. H. B. Roy. 1970. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press. 164 pp. The Care and Management of Farm Animals. 2nd ed. W. N. Scott, ed. 1978. London: Bailliere Tindall. 254 pp. Essentials of Pig Anatomy. W. O. Sack. 1982. Ithaca, New York: Veterinary Textbooks. 192 pp. Guide to Ruminant Anatomy Based on the Dissection of the Goat. P. D. Garrett. 1988 ed. Ames: Iowa State University Press. 102 pp.

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Education and Training in the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: A Guide for Developing Institutional Programs Horse Behavior: The Behavioral Traits and Adaptations of Domestic and Wild Horses, Including Ponies. G. H. Waring. 1983. Park Ridge, N.J.: Noyes Publications. 292 pp. Ruminants: Cattle, Sheep, and Goats. Guidelines for the Breeding, Care, and Management of Laboratory Animals. Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources Subcommittee on Standards for Large (Domestic) Laboratory Animals, Committee on Standards. 1974. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences. 72 pp. Nonhuman Primates The Anatomy of the Rhesus Monkey (Macaca mulatta). C. G. Hartman and W. L. Strauss, Jr., eds. 1933. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins. 383 pp. (Reprinted in 1970 by Hafner, New York). An Atlas of Comparative Primate Hematology. H. J. Huser. 1970. New York: Academic Press. 405 pp. Behavior and Pathology of Aging in Rhesus Monkeys. R. T. Davis and C. W. Leather. 1985. New York: Alan R. Liss. 380 pp. Captivity and Behavior—Primates in Breeding Colonies, Laboratories and Zoos. J. Erwin, T. L. Maple, and G. Mitchell, eds. 1979. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. 286 pp. Effects of environmental conditions on the psychological well-being of primates: A review of the literature. W. L. Woolverton, N. A. Ator, P. M. Beardsley, and M. E. Carroll. 1989. Life Sci. 44:901–917. A Handbook of Living Primates: Morphology, Ecology, and Behavior of Nonhuman Primates. J. R. Napier and P. H. Napier. 1967. London: Academic Press. 456 pp. Housing, Care and Psychological Wellbeing of Captive and Laboratory Primates. E. F. Segal, ed. 1989. Park Ridge, N.J.: Noyes Publications. 544 pp. Laboratory animal management: Nonhuman primates. Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources Subcommittee on Care and Use, Committee on Nonhuman Primates. 1980. ILAR News 23(2–3):P1–P44. Laboratory Primate Handbook. R. A. Whitney, Jr., D. J. Johnson, and W. C. Cole. 1973. New York: Academic Press. 169 pp. Living New World Monkeys (Platyrrhini). Vol. 1. P. Hershkovitz. 1977. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 117 pp. Macaca mulatta. Management of a Laboratory Breeding Colony. D. A. Valerio, R. L. Miller, J. R. M. Innes, K. D. Courtney, A. J. Pallotta, and R. M. Guttmacher. 1969. New York: Academic Press. 140 pp. Primates: Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy. Vols. 1–7. W. C. O. Hill, ed. 1953–1974. New York: Interscience Publishers. The Squirrel Monkey. L. A. Rosenblum and R. W. Cooper, eds. 1968. New York: Academic Press. 451 pp. Well-Being of Nonhuman Primates in Research. J. A. Mench and L. Krulisch, eds. 1990. Bethesda, Md.: Scientists Center for Animal Welfare. 86 pp. (Available from: SCAW, 4805 St. Elmo Avenue, Bethesda, MD 20814.) Rabbits Atlas d'Anatomie du Lapin [Atlas of Rabbit Anatomy]. 1973. Paris: Masson. 219 pp. Atlas d'Histologie du Lapin [Histological Atlas of the Rabbit]. 1975. Paris: Librairie Maloine. 310 pp. The Biology and Medicine of Rabbits and Rodents. 3rd ed. J. E. Harkness and J. E. Wagner. 1989. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger. 230 pp. * The Biology of the Laboratory Rabbit. S. H. Weisbroth, R. E. Flatt, and A. L. Kraus, eds. 1974. New York: Academic Press. 496 pp. Laboratory Anatomy of the Rabbit. 2nd ed. C. A. McLaughlin and R. B. Chiasson. 1979. Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown. 68 pp. A Laboratory Guide to the Anatomy of the Rabbit. 2nd ed. E. H. Craigie. 1966. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. 115 pp.

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Education and Training in the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: A Guide for Developing Institutional Programs Necropsy Guide: Rodents and the Rabbit. D. B. Feldman and J. C. Seely, eds. 1988. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press. 176 pp. The Rabbit: A Model for the Principles of Mammalian Physiology and Surgery. H. N. Kaplan and E. H. Timmons. 1979. New York: Academic Press. 167 pp. Rabbit Feeding and Nutrition. P. R. Cheeke. 1987. Orlando, Fla.: Academic Press. 376 pp. Rodents Anatomy of the Guinea Pig. G. Cooper and A. L. Schiller. 1975. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. 417 pp. Anatomy of the Laboratory Rat. R. Hebel and M. W. Stromberg. 1976. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins. 173 pp. Anatomy of the Rat. E. C. Greene. Reprinted 1970. New York: Hafner. 370 pp. The Biology and Medicine of Rabbits and Rodents. 3rd ed. J. E. Harkness and J. E. Wagner. 1989. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger. 230 pp. The Biology of the Guinea Pig. J. E. Wagner and P. J. Manning, eds. 1976. New York: Academic Press. 317 pp. Biology of the House Mouse. Symposia of the Zoological Society of London. No. 47. R. J. Berry, ed. 1981. London: Academic Press. 715 pp. A Colour Atlas of the Rat—Dissection Guide. R. J. Olds and J. R. Olds. 1979. London: Wolfe Medical Publications Ltd. 112 pp. The Golden Hamster: Its Biology and Use in Medical Research. R. A. Hoffman, P. F. Robinson, and H. Magalhaes, eds. 1968. Ames: Iowa State University Press. 545 pp. Handbook on the Laboratory Mouse. C. G. Crispens, Jr. 1975. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C Thomas. 267 pp. Histological Atlas of the Laboratory Mouse. W. D. Gude, G. E. Cosgrove, and G. P. Hirsch. 1982. New York: Plenum. 151 pp. * Immunodeficient Rodents: A Guide to Their Immunobiology, Husbandry, and Use. National Research Council. 1989. A report of the Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources Committee on Immunologically Compromised Rodents. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 246 pp. * Laboratory animal management: Rodents. Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources Committee on Rodents. 1977. ILAR News 20(3):L1–L15. Laboratory Hamsters. G. L. Van Hoosier, Jr. and C. W. McPherson, eds. 1987. Orlando, Fla.: Academic Press. 400 pp. * The Laboratory Rat. H. J. Baker, J. R. Lindsey, and S. H. Weisbroth, eds. Vol. I, Biology and Diseases, 1979, 435 pp.; Vol. II, Research Applications, 1980, 276 pp. New York: Academic Press. Long-term holding of laboratory rodents. Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources Committee on Long-Term Holding of Laboratory Rodents. 1976. ILAR News 19(4):L1–L25. * The Mouse in Biomedical Research. H. L. Foster, J. D. Small, and J. G. Fox, eds. Vol. I, History, Genetics, and Wild Mice, 1981, 306 pp.; Vol. II, Diseases, 1982, 449 pp.; Vol. III, Normative Biology, Immunology, and Husbandry, 1983, 447 pp.; Vol. IV, Experimental Biology and Oncology, 1982, 561 pp. New York: Academic Press. Necropsy Guide: Rodents and the Rabbit. D. B. Feldman and J. C. Seely, eds. 1988. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press. 176 pp. Research Techniques in the Rat. C. Petty. 1982. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C Thomas. 382 pp. Other Animals Laboratory Anatomy of the Turtle. L. M. Ashley. 1955. Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown. 50 pp.

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Education and Training in the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: A Guide for Developing Institutional Programs Laboratory Animal Management: Marine Invertebrates. National Research Council. 1981. A report of the Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources Committee on Marine Invertebrates. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 382 pp. * Laboratory Animal Management: Wild Birds. Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources Subcommittee on Birds, Committee on Standards. 1977. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences. 116 pp. Mammals of the Sea. S. H. Ridgway, ed. 1972. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C Thomas. 830 pp. Physiology and Behaviour of the Pigeon. M. Abs, ed. 1983. London: Academic Press. 360 pp. The Pigeon. W. M. Levi. 1974 (reprinted 1981). Sumter, S.C.: Levi Publishing. 667 pp. GENETICS AND NOMENCLATURE Genetics and Probability in Animal Breeding Experiments. E. L. Green. 1981. New York: Oxford University Press. 271 pp. Genetic Monitoring of Inbred Strains of Rats. A Manual on Colony Management, Basic Monitoring Techniques, and Genetic Variants of the Laboratory Rat. H. J. Hedrich, ed. In press. Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer Verlag. Genetic Variants and Strains of the Laboratory Mouse. 2nd ed. M. F. Lyon and A. G. Searle, eds. 1989. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 876 pp. Holders of inbred and mutant mice in the United States. Including the rules for standardized nomenclature of inbred strains, gene loci, and biochemical variants. D. D. Greenhouse, ed. 1984. ILAR News 27(2):1A–30A. Inbred and Genetically Defined Strains of Laboratory Animals. P. L. Altman and D. D. Katz, eds. 1979. Part 1, Mouse and Rat, 418 pp.; Part 2, Hamster, Guinea Pig, Rabbit, and Chicken, 319 pp. Bethesda, Md.: Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. (Available from: Pergamon Press, Inc., Maxwell House, Fairview Park, Elmsford, NY 10523.) Inbred Strains in Biomedical Research. M. F. W. Festing. 1979. London: Macmillan. 483 pp. International standardized nomenclature for outbred stocks of laboratory animals. International Committee on Laboratory Animals (now called International Council for Laboratory Animal Science or ICLAS). 1972. A report of the Working Party to prepare an International Nomenclature System for Outbred Animals. ICLA Bull. 30:4–17. (Available from: ILAR, National Research Council, 2101 Constitution Avenue, Washington, DC 20418.) Laboratory animal management: Genetics. Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources. 1979. ILAR News 23(1):A1–A16. Origins of Inbred Mice. H. C. Morse, ed. 1978. New York: Academic Press. 719 pp. NUTRITION Control of diets in laboratory animal experimentation. Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources Committee on Laboratory Animal Diets. 1978. ILAR News 21(2):A1–A12. Effect of Environment on Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals. National Research Council. 1981. A report of the Board on Agriculture and Renewable Resources Subcommittee on Environmental Stress, Committee on Animal Nutrition. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 152 pp. Feeding and Nutrition of Nonhuman Primates. R. S. Harris, ed. 1970. New York: Academic Press. 310 pp. Feeds and Feeding. 3rd ed. A. E. Cullison. 1981. Reston, Va.: Reston Publishing. 600 pp. Nutrient Requirements of Beef Cattle. 6th rev. ed. National Research Council. 1984. Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals Series. A report of the Board on Agriculture Subcommittee on Beef Cattle Nutrition, Committee on Animal Nutrition. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 90 pp. Nutrient Requirements of Cats. Rev. ed. Board on Agriculture and Renewable Resources Panel on Cat Nutrition, Subcommittee on Laboratory Animal Nutrition, Committee on Animal Nutrition. 1978. Nutrient

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Education and Training in the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: A Guide for Developing Institutional Programs Requirements of Domestic Animals Series. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences. 49 pp. (See also Taurine Requirement of the Cat.) Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. 5th rev. ed. Board on Agriculture and Renewable Resources Subcommittee on Dairy Cattle Nutrition, Committee on Animal Nutrition. 1978. Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals Series. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences. 76 pp. Nutrient Requirements of Dogs. Rev. ed. Board on Agriculture and Renewable Resources Subcommittee on Dog Nutrition, Committee on Animal Nutrition. 1974. Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals Series. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences. 71 pp. Nutrient Requirements of Goats: Angora, Dairy, and Meat Goats in Temperate and Tropical Countries. National Research Council. 1981. Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals Series. A report of the Board on Agriculture and Renewable Resources Subcommittee on Goat Nutrition, Committee on Animal Nutrition. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 84 pp. Nutrient Requirements of Horses. 4th rev. ed. Board on Agriculture and Renewable Resources Subcommittee on Horse Nutrition, Committee on Animal Nutrition. 1978. Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals Series. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences. 33 pp. Nutrient Requirements of Laboratory Animals. 3rd rev. ed. Board on Agriculture and Renewable Resources Subcommittee on Laboratory Animal Nutrition, Committee on Animal Nutrition. 1978. Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals Series. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences. 96 pp. Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates. Board on Agriculture and Renewable Resources Panel on Nonhuman Primate Nutrition, Subcommittee on Laboratory Animal Nutrition, Committee on Animal Nutrition. 1978. Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals Series. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences. 83 pp. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 8th rev. ed. National Research Council. 1984. Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals Series. A report of the Board on Agriculture Subcommittee on Poultry Nutrition, Committee on Animal Nutrition. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 71 pp. Nutrient Requirements of Rabbits. 2nd rev. ed. Board on Agriculture and Renewable Resources Subcommittee on Rabbit Nutrition, Committee on Animal Nutrition. 1977. Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals Series. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences. 30 pp. Nutrient Requirements of Sheep. 5th rev. ed. Board on Agriculture and Renewable Resources Subcommittee on Sheep Nutrition, Committee on Animal Nutrition. 1975. Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals Series. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences. 72 pp. Nutrient Requirements of Swine. 8th rev. ed. Board on Agriculture and Renewable Resources Subcommittee on Swine Nutrition, Committee on Animal Nutrition. 1979. Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals Series. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences. 52 pp. Nutrition and Disease in Experimental Animals. W. D. Tavernor, ed. 1970. London: Bailliere, Tindall and Cassell. 165 pp. Rabbit Feeding and Nutrition. P. R. Cheeke. 1987. Orlando, Fla.: Academic Press. 376 pp. Taurine Requirement of the Cat. National Research Council. 1981. A report of the Board on Agriculture and Renewable Resources Ad Hoc Panel on Taurine Requirement of the Cat, Committee on Animal Nutrition. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 4 pp. United States—Canadian Tables of Feed Composition. 3rd rev. ed. National Research Council. 1982. A report of the Board on Agriculture and Renewable Resources Subcommittee on Feed Composition, Committee on Animal Nutrition. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 148 pp. Vitamins in Animal Nutrition. Comparative Aspects to Human Nutrition. L. R. McDowell. 1989. San Diego: Academic Press. 486 pp. OCCUPATIONAL HAZARDS AND LABORATORY SAFETY Allergy to laboratory animals in laboratory technicians and animal keepers. G. Agrup, L. Belin, L. Sjostedt, and S. Skerfving. 1986. Brit. J. Indust. Med. 43:192–198.

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Education and Training in the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: A Guide for Developing Institutional Programs Biohazards and Zoonotic Problems of Primate Procurement, Quarantine and Research. M. L. Simmons, ed. 1975. Cancer Research Safety Monograph Series, Vol. 2. DHEW Pub. No. (NIH) 76-890. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. 137 pp. Biological Safety Manual for Research Involving Oncogenic Viruses. National Cancer Institute. 1976. DHEW Pub. No. 76-1165. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. * Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories. 2nd ed. Centers for Disease Control and National Institutes of Health. 1988. DHHS Pub. No. (NIH) 88-8395. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 139 pp. Classification of Etiologic Agents on the Basis of Hazard. 4th ed. U.S. Public Health Service Ad Hoc Committee on the Safe Shipment and Handling of Etiologic Agents. 1974. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. * Control of biohazards associated with the use of experimental animals. W. E. Barkley and J. H. Richardson. 1984. Pp. 595–602 in Laboratory Animal Medicine, J. G. Fox, B. J. Cohen, and F. M. Loew, eds. Orlando, Fla.: Academic Press. Design Criteria for Viral Oncology Research Facilities. National Cancer Institute. 1975. DHEW Pub. No. (NIH) 76-891. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. 24 pp. Diseases Transmitted From Animals to Man. 6th ed. W. T. Hubbert, W. F. McCulloch, and P. R. Schnurrenberger, eds. 1975. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C Thomas. 1,206 pp. Guidelines for Carcinogen Bioassay in Small Rodents. J. M. Sontag, N. P. Page, and U. Saffiotti. 1976. DHEW Pub. No. (NIH) 76-801. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. 65 pp. Handbook of Laboratory Safety. 3rd ed. A. K. Furr, ed. 1990. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press. 704 pp. Laboratory Acquired Infections. 2nd ed. C. H. Collins. 1988. Boston: Butterworth. 288 pp. Laboratory safety for arboviruses and certain other viruses of vertebrates. Subcommittee on Arbovirus Safety, American Committee on Arthropod-Borne Viruses. 1980. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 29:1359–1381. National Cancer Institute Safety Standards for Research Involving Oncogenic Viruses. National Cancer Institute. 1974. DHEW Pub. No. (NIH) 78-790. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. 20 pp. * NIH Guidelines for the Laboratory Use of Chemical Carcinogens. National Institutes of Health. 1981. NIH Pub. No. 81-2385. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 15 pp. An Outline of the Zoonoses. P. R. Schnurrenberger and W. T. Hubbert. 1981. Ames: Iowa State University Press. 157 pp. Potential for accidental microbial aerosol transmission in the biological laboratory. R. L. Dimmick, W. F. Vogl, and M. A. Chatigny. 1973. Pp. 246–266 in Biohazards in Biological Research, A. Hellman, M. N. Oxman, and R. Pollack, eds. Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Safe Laboratories: Principles and Practices for Design and Remodeling. P. Ashbrook and M. Renfrew, eds. 1990. Boca Raton, Fla.: Lewis Publishers. 135 pp. Selected zoonoses and other health hazards. J. G. Fox, C. E. Newcomer, and H. Rozmiarek. 1984. Pp. 614–618 in Laboratory Animal Medicine, J. G. Fox, B. J. Cohen, and F. M. Loew, eds. Orlando, Fla.: Academic Press. Toxoplasmosis of Animals and Man. J. P. Dubey and C. P. Beattie. 1988. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press. 220 pp. PATHOLOGY AND THERAPY General References Clinical Textbook for Veterinary Technicians. D. M. McCurnin. 1985. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders. 511 pp. Color Atlas of Comparative Veterinary Hematology. C. M. Hawkey and T. B. Dennett. 1989. Ames: Iowa State University Press. 192 pp.

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Education and Training in the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: A Guide for Developing Institutional Programs Color Atlas of Diseases and Disorders of the Pig. W. J. Smith, D. J. Taylor, and R. H. C. Penny. 1990. Ames: Iowa State University Press. 192 pp. Color Atlas of Veterinary Histology. W. J. Bacha, Jr. and L. M. Wood. 1990. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger. 269 pp. Comparative Neuropathology. J. R. M. Innes and L. Z. Saunders, eds. 1962. New York: Academic Press. 839 pp. Current Veterinary Therapy. VIII. Small Animal Practice. 6th ed. R. W. Kirk, ed. 1983. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders. 1,267 pp. Handbook of Veterinary Drugs: A Compendium for Research and Clinical Use. I. S. Rossoff. 1975. New York: Springer Publishing. 730 pp. An Introduction to Comparative Pathology: A Consideration of Some Reactions of Human and Animal Tissues to Injurious Agents. G. A. Gresham and A. R. Jennings. 1962. New York: Academic Press. 412 pp. Introduction to Veterinary Pathology. N. F. Cheville. 1988. Ames: Iowa State University Press. 537 pp. Laboratory Profiles of Small Animal Diseases. C. Sodikoff. 1981. Santa Barbara, Calif.: American Veterinary Publications. 215 pp. Nutrition and Disease in Experimental Animals. W. D. Tavernor, ed. 1970. Proceedings of a symposium organized by the British Small Animal Veterinary Association, the British Laboratory Animal Veterinary Association, and the Laboratory Animal Scientific Association. London: Bailliere, Tindall and Cassell. 165 pp. Outline of Veterinary Clinical Pathology. 3rd. ed. M. M. Benjamin. 1978. Ames: Iowa State University Press. 352 pp. Parasites of Laboratory Animals. R. J. Flynn. 1973. Ames: Iowa State University Press. 884 pp. Pathology of Aging Rats. J. D. Burek. 1975. Boca Raton: Fla.: CRC Press. 230 pp. Pathology of Laboratory Animals. 2 Vols. K. Benirschke, F. M. Garner, and T. C. Jones. 1978. New York: Springer Verlag. 2,171 pp. plus indexes. The Pathology of Laboratory Animals. W. E. Ribelin and J. R. McCoy, eds. 1965. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C Thomas. 436 pp. The Problems of Laboratory Animal Disease. R. J. C. Harris, ed. 1962. New York: Academic Press. 265 pp. Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine: Diseases of the Dog and Cat. 2nd ed. 2 Vols. S. J. Ettinger, ed. 1983. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders. 2,260 pp. Veterinary Clinical Parasitology. 5th ed. M. W. Sloss and R. L. Kemp. 1978. Ames: Iowa State University Press. 276 pp. Veterinary Clinical Pathology. 3rd ed. E. H. Coles. 1980. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders. 562 pp. Veterinary Pathology. 5th ed. T. C. Jones and R. D. Hunt. 1983. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger. 1,792 pp. Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 5th ed. L. M. Jones, N. H. Booth, and L. E. McDonald. 1982. Ames: Iowa State University Press. 1,134 pp. Species-Specific References Carnivores Biology and Diseases of the Ferret. J. G. Fox. 1988. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger. 345 pp. Domestic Animals Current Veterinary Therapy. Food Animal Practice. J. L. Howard, ed. 1981. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders. 1,233 pp. Diseases of Poultry. 8th ed. M. S. Hofstad, B. W. Calnek, C. F. Helmboldt, W. J. Reid, and H. W. Yoder, Jr., eds. 1984. Ames: Iowa State University Press. 832 pp.

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Education and Training in the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: A Guide for Developing Institutional Programs Diseases of Sheep. R. Jensen. 1974. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger. 389 pp. Diseases of Swine. 5th ed. A. D. Leman, R. D. Glock, W. L. Mengeling, R. H. C. Penny, E. Scholl, and B. Straw, eds. 1981. Ames: Iowa State University Press. 844 pp. Nematode Parasites of Domestic Animals and of Man. N. D. Levine. 1968. Minneapolis, Minn.: Burgess Publishing. 600 pp. Pathology of Domestic Animals. 3rd ed. K. V. F. Jubb and P. C. Kennedy. 1985. Vol. 1, 593 pp.; Vol. 2, 613 pp.; Vol. 3, 527 pp. New York: Academic Press. Fishes Diseases of Fishes. 1971. Book 2A, Bacterial Diseases of Fishes, G. L. Bullock, D. A. Conroy, and S. F. Snieszko, 151 pp.; Book 2B, Identification of Fish Pathogenic Bacteria, G. L. Bullock, 41 pp. Neptune, N.J.: T. F. H. Publications. Diseases of Fishes. Book 4, Fish Immunology. D. P. Anderson. 1974. Neptune, N.J.: T. F. H. Publications. 240 pp. Diseases of Fishes. Book 5, Environmental Stress and Fish Diseases. G. A. Wedemeyer, F. P. Meyer, and L. Smith. 1976. Neptune, N.J.: T. F. H. Publications. 192 pp. Fish Pathology. R. J. Roberts, ed. 1978. London: Bailliere Tindall. 328 pp. Parasites of Freshwater Fishes: A Review of Their Treatment and Control. G. L. Hoffman and F. P. Meyer. 1974. Neptune, N.J.: T. F. H. Publications. 224 pp. The Pathology of Fishes. W. E. Ribelin and G. Migaki, eds. 1975. Madison: University of Wisconsin. 1,004 pp. Systemic Pathology of Fish. A Text and Atlas of Comparative Tissue Responses in Diseases of Teleosts. H. W. Ferguson. 1989. Ames: Iowa State University Press. 263 pp. Nonhuman Primates Comparative Pathology in Monkeys. B. A. Lapin and L. A. Yakovleva. 1963. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C Thomas. 272 pp. Diseases of Laboratory Primates. T. C. Ruch. 1959. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders. 600 pp. Pathology of Simian Primates. R. N. T. W. Fiennes, ed. 1972. Part I, General Pathology; Part II, Infectious and Parasitic Diseases. Basel: S. Karger. The Primate Malarias. G. R. Coatney, W. E. Collins, McW. Warren, and P. G. Contacos. 1971. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. 366 pp. Zoonoses of Primates. The Epidemiology and Ecology of Simian Diseases in Relation to Man. R. N. T. W. Fiennes. 1967. London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson. 190 pp. Rabbits and Rodents Color Atlas of Neoplastic and Non-neoplastic Lesions in Aging Mice. C. H. Frith and J. M. Ward. 1988. Amsterdam: Elsevier. 109 pp. Common Parasites of Laboratory Rodents and Lagomorphs. Laboratory Animal Handbook. D. Owen. 1972. London: Medical Research Council. 140 pp. A guide to infectious diseases of guinea pigs, gerbils, hamsters, and rabbits. Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources Committee on Laboratory Animal Diseases. 1974. ILAR News 17(4):ID1–ID16. Infectious Diseases of Mice and Rats. National Research Council. In press. A report of the Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources Committee on Infectious Diseases of Mice and Rats. In press. Washington,

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Education and Training in the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: A Guide for Developing Institutional Programs D.C.: National Academy Press. (An abbreviated guide entitled Companion Guide to Infectious Diseases of Mice and Rats is also available.) Pathology of Aging Syrian Hamsters. R. E. Schmidt, R. L. Eason, G. B. Hubbard, J. T. Young, and D. L. Eisenbrandt. 1983. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press. 272 pp. Pathology of Laboratory Mice and Rats. P. L. Altman, ed. 1985. Biology Databook Series. Aberdeen: Pergamon. 700 pp. Pathology of Laboratory Rats and Mice. E. Cotchin and F. J. C. Roe, eds. 1967. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific. 848 pp. Pathology of the Syrian hamster. F. Homburger, ed. 1972. Progr. Exp. Tumor Res. 16:1-637. OTHER ANIMALS Disease Diagnosis and Control in North American Marine Aquaculture. C. J. Sindermann. 1977. New York: Elsevier. 329 pp. Pathology of Zoo Animals. L. A. Griner. 1983. San Diego, Calif.: Zoological Society of San Diego. 608 pp. The Principal Diseases of Lower Vertebrates. H. Reichenbach-Klinke and E. Elkan. 1965. New York: Academic Press. 600 pp. Design of Educational Courses * Design of a course to introduce research personnel in the care and use of laboratory animals. D. R. Faulkner. 1989. Lab Anim. 18(1):21–25. An employee training program in research animal care and use. J. G. Hamner, B. Miller, and F. Ali. 1987. Lab Anim. 16(6):53–57. * A pilot program on principles of animal experimentation for research technicians. G. L. Van Hoosier, Jr., B. Hammond, D. Johnson, and M. B. Dennis, Jr. 1985. Lab. Anim. Sci. 35:541. Principles of Instructional Design. 3rd ed. R. M. Gagne, L. J. Briggs, and W. W. Wager. 1987. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. 384 pp. Training for animal welfare. J. Larson. 1988. J. Am. College Toxicol. 7(4):441–446. USDA's Perspective on Education. J. W. Glosser and P. H. York. 1988. J. Am. College Toxicol. 7(4):429–433.

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Education and Training in the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: A Guide for Developing Institutional Programs 3 Audiovisual Materials No single reference includes all audiovisual materials that might in some way relate to the care and use of laboratory animals. The following organizations, however, publish catalogs that provide information on content, format, and costs of most programs available: American Association for Laboratory Animal Science (AALAS). Publishes a catalog of slide-tape, film, and computer disc programs on all aspects of laboratory animal care and use. Maintains slide programs, primarily for training postdoctoral veterinary students, which are loaned free to members and for a fee to nonmembers. Contact: AALAS, 70 Timber Creek Drive, Cordova, TN 38018 (901-754-8621). American Venterinary Association (AVMA). Publishes the Veterinary Audiovisual Catalog, which lists programs relevant to veterinary medicine. Maintains library of films and videotapes that are loaned to members free-of-charge. Contact: AVMA, 930 North Meacham Road, Schaumburg, IL 60196 (800-248-2862). Atlantic Provinces Council on the Sciences, Animal Care Committee. Published a catalog, compiled by William Threlfall (1989), entitled Audiovisual Materials Concerning the Care, Use, Behavior and General Biology of Animals, which contains a reading list and a list of audiovisual materials on a wide variety of subjects and on a large number of animal species. Contact: Dr. William Threlfall, Department of Biology, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland A1B 3X9, Canada (709-737-7498). The following institutions maintain and lend or sell audiovisual programs on animal care and use:

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Education and Training in the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: A Guide for Developing Institutional Programs Animal Welfare Institute. Has books and reprints expressing animal welfare advocate views on animal use and a film on humane care and housing of dogs in an experimental surgery laboratory. Contact: Animal Welfare Institute, P.O. Box 3650, Washington, DC 20007 (202-337-2333). Center to Study Human-Animal Relationships and Environments. Has videotapes on interrelationships between people and animals, including animal behavior, domestication, human-animal bond, and research use. Contact: CEN/SHARE, University of Minnesota Media Distribution, Box 734 Mayo Building, 420 Delaware Street, SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (612-624-7906). Foundation for Biomedical Research. Has videotapes, posters, books, and brochures on the human health benefits of using animals in research. Contact: Foundation for Biomedical Research, 818 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20006 (202-457-0654). Interactive Teleducation Corporation. Has image-based, computer-assisted interactive training programs on various laboratory animal topics. Contact: Innovative Medical Marketing Associates, 226 Sunny Jim Drive, Medford, NJ 08055 (609-654-5561). Iowa State University. Has a slide programs, videotapes, and films on a variety of topics, including gross and microscopic anatomy and surgical techniques. A catalog is available. Contact: Biomedical Communications, 2261 College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (515-294-6988). Laboratory Animal Training Association. Has videotapes, manuals, and a program that uses both computer programs and videotapes on the humane care and use of laboratory animals and on specific techniques. Contact: Laboratory Animal Training Association, 54 Remington Drive, Suite 301, Highland Village, TX 75067 (800-262-5282). MTM Associates, Inc. Has videotapes and computer programs on basic biomethodology for laboratory animals. Contact: MTM Associates, Inc., P.O. Box 1606, Manassas, VA 22110 (Maryland phone number, 301-731-7360). National Agricultural Library. Has slides, films, and videotapes on care and use of laboratory animals. For a catalog, contact: Animal Welfare Information Center, NAL, Room 205, Beltsville, MD 20705 (301-344-3212). To borrow audiovisual materials, contact: Lending Branch, NAL, Beltsville, MD 20705 (301-344-3755). North Carolina State University. Has two slide/audiotape programs on anatomy, one on mice and rats and another on rabbits. Contact: Dr. James E. Smallwood, Department of Anatomy, Physiology, and Radiology, North Carolina State University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Raleigh, NC 27606 (919-829-4223). Also has videotapes on a variety of surgical and other techniques in animals. Contact: Biomedical Communications, North Carolina State University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Raleigh, NC 27606 (919-829-4489). Pennsylvania State University. Has audiovisual programs on ethology of primates, hamsters, and other species. Contact: Audio-Visual Services, Pennsylvania State University, Special Services Building, University Park, PA 16802 (800-826-0132). Southern Illinois University School of Medicine. Has videotapes on the ethics and use of animals in research. Contact: Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, P.O. Box 19230, Springfield, IL 62794 (217-782-3318).

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Education and Training in the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: A Guide for Developing Institutional Programs Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center. Has videotapes on the use of animals in research. Contact: Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, AV Center, 3601 4th Street, Lubbock, TX 79430 (806-743-2288). University of California, Davis. Has slide programs and videotapes on techniques using laboratory animals. Contact: Office of the Dean, Instruction, University of California, School of Veterinary Medicine, Davis, CA 95616 (916-752-6521). University of Florida. Has videotapes on diseases of rabbits and rodents. Contact: Learning Resources Center Television, University of Florida, Box J16, Health Sciences Center, Gainesville, FL 32610-0016. (Make initial contact by phone at 904-392-4143). University of Washington, Health Sciences Center for Educational Resources. Has slide sets with audiotapes and manuals on laboratory animal science and medicine and on performing a variety of techniques in the common laboratory species. A catalog is available. Contact: HSCER, University of Washington, T-281 Health Sciences SB-56, Seattle, WA 98195 (206-685-1186). Wisconsin Regional Primate Center. Has slides, audiocassettes, films, and videotapes on nonhuman primate-related topics. Contact: Audio-Visual Services, University of Wisconsin, 1223 Capital Court, Madison, WI 53715-1299 (608-263-3512).

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Education and Training in the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: A Guide for Developing Institutional Programs