systems in relation to compulsory programs. It appears that fatalities have generally been reduced, while rates of incidence for injuries related to vessel casualties and workplace accidents appear unchanged. The lack of apparent change in injury rates may be related to working conditions and methods, vessel design, training deficiencies, and changes in the numbers of fishing vessels and fishermen (Carbajosa, 1989; Dahle and Weerasekera, 1989; Hoefnagel and Bouwman, 1989; Hopper and Dean, 1989; Stoop, 1989). The number of vessel casualties has varied. For example, in the United Kingdom, since safety rules were applied to all vessels over 12 meters during the mid-1980s, the number of losses of these vessels has been significantly reduced. However, losses of vessels under 12 meters have more than doubled, perhaps partly because of a large increase in the number of vessels under 12 meters, to which only lifesaving and fire-safety government regulations apply (Hopper and Dean, 1989). At least for the Scottish inshore fishing fleet, new designs have favored beamy vessels in order to satisfy length-based legislation, with suspected but as yet unproven adverse changes in seaworthiness (Macleod and MacFarlane, 1989).



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