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Appendix A Tables The following tables were assembled from data collected from the National Institutes of Health, the Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration, and other federal agencies sponsoring health research. These tables supplement the data depicted in the figures and appearing in the text. 209

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TABLES 211 TABLE A-2 NIH and ADAMHA Appropriations in Current and Constant 1988 Dollars, 1945-1991 (dollars in millions) NIH Year ADAMHA Current Constant Current Constant 1945 1950 19S5 1960 1965 1970 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989* 1990 1991* 3 59 81 381 958 1,444 2,109 2,238 2,544 2,842 3,190 3,429 3,569 3,642 4,024 4,476 5,145 5,494 6,181 6,667 7,144 7,576 7,930 26 369 439 1,826 4,063 4,828 5,146 4,971 5,350 5,568 5,772 5,652 5,328 5,531 5,207 5,468 5,950 6,087 6,505 6,667 6,744 6,749 6,741 886 939 1,025 1,019 923 758 808 845 919 927 1,317 1,374 1,867 2,643 2,844 1,863 1,838 1,854 1,676 1,377 1,041 1,045 1,031 1,062 1,026 1,386 1,374 1,775 2,377 2,417 NOTE: Constant 1988 dollars are calculated using the Biomedical Research and Development Price Index (BRDPI). The BRDPI was developed by the department of Commerce's Bureau of Economic Analysis to measure the effects of price changes in the inputs to research supported by NIH (Holloway and Reed, 1989~. The values for 1988- 1990 are estimates based on OMB projections of the implicit price deflator for GNP and its historical Relationship with changes in the BRDPI. Estimates Data not available SOURCES: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Public Health Service. 1989 NIH Almanac. Publication No. 89-5. Bethesda, Md. National Institutes of Health. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Public Health Service. 1989. ADAMHA Data Source Book 1988. Rockville, Md.: Alcohol, Dnlg Abuse, and Mental Health Administration.

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214 ALE Ad ~hona1 Acne ~undabon Obligations In Current and Instant 19~ Dollar, 19~1el (dollar in millions) Year ^~m Infant 19 19 19 19 1~1 1982 1983 1- 19~ 1986 1987 19 198 1~ 1~1~6 ~1. ~7.~ 926.93 9~13 1,0~.27 -.14 1,~.~ 1,^.87 1~07.07 1,493.16 1,6~.67 1,717.W 1,=. 2,~3. 2,~3. 1,~3.~ 1,471.16 1,-~8 141631 1,~7. 1,229.71 1,~1.W 1,=~9 1,~.12 1~.~ 1,-.27 1,717. 1,~.63 1,-.40 2,~1.~ Am: B~PI deDator Salons. &~limale. SOLOS: National science ~undabon. 1987. ~ on Ending Sands and Balance of a: ~uona1 Mend ~undabon 1~1 19~. OFF Be-} ~sbin~on, D.C. = Ad Dons for the Unied S1a1es Day ~di=1 Awash and D~mem Command in Cu~m and Agent 1- Dolla=, 1~1989 (dollar in lhou~nds) Year Current Instant 1- ~,~ 1~ 4~ Act e,= 1~'= 1~2 1~, ~1~ 1~3 163,1 ~211 ~7 1` Abet ='- 1 ~=791 am,` 1` 269,2 ~2~ 2 1~7 ~2 ~= 1` ~2,4 ~= ~89 ~2,291 2~ 816 Now: B=P1 deOaton SOLED Data Padded by the U.S. Any ~edI=1 Dash and D~l~ment Command.

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TABLES TABLE A-7 NIH Appropriations in Current and Constant 1988 Dollars and NIH Appropriations in Constant 1988 Dollars Less AIDS Research, 1977-1991 (dollars in millions) l Constant Dollars Year Current ~ ~t 1_ AIDS 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989* 1990 1991* NOTE: BRDPI deflator Estimates Data not available 215 2,544 2,842 3,190 3,429 3,569 3,642 4,024 4,476 5,145 5,494 6,181 6,667 7,144 7~576 7,930 5,350 5,568 s,m 5,652 5,328 5,531 5,207 5,468 5,950 6,087 6,505 6,667 6.744 6,740 6,740 5,527 5,179 5,414 5,876 5,937 6,240 6,199 6,177 6,080 6 050 . , SOURCE: National Institutes of Health, Division of Research Grants. TABLE A-8 NIH Budget Obligations 1977-1989 (dollars in thousands) Year Total Extramural Intramural Operations 1977 2,581,988 2,018,fO3 247,952 315,933 1978 2,828,012 2,258,885 284,916 284,211 1979 3,184,641 2,592,827 345,432 246,382 1980 3,428,842 2,800,832 377,923 250,087 1981 3,572,506 2,897,444 413,427 261~635 1982 3,643,461 2,925,908 451,730 265,823 1983 4,013,135 3,227,751 498,210 287,174 1984 4,493,553 3,637,832 539,514 316,207 1985 5,121,557 4,224,397 571,595 325~565 1986 5,296,977 4,327,001 571,602 39S,374 1987 6,175,038 5,126,267 665,311 383,460 1988* 6,610,430 5,475,499 715,039 419,892 1989 6,610,430 5,475,499 715,039 419,892 * Estimate SOURCE: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service. 1989. NIH Data Book Publication No. 90 1261. Bethesda, Md.: National Institutes of Health.

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216 APPENDIX A TABLE A-9 ADAMHA Appropriations in Current and Constant 1988 Dollars, 1977- 1991 (dollars in millions) Total Appropriations Research Funds YearCurrent Constant Current Constant 1977886.0 1,822.8 152.8 314.4 1978938.8 1,798.3 161.3 309.0 19791,025.2 1,855.1 196.0 354.7 19801,017.8 1,677.8 211.7 349.0 1981923.1 1,378.1 206.6 308.4 19827575 1,041.2 208.2 309.5 1983808.0 1,045.6 239.2 3095 1984844.8 1,032.0 271.2 331.3 198S918.8 1,062.6 303.8 3S1.3 19869265 1,026.6 329.0 364~5 19871,3173 1,386.3 329.0 3645 19881,373.7 1,373.7 554.8 554.8 1989*1,867.3 1,680.4 727.0 654.2 19902,643.4 2,377.7 727.0 653.9 1991*2,8435 2,416.9 941.0 799.9 NOTE: BRDPI deflator Estimates SOURCE: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Public Health Service. ADAMHA Data Source Book, FY 1988. ADAMHA Program Analysis Report No. 89- 18. Rockville, Md.: Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration.

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TABLES 221 TABLE A-14 Average Size of N1H Research Project Grant Awards in Current and Constant 1988 Dollars, l9M-1991 (dollars in thousands) Year Current Constant 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 19~89* 1990 1991 82.2 88.1 92.1 97.S 107.1 114.6 123.7 138.0 150.2 154.6 175.4 186.8 198.0 206.0 218.0 181.2 166.7 165.0 161.2 159.9 1575 160.0 168.6 173.7 171.3 184.6 186.8 186.9 184.0 185.0 NOTE: BRDPI deflator *1 Estimates SOURCE: U.S. Department of Health and Human Sen~ces; Public Health Sentence. 1989. NIH Data Book Publication No. 9~1261. Bethesda, Md.: National Institutes of Health. TABLE A-15 Average Award Length in Years of C=r~peiing Traditional Research Project (R01) Awards 1977-1989 l Year Average Length 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988* 1989 3.19 3.14 3.18 3.33 3.34 3.33 3.25 3.26 3.30 350 3.75 3.92 4.00 Estimate SOURCE: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Public Health Service. 1989. NIH Data Book Publication No. 9~1261. Bethesda, Md.: National Institutes of Health.

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222 APPENDIX A TABLE A-16 NIH Support for Research Centers in Current and Constant 1988 Dollars, 197~1988 (dollars in millions) Number Amount Year Total GCRCs Current Constant - 1970 301 93 93,88 306~041 1971 332 82 119,584 369,659 1972 376 83 142,756 420,359 1973 389 83 150,933 424,212 1974 420 89 167,625 442,865 1975 398 84 179,676 428,815 1976 536 87 233,2gS 518,218 197~7 574 83 284,804 585,928 1978 597 82 314,016 601,497 1979 664 82 339,391 614,128 1980 539 76 335,302 552,712 1981 520 75 339,425 506,728 1982 521 75 347,562 477,724 1983 501 75 375,710 486,169 1984 529 75 430,974 526,478 1985 572 78 483,345 558,988 1986 580 78 .482,454 534,559 1987 582 78 536,090 564,181 1988 621 78 573,578 573,578 - NOTE: BRDPI deflator SOURCE: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Public Health Seneca. 1989. NIH Data Book Publication No. 90 1261. Bethesda, Md.: National Institutes of Health.

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TABLES 223 TABLE A-17 NCI Support for Cancer Centers in Current and Constant 1988 Dollars, 1972-1989 (dollars in thousands) Support Number of Year Current Constant Centers 1972 10,090 30,373 40 1973 13,002 37,351 44 1974 17,575 47,474 52 1975 30,096 73,441 56 1976 47,803 108,545 64 1977 55,132 115,945 56 1978 60,348 118,190 67 1979 64,364 116,475 68 1980 67,421 111,146 64 1981 71,408 106,611 57 1982 74,996 103,087 56 1983 77,372 100,119 60 1984 79,211 96,764 59 1985 84,957 98,250 57 1986 88,426 97,968 59 1987 95,819 100,841 60 1988 100,427 100,427 59 1989* 101,345 95,681 54 1990 101,345 90,608 49 NOTE: BRDPI deflator * Estimate SOURCE: Institute of Medicine. 1989. A Stronger Cancer Centers Program. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

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224 APPENDIX A TABLE A-18 Indirect Cost Proportion of Total Cost for NIH Research Grants, 197~1988 Year Total Cost Indirect Cost Ratio 1970 539,597,544 111,119,387 20.6 1971 617,801,494 131,741,697 21.3 1972 744,780,557 165,591,370 22.2 1973 790,791,110 180,149,574 22.8 1974 996,954,028 241,976,934 24.3 1975 1,070,859,608 266,204,944 24.9 1976 1,196,827,984 315,972,870 26.4 1977 1,351,011,225 358,952,309 26.6 1978 1,543,093,824 416,671,615 27.0 1979 1,844,373,212 512,324,316 27.8 1980 2,048,917,556 586,300,309 28.6 1981 2,222,779,742 654,281,299 29.4 1982 2,300,561,863 689,889,818 30.0 1983 2,584,500,903 791,537,709 30.6 1984 2,958,251,185 921,626,908 31.2 1985 3,412,862,947 1,069,491,642 31.3 1986 3,562,457,200 1,119,070,366 31.4 1987 4,188,140,948 1,311,234,378 31.3 1988 4,511,317,225 1,386,951,712 30.7 TOTAL 38,485,880,155 11,231,089,157 29.2 NOTE: Nominal dollars SOURCE: National Institutes of Health, Division of Research Grants. TABLE A-19 Number of NIH Full-Time-Equivalent Training Positions (A l l Ps), 1977-1988 Year Total Predoctoral Postdoctoral 1977 10,198 5,130 5,068 1978 11,123 5,540 5,583 1979 11,197 5,349 5,848 1980 10,664 5,095 5,569 1981 10,695 5,353 5,342 1982 10,406 5,081 5,325 19~83 10,570 5,254 5,316 1984 10,514 5,149 5,365 1985 10,624 4,963 5,661 1986 10,382 5,011 5,371 1987 11,181 5,438 5,743 1988 11,329 5,560 5,769 SOURCE: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Public Health Service. 1989. NIH Data Book Publication No. 9~1261. Bethesda, Md.: National Institutes of Health.

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