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Appendix B Background Information on Synthesis Pane! Members and Professional Staff SYNTHESIS PANEL MEMBERS The Honorable DANIEL I. EVANS, Chairman, is chairman of Daniel J. Evans & Associates in Seattle, Washington. A registered civil and structural engineer, he served as U.S. Senator from the State of Washington from 1983 to 1989, and as governor from 1965 to 1977. He was president of The Evergreen State College from 1977 to 1983 and chaired the Pacific North- west Power and Conservation Planning Council from 1981 to 1983. He is a member of the National Academy of Public Administration. ROBERT McCORMICK ADAMS is secretary of the Smithsonian Institu- tion in Washington, D.C. An anthropologist and educator, he conducted field research on the history of irrigation and urban settlements. Formerly provost at the University of Chicago, he is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. GEORGE F. CARRIER is T. Jefferson Coolidge Professor of Applied Mathematics, emeritus, at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He specializes in mathematical modeling of fluid dynamics. He chaired the 1985 National Research Council Committee on Atmospheric Effects of Nuclear Explosions. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering. RICHARD N. COOPER is professor of economics at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and a director of the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston. He served as a member of the Council of Economic Advisors from 1961 to 1963. From 1972 to 1974 he was provost at Yale University. He was Undersecretary of State for Economic Affairs from 1977 to 1981. 114

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APPENDIX B 115 ROBERT A. FROSCH is vice president at General Motors Research Laboratories in Warren, Michigan. He was Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Research and Development from 1966 to 1973. From 1973 to 1975 he was assistant executive director of the United Nations Environment Program. He was director of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration from 1977 to 1981. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. THOMAS H. LEE is professor emeritus in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- nology in Cambridge. He worked at General Electric for 32 years and from 1978 to 1980 was staff executive and chief technologist. From 1980 to 1984 he directed the Electric Power Systems Engineering Laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and was director of the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis from 1984 to 1987. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. JESSICA TUCHMAN MATHEWS is vice president at the World Resources Institute in Washington, D.C. A molecular biologist and policy analyst, she was professional staff to the U.S. Congress House Interior Committee from 1974 to 1975. From 1977 to 1979, she was director of the Office for Global Issues at the National Security Council. WILLIAM D. NORDHAUS is professor of economics at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. He was a member of the Council of Economic Advisors from 1977 to 1979. From 1986 to 1988 he was provost at Yale University. GORDON H. ORIANS is professor of zoology and was formerly director of the Institute for Environmental Studies at the University of Washington in Seattle. He specializes in evolution of vertebrate species. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. STEPHEN H. SCHNEIDER is head of Interdisciplinary Climate Systems at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado. He is an expert on global climate change models and is editor of Climate Change. MAURICE F. STRONG served on the panel until February 1990, when he resigned due to his commitment to serve as secretary general to the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. He was director general of the External Aid Office of the Canadian government and undersecretary general of the United Nations with responsibility for envi- ronmental affairs. He was chief executive of the 1972 United Nations Conference on the Human Environment.

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6 APPENDIX B SIR CRISPIN TICKELL is warden of Green College, Oxford, United Kingdom. He entered the British diplomatic service in 1954. From 1984 to 1987 he was permanent secretary of the Overseas Development Administration in the United Kingdom. From 1987 to 1990 he was permanent representative of the United Kingdom to the United Nations. He is author of Climate Change and World Affairs. VICTORIA ]. TSCHINKEL is senior consultant with Landers and Par- sons in Tallahassee, Florida. From 1981 to 1987 she was secretary of the Florida Department of Environmental Regulation. An expert on environmental regulation and management, she is a member of the National Academy of Public Administration. She is also a member of the Electric Power Research Institute Advisory Council and the Advisory Committee for Nuclear Facility Safety. PAUL E. WAGGONER is distinguished scientist at the Connecticut Agri- cultural Experiment Station in New Haven. He chaired the American Association for the Advancement of Science Panel on Climatic Variability, Climate Change, and the Planning and Management of United States Water Re- sources. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. PROFESSIONAL STAFF ROB COPPOCK is staff director for the Panel on Policy Implications of Greenhouse Warming of the Committee on Science, Engineering, and Pub- lic Policy of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine in Washington, D.C. From 1976 to 1984 he was staff scientist at the International Institute for Environment and Society in Berlin, Germany. He has been on the staff at the National Academy of Sciences since 1985. He currently is chairman of the Global Risk Analysis Division of the Society for Risk Analysis. NANCY A. CROWELL is administrative specialist for the Panel on Policy Implications of Greenhouse Warming of the Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Acad- emy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine in Washington, D.C. DEBORAH D. STINK is staff officer for the Panel on Policy Implications of Greenhouse Warming of the Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy of the Nationa1 Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine in Washington, D.C. Her specialties are environmental engineering and policy analysis. From 1983 to 1988 she was an air pollution engineer with the Texas Air Pollution Control Board. From 1988 to 1989 she was an air issues manager at the Chemical Manufacturers Association.