Training activities need to target and reach a range of audiences in a variety of settings (e.g., urban and rural; tribal lands and states). Specific audiences include, but are not limited to,
• parents and caregivers,
• teachers and other school personnel,
• physicians and other health care providers,
• child welfare professionals,
• community- and faith-based organizations,
• law enforcement personnel,
• attorneys in juvenile and criminal courts,
• judges in juvenile and criminal courts,
• mental health professionals, and
• social workers.
Training activities also need to be ongoing to ensure that training levels are sustained among professionals in fields that experience high rates of turnover and/or transfers. To be maximally effective, efforts to address the commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors should build on the core capacities of various people and entities. Therefore, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention will need to work in partnership with the Departments of Education and Health and Human Services to engage relevant sectors in developing, implementing, and evaluating training activities that use evidence-based methods to promote learning. Broad engagement will help ensure that the necessary training is available, accessible, and acceptable for multiple audiences. Further, each sector will need to be consulted to determine the best methods for providing the training, recognizing that needs may vary, for example, between focused task forces and rural providers and between law enforcement personnel and health care providers. Strategies might include leveraging existing programs and expanding current efforts within the Departments of Justice, Education, and Health and Human Services to provide a range of training opportunities for an array of professionals.
Public Awareness Campaigns
A lack of public awareness about all aspects of commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors in the United States is a significant barrier to preventing, identifying, and responding to these crimes. Public awareness campaigns addressing these problems need to be devel-