APPENDIX

HAZARD REDUCTION CHECKLIST

HAZARD AND RISK ASSESSMENTS

COMMUNITY ACTIONS

COMMUNITY PROGRESS

 

NO ACTION

ACTION STARTED

ACTION COMPLETED

Identify natural hazards (location, intensity, frequency)

     

Map hazard-prone areas, environmentally sensitive areas

     

Inventory structures, areas vulnerable to hazards (e.g., unreinforced masonry, mobile homes)

     

Inventory critical facilities and resources (e.g., hospitals, schools, utilities, endangered species)

     

Inventory sites with hazardous and toxic materials, determine vulnerability

     

Inventory special needs groups (e.g., elderly, people with handicaps)

     

Conduct hazard and risk assessments (vulnerability of population and natural resources to specific hazards)

     

Prepare hazard overlay maps to depict vulnerable areas and populations

     

Digitize hazard and risk assessments (e.g., geographic information systems)

     

Develop procedures and schedule for updating hazard and risk assessments

     

Translate hazard and risk assessments into recommendations for action (e.g., community public awareness, mitigation, preparedness programs)

     


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OCR for page 61
A SAFER FUTURE: Reducing the Impacts of Natural Disasters APPENDIX HAZARD REDUCTION CHECKLIST HAZARD AND RISK ASSESSMENTS COMMUNITY ACTIONS COMMUNITY PROGRESS   NO ACTION ACTION STARTED ACTION COMPLETED Identify natural hazards (location, intensity, frequency)       Map hazard-prone areas, environmentally sensitive areas       Inventory structures, areas vulnerable to hazards (e.g., unreinforced masonry, mobile homes)       Inventory critical facilities and resources (e.g., hospitals, schools, utilities, endangered species)       Inventory sites with hazardous and toxic materials, determine vulnerability       Inventory special needs groups (e.g., elderly, people with handicaps)       Conduct hazard and risk assessments (vulnerability of population and natural resources to specific hazards)       Prepare hazard overlay maps to depict vulnerable areas and populations       Digitize hazard and risk assessments (e.g., geographic information systems)       Develop procedures and schedule for updating hazard and risk assessments       Translate hazard and risk assessments into recommendations for action (e.g., community public awareness, mitigation, preparedness programs)      

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A SAFER FUTURE: Reducing the Impacts of Natural Disasters AWARENESS AND EDUCATION COMMUNITY ACTIONS COMMUNITY PROGRESS   NO ACTION ACTION STARTED ACTION COMPLETED Develop target groups/areas       Develop family and neighborhood awareness, education, preparedness campaigns       Work with local media, coordinate emergency public information       Educate public officials on their role and responsibilities, including legal aspects, prepare and distribute checklists for CEOs during emergencies       Develop a workplace hazard awareness and education campaign, collaborate to identify safety problems, increase business survivability       Promote school awareness, education, and preparedness; encourage safety drills; distribute materials through schools       Prepare elderly, disabled, and special needs groups by providing materials on steps to take, telephone numbers, etc.       Promote awareness and education among professional groups (e.g., engineers, educators, city managers), work with professional associations       Incorporate information into a community-wide awareness and education campaign, promote hazard awareness week, use local and voluntary organizations to assist in implementing programs       MITIGATION COMMUNITY ACTIONS COMMUNITY PROGRESS   NO ACTION ACTION STARTED ACTION COMPLETED Property acquisition (enables local government to manage development of hazardous areas)       Zoning and subdivision regulations (restrict/guide new development and reconstruction)       Building codes (establish structural standards for new construction)       Tax credits (provide owner incentives to limit development or build in mitigation)       Structural measures (dams, building retrofit)       Nonstructural measures (minimize injuries and property damage, e.g., by securing equipment)       Training programs (for multidisciplinary audience, should include technical and scientific programs)       Technical assistance (for local government, business, utilities, should address mitigation policy and practice)       Awareness and education (for general public)      

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A SAFER FUTURE: Reducing the Impacts of Natural Disasters PREPAREDNESS FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE, RECOVERY, AND RECONSTRUCTION COMMUNITY ACTIONS COMMUNITY PROGRESS   NO ACTION ACTION STARTED ACTION COMPLETED Conduct Hazard and Risk Assessments       Prepare Emergency Operations Plan       Notification and warning procedures       Direction and control       Communications (among responders)       Emergency public information       Resource management       Emergency medical services       Fire and hazardous materials       Law enforcement and security       Shelter and mass care       Management of volunteers/unsolicited resources       Prepare Plan for Recovery and Reconstruction       Damage assessment procedures       Restoration of communications, utilities, other essential services       Inspection, condemnation, demolition of unsafe buildings       Debris removal (including toxic materials)       Business and industry coordination       Long-term economic recovery and reconstruction       Economic recovery       Community development goals       Hazard mitigation opportunities       Utility-industry-government coordination       Conduct Training and Exercises       Business and industry       Public officials       Volunteers/Non-government       Emergency responders       Computer/reformation specialists       NOTE: See FEMA CPG 1-8, Guide for Development of State and Local Emergency Operations, for detailed guidance.

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