when serious breaches of professional standards and practices have occurred, it is important that senior scientists speak out publicly to validate and explain the legitimacy of the complaints.

Recommendation Twelve

Scientific societies and scientific journals should continue to provide and expand resources and forums to foster responsible research practices and to address misconduct in science and questionable research practices.


1. For a discussion of the commission's origins, see Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government (1991).

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement