were always achievable and almost always achieved (one major exception being his unsuccessful proposal to the National Science Foundation for a national geophysical institute.27)

Berkner liked to do things quickly. His accomplishments during his short spells as executive secretary of the Research and Development Board of the Department of Defense, and at the State Department setting up the Military Aid Program for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, attest to this. That he was aware of this innate hastiness is shown by self-deprecatory comments he made while speaking to Dael Wolfe, as quoted by Milton Lomask28:

It's a good thing they picked Alan [Waterman to direct the National Science Foundation]. He's been slow and cautious, and sometimes people have been irritated by the way he has handled things. But he has been a steady and constructive builder. Had I been director I would have moved too fast, and the Foundation would probably have been torn apart by now.

But being aware that he sometimes moved too fast did not affect Berkner's style of achieving his ends.

One factor in his success was his great ability to present a cause so cogently that others found the case difficult to refute. Another was that he enjoyed committees. He was a good committee member and an excellent chairman. He always studied the relevant papers before a meeting. He allowed discussion to continue until he thought all points of view had been expressed, then presented his own summation of the consensus. His timing and judgment were good, and in most cases his conclusion was close enough to the views of the majority that the committee found it acceptable. It was at a committee meeting of the Council of the Academy that he suffered his last, fatal heart attack.

In the years between 1964 and 1967 Lloyd was busier than some of his friends thought was good for him, but when this was put to Lillian Berkner, she replied: "When



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