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Managing Wastewater in Coastal Urban Areas F Biographical Sketches COMMITTEE AND PANEL MEMBERS JOHN J. BOLAND, Chair, holds a B.E.E. in electrical engineering from Gannon College, an M.A. in governmental administration from George Washington University, and a Ph.D. in environmental economics from Johns Hopkins University. He is a registered professional engineer. His background includes management positions in water and wastewater utilities, teaching, research, and consulting activities at all levels of government and in private industry. He is currently Professor of Geography and Environmental Engineering at Johns Hopkins University. Dr. Boland has published widely on economic aspects of water and resource policy. He is an associate editor of The Annals of Regional Science and a member of the Risk Management Technical Advisory Workgroup of the American Water Works Association. He has served on a number of committees and panels of the National Research Council including chair of the Water Science and Technology Board (1985-1988). BLAKE P. ANDERSON received his B.S. in civil engineering from California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, and has pursued graduate work at California State University, Long Beach, and California State Polytechnic University, Pomona. He is a registered Civil Engineer and a Certified Wastewater Treatment Plant Operator in California. Mr. Anderson is currently the Director of Technical Services for the County Sanitation Districts of Orange County. His responsibilities include directing analytical and technical support for treatment plants, industrial waste control program
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Managing Wastewater in Coastal Urban Areas and research projects; and administering the district's industrial waste; compliance monitoring; ocean monitoring; reclamation, reuse, and conservation programs; and air-quality compliance programs. Mr. Anderson is a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers and the Water Environment Federation. He is chair of the Association of Metropolitan Sewage Agencies Committee on Comprehensive Watershed Management. TAKASHI ASANO received his B.S. in agricultural chemistry from Hokkaido University in Japan, his M.S. in sanitary engineering from the University of California, Berkeley, and his Ph.D. in Sanitary and Water Resources Engineering from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. He is currently an Adjunct Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of California, Davis. He was on the staff of the California State Water Resources Control Board from 1987 to 1992. His consulting activities include many of the United Nations' Agencies. Dr. Asano's research interests include wastewater reclamation and reuse, advanced waste treatment, artificial recharge of ground water, water and wastewater treatment, and planning and regulatory aspects of wastewater reuse. He is Chair of the Specialist Group on Wastewater Reclamation, Recycling and Reuse of the International Association on Water Quality and also serves as a member of the Governing Board. Dr. Asano is a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers, the Water Environment Federation, American Water Works Association, and the American Association of Environmental Engineering Professors. NORMAN H. BROOKS has an A.B. and M.S. in civil engineering from Harvard University and a Ph.D. in civil engineering and physics from California Institute of Technology. He has conducted research and published extensively in the field of hydraulics with emphasis on ocean waste disposal, sediment transport, turbulent diffusion, stratified flow, and environmental policy. Currently he is the James Irvine Professor of Environmental and Civil Engineering and the Director of the Environmental Quality Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and National Academy of Sciences. He has served on many National Research Council committees and is a former member of the Water Science and Technology Board. RICHARD A. CONWAY (WSTB ex-officio) received his B.S. in 1953 from the University of Massachusetts and an S.M. in sanitary engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1957. His expertise is in water treatment, aquatic fate processes, and hazardous waste management. Presently he is with the Central Research and Engineering Technology Department of Chemicals and Plastics Group of Union Carbide Corporation.
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Managing Wastewater in Coastal Urban Areas Mr. Conway is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a former member of the Water Science and Technology Board. He has authored or edited several books and technical papers related to pollution control technology. GLEN DAIGGER received his B.S.C.E., M.S.C.E., and Ph.D. in environmental engineering from Purdue University. Dr. Daigger is Vice President and Director of CH2M Hill's Wastewater Reclamation Discipline Group. He also serves as a process engineer, project engineer, and project consultant on a variety of municipal and industrial wastewater treatment and reclamation projects. His areas of expertise include biological wastewater treatment and treatment process design. Dr. Daigger has organized major firm-wide technical initiatives in the areas of nutrient control, advanced techniques for wastewater treatment plant analysis, toxics control in wastewater treatment plants, and air emissions from wastewater treatment plants. He is a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers and the Water Pollution Control Federation. JOHN M. DEGROVE received his B.A. from Rollins College, his M.A. from Emory University, and his Ph.D. from the University of North Carolina. He is the Director of the Joint Center for Environmental and Urban Problems at Florida Atlantic University/Florida International University. The Joint Center's applied research efforts focus on environmental and urban issues affecting governments on a state, regional, or local level—ranging from contractual applied research projects, channeling specific technical information, analyzing legislation, or providing other expertise. Also, he is a Professor in the Department of Political Science at Florida Atlantic University. Dr. DeGrove's current research interests combine urban and environmental areas by focusing on land and growth management. WILLIAM M. EICHBAUM received his B.A. from Dartmouth College and his LL.B. from Harvard Law School. He specializes in environmental law and public policy and is currently a Vice President on International Environmental Quality of the World Wildlife Fund in Washington, D.C. Prior to his work there, he held posts including Undersecretary, Executive Office of Environmental Affairs, Commonwealth of Massachusetts and Assistant Secretary for Environmental Programs at the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. Mr. Eichbaum is a member of the Chesapeake Critical Area Commission, the National Environmental Enforcement Council of the Department of Justice, the Coastal Seas Governance Project, the Patuxent River Commission, and the Environmental Law Institute. He was a member of the National Research Council Committee on Institutional
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Managing Wastewater in Coastal Urban Areas Considerations in Reducing the Generation of Hazardous Industrial Wastes and the Committee on Marine Environmental Monitoring. KATHERINE FLETCHER received her B.A. in biology from Harvard University, Radcliffe College in 1971. For five years, Ms. Fletcher was the Chair of the Puget Sound Water Quality Authority, a state agency created to develop and oversee the implementation of a comprehensive plan to clean up and protect the sound. Currently she is on the faculty of the Graduate School of Public Affairs at the University of Washington, where she is teaching courses in environmental policy. She is also a consultant for the Institute for Public Policy and Management at the University of Washington, Seattle. WAYNE R. GEYER is Associate Scientist of the Department of Applied Ocean Physics and Engineering at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. He is also a consultant to Camp, Dresser & McKee and the U.S. Justice Department. Dr. Geyer received his Ph.D. and M.S. in physical oceanography from the University of Washington and his B.A. in Geology from Dartmouth College. His research interests include estuarine and coastal dynamics and transport processes and physical-biological interaction. LYNN R. GOLDMAN is an environmental epidemiologist who received her B.S. in conservation of natural resources and M.S. in health and medical sciences from the University of California, Berkeley, an M.P.H. from Johns Hopkins University, and an M.D. from the University of California, San Francisco. She is a Board certified pediatrician and currently is Chief of the Division of Environmental and Occupational Disease Control for the California Department of Health Services. Dr. Goldman is a Fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics for which she is a member of the Committee on Environmental Hazards. She served as a member of the National Research Council Committee to Evaluate the Hazardous Materials Management Program of the Bureau of Land Management and the BEST Committee on Environmental Epidemiology and is a current member of the Water Science and Technology Board. DONALD R. F. HARLEMAN holds a B.S. from Pennsylvania State University and an S.M. and Sc.D. in civil engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Professor Harleman's field is environmental engineering, specifically the fate and transport of pollutants in natural water bodies such as lakes, reservoirs, rivers, estuaries, and coastal waters. His research is concerned with the interaction of fluid transport and biogeochemical transformation processes and with innovative wastewater treatment technology involving chemical additives to promote settling through coagulation
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Managing Wastewater in Coastal Urban Areas and flocculation. Currently he is the Ford Professor of Civil Engineering at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he has also held the position of Director of the Ralph M. Parsons Laboratory. Professor Harleman is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. JAMES P. HEANEY received his Ph.D. in civil engineering from Northwestern University in 1968 with an emphasis on water resources engineering, operations research, and urban and regional planning. He is presently Professor and Chair of the Department of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering at the University of Colorado at Boulder. His research is concerned with developing methods for evaluating cost-effective, multipurpose environmental management systems. Dr. Heaney has developed decision support systems for urban stormwater quality management. He is a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers, American Water Resources Association, and Association of Environmental Engineering Professors. Dr. Heaney was a member of the WSTB from 1986-1990. ROBERT W. HOWARTH earned his B.A. from Amherst College and his Ph.D. in oceanography from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute. He is currently a Professor in the Division of Biology and Senior Fellow in the Center for the Environment at Cornell University. Concurrently, he is an adjunct professor at the University of Rhode Island. He also serves as the editor-in-chief of Biogeochemistry. Dr. Howarth is a member of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, the Ecological Society of America, and the Estuarine Research Federation. His areas of research include environmental management and the effects of pollution on aquatic ecosystems and commercial fisheries, wetland ecosystems, microbial production and activity, sulfur and molybdenum biogeochemistry, and interactions of element cycles in aquatic ecosystems. He was a member of the National Research Council Committee on Petroleum in Marine Environments, and the NRC U.S. National Committee for SCOPE (Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment). Dr. Howarth currently serves on the NRC Committee on the Coastal Ocean and chairs the new SCOPE Project on Global and Regional Transport of Nitrogen. ROBERT J. HUGGETT is a Professor in the School of Marine Science of the College of William and Mary and is an Assistant Director of the Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS). He received his M.S. degree in earth science (chemical oceanography) from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography and his Ph.D. in marine science (marine chemistry) from the College of William and Mary. His research interests involve the transport, fate, and effects of toxic chemicals in aqueous systems. Since 1975 he has
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Managing Wastewater in Coastal Urban Areas headed the environmental chemistry research program at VIMS working on such issues as Kepone and its contamination of the James River, Virginia; the transport, fate, and effects of tributlytin (TBT) from antifouling paints in estuarine systems; and the environmental chemistry of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons. Professor Huggett is a member of the Executive Committee and the Ecological Processes and Effects Committee of the Science Advisory Board of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. He was awarded the Shelton G. Horsley Award for meritorious Fundamental Research by the Virginia Academy of Science in 1980. He received the Izzak Walton League of America Chesapeake Bay Conservation award for fisheries and wildlife in 1989. Dr. Huggett is also a member of the Water Science and Technology Board. GEORGE A. JACKSON received his B.S. in physics, his M.S. in environmental engineering, and his Ph.D. in environmental engineering science and biology from California Institute of Technology. Recently Dr. Jackson joined the faculty of Texas A & M as a professor of Oceanography. Prior to this, he was an Associate Research Oceanographer at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego. He was Panel Chairman for the National Research Council's Workshop on Land, Sea, and Air Options for the Disposal of Industrial and Domestic Wastes and was also a participant of the NRC's Committee on Ocean Waste Transportation Alternatives. Research interests of Dr. Jackson include physical and chemical properties of aquatic environments, modeling seaweed growth, the role of the seafloor in maintaining deep-ocean chemistry, and internal Kelvin wave propagation in a high drag coastal environment. THOMAS M. KEINATH acquired his B.S.E., M.S.E., and Ph.D. in civil and water resources engineering from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Currently, he is professor and head of the Department of Environmental Systems Engineering at Clemson University. His research interests include physicochemical water, wastewater and hazardous waste treatment processes, and automation and control of water and wastewater treatment systems. Dr. Keinath has served as an expert science advisor to the Environmental Protection Agency and consults for several environmental engineering firms. He has been an active member of major national and international professional organizations concerned with water quality control. He presently serves as a member of the Governing Board of the International Association of Water Pollution Research and Control and as chairman of the U.S.A. National Committee. He is vice-chair of the Program Committee of the Water Pollution Control Federation and serves the American Society of Civil Engineers as Chair of its Clarifier Research Technical Committee. Dr.
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Managing Wastewater in Coastal Urban Areas Keinath also is presently serving as President of the Association of Environmental Engineering Professors. BILLY H. KORNEGAY received his B.S.C.E. in civil engineering from Virginia Military Institute and his M.S.E. in water resources engineering and his Ph.D. in environmental systems engineering from Clemson University. He is currently the Technical Manager of Water and Wastewater Processes at Engineering-Science where he is responsible for providing technical assistance on municipal water and wastewater processes. Dr. Kornegay has a broad range of environmental engineering experience in academia, industry, and the consulting field, including extensive research and pilot studies as well as water and wastewater process design. Wastewater process experience involves physical/chemical and biological processes. He is a member of the Water Pollution Control Federation Research Committee and is a Registered Professional Engineer in Virginia and Georgia. JAMES F. KREISSL received his B.C.E. from Marquette University and his M.S. from the University of Wisconsin. He is an Environmental Engineer at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Center for Environmental Research Information where he develops design manuals and other technology transfer products to advance the state of the art of environmental control professionals. Research experience of Mr. Kreissl include drinking water and wastewater treatment, wastewater collection, residuals production, treatment and disposal, and regulatory/engineering issues related to the improvement of present practices. He is a 30-year member of the Water Pollution Control Federation. JOSEPH T. LING received his Ph.D. in sanitary engineering from the University of Minnesota. He was Vice President for 3M from 1974 to 1984, when he retired. His responsibilities at 3M included the coordination and implementation of all civil engineering, environmental engineering, and pollution control programs. Dr. Ling is an internationally recognized expert in environmental management. He was the first person to stress that environmental management must be based on cross-media total environmental impact. In 1974 Dr. Ling initiated the very first Industrial Waste Minimization Program in the United States. He has served on the National Research Council, and is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. Currently, in addition to being Chair of the National Reduction Institute, Dr. Ling is also serving as a Board Director of the World Environmental Center; Board Director of Freshwater Foundation; Board Director of Midwest China Center; Senior Advisor to the Chinese Water and Wastewater Research Institute; and Vice Chair of the Environmental Committee of the U.S. Council of International Business.
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Managing Wastewater in Coastal Urban Areas ALAN J. MEARNS acquired his B.S. and M.A. from California State University, Long Beach, and his Ph.D. in fisheries from the University of Washington. His research activities include planning and coordinating national and U.S. west coast marine pollution and monitoring programs, developing strategies for marine sewage and sludge disposal, conducting studies of marine pollution in the Southern California Bight and of pollutant flow through marine food webs, and coordinating research on biological effects of oil spills clean-up methods. He is Senior Ecologist with the Hazardous Materials Response and Assessments Division of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in Seattle, and his BioAssessment Team is currently evaluating recovery of marine ecosystems from the Exxon Valdez oil spill and evaluating the effects and efficacy of bioremediation. Dr. Mearns was Leader of Biology Division of the Southern California Coastal Water Research Project (1973-1980). He was also Ecologist for the NOAA Puget Sound Marine Ecosystems Analysis Program (1980-1984) and for the NOAA National Status and Trends Program (19841990). He conducted and participated in five surveys of Prince William Sound, Alaska, following the 1989 Exxon Valdez Oil Spill. He received awards of meritorious service from the San Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board and the Santa Monica Bay Restoration Project where he is Vice-Chair of the Technical Advisory Committee. Dr. Mearns also served as NOAA liaison to an NRC study of Monitoring in the Southern California Bight. VLADIMIR NOVOTNY received his Diploma Engineer in sanitary engineering and his Candidate of Science in Sanitary & Water Resources from the Technical University of Brno, Czechoslovakia, and his Ph.D. in environmental engineering from Vanderbilt University. He is a Professor of Civil Engineering at Marquette University. His interests include wet weather (diffuse) urban pollution, water quality impacts, transmission of nonpoint pollution, and modeling of urban runoff. Dr. Novotny is a member of the International Association on Water Pollution Research and Control, the Water Pollution Control Federation, and the American Society of Civil Engineers. CHARLES R. O'MELIA received a B.C.E. in 1955 from Manhattan College, an M.S.E. in 1956, and a Ph.D. in sanitary engineering in 1963 from the University of Michigan. Currently a professor at the Johns Hopkins University, Dr. O'Melia's professional experience includes positions as assistant engineer for Hazen & Sawyer, Engineers; assistant sanitary engineer, University of Michigan; assistant professor, Georgia Institute of Technology; lecturer, Harvard University; and associate professor of environmental science and engineering at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
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Managing Wastewater in Coastal Urban Areas He is an environmental engineer with research interests in aquatic chemistry, environmental fate and transport, predictive modeling of natural systems, and theory of water and wastewater treatment. Dr. O'Melia is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. WILLIAM C. PISANO earned his B.C.E. from Santa Clara University, his M.S. in sanitary engineering from the University of Arizona, and his Ph.D. from Harvard University. He is Principal of Havens and Emerson, Inc. Prior to this, Dr. Pisano was President of Environmental Design and Planning, Inc., which was an environmental consulting engineering firm in the general area of water pollution and drainage control. Dr. Pisano has 30 years of experience in environmental engineering with particular experience in combined sewer overflow abatement, including research, concept planning, design, and control technologies; stormwater management planning and design; vortex valve technology; water quality and water resources management; systems analysis; water quality modeling; economics; hydrology; and hydraulics. He is a member of the National Water Pollution Control Federation Committee and a registered professional engineer in Massachusetts, Ohio, and Michigan. DONALD W. PRITCHARD received his B.A. in meteorology from the University of California, Los Angeles, and his M.A. and Ph.D. in oceanography from Scripps Institute of Oceanography. His research interests include dynamics of estuarine circulation and mixing; inshore and coastal oceanography; and turbulent diffusion of natural waters. He is retired from his position at the State University of New York, Stony Brook as the Associate Director of research at the Marine Science Research Center. He is the co-chair of the Technical Advisory Committee of the EPA Long Island Sound Study and a consultant to the Committee on Tidal Hydraulics for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Dr. Pritchard is a member of many professional societies including the International Oceanographic Foundation, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the Atlantic Estuarine Research Society. He is also a member of the National Academy of Engineering. LARRY A. ROESNER received his B.S. in civil engineering from Valparaiso University, his M.S. in hydrology from Colorado State University, and his Ph.D. in sanitary engineering from the University of Washington. He is a registered Professional Engineer in Virginia, Michigan, California, Maryland, and Ohio and a registered Professional Hydrologist. He is currently Senior Vice President and Technical Director of Water Resources and Environmental Sciences for the South Region of Camp Dresser, & McKee. Dr. Roesner has more than 20 years of experience in water resources and
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Managing Wastewater in Coastal Urban Areas water quality engineering and management. He specializes in urban hydrology and nonpoint source pollution control. He has developed and applied sophisticated models for flow-routing urban drainage systems and for analysis of nonpoint source pollution, precipitation and runoff, and combined sewer overflows. Dr. Roesner is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. JOAN B. ROSE earned her M.S. from the University of Wyoming and her Ph.D. in microbiology from the University of Arizona. She is currently an Assistant Professor of Environmental and Occupational Health at the University of South Florida College of Public Health. Prior to holding that position, she was a research associate at the University of Arizona, Department of Microbiology and Immunology. Her research has focused on methods for detection of pathogens in wastewater and the environment, wastewater treatment for removal of pathogens, wastewater reuse, viruses and parasites in wastewater sludge, and the development and application of risk assessment models to wastewater discharge situations. Dr. Rose has organized and chaired many conferences and meetings on health related microbiology and water borne pathogens. In addition, she is a member of the National Drinking Water Council, serves on the Disinfection Technical Advisory Committee for the City of Portland, and chairs the subcommittee on Waterborne Outbreaks of the American Water Works Association Water Quality Division Committee on Organisms in Water. JERRY R. SCHUBEL holds a B.S. from Alma College, an M.A.T. from Harvard University, and a Ph.D. in oceanography from Johns Hopkins University. His areas of research include estuarine and shallow water sedimentation, suspended sediment transport, interactions of sediment and organisms, pollution effects, continental shelf sedimentation, marine geophysics, and thermal ecology. Currently, he is the Director of the Marine Sciences Research Center and Dean and Leading Professor of Marine Sciences at SUNY Stony Brook. Dr. Schubel was the senior editor of Coastal Ocean Pollution Assessment and chairman of the Outer Continental Shelf Science Committee for the Department of Interior Mineral Management Service. He is past president of the Estuarine Research Federation. He was a member of the National Research Council's Committee on Marine Environmental Monitoring. Dr. Schubel is currently chair of the Marine Board. P. AARNE VESILIND earned his B.S. and M.S. in civil engineering from Lehigh University and his M.S. in sanitary engineering and Ph.D. in environmental engineering from the University of North Carolina. Currently he is Professor and Chair of the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and is the Director of the Program in Science, Technol-
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Managing Wastewater in Coastal Urban Areas ogy and Human Values at Duke University. Some of Dr. Vesilind's research interests include sludge dewatering, standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, waste management and research, and environmental ethics. He is a member of the Water Pollution Control Federation, the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences, and the American Academy of Environmental Engineering. COMMITTEE AND PANEL STAFF PATRICIA L. CICERO received her B.A. in mathematics from Kenyon College. She currently is Senior Project Assistant at the National Research Council's Water Science and Technology Board (WSTB). Ms. Cicero has worked on a variety of studies at the WSTB, including ones on international soil and water research and development, wastewater management in coastal urban areas, techniques for assessing ground water vulnerability, and the environmental effects of the operations at Glen Canyon Dam on the lower Colorado River. She is also Coeditor of the Association for Women in Science Magazine. SARAH CONNICK earned her A.B. in chemistry from Bryn Mawr College and her M.S. in environmental engineering from Stanford University. She is a Senior Staff Officer with the National Research Council's (NRC) WSTB where she directs studies of wastewater management in coastal urban areas, techniques for assessing ground water vulnerability, and Antarctic policy and science. Prior to joining the WSTB staff, Ms. Connick was a Staff Officer for the NRC's Committee to Provide Interim Oversight of the Department of Energy Nuclear Weapons Complex. Before joining the National Research Council, she served as a Senior Associate at the ILSI-Risk Science Institute where she performed projects related to the use of risk assessment in regulatory decision making. Ms. Connick has also held the position of Research Assistant at ENVIRON Corporation, where she worked on a wide range of environmental science, engineering, and public health policy projects. LYNN D. KASPER received her B.A. in English from Wesleyan University. She is currently Assistant Editor for the NRC's Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems. Ms. Kasper has done editorial work for a number of the commission's boards, including the Board on Engineering Education and the Board on Natural Disasters. JACQUELINE MACDONALD served as a research associate for the Committee on Wastewater Management for Coastal Urban Areas. She is now Staff Officer of the Water Science and Technology Board of the Na-
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Managing Wastewater in Coastal Urban Areas tional Research Council, where she works on studies including ground water cleanup alternatives, planning and remediation for irrigation-induced water quality problems, and in situ bioremediation. Ms. MacDonald holds a master's degree in environmental science in civil engineering from the University of Illinois. She earned a bachelor's degree, magna cum laude, in mathematics from Bryn Mawr College. INTERNS BETH C. LAMBERT is currently a Senior at Carleton College studying geology. She participated in Carleton's Term in Nepal Program where she studied Nepal's irrigation methods at the Department of Irrigation in Kathmandu, Nepal. Ms. Lambert was a Summer Intern at the National Research Council's WSTB. Her main responsibility at the WSTB was to provide technical support for the Committee on Wastewater Management for Coastal Urban Areas Panel on Sources. SUSAN E. MURCOTT received a B.A. in English from Wellesley College and an S.B. and S.M. in environmental engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Her research interest is in innovative wastewater treatment technologies, including chemically enhanced primary treatment and aerated biofilters. Ms. Murcott is the recipient of the 1990 MIT Sea Grant Dean A. Horn Award for excellence in marine research. She is a member of the Water Environment Federation and the American Society of Civil Engineers.
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