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APPENDIX A Biographies ALBERT'l. HERBERGER, Chair (until September 14, 1993), is Maritime Administrator, U.S. Maritime Administration. During the study, he was Vice President, Maritime Affairs, with the International Planning and Analysis Cen- ter. He specializes in military sealift and naval surface warfare. His executive management experience includes manpower, training, logistics, and marine trans- portation. Vice Admiral Herberger completed U.S. Navy service as Deputy Com- mander, U.S. Transportation Command, where he was responsible for develop- ing and implementing a strategy to promote government and civil sector support for improvements for all modes of national transportation. This included devel- opment of a transportation network designed to incorporate both civil-sector and government programs for traffic management and computer-based information systems. He also served as Director for Logistics, U.S. Atlantic Fleet, where he was responsible for logistics planning and maintenance management of over 300 ships, as well as aircraft squadrons and shoreside facilities. His 18 years opera- tional service in the Navy and the merchant marine included deck officer and naval command experience in ships and destroyer groups. Vice Admiral Her- berger received his B.S. from the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy and complet- ed the engineering science curriculum at the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School. MARTHA GRABOWSKI, Chair (from September 17, 1993J, is the Joseph Georg Professor at LeMoyne College, Syracuse, New York; Research Assistant Professor in the Department of Decision Sciences and Engineering Systems at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute; and member of the Marine Board, National Research Council. Dr. Grabowski previously served as Program Integration Man 347
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348 APPENDIX A ager with General Electric's corporate research and development center. She has been investigating the effects of smaller shipboard crews and advanced technol- ogy on maritime safety, methods for streamlined development of information systems, and the organizational impact of information systems. She developed a piloting expert system for use with integrated bridge systems for the Maritime Administration. Dr. Grabowski served as a licensed deck officer in the U.S. merchant marine and is a Lieutenant Commander in the U.S. Naval Reserve. Her afloat experience includes deck officer assignment aboard liquefied natural gas carriers, tankers, and integrated tug-and-barges. Dr. Grabowski received her B.S. in marine transportation from the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy and earned her M.S in industrial engineering, M.B.A., and Ph.D. in information systems/ artificial intelligence from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. BERNHARD }. ABRAHAMSSON is Professor of Economics and Chair- man of the Division of Business and Economics, University of Wisconsin- Superior. Dr. Abrahamsson specializes in international economics with empha- sis on trade; economics and policy of ocean, shipping and energy; and transportation. He has held positions at six universities, the Woods Hole Ocean- ographic Institution, the International Monetary Fund, and recently was Head of the Department of Marine Transportation at the U.S. Merchant Marine Acade- my. His consultancies have included the World Bank, the National Advisory Committee on Oceans and Atmosphere, Federal Maritime Commission, General Accounting Office, and the RAND Corporation. He served on the National Re- search Council's Ocean Policy Committee (1975-78) and that committee's Ma- rine Technical Assistance Group (1978-82~. Dr. Abrahamsson graduated from the Stockholm Merchant Marine Academy, received his unlimited Master Mari- ner's license from the Swedish Board of Trade, he received a Reserve Officer's Commission from the Royal Swedish Naval College, and served aboard mer- chant ships for 15 years. His publications include eight books as author, co- author, or contributor and numerous professional articles and major papers. He has lectured extensively, delivering conference papers worldwide to industrial, academic, and government audiences. Dr. Abrahamsson received his B.B.A. de- gree in international trade from the City College of New York and earned his M.S. and Ph.D. in economics from the University of Wisconsin Madison. JAMES E. BAKER is a consultant in port operations and instructor at the Texas A&M University at Galveston. During the study, Captain Baker was Di- rector of Operations, Port of Houston, where he was responsible for daily opera- tion of the port's cargo handling and container facilities. He is a special advisor to the U.S. Coast Guard's Vessel Traffic Service 2000 project. He completed service with Lykes Lines as Assistant Vice President. In addition to service as Port Captain and Manager, Marine Division West Gulf, Captain Baker also sailed as Chief Officer with Lykes Lines and holds an unlimited Masters license and
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BIOGRAPHIES 349 endorsement as Federal First Class Pilot, Houston Ship Channel. He has been Chairman of the Department of Transportation's Houston-Galveston Navigation Safety Advisory Committee from 1982. He was a member of the Advisory Com- mittee for Formation of Operation Guidelines of Houston/Galveston Vessel Traf- fic Service and chaired the Captains Technical Committee of the West Gulf Maritime Association from 1972-1986. Captain Baker received his B.S. from the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy. RONALD BRAFF is a Principal Engineer at The MITRE Corporation's Center for Advanced Aviation System Development. He is the editor of Naviga- tion: Journal of the Institute of Navigation, and consulting editor in navigation for the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology. At MITRE since 1970, Mr. Braff has been involved in many aspects of air navigation technology. He is test director for the Federal Aviation Administration's large scale program to determine the feasibility of using the Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) for Category II} precision approaches, and provides technical oversight of MITRE' s navigation research for the Federal Aviation Administration. Previ- ous work at MITRE included supervision of technical support for Federal Avia- tion Administration navigation policy decisions with emphasis on air naviga- tion's stringent requirements for integrity, availability, and continuity of service. He identified GPS integrity problems, and originated the idea for the satellite- broadcast GPS integrity channel, which is currently in the Federal Aviation Ad- ministration implementation process. Mr. Braff is also experienced as a technical manager and engineer in the development and evaluation of advance concepts for air traffic control surveillance, communications, and automation functions. He was previously with Computer Sciences Corporation where he was involved in the design of a military tactical air traffic management system, and the Federal Aviation Administration Technical Center, where he conducted experimental and theoretical evaluations of advance navigation systems. Mr. Braff is a mem- ber of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers and a member of the Council of the Institute of Navigation. He received his B.S. in physics from Montana State University and M.S.E.E. from New York University. ROBERT M. FREEMAN is Technology Development Coordinator, SeaRiver Maritime (formerly Exxon Shipping Company). He previously held economics, planning, and environmental conservation positions with Exxon, and he served in the U.S. Navy for 9 years. His experience with Exxon included building, conversion, and engineering/technical programs and involved work as project manager for the construction of two very large tankers. These programs included retrofit of distributed control systems on five tankships, which resulted in the first certifications for unattended engine rooms on U.S.-flag steam vessels. Since 1984, Mr. Freeman has been involved with development of integrated bridge systems for operational control of tankships. He was responsible for de
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350 APPENDIX A velopment of an automated integrated bridge system that was installed on a very large Exxon tankship for at-sea testing and development as a prototype for fleet installation. He completed service in the U.S. Naval Reserve as Commander. Mr. Freeman received his B.S. in mechanical engineering and M.B.A.in finance from the University of Pittsburgh. '}EAN GRAFF has managed the SOGREAH Port Revel Marine Research and Shiphandling Training Centre, France, since 1981. He has been project lead- er for a number of scale-model studies of ship and towboat maneuvering charac- teristics in simulated harbors and waterways. He previously served as engineer responsible for Europe and the Middle East in SOGREAH's Department of Ex- ternal Relations. He was engineer in SOGREAH's Hydrology and Hydrography Sections, where he was responsible for in situ measurements to obtain the data required for port and coastal studies carried out by the Maritime Engineering Section. Before joining SOGREAH, Mr. Graff attended the French Navy's train- ing school for reserve officers and served as officer of the deck aboard French naval vessels. He also was Mate with the Compagnie Generate Maritime, serv- ing as deck officer aboard various ships. Mr. Graff received his diploma from the National Merchant Navy School in France in 1961 and received his Oceangoing Mate's license in 1963. PAUL LANE IVES, ,lR., is a state (Pennsylvania) and federally licensed marine pilot and a member of the Pilots' Association for the Bay and River Delaware. During the study, Captain Ives was President of the Association and Secretary-Treasurer of the American Pilots Association. He also holds a Coast Guard license as Master of Steam and Motor Vessels upon Bays, Sounds and Lakes. His Federal Communications Commission licenses are Radiotelephone Operator First Class with Ship Radar endorsement and Amateur Radio Operator. He previously held a private pilot's license for light aircraft. Captain Ives' long involvement with technological improvement of methods of pilotage includes the application of bridge-to-bridge radio communications, vessel traffic services, and computer-based real-time tide and current information for the Delaware Bay and River. Captain Ives is a member of the Board of Directors of the Radio Technical Commission for Marine Services and chaired the Joint Executive Com- mittee for the Improvement and Development of the Philadelphia Port Area. He received his B.A. in history and political science from the John Hopkins Univer- s~ty. WALTER PARKER is President, Parker Associates. He specializes in transportation, telecommunications, and regional planning and is experienced in both aviation and marine systems, as well as marine pilotage laws and customs. Mr. Parker was an evaluator for educational broadcasting use of satellite sys- tems, planned a long-distance education network for Alaska, and provided the
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BIOGRAPHIES 351 state with its first long-range telecommunications program. He wrote the envi- ronmental and technical stipulations for the proposed Northern Tier Pipeline for Washington State and proposed stipulations for the Northwest Gas Pipeline for the state of Alaska. He also was environmental consultant and technical staff director on the Aleyska Pipeline for the State of Alaska Pipeline Office. Prior to that, he completed a long career with the Federal Aviation Administration as Transportation Planning Officer. Mr. Parker's Federal Aviation Administration work included service as an air traffic controller, regional evaluation, regional planning, and systems requirements. He was Chairman of the Alaska Oil Spill Commission, Oil Tanker Task Force, and Alaska Telecommunications Work Group. He was U.S. Delegate to the 1976 United Nations Conference on Habitat. Mr. Parker is President of the Alaska Academy of Engineering and Sciences. He received his B.A. (History and Anthropology) from the University of Alaska, Fairbanks. He graduated from the Administrative Management Development Program, with majors in political science and public administration, at Syracuse University. Mr. Parker also completed graduate studies in economics at the Uni- versity of Puget Sound, Tacoma, and in Soviet maritime and fisheries policy at the Sino-Soviet Institute, The George Washington University. KARLENE H. ROBERTS is a Professor in the School of Business Admin- istration, University of California at Berkeley. She is also Research Psychologist with the Institute of Industrial Relations. Dr. Roberts teaches an M.B.A.-level course on the design and management of complex systems that have potential to cause catastrophic damage to themselves and their environments. Her research has focused on human-factors aspects of high-reliability-enhancing organiza- tions as they pertain to the U.S. Navy's nuclear powered aircraft carriers, the Federal Aviation Administration's air traffic control system, Pacific Gas and Electric Company's nuclear plant at Diablo Canyon, and human systems in com- mercial marine operations. She has also assisting in doctoral research into man- agement aspects of oil rig operations. She has published extensively on organi- zational behavior in hazardous operations, communications, and human performance. Dr. Roberts is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association and the Academy of Management. She received her B.A. from Stanford Univer- sity and earned her Ph.D. in Psychology from the University of California, Ber- keley. WILLIAM it. SCHRENK has been an attorney with the Natural Resources Defense Council since 1988. There, his work has focused on maritime activities, and includes legal analysis of pilotage laws. A member, Bar of the State of New York and Association of the Bar of the City of New York, Mr. Schrenk retired as a partner in the law firm of Lawyer, Cravath, Swaine and Moore in 1987. He was resident partner in Paris (1963-64) and London (1977-791. His practice was primarily in financial and corporate matters. Prior to entering private legal prac
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352 APPENDIX A lice, Mr. Schrenk was Executive Secretary, Study Committee for the European Movement, Cambridge, Massachusetts (1952-533; lawyer with the U.S. High Commission for Germany, Frankfurt and Bonn (1950-52~; and lawyer with the Economic Cooperation Administration in Washington, D.C. (1949-50~. He served as a naval officer from 1943~6 in the Pacific Theater. Mr. Schrenk received his B.S. from Case Institute of Technology and earned his J.D. from the University of Michigan Law School. FRANK SEITZ is a principal in and consultant with SimShip Corporation where he specializes in marine simulation training. He previously was a marine consultant with Marine Safety International, where he served as Senior Marine Advisor and Project Manager at the Computer Aided Operations Research Facil- ity at Kings Point, New York, prior to forming SimShip. Captain Seitz holds a Coast Guard Unlimited Masters license and endorsements as Federal First Class Pilot for New York Harbor, Lower and Upper Bay, Bahia de San Juan, Puerto Rico, Prince William Sound, and Port Valdez, Alaska. He also holds a commer- cial aviation pilot's license. Captain Seitz has extensive experience as captain of dry cargo, tanker, container, chemical carrier, and special purpose ships; naviga- tor experience aboard the passenger ship America; and was the original master of the very large crude carrier SS B.T. San Diego operating in the Trans-Alaska Pipeline Service. He was recalled to active service in 1987 to bring the first reflagged Kuwaiti tanker, ultra large crude carrier Bridgeton, into the Persian Gulf. Upon return from the Gulf, he designed and implemented an indoctrination course and manual for future U.S. masters of reflagged ships, and headed an advisory team, which conducted debriefings and advisory sessions before the National Security Council and Maritime Administrator. Captain Seitz previously was ship master for the Puget Sound tanker trials. He has served as chief instruc- tor for advanced shiphandling and readiness courses at the Computer Aided Operations Research Facility; the Maritime Training and Research Center in Toledo, Ohio; and the Marine Safety International Training Complex in New- port, Rhode Island. Captain Seitz has headed simulation research projects sup- porting harbor design, ships operations, and human factors, and participated in the Panama Canal Widening Study. He has published numerous articles and papers on topics including shipboard management, bridge team training, master- pilot relationships, bridge design, ship handling, and vessel-performance moni- toring. Captain Seitz received his B.S. from the U.S. Merchant Marine Acade- my. EUGENE F. SWEENEY is Senior Vice President with Hvide Shipping, where he also served as Vice President-Operations, with responsibilities for deep- sea and vessel operations, including all maintenance and repair activities, per- sonnel, training and safety functions, and vessel management. Mr. Sweeney holds a Coast Guard Unlimited Master license and has eighteen years of Naval Re
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BIOGRAPHIES 353 serve officer experience. Prior to joining Hvide Shipping, he completed a 17- year career with Texaco as Manager of Operations for the Texaco U.S. fleet. He also served as Superintendent of Safety and Training for Texaco's four interna- tional fleets and was Marine Superintendent for New England operations. He was president of the Chemical Carriers Association. Mr. Sweeney received his B.S. from the State University of New York Maritime College and his M.S. in marine transportation from the State University of New York. ARTHUR J. THOMAS is a state (California) and federally licensed ma- rine pilot; member of the San Francisco Bar Pilots Association; Vice President, Pacific Coast States, American Pilots Association; and West Coast Regional Vice President, International Association of Masters, Mates and Pilots. During the study, he was president of the San Francisco Bar Pilots Association. Captain Thomas holds Coast Guard licenses as Master, Oceans, Unlimited and First Class Pilot for San Francisco Bar, bays, and tributaries and a corresponding California Pilot license. He has sailed in all licensed deck-officer positions including Mas- ter. He also holds a Federal Aviation Administration license as Commercial Aircraft Pilot, multi-engine, land and sea, instrument rated. He is a member of the International Maritime Pilots Association International Technical Committee to the International Maritime Organization; Chairman, Harbor Safety Commit- tee, San Francisco Bay Region, California Department of Fish and Game, Office of Oil Spill Prevention and Response; and Chairman of the San Francisco State Pilot Commission's pilot training and evaluation committee. Earlier, Captain Thomas served as chairman of the Department of Transportation Harbor Safety Advisory Committee for the San Francisco area and was a member of the De- partment of Transportation's Rules of the Road Advisory Committee, where he chaired the Pilot Rules and Radiotelephone Working Groups. Previously, he served as marine superintendent and port captain for States Steamship Company and served as both master and chief officer on cargo ships. He served as chief officer aboard vessels operated by the Military Sea Transportation Service and Kaiser Gypsum Carriers and as deck officer aboard American President Lines vessels. Captain Thomas completed U.S. Naval Reserve service as Captain. He received his B.S. in Nautical Science and Astronomy from the California Mari- time Academy.
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