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List of Acronyms and Abbreviations


ADP

Adenine diphosphoribose

ANL

Acute nonlymphocytic leukemia

APA

Aerican Psychiatric Association

ATP

Adenosine triphosphate


BAL

British Anti-Lewisite, an antidote for Lewisite


CAG

Carcinogen Assessment Group of the Environmental Protection Agency

CAS

Chemical Abstracts Service

CBW

Chemical and biological warfare

CDC

Centers for Disease Control

CMR

Committee on Medical Research

COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Ct

Concentration multiplied by time, used to determine cumulative exposure

CTGC

Committee on the Treatment of Gas Casualties

CWS

Chemical Warfare Service


DAV

Disabled American Veterans

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid

DoA

Department of the Army

DoD

Department of Defense


EPA

Environmental Protection Agency


FEV1

Forced expiratory volume in 1 second

FOIA

Freedom of Information Act

FVC

Forced vital capacity


HCN

Hydrogen cyanide

HD

Distilled sulfur mustard; bis(2-chloroethyl) sulfide



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OCR for page 417
Veterans at Risk: The Health Effects of Mustard Gas and Lewisite List of Acronyms and Abbreviations ADP Adenine diphosphoribose ANL Acute nonlymphocytic leukemia APA Aerican Psychiatric Association ATP Adenosine triphosphate BAL British Anti-Lewisite, an antidote for Lewisite CAG Carcinogen Assessment Group of the Environmental Protection Agency CAS Chemical Abstracts Service CBW Chemical and biological warfare CDC Centers for Disease Control CMR Committee on Medical Research COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Ct Concentration multiplied by time, used to determine cumulative exposure CTGC Committee on the Treatment of Gas Casualties CWS Chemical Warfare Service DAV Disabled American Veterans DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid DoA Department of the Army DoD Department of Defense EPA Environmental Protection Agency FEV1 Forced expiratory volume in 1 second FOIA Freedom of Information Act FVC Forced vital capacity HCN Hydrogen cyanide HD Distilled sulfur mustard; bis(2-chloroethyl) sulfide

OCR for page 417
Veterans at Risk: The Health Effects of Mustard Gas and Lewisite HN2 Mechlorethamine, a nitrogen mustard HN3 Tris(ß-chloroethyl) methylamine, a nitrogen mustard hprt Gene locus coding for hypoxanthine phosphoribosyl transferase HS Sulfur mustard (British acronym for agent HD); bis(2- chloroethyl) sulfide HT Impure mixture of distilled sulfur mustard, stabilizer compound, and sulfur impurities IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer ICt50 Statistically estimated concentration over a period of time that would cause incapacitation to 50 percent of ex posed test subjects IOM Institute of Medicine IP Intraperitoneal IV Intravenous LCt50 Statistically estimated concentration over a period of time that would be lethal to 50 percent of test subjects; median lethal count LD50 Dose level that would be lethal to 50 percent of test subjects; median lethal dose MEDLARS Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System MeSH Medical Subject Headings MSH Melanocyte-stimulating hormone NAD Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide NAS National Academy of Sciences NDRC National Defense Research Committee NLM National Library of Medicine NOEL No observed effect level NRC National Research Council NRL Naval Research Laboratory NTIS National Technical Information Service NTP National Toxicology Program OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSRD Office of Scientific Research and Development PADPRP Poly-(adenosine diphosphateribose) polymerase PBB Polybrominated biphenyl PF Protection factor PTSD Post-traumatic stress disorder RADS Reactive airways disfunction syndrome RASH Rapid screening of hazard RNA Ribonucleic acid SCE Sister chromatid exchange SIPRI Stockholm International Peace Research Institute SM Sulfur mustard

OCR for page 417
Veterans at Risk: The Health Effects of Mustard Gas and Lewisite SMR Standardized mortality ratio TD50 Statistically estimated dose that would produce a toxic effect in 50 percent of test subjects; median toxic dose TDI Toluene diisocyanate TMI Three Mile Island USUHS Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences UV Ultraviolet light UVB Region in the ultraviolet spectrum VA Department of Veterans Affairs WHO World Health Organization WWI World War I WWII World War II

OCR for page 417
Veterans at Risk: The Health Effects of Mustard Gas and Lewisite This page in the original is blank.