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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration B Global Change Projects Listed by the National Natural Science Foundation of China1 INTERNATIONAL GLOBAL ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY PROJECT General Projects2 Study of the variations of the atmospheric ozone (O3) layer, Wei Dingwen, principal investigator (PI), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) Institute of Atmospheric Physics (1990–1992) Remote sensing and numerical simulation of atmospheric O3, Wang Guiqin, PI, Peking University (1990–1991) Study of the measurement of stratospheric O3 distribution with LIDAR, Hu Huanling, PI, CAS Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (1990–1992) Study and simulation of the interaction of O3 and general circulation, Chen Yuejuan, PI, CAS University of Science and Technology of China (1991–1993) Study of methane (CH4) flux in a rice-growing area with vertical gradient method, Ki Xingsheng, PI, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences (CAMS) (1989–1990) Analysis of the background data of Chinese dust storm formation and transportation, Ma Peimin, PI, CAMS (1989–1990) Preliminary study of the impact of increased carbon dioxide (CO2) on grain production in China, Deng Genyun, PI, Beijing
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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration Municipal Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences (1989–1991) Influence of Chinese vegetation on the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere, Xu Songling, PI, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences (RCEES) (1991–1993) Model of CO2 exchange on various forest ecotypes in the southern subtropical zone, Sun Guchou, PI, CAS South China Institute of Botany (1990–1992) A program of cooperative research on atmospheric chemistry between China and the United States consists of four subjects: (1) site selection for a continental baseline station in China through joint air sampling in order to establish a continental baseline station for longterm monitoring of gases and aerosols on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau; (2) joint planning and participation in the Global Tropospheric Experiment Pacific Exploratory Mission in order to investigate the atmospheric budgets and photochemistry of trace gases and aerosols in the atmosphere over China and over the Pacific; (3) measurement of greenhouse gas fluxes in China, such as CH4, nitrogen oxides, and other radiatively or chemically important species; and (4) development and application of regional and global models of atmospheric chemistry and research on related effects on environment and climate. PAST GLOBAL CHANGES PROJECTS General Projects What changes have already occurred: the scales and scaling law of global change, Liu Shida, PI, Peking University (1992–1993) Study of the interannual variability of the East Asian summer monsoon and the annual prediction of rainfall in China and typhoon frequency, Chen Lieting, PI, CAS Institute of Atmospheric Physics (1987–1989) Recent trends and regional differentiation of snow variation in western China, Li Peiji, PI, CAS Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology (1989–1991) Study of dynamic change in the environment of Nanjing and western Zhejiang based on contents of chemical elements in tree rings, Qian Junlong, PI, CAS Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology (1991–1993) Study of the historical evolution of life-supporting environment in China during the past 2,000 years.
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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration Chronological table of climate disasters in Chinese history, Zhou Yinlin, PI, Fudan University (1991–1992) Establishment of a climate series for the last 2,000 years in south China, Chen Shixun, PI, Zhongshan University (1987–1989) Climate-environmental records covering the last 2,000 years by using an ice core from the Dunde ice cap in the Qilianshan Mountains, Xiao Lingmu, PI, CAS Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology (1987–1989) Evolution of agricultural regions and the agroecological environment in Yellow River Valley, Shi Nianhai, PI, Shaanxi Normal University (1991–1993) Geochemical study of sedimentary records during the past 200 years and on setting particles [sic] at all seasons in plateau lakes, Wan Guojiang, PI, CAS Guiyang Institute of Geochemistry (1991–1993) Study of indicative factors for ecological environments of red corals (Corallium), Zou Renlin, PI, CAS South China Sea Institute of Oceanology (1991–1992) Exploration of water temperature variability low of South China Sea [sic] in the past 100 years by means of reef coral growth rate studies, Nie Baofu, PI, CAS South China Sea Institute of Oceanology (1991–1993) Quantitative study of the synoptic-climate characteristics and reconstruction of climate series for the last 1,000 years in China, Zhang De'er, PI, CAMS (1991–1993) Study of the historical evolution of the life-supporting environment in China during the glacial-interglacial cycles in the Late Quaternary Period Evolution of Quaternary glaciers and climate change in the western Kunlunshan Mountains, Zheng Benxing, PI, CAS Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology (1988–1990) Climate and environmental study of ice cores from Tibet, Yao Tandong, PI, CAS Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology (1990–1992) Environmental evolution in forest and grassland areas of northeast China during the last 10,000 or 20,000 years, Sun Xiangjun, PI, CAS Institute of Botany (1987–1990) Environmental evolution of the transitional agriculture-animal husbandry zone in north China in the Holocene Epoch, Zou Tingru, PI, Geography Department, Beijing Normal University (1988–1990) Changes in the Holocene environment and the evolution of
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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration human civilizations in northern and western China, Ying Jonsheng, PI, CAS Institute of Geography (1988–1990) Environmental evolution during the Holocene Epoch around Daqingshan, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Cui Haiting, PI, Peking University (1988–1991) Modern changes and measures of the ancient geographic environment in northern Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, Han Shuti, PI, Geography Department, Xinjiang University (1988–1990) Late Pleistocene environmental history in the east central area of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, Liu Tungsheng, PI, CAS Institute of Geology (1988–1990) Paleoclimatology and chronology of the Loess Plateau, An Zhisheng, PI, CAS Xi'an Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology (1988–1990) Migration of the transitional zone between desert and loess areas in Erdosi and its climate changes during the last 1,500 years, An Zhisheng, PI, CAS Xi'an Laboratory of Loess Quaternary Geology (1990–1992) Study of paleo-oceanography in the western Pacific Ocean since 150,000 years before present, Cang Shuxi, PI, CAS Qingdao Institute of Oceanology (1988–1990) Comparative study of Quaternary paleo-oceanographic events in the South China Sea and its application, Ye Zhizheng, PI, Institute of Oceanographic Geology, Ministry of Geology and Mineral Resources (1989–1991) Climate change during the last deglaciation: records in the China Sea, Wang Pinxian, PI, Tongji University (1991–1992) Study of desertization and derivate [sic] sediments of the Yellow Sea during the last stage of Late Pleistocene Epoch, Zhao Songling, PI, CAS Qingdao Institute of Oceanology (1991–1993) Study of paleomagnetism and their correlation [sic] from Speleothems collected in China, Liu Yuyan, PI, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan) (1991–1993) Study of the secular variation on magnetic field effects on paleoclimate change, Su Weimin, PI, CAS Qingdao Institute of Oceanology (1991–1994) Paleolimnological study of the limestone district in central Yunnan Province, Song Xueliang, PI, Yunnan Institute of Geological Science (1987–1988) Study of environment changes in the Holocene Epoch and the existing environment in the future [sic] on the Nuo Ergai Plateau, Wang Fubao, PI, Nanjing University (1991–1992)
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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration Study of paleoclimate by isotopic dating and temperature determination in the past 100,000 years in Fujian, Hing Ashi, PI, State Oceanographic Administration (SOA) Third Institute of Oceanography (1990–1992) Key Projects Evolution of natural environment in the northeast Qinghai-Tibet Plateau during the Late Quaternary Period Major Projects Study of the changing trends in the life-supporting environment in the coming 20 to 50 years in China (a national key project), Ye Duzheng, CAS Institute of Atmospheric Physics (1991–1995) Dynamic processes and environmental changes since 15,000 before present along a corridor from Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region to the Yellow Sea Continental Shelf BIOSPHERIC ASPECTS OF THE HYDROLOGICAL CYCLE PROJECTS Major Projects Investigation of land-atmosphere interaction in Heihe Region, Gansu Province (HEIFE) (1987–1994) Study of water-saving agriculture on the North China Plain (1992-) LAND-OCEAN INTERACTIONS IN THE COASTAL ZONE PROJECTS General Projects Research on the relation between sea-level change and near sea continental motion, Zhang Chijun, PI, CAS Institute of Geodesy and Geophysics (1991–1993) Effects of sea-level change on the environment and economy in the Pearl River Delta, Huang Zhenguo, PI, Guangzhou Institute of Geography (1989–1990) Study of a geographical database with shoreline as a baseline, Zhang Jin, PI, CAS Institute of Geography (1989–1990)
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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration Environmental evolution of the Guangdong coastal region since the Middle Holocene Epoch and its influence on development, Li Pingri, PI, Guangzhou Institute of Geography (1987–1989) Recent sea-level changes in China and their effects on the deltas of the Yellow, Yangtze, and Pearl Rivers, Ren Mei-e, PI, Nanjing University (1990–1992) Comparisons of environmental change in coastal areas of South China with those of California during the Middle and Late Holocene Epoch, Li Pingri, PI, Guangzhou Institute of Geography (1990–1992) Changes of sea level and their influence on the Yangtze River Delta, Wang Baocan, PI, East China Normal University (1987–1989) JOINT GLOBAL OCEAN FLUX STUDY PROJECTS General Projects Observations and statistical analysis of the oceanic whitecap coverage, Chen Junchang, PI, CAS South China Sea Institute of Oceanology (1991–1993) Moist flux over the sea in high winds, Qian Zhengxu, PI, CAS Qingdao Institute of Oceanology (1987–1989) Wave dynamics in the microwave spectrum range and the strong exchange on the sea surface, Yuan Yeli, PI, SOA First Institute of Oceanography (1988–1990) Study of dynamic mechanics of the Kuroshio and atmosphere circulation and their interrelation, Qin Zenghao, PI, Qingdao Ocean University (1989–1991) Key Projects Marine flux in a typical area within the Continental Shelf of China (pending) Major Projects Preliminary study of sea-level and climate changes in China and their trends and impacts, Shi Yafeng, PI, CAS Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology (1987–1991)
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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration HUMAN DIMENSIONS OF GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE PROGRAM PROJECTS General Projects Comprehensive survey of China's population, resources, society, environment, and ecology, Ma Bin, PI, Institute 701, Ministry of Aviation and Spaceflight (1990–1993) Study of the mechanism of transforming waterlogged land to three-dimensional dike-pond system, Zhong Gongfu, PI, Guangzhou Institute of Geography (1989–1991) Economic development and environment evolution law [sic] oases, Huang Shengzhang, PI, CAS Institute of Geography (1988–1990) Research on the structure, function, and optimization of the natural-social-economic compound system of the Beijing-Tianjin region, He Shanyu, PI, CAS Institute of Automation (1988–1990) Research on the optimization models of economic development and environmental capacity in the Urumqi region, Xie Xiangfang, PI, CAS Xinjiang Institute of Geography (1989–1990) Research on the situation of global natural resources and condition analysis [sic] of China, Li Wenhua, PI, Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resources (CISNAR) (1990–1992) Research on water resource utilization structure and models in the Bohai coastal zone (including Liaodong and Shangdong Peninsulas), Cheng Tianwen, PI, CAS Institute of Geography, (1990–1992) Mechanisms of controlling and coordinating of human-land system and patterns of regional development, Mao Handing, PI, CAS Institute of Geography (1991–1993) NOTES 1. From a paper by Zhang Zhifei, ''Strengthening Coordination for More Effective Funding for IGBP,'' presented at the IGBP Regional Meeting for Asia, February 1991. [This list is not comprehensive of all global change research being undertaken nor of the research described in this report.] 2. NSFC projects are divided into three categories: general, key, and major. General projects receive relatively small grants, and awards deliberately support the widest range possible of ideas, people, and geographical location. General projects usually receive between 60,000 ($11,000) and 70,000 ($12,700) yuan over 3 years. Key projects are selected from the general pool of applications for their academic significance and for their potential applications. Key project funding is usually between 500,000 ($91,000) and 700,000 ($127,000) yuan for 3 years. Major projects are comprehensive topics selected for their importance to the development of science and to Chinese economic development goals. Funding levels begin at 2 million yuan ($364,000) for 5 years.
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