TABLE B–1 Estimating the Energy Value (kcal/kg dry matter) of Feed Ingredients from Proximate Composition (components as percentage of ingredient unless otherwise noted)

Ingredient

Prediction Equation

Reference

Cereal grains and milling by-products

Corn grain

MEn = 36.21 × CP + 85.44 × EE + 37.26 × NFE

Janssen, 1989

Sorghum (tannin <0.4%)

MEn = 31.02 × CP + 77.03 × EE + 37.67 × NFE

Janssen, 1989

Sorghum (tannin >1.0%)

MEn = 21.98 × CP + 54.75 × EE + 35.18 × NFE

Janssen, 1989

Sorghum

ME = 3,152 - 357.79 × tannic acid

Gous et al., 1982

Sorghum

MEn = 38.55 × DM - 394.59 × tannic acid

Janssen, 1989

Sorghum

ME = 3,062 + 887 × CF - 202.5 × (CF)2

Moir and Connor, 1977

Sorghum

ME = 4,412 - 90.34 × ADF

Moir and Connor, 1977

Sorghum

ME = 3,773 + 65.73 × APF - 3.272 × (APF)2

Moir and Connor, 1977

Triticale

MEn = 34.49 × CP + 62.16 × EE + 35.61 × NFE

Janssen, 1989

Wheat

MEn = 34.92 × CP + 63.1 × EE + 36.42 × NFE

Janssen, 1989

Polished rice, rice polishings

MEn = 46.7 × DM - 46.7 × ash - 69.55 × CP + 42.95 × EE - 81.95 × CF

Janssen, 1989

Rice bran, solvent extracted

MEn = 46.7 × DM - 46.7 × ash - 69.54 × CP + 42.94 × EE - 81.95 × CF

Janssen, 1989

Rice products

MEn = 4,759 - 88.6 × CP - 127.7 × CF + 52.1 × EE

Janssen et al., 1979

Bakery by-product

MEn = 34.49 × CP + 76.1 × EE + 37.67 × NFE

Janssen, 1989

Dried bakery products

TMEn = 4,340 - 100 × CF - 40 × ash - 30 × CP + 10 × EE

Dale et al., 1990

Wheat middlings, wheat bran

MEn = 40.1 × DM - 40.1 × ash - 165.39 × CF

Janssen, 1989

Wheat and wheat products (feeds in meal form)

MEn = 3,985 - 205 × CF

Janssen et al., 1979

Wheat and wheat products (feeds in pellet form)

MEn = 3,926 - 181 × CF

Janssen et al., 1979

Barley and barley products

MEn = 3,078 - 90.4 × CF + 9.2 × STA

Janssen et al., 1979

Oats and oat products

MEn = 2,970 - 59.7 × CF + 116.9 × EE

Janssen et al., 1979

Starch industry by-products

Corn wet-milling by-products

MEn = 4,240 - 34.4 × CP - 159.6 × CF + 13.5 × EE

Janssen et al., 1979

Corn gluten meal (65% crude protein)

MEn = 40.94 × CP + 88.17 × EE + 33.13 × NFE

Janssen, 1989

Corn gluten meal (40% crude protein)

MEn = 36.64 × CP + 73.3 × EE + 25.67 × NFE

Janssen, 1989

Corn gluten feed (20% crude protein)

MEn = 42.35 × DM - 42.35 × ash - 23.74 × CP + 28.03 × EE - 165.72 × CF

Janssen, 1989

Sugar industry products

Beet or cane molasses

MEn = 40.01 × SUG

Janssen, 1989

Sugar

MEn = 38.96 × SUG

Janssen, 1989

Distillers by-products

Brewer's dried grains, corn distillers' dried solubles, corn distillers' dried grains, corn distillers' dried grains plus solubles

MEn = 39.15 × DM - 39.15 × ash - 9.72 × CP - 63.81 × CF

Janssen, 1989

Yeast, torula

MEn = 34.06 × CP + 40.82 × EE + 26.91 × NFE

Janssen, 1989

Dried roots

Sweet potatoes (dried)

MEn = 8.62 × CP + 50.12 × EE + 37.67 × NFE

Janssen, 1989

Tapioca meal (e.g., cassava)

MEn = 39.14 × DM - 39.14 × ash - 82.78 × CF

Janssen, 1989

Tapioca meal (e.g., cassava)

MEn = 4,054 - 43.4 × ash - 103 × CF

Janssen et al., 1979

Oilseeds, oilseed meals, and by-products

Cottonseed meal, expeller or solvent

MEn = 21.26 × DM + 47.13 × EE - 30.85 × CF

Janssen, 1989

Cottonseed products

MEn = 2,153 - 31.8 × CF + 43.5 × EE

Janssen et al., 1979

Peanut meal, expeller or solvent

MEn = 29.68 × DM + 60.95 × EE - 60.87 × CF

Janssen, 1989

Peanut products

MEn = 3,072 - 39.1 × ash - 47.6 × CF + 63.7 × EE

Janssen et al., 1979

Rapeseed meal, solvent, high glucose

MEn = 29.73 × CP + 46.39 × EE + 7.87 × NFE

Janssen, 1989

Rapeseed meal, solvent, double zero

MEn = 32.76 × CP + 64.96 × EE + 13.24 × NFE

Janssen, 1989

Soybean meal, expeller

MEn = 37.5 × CP + 70.52 × EE + 14.9 × NFE

Janssen, 1989

Soybean meal, solvent

MEn = 37.5 × CP + 46.39 × EE + 14.9 × NFE

Janssen, 1989

Soybean meal (solvent or expeller process)

MEn = 2,702 - 57.4 × CF + 72.0 × EE

Janssen et al., 1979

Soybeans, heat treated, meal

MEn = 36.63 × CP + 77.96 × EE + 19.87 × NFE

Janssen, 1989

Soybeans, heat treated, pellet

MEn = 38.79 × CP + 87.24 × EE + 18.22 × NFE

Janssen, 1989

Full-fat soybeans (feeds in meal form)

MEn = 2,769 - 59.1 × CF + 62.1 × EE

Janssen et al., 1979

Full-fat soybeans (feeds in pellet form)

MEn = 2,636 - 55.7 × CF + 82.5 × EE

Janssen et al., 1979

Sunflower seeds, unextracted

MEn = 36.64 × CP + 89.07 × EE + 4.97 × NFE

Janssen, 1989

Sunflower products

MEn = 3,999 - 189 × ash - 58.5 × CF + 59.5 × EE

Janssen et al., 1979

Sunflower, expeller, with hulls

MEn = 26.7 × DM + 77.2 × EE - 51.22 × CF

Janssen, 1989

Sunflower, expeller or solvent, decorticated

MEn = 6.28 × DM - 6.28 × ash + 25.38 × CP 62.62 × EE

Janssen, 1989



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Nutrient Requirements of Poultry: Ninth Revised Edition, 1994 TABLE B–1 Estimating the Energy Value (kcal/kg dry matter) of Feed Ingredients from Proximate Composition (components as percentage of ingredient unless otherwise noted) Ingredient Prediction Equation Reference Cereal grains and milling by-products Corn grain MEn = 36.21 × CP + 85.44 × EE + 37.26 × NFE Janssen, 1989 Sorghum (tannin <0.4%) MEn = 31.02 × CP + 77.03 × EE + 37.67 × NFE Janssen, 1989 Sorghum (tannin >1.0%) MEn = 21.98 × CP + 54.75 × EE + 35.18 × NFE Janssen, 1989 Sorghum ME = 3,152 - 357.79 × tannic acid Gous et al., 1982 Sorghum MEn = 38.55 × DM - 394.59 × tannic acid Janssen, 1989 Sorghum ME = 3,062 + 887 × CF - 202.5 × (CF)2 Moir and Connor, 1977 Sorghum ME = 4,412 - 90.34 × ADF Moir and Connor, 1977 Sorghum ME = 3,773 + 65.73 × APF - 3.272 × (APF)2 Moir and Connor, 1977 Triticale MEn = 34.49 × CP + 62.16 × EE + 35.61 × NFE Janssen, 1989 Wheat MEn = 34.92 × CP + 63.1 × EE + 36.42 × NFE Janssen, 1989 Polished rice, rice polishings MEn = 46.7 × DM - 46.7 × ash - 69.55 × CP + 42.95 × EE - 81.95 × CF Janssen, 1989 Rice bran, solvent extracted MEn = 46.7 × DM - 46.7 × ash - 69.54 × CP + 42.94 × EE - 81.95 × CF Janssen, 1989 Rice products MEn = 4,759 - 88.6 × CP - 127.7 × CF + 52.1 × EE Janssen et al., 1979 Bakery by-product MEn = 34.49 × CP + 76.1 × EE + 37.67 × NFE Janssen, 1989 Dried bakery products TMEn = 4,340 - 100 × CF - 40 × ash - 30 × CP + 10 × EE Dale et al., 1990 Wheat middlings, wheat bran MEn = 40.1 × DM - 40.1 × ash - 165.39 × CF Janssen, 1989 Wheat and wheat products (feeds in meal form) MEn = 3,985 - 205 × CF Janssen et al., 1979 Wheat and wheat products (feeds in pellet form) MEn = 3,926 - 181 × CF Janssen et al., 1979 Barley and barley products MEn = 3,078 - 90.4 × CF + 9.2 × STA Janssen et al., 1979 Oats and oat products MEn = 2,970 - 59.7 × CF + 116.9 × EE Janssen et al., 1979 Starch industry by-products Corn wet-milling by-products MEn = 4,240 - 34.4 × CP - 159.6 × CF + 13.5 × EE Janssen et al., 1979 Corn gluten meal (65% crude protein) MEn = 40.94 × CP + 88.17 × EE + 33.13 × NFE Janssen, 1989 Corn gluten meal (40% crude protein) MEn = 36.64 × CP + 73.3 × EE + 25.67 × NFE Janssen, 1989 Corn gluten feed (20% crude protein) MEn = 42.35 × DM - 42.35 × ash - 23.74 × CP + 28.03 × EE - 165.72 × CF Janssen, 1989 Sugar industry products Beet or cane molasses MEn = 40.01 × SUG Janssen, 1989 Sugar MEn = 38.96 × SUG Janssen, 1989 Distillers by-products Brewer's dried grains, corn distillers' dried solubles, corn distillers' dried grains, corn distillers' dried grains plus solubles MEn = 39.15 × DM - 39.15 × ash - 9.72 × CP - 63.81 × CF Janssen, 1989 Yeast, torula MEn = 34.06 × CP + 40.82 × EE + 26.91 × NFE Janssen, 1989 Dried roots Sweet potatoes (dried) MEn = 8.62 × CP + 50.12 × EE + 37.67 × NFE Janssen, 1989 Tapioca meal (e.g., cassava) MEn = 39.14 × DM - 39.14 × ash - 82.78 × CF Janssen, 1989 Tapioca meal (e.g., cassava) MEn = 4,054 - 43.4 × ash - 103 × CF Janssen et al., 1979 Oilseeds, oilseed meals, and by-products Cottonseed meal, expeller or solvent MEn = 21.26 × DM + 47.13 × EE - 30.85 × CF Janssen, 1989 Cottonseed products MEn = 2,153 - 31.8 × CF + 43.5 × EE Janssen et al., 1979 Peanut meal, expeller or solvent MEn = 29.68 × DM + 60.95 × EE - 60.87 × CF Janssen, 1989 Peanut products MEn = 3,072 - 39.1 × ash - 47.6 × CF + 63.7 × EE Janssen et al., 1979 Rapeseed meal, solvent, high glucose MEn = 29.73 × CP + 46.39 × EE + 7.87 × NFE Janssen, 1989 Rapeseed meal, solvent, double zero MEn = 32.76 × CP + 64.96 × EE + 13.24 × NFE Janssen, 1989 Soybean meal, expeller MEn = 37.5 × CP + 70.52 × EE + 14.9 × NFE Janssen, 1989 Soybean meal, solvent MEn = 37.5 × CP + 46.39 × EE + 14.9 × NFE Janssen, 1989 Soybean meal (solvent or expeller process) MEn = 2,702 - 57.4 × CF + 72.0 × EE Janssen et al., 1979 Soybeans, heat treated, meal MEn = 36.63 × CP + 77.96 × EE + 19.87 × NFE Janssen, 1989 Soybeans, heat treated, pellet MEn = 38.79 × CP + 87.24 × EE + 18.22 × NFE Janssen, 1989 Full-fat soybeans (feeds in meal form) MEn = 2,769 - 59.1 × CF + 62.1 × EE Janssen et al., 1979 Full-fat soybeans (feeds in pellet form) MEn = 2,636 - 55.7 × CF + 82.5 × EE Janssen et al., 1979 Sunflower seeds, unextracted MEn = 36.64 × CP + 89.07 × EE + 4.97 × NFE Janssen, 1989 Sunflower products MEn = 3,999 - 189 × ash - 58.5 × CF + 59.5 × EE Janssen et al., 1979 Sunflower, expeller, with hulls MEn = 26.7 × DM + 77.2 × EE - 51.22 × CF Janssen, 1989 Sunflower, expeller or solvent, decorticated MEn = 6.28 × DM - 6.28 × ash + 25.38 × CP 62.62 × EE Janssen, 1989