Acronyms and Abbreviations


AAAS

American Association for the Advancement of Science

AFHS

Air Force Health Study

AFIP

Armed Forces Institute of Pathology

AHH

aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase

AIDS

acquired immune deficiency syndrome

ALA

δ-aminolevulinic acid

ALL

acute lymphocytic leukemia

ALS

Assembly of Life Sciences

ALT

alanine aminotransferase

AML

acute myeloid leukemia

AOS

Agent Orange Study

AOVI

Agent Orange Victims International

AOVS

Agent Orange Validation Study

AOWG

Agent Orange Working Group

AST

aspartate aminotransferase


BIRLS

Beneficiary Identification and Record Locator Subsystem (DVA)

BLS

Bureau of Labor Statistics


°C

degree Celsius

CAS

Chemical Abstracts Service

CCR

Cancer Control Region



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OCR for page 784
Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam Acronyms and Abbreviations AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science AFHS Air Force Health Study AFIP Armed Forces Institute of Pathology AHH aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome ALA δ-aminolevulinic acid ALL acute lymphocytic leukemia ALS Assembly of Life Sciences ALT alanine aminotransferase AML acute myeloid leukemia AOS Agent Orange Study AOVI Agent Orange Victims International AOVS Agent Orange Validation Study AOWG Agent Orange Working Group AST aspartate aminotransferase BIRLS Beneficiary Identification and Record Locator Subsystem (DVA) BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics °C degree Celsius CAS Chemical Abstracts Service CCR Cancer Control Region

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Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam CDC Centers for Disease Control (now Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) CER Cancer Environment Registry (Sweden) CFR Code of Federal Regulations CI confidence interval CLL chronic lymphocytic leukemia CLS Commission on Life Sciences cm centimeter CML chronic myeloid leukemia CNS central nervous system COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease CP chlorophenol CSM cerebrospinal malformation CTL cytotoxic T lymphocyte 2,3-D 2,3-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid 2,4-D 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid DMSO dimethyl sulfoxide DMZ Demilitarized Zone DOD Department of Defense DRE dioxin-responsive enhancer DTH delayed-type hypersensitivity DVA Department of Veterans Affairs (formerly the Veterans Administration) EAS Environmental Agents Service EBV Epstein-Barr virus ECOD ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase EEG electroencephalography EES Environmental Epidemiology Service EGF epidermal growth factor EHAC Veterans' Advisory Committee on Environmental Hazards EKG electrocardiogram EMG electromyography EOI exposure opportunity index EPA Environmental Protection Agency EROD ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase ESG Joint Services Environmental Support Group FEF forced expiratory flow FEV forced expiratory volume FT4 free thyroxine FVC forced vital capacity

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Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam GAO General Accounting Office GBDS General Birth Defects Study GGT gamma-glutamyltransferase GI gastrointestinal HAC Herbicide Assessment Commission HAH halogenated aromatic hydrocarbon HCB hexachlorobenzene HD Hodgkin's disease HDL high-density lipoprotein HIV human immunodeficiency virus H/OCDD hexa- to octachlorodibenzodioxin H.R. House resolution IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer ICD International Classification of Diseases Ig immunoglobulin IOM Institute of Medicine i.p. intraperitoneal IRS Internal Revenue Service IUGR intrauterine growth retardation JEM job exposure matrix kd kilodalton (103 daltons) kg kilogram (103 grams) km kilometer (103 meters) LDL low-density lipoprotein m meter m2 square meter m3 cubic meter MACDP Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program MACV U.S. Military Assistance Command, Vietnam MCDF 6-methyl-1,3,8-trichlorodibenzofuran MCPA 2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid MCPP 2-(4-chloro-2-methylphenoxy)propanoic acid MDL multidistrict litigation MEDLARS Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System MeSH Medical Subject Headings (National Library of Medicine) MFO mixed-function oxidase mg milligram (10-3 gram)

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Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam min minute (time) ml milliliters MM multiple myeloma MMPI Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory mol mole MOR mortality odds ratio MPTP 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine MRI Midwest Research Institute MTD maximum tolerated dose MWD military working dog MWMS men without known military service µg microgram (10-6 gram) µl microliter (10-6 liter) µmol micromole (10-6 mole) NAD nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide NAS National Academy of Sciences NaTCP sodium trichlorophenol NEPACCO Northeast Pharmaceutical and Chemical Corporation ng nanogram (10-9 gram) NHL non-Hodgkin's lymphoma NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NLM National Library of Medicine nM nanomolar (10-9 molar) nmol nanomole (10-9 mole) NRC National Research Council NSAID nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug NSVG National Survey of the Vietnam Generation NTP National Toxicology Program NVV non-Vietnam veteran OCDD octachlorodibenzodioxin OTA Office of Technology Assessment PBB polybrominated biphenyl PCB polychlorinated biphenyl PCDD polychlorinated dibenzodioxin PCT porphyria cutanea tarda PEPCK phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase pg picogram (10-12 gram) PH phenoxy acid herbicide PMN polymorphonuclear neutrophil pmol picomole (10-12 mole)

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Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam PMR proportionate mortality ratio PNS peripheral nervous system ppb parts per billion ppm parts per million ppt parts per trillion pre-SEA pre-Southeast Asia PRR prevalence risk ratio PTD preterm delivery PTF Patient Treatment File (Veterans Administration) PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder RH Ranch Hand RR relative risk rt3 reverse triiodothyronine S. Senate SCL-90 Self-Report Symptom Inventory-Revised-90 SCS Selected Cancers Study SES socioeconomic status SIR standardized incidence ratio SLE systemic lupus erythematosus SMbR standardized morbidity ratio SMR standardized mortality ratio SRBC sheep red blood cell SRR standardized rate ratio SSA Social Security Administration STS soft tissue sarcoma 2,4,5-T 2,3,4-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid T3 triiodothyronine T4 thyroxine TBDD 2,3,7,8-tetrabromodibenzo-para-dioxin TCDD 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-para-dioxin TCP trichlorophenol TGF-α transforming growth factor-α TMAO trimethylarsine oxide TNF tumor necrosis factor TSH thyroid-stimulating hormone TT3 total triiodothyronine TT4 total thyroxine UDPGT uridine 5' -diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase UROD uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase

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Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam USAF U.S. Air Force USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture UTM Universal Transverse Mercator VA Veterans Administration VDL very low-density lipoprotein VES Vietnam Experience Study VV Vietnam veterans VVAOHS Vietnam Veteran Agent Orange Health Study WAIS Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale