Biographical Memoirs

NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES



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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 62 Biographical Memoirs NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 62 This page in the original is blank.

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 62 NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Biographical Memoirs VOLUME 62 NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS WASHINGTON, D.C. 1993

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 62 The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by Act of Congress as a private, nonprofit, self-governing membership corporation for the furtherance of science and technology, required to advise the federal government upon request within its fields of competence. Under its corporate charter the Academy established the National Research Council in 1916, the National Academy of Engineering in 1964, and the Institute of Medicine in 1970. INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER 0-309-04782-X LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOG CARD NUMBER 5-26629 Available from NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS  2101 CONSTITUTION AVENUE, N.W. WASHINGTON, D.C. 20418 PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 62 CONTENTS     PREFACE   ix     GEORGE FREDERIC BARKER BY EDGAR F. SMITH   3     WILLIAM BLOOM BY RONALD SINGER   17     JOHN NATHANIEL COUCH BY PAUL J. SZANISZLO   39     MAX LUDWIG HENNING DELBRÜCK BY WILLIAM HAYES   67     MICHAEL DOUDOROFF BY H. A. BARKER   119     HERBERT FRIEDMANN BY S. DILLON RIPLEY   143

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 62     JACOB FURTH BY SIDNEY WEINHOUSE AND JOHN F. FURTH   167     JOY PAUL GUILFORD BY ANDREW L. COMREY   199     JOEL HENRY HILDEBRAND BY KENNETH S. PITZER   225     GERARD PETER KUIPER BY DALE P. CRUIKSHANK   259     LEONARD AMBY MAYNARD BY DAPHNE A. ROE   297     I. I. RABI BY NORMAN F. RAMSEY   311     RICHARD BROOKE ROBERTS BY ROY J. BRITTEN   327     KENNETH DAVID ROEDER BY V. G. DETHIER   351     FRANZ SCHRADER BY KENNETH W. COOPER   369     WILLIAM SMITH TILLETT BY H. SHERWOOD LAWRENCE   383     MAURICE BOLKS VISSCHER BY HORACE W. DAVENPORT   415

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 62     ROBERT WILLIAMS WOOD BY G. H. DIEKE   441     DON MERLIN LEE YOST BY JOHN S. WAUGH   467     CUMULATIVE INDEX   485

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 62 This page in the original is blank.

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 62 PREFACE On March 3, 1863, Abraham Lincoln signed the Act of Incorporation that brought the National Academy of Sciences into being. In accordance with that original charter, the Academy is a private, honorary organization of scientists, elected for outstanding contributions to knowledge, who can be called upon to advise the federal government. As an institution the Academy's goal is to work toward increasing scientific knowledge and to further the use of that knowledge for the general good. The Biographical Memoirs, begun in 1877, are a series of volumes containing the life histories and selected bibliographies of deceased members of the Academy. Colleagues familiar with the discipline and the subject's work prepare the essays. These volumes, then, contain a record of the life and work of our most distinguished leaders in the sciences, as witnessed and interpreted by their colleagues and peers. They form a biographical history of science in America—an important part of our nation's contribution to the intellectual heritage of the world. PETER H. RAVEN  Home Secretary

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