PERSONS INVOLVED IN THE STUDY

To assess the status of environmental research, the committee held a public meeting where it received both oral and written testimony. We also invited persons from the public and private sector to share their views with the committee at its meetings. Persons who assisted us in this way are listed as presenters in the list that follows. Many people were in attendance at parts of our meetings open to the public. They are listed under the heading of attendees. Lastly, we briefed and consulted with several members of Congress and others. They are listed under the heading briefings and consultations. We thank all who helped the committee in its work.



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Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment PERSONS INVOLVED IN THE STUDY To assess the status of environmental research, the committee held a public meeting where it received both oral and written testimony. We also invited persons from the public and private sector to share their views with the committee at its meetings. Persons who assisted us in this way are listed as presenters in the list that follows. Many people were in attendance at parts of our meetings open to the public. They are listed under the heading of attendees. Lastly, we briefed and consulted with several members of Congress and others. They are listed under the heading briefings and consultations. We thank all who helped the committee in its work.

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Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment PRESENTERS Ira Adelman, President, National Association University Fish and Wildlife Programs *Braden R. Allenby, Senior Attorney, AT&T William Anderson, Executive Director, American Academy of Environmental Engineers Mary Anne Ottinger, Secretary, American Society of Zoologists Jesse Ausubel, Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government C. Robert Baillod, President, Association of Environmental Engineering Professors *Daryl Banks, NY Department of Environmental Conservation Doug Bannerman, Environmental Consultant, National Electric Manufacturing Association George Barnes, Jr., Chairman, Water Environmental Federal Research Foundation *Robert Barnes, American Society of Agronomy, Gordon Bellen, Chairman, American Chemical Society Norman Berg, Washington Representative, Soil and Water Conservation Society David Blockstein, Executive Director, Committee for the National Institutes for the Environment/American Ornithologists' Union Brian Boom, Vice President of Botanical Science, New York Botanical Gardens

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Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment Erich Bretthauer, Assistant Administrator, Office of Research and Development, U. S. Environmental Protection Agency Allan Bromley, Director, Office of Science and Technology Policy Robert Bruck, Professor, Office of the Governor (NC) John D. Buffington, Regional Director of Region 8, U.S. Fish &; Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior, Anthony Buonicore, Vice President, Air & Waste Management Association Mary E. Carter, Special Assistant to Assistant, Secretary Science and Education, U.S. Department of Agriculture *Charles Chambers, Executive Director, American Institute of Biological Sciences *William Chandler, Conservation Director, National Parks and Conservation Association Mary Clutter, Assistant Director, Directorate for Biological Sciences, National Science Foundation Rita Colwell, Professor of Microbiology, University of Maryland, American Society for Microbiology Robert Corell, Assistant Director, Geosciences Directorate, National Science Foundation *Bob Costanza, International Society of Ecology and Economics University of Maryland *Ellis Cowling, NC State University Joel Cracraft, President-elect, Society of Systematic Biologists Terry Davies, Executive Director, World Wildlife Fund

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Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment *Jonathan Deason, Director, Environmental Affairs Office, U.S. Department of the Interior Mike Deland, Chairman, Council on Environmental Quality Thomas Dietz, President, Society for Human Ecology *Christopher D'Elia, President, Sea Grant Association Eric Dinerstein, Conservation Scientist, World Wildlife Fund *Faye Duchin, Institute for Economic Analysis, New York University James Edwards, Acting Director, Division of Environmental Biology, National Science Foundation Robert Ehrhardt, Chairman, National Association of Environmental Professionals W. Hardy Eshbaugh, President, American Society of Plant Taxonomists Jeffery Foran, Chair, Government Affairs, Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Robert W. Fri, President, Resources For The Future, Co-chair, Carnegie Commission Committee on Science, Technology, and Government *Vicki A. Funk, Botanical Society of America, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institute *Cliff Gabriel, American Phytopathological Society, U.S. Department of Agriculture David Galas, Associate Director for Health and Environmental Research Department of Energy Steve Garrison, Senior Vice President, Association of Engineering Geologists Isaiah Gellman, President, National Council of the Paper Industry for Air and Stream Improvement

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Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment David Gibbons, Deputy Associate Director, Natural Resources Division Office of Management and Budget *Neva Goodwin, Director, Program for the Study of Sustainable Change Development James Gosz, Chairman of EMAP Review Panel, NRC, Ecological Society of America/Sustainable Biosphere Initiative Kathleen Gramp, Senior Program Associate, Program in Science, Policy, and Government, American Association for the Advancement of Science *Joe Guth, NRDC *Fren Hansen, Oregon Department of Environmental Quality Frank Harris, Deputy Assistant Director, Directorate Biological Sciences National Science Foundation Edward Hiler, President, American Society of Agricultural Engineers Marjorie Holland, Director, Public Affairs Office, Ecological Society of America John C. Holmes, Chair, American Society of Parasitology *Sarah Horrigan, National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges Stephen Hubbell, Chairman, Committee for the National Institutes for the Environment *J. Stuart Hunter, American Statistical Association, *Michael Hutchins, Director, American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums *Bernard Johnson, State of Vermont, Agency of Natural Resources John Katzenberger, Co-Founder/Director, Aspen Global Change Institute

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Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment John Knauss, Administrator, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce William Knight, Executive Director, American Institute of Professional Geologists *John Lehman, President-Elect, American Society of Limnology/Oceanography Felice Levine, Executive Officer, American Sociological Association Rick Linthurst, Senior Scientist, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency *Roger Maickel, American Institute of Chemists Inc. Thomas Malone, Director, Sigma Xi Center, North Carolina State University Edward Martinko, Director of EMAP, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Vern May, Director, Dow Chemical Company James McElifish, Jr., Senior Attorney, Environmental Law Institute *Joseph Mitchell, Secretary, American Society of Ichthyologists, and Herpetologists/The Herpetologists' League/Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles Kenneth Mitchell, Professor of Geography, Rutgers University, Association of American Geographers Thomas Moore, Director, Exhibit Museum, University of Michigan Emilio Moran, Chair, American Anthropological Association Harry C. Mussman, Deputy Assistant Secretary, U.S. Department of Agriculture Stephen Nelson, Director, Program in Science, Policy, and Government American Association for the Advancement of Science *Michael Novacek, American Museum of Natural History,

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Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment John Perry, Director, Committee on Global Change, NRC *Michael Pierle, Vice President, Monsanto *George Rabb, Chicago Zoological Society William Raub, Special Assistant for Health Affairs, Office of Science and Technology Policy Katherine Reichelderfer, Executive Board, American Agricultural Economics Association Phillip Ross, Director of ESID, Environmental Statistics and Information Division, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Amy Rossman, Research Leader, Mycological Society of America Sherwood Rowland, Donald Bren Professor of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine James Saxton, Congressman Mark Schaefer, Senior Staff Associate, Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government *David Schlegel, Chair, Experimental Station Committee, Organization and Policy *Francis Schwindt, Chief, North Dakota State Department of Health and Consolidated Laboratories Environmental Health Section Ken Sexton, Director, Office of Health Research, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Howard Silver, Executive Director, Council of Social Science Associations *Richard Sinding, State of New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection and Energy Philip Smith, Executive Officer, National Research Council

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Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment *W. R. Stevens, III, Manager, DuPont (Environmental Affairs Division) H. Guyford Stever, Co-chair, Carnegie Commission Committee on Science, Technology, and Government Albert Teich, Head Science & Policy Programs, American Association for the Advancement of Science *Paul Templet, Department of Environmental Quality State of Louisiana Gene Thorley, Assistant Division Chief for Coordination and Requirements, U. S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior Shelby Tilford, Director, Earth Science & Applications Division National Aeronautics and Space Administration *Robert Varney, Commissioner, State of New Hampshire, Department of Environmental Services Stephen Viederman, President, Jessie Smith Noyes Foundation Judith Weis, Professor, Department of Biological Sciences, Rutgers University Richard Weismiller, Professor, Department of Agronomy, Soil Science Society of America *David Wildt, Co-Director, National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institute Gregory Withee, Deputy Assistant Administrator for Environmental Information Services, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/NESDIS Terry Yosie, Vice President for Health and Environment, American Petroleum Institute *   represents persons that submitted written testimony only

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Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment ATTENDEES Karim Ahmed, Secretary-treasurer, Committee for the National Institutes for the Environment Francisco Ayala, Donald Bren Professor of Biological Science, University of California, Irvine Robert Barnes, American Society of Agronomy Gerald Barton, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce John Beldock, Department of Energy David Blockstein, Executive Director, Committee for the National Institutes for the Environment David Bottimore, Versar, Inc. Walter Boyhan, American Telephone and Telegraph Company Laurel Bryant, Professional Staff Member, Congressman Saxton's Staff, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Jack Cornman, American Anthropological Association Rick Cothern, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Emily Currie, Chemical Manufacturers Association Jonathan Deason, Director, Environmental Affairs, U.S. Department of the Interior Peter Farnum, American Society of Biochemistry John Farrell, Chief, Division of and Marine Resources, U.S. Department of the Interior

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Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment Penelope Firth, National Science Foundation Lawrence Flick, Council on Environmental Quality Carolyn Fulco, Department of Health and Human Services Vicki Funk, Botanical Society of America, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institute Cliff Gabriel, American Phytopathological Society J. Stuart Hunter, American Statistical Association Conrad Istock, National Science Foundation Larry Jahn, National Association of Fish and Wildlife Program Clive Jorgensen, U.S. Department of Energy Kheryn Klubnikin, U.S. Department of the Interior Rick Kutz, Acting Deputy Director (EMAP), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Franklin Long, Professor School of Natural Sciences, University of California, Irvine Barbara Mandula, Research Director, Committee for the National Institutes for the Environment Edward Martinko, Director of EMAP, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Suzanne Mayer, Contractor, U.S. Department of the Interior Roy McDiarmid, National Museum of Natural History John Morris, U.S. Department of Energy Steve Nelson, Director, Science Policy & Government, American Association for the Advancement of Science

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Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment Terry Nipp, Soil Science Society of American Susan Offutt, Board on Agriculture, National Research Council Peggy Overbey, American Anthropological Association Ari Patrinos, Acting Director, Environmental Science Division, U.S. Department of Energy Fred Pfander, Institute of Environmental Studies Priscilla Reining, American Anthropological Association Miriam Rodon-Naveria, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Walter Rosen, Consultant Kathy Rosica, Chemical Manufacturers Association Gregg Ruehle, National Cattlemen's Association Michael Saltzman, U.S. Department of Energy Mark Schaefer, Senior Staff Associate, Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government John Schaeffer, American Association for the Advancement of Science Craig Schiffrief, American Geological Association Rick Schwabacher, Cousteau Society Samuel Silverstein, Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology W. Ross Stevens, DuPont Company Paul Stone, Dow Chemical Company John Ulrich, Dow Chemical Company

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Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment Jim Waddell, Office of Science and Technology Policy Matthew Weinberg, Office of Technology Assessment Pat Werner, Division Director, Biotic Systems and Resources National Science Foundation Cecelia Wheatley, Bureau of Mines, Department of the Interior Robert M. White, President, National Academy of Engineering Gwen Williams, U.S. Department of the Interior William H. Wing, EPA Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science

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Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment BRIEFINGS AND CONSULTATIONS Senator Bill Bradley Congressman George E. Brown Laurel Bryandt, Congressman Saxton's Staff Radford Byerly, Congressman Brown's Staff Robert W. Fri, President, Resources For The Future, Co-chair, Carnegie Commission Committee on Science, Technology, and Government David J. Galas, Department of Energy Frank Harris, National Science Foundation Chuck Herrick, Council on Environmental Quality Henry Howe, Committee for the National Institutes for the Environment Tony Inderbitzen, U.S. Geological Survey William K. Reilly, Administrator, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Robert M. White, President, National Academy of Engineering J. Michael Nelson, Senator Gore's Staff Ned A. Ostenso, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Eugene Peters, Senator Bradley's Staff Michael Rodemeyer, Congressman Brown's Staff Congressman John Saxton

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Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment Mark Schaefer, Senior Staff Associate, Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government Colonel Sterrett, Department of Defense H. Guyford Stever, Co-chair, Carnegie Commission Committee on Science, Technology, and Government David Struhs, Chief of Staff, Council on Environmental Quality Russell Train, World Wildlife Fund