Appendix G
Research Contacts

AFRICAN RICE

African Countries

M. Agyen-Sampong, Mangrove Swamp Rice Research Station, West Africa Rice Development Association (WARDA), Private Mail Bag 678, Freetown, Sierra Leone

Joseph Amara, Njala University College, University of Sierra Leone, Private Mail Bag, Freetown, Sierra Leone

A. Franck Y. Attere, Department of Agronomy, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

Forson K. Ayensu, Plant Genetic Resources Unit, Crops Research Institute, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), PO Box 7, Bunso, Ghana

Jacob A. Ayuk-Takem, Institut de la Recherche Agronomique (IRA), Boîte Postal 2123, Yaoundé, Cameroon

Robert Cudjoe Aziawor, Grains Development Board, PO Box 343, Hohoe, Volta Region, Ghana

Osman Bah, Njala University College, University of Sierra Leone, Private Mail Bag, Freetown, Sierra Leone

J. Bozza, Institut de Recherches Agronomiques Tropicales et des cultures vivriéres (IRAT), Boîte Postal 635, Bouaké, Côte d'lvoire

Dana Burner, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Oyo Road, Private Mail Bag 5320, Ibadan, Nigeria (striga-germination promoters)

Saliou Diangar, Agronome/Programme Mil, Centre National de Recherches Agronomiques (CNRA), Institut Sénégalais de Recherches Agricoles (ISRA), Boîte Postal 53, Bambey, Senegal

Sahr N. Fomba, Mangrove Swamp Rice Research Station, WARDA, Private Mail Bag 678, Freetown, Sierra Leone

Kofi Goli, Institut des Savannes (IDESSA), Boîte Postal 633, Bouake, Côte d'lvoire

Malcolm Jusu, Rokupr Rice Research Station, Private Mail Bag 736, Freetown, Sierra Leone

Serrie Kamara, Njala University College, University of Sierra Leone, Private Mail Bag, Freetown, Sierra Leone

Gueye Mamadou, West African Microbiological Research Centre (MIRCEN), CNRA, Boîte Postal 53, Bambey, Senegal

Kouamé Miezan, WARDA/ADRAO, Boîte Postal 2551, Bouake 01, Côte d'lvoire

Sama Monde, Rokupr Rice Research Station, Private Mail Bag 736, Freetown, Sierra Leone

Helen Moss, 63 End Road, Linden Extension 2194, Randburg, South Africa

Folu M. Dania Ogbe, Department of Botany, University of Benin, Private Mail Bag 1154, Ugbowo Campus, Benin-City, Benin State, Nigeria

Rice Breeding Program, IITA, Oyo Road, Private Mail Bag 5320, Ibadan, Nigeria



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Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I, Grains Appendix G Research Contacts AFRICAN RICE African Countries M. Agyen-Sampong, Mangrove Swamp Rice Research Station, West Africa Rice Development Association (WARDA), Private Mail Bag 678, Freetown, Sierra Leone Joseph Amara, Njala University College, University of Sierra Leone, Private Mail Bag, Freetown, Sierra Leone A. Franck Y. Attere, Department of Agronomy, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria Forson K. Ayensu, Plant Genetic Resources Unit, Crops Research Institute, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), PO Box 7, Bunso, Ghana Jacob A. Ayuk-Takem, Institut de la Recherche Agronomique (IRA), Boîte Postal 2123, Yaoundé, Cameroon Robert Cudjoe Aziawor, Grains Development Board, PO Box 343, Hohoe, Volta Region, Ghana Osman Bah, Njala University College, University of Sierra Leone, Private Mail Bag, Freetown, Sierra Leone J. Bozza, Institut de Recherches Agronomiques Tropicales et des cultures vivriéres (IRAT), Boîte Postal 635, Bouaké, Côte d'lvoire Dana Burner, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Oyo Road, Private Mail Bag 5320, Ibadan, Nigeria (striga-germination promoters) Saliou Diangar, Agronome/Programme Mil, Centre National de Recherches Agronomiques (CNRA), Institut Sénégalais de Recherches Agricoles (ISRA), Boîte Postal 53, Bambey, Senegal Sahr N. Fomba, Mangrove Swamp Rice Research Station, WARDA, Private Mail Bag 678, Freetown, Sierra Leone Kofi Goli, Institut des Savannes (IDESSA), Boîte Postal 633, Bouake, Côte d'lvoire Malcolm Jusu, Rokupr Rice Research Station, Private Mail Bag 736, Freetown, Sierra Leone Serrie Kamara, Njala University College, University of Sierra Leone, Private Mail Bag, Freetown, Sierra Leone Gueye Mamadou, West African Microbiological Research Centre (MIRCEN), CNRA, Boîte Postal 53, Bambey, Senegal Kouamé Miezan, WARDA/ADRAO, Boîte Postal 2551, Bouake 01, Côte d'lvoire Sama Monde, Rokupr Rice Research Station, Private Mail Bag 736, Freetown, Sierra Leone Helen Moss, 63 End Road, Linden Extension 2194, Randburg, South Africa Folu M. Dania Ogbe, Department of Botany, University of Benin, Private Mail Bag 1154, Ugbowo Campus, Benin-City, Benin State, Nigeria Rice Breeding Program, IITA, Oyo Road, Private Mail Bag 5320, Ibadan, Nigeria

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Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I, Grains B. Treca, Institut Français de Recherche Scientifique pour le Développement en Coopération, Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer(ORSTOM), Boîte Postal 2528, Bamako, Mali Patrice Vandenberghe, Appui au Développement de la Riziculture dans les Régions de Gao et de Tombouctou (A.R.G.T.), Boîte Postal 120, Bamako, Mali West Africa Rice Development Association (WARDA), 01 Boîte Postal 2551, Bouaké, Côte d'lvoire WARDA, Abidjan Liaison Office, 01 Boîte Postal 4029, Abidjan 01, Côte d'lvoire WARDA, Monrovia Liaison Office, LBDI Building, Tubman Boulevard, Box 1019, Monrovia, Liberia Sahel Irrigated Rice Research Station, WARDA, Boîte Postal 96, St. Louis, Côte d'Ivoire Other Countries J.P. Baudoin, Phytotechnie des Régions Chaudes, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques de Gembloux, 2, Passage des Déportés, B-5800 Gembloux, Belgium Gilles Bezançon, Laboratoire Ressources Génétiques et Amélioration des Plantes Tropicales (LRGAPT), Institut Français de Recherche Scientifique pour le Développement en Coopération de Montpellier, ORSTOM, Boîte Postal 5045, 34032 Montpellier Cédex, France Lynne Brydon, Department of Sociology, University of Liverpool, PO Box 147, Liverpool L69 3BX, England H.M. Burkill, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AB. England (botany) Matilde Causse, Institut Français de Recherche Scientifique pour le Développement en Coopération de Montpellier, ORSTOM, Boîte Postal 5045. 34032 Montpellier Cédex, France G. Clement, Centre français du riz, Mas du Sonnailler, 13200 Arles, France F. Cordesse, Institut Français de Recherche Scientifique pour le Developpement en Coopération, Centre d'Etudes Phytosociologiques L. Emberger (CEPE), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), ORSTOM, 1919 Route de Mende. Boîte Postal 5051, 34033 Montpellier-Cédex, France Jeremy Davis, Plant Breeding International, PBI Cambridge Ltd., Maris Lane, Trumpington, Cambridge CB2 2LQ, England (forages) M. Delseny, Laboratoire de Physiologie Végétale, U.A. 565, CNRS. Université de Perpignan, Avenue de Villeneuve, 66025 Perpignan-Cédex, France Joseph DeVries, Department of Plant Breeding and Biometry, Emerson Hall, Room 255, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14851, USA John Dudley, Plant Molecular Biology Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service (ARS). U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Building 006 Room 118 BARC-West, Beltsville, Maryland 20705-2350, USA (biotechnology) N.H. Fisher, Department of Chemistry, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge. Louisiana 70803, USA (striga-germination promoters) Alain Ghesquiere, Institut Français de Recherche Scientifique pour le Développement en Coopération de Montpellier, ORSTOM, Boîte Postal 5045. 34032 Montpellier Cédex, France J.R. Harlan, 1016 North Hagan Street, New Orleans, Louisiana 70119, USA Dale D. Harpstead, Department of Crop & Soil Sciences, Room 464, Plant and Soil Science Building, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824-1325, USA Frank Nigel Hepper, The Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond. Surrey, London TW9 3AE, England David Hilling, Centre for Developing Areas Research, Department of Geography, Royal Holloway and Bedford New College, University of London. Egham Hill, Egham, Surrey TW20 OEX, England Institut de Recherches Agronomiques Tropicales et des cultures vivrières (IRAT). Avenue du Val de Montferrand, Boîte Postal 5035, 34032 Montpellier Cédex, France

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Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I, Grains Institut Français de Recherche Scientifique pour le Développement en Coopération de Montpellier. ORSTOM, Boîte Postal 5045, 34032 Montpellier Cédex, France International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI, formerly IBPGR), Via delle Sette Chiese 142, 00145 Rome, Italy M. Jacquot, Département du Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement (CIRAD). IRAT. Boîte Postal 5035. 34032 Montpellier Cedex. France Peter B. Kaufman, Department of Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1048. USA Clarissa T. Kimber, Department of Geography, Texas A&M University. College Station, Texas 77843-3147, USA A. de Kochko, Department of Biology, Washington University. One Brookings Drive, Box 1137, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA J.M. Lock. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Richmond. Surrey, London TW9 3AE. England O.M. Lolo, Institut Français de Recherche Scientifique pour le Développement en Coopération, CEPE, CNRS, ORSTOM, 1919 Route de Mende. Boîte Postal 5051, 34033 Montpellier Cedex, France J.P. Marathee, Crop and Grasslands Services, Plant Production and Protection Division, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Via delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00100. Italy Shegeta Masayoshi, The Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University. 46 Shimoadachi-cho, Yoshida, Sakyo-ku. Kyoto 606, Japan Hiroko Morishima, National Institute of Genetics, Mishima, 411, Japan Nobuo Murata, Eco-Physiology Research Division, Tropical Agriculture Research Center (TARC). Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 1-2. Ohwashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305. Japan H.-I. Oka, National Institute of Genetics, Mishima, 411, Japan Jean-Louis Pham, Laboratoire de Biologie et Genetique Evolutives. Universite Paris-Sud (UPS), Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Gif sur Yvette, France Paul Richards, Department of Anthropology. University College London, Gower Street, London WC IE 6BT, England J. Neil Rutger, Jamie Whitter Delta States Research Center, ARS, USDA, PO Box 225, Stoneville, Mississippi 38776. USA (rice hybridization) Gideon W. Schaeffer, Plant Molecular Biology Laboratory, ARS, USDA, Building 006 Room 118 BARC-West, Beltsville, Maryland 20705-2350, USA (biotechnology) Gérard Second, CEPE, CNRS, ORSTOM, 1919 Route de Mende, Boîte Postal 5051, 34033 Montpellier Cedex, France Francis T. Sharpe, Plant Molecular Biology Laboratory. ARS, USDA, Building 006 Room 118 BARC-West, Beltsville, Maryland 20705-2350, USA (biotechnology) Steven D. Tanksley, Department of Plant Biology, 237 Plant Science Building, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA Dat Van Tran, Plant Production and Protection Division, FAO, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00100, Italy G.E. Wickens, 50 Uxbridge Road, Hampton Hill, Middlesex TW12 3AD, England FINGER MILLET African Countries A. Franck Y. Attere, Department of Agronomy, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria Jacob A. Ayuk-Takem. IRA, Boîte Postal 2123, Yaoundé, Cameroon Stephen J. Carr, Christian Services Committee of Malawi, Private Bag 5, Zomba, Malawi

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Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I, Grains Abebe Demissie, Plant Germplasm Exploration & Collection, Plant Genetic Resources Centre/Ethiopia (PGRC/E), PO Box 30726, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia S.C. Gupta, Regional Sorghum and Millets Improvement Program, Southern Africa Development Coordination Council (SADCC), International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), PO Box 776, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe Thomas V. Jacobs, Department of Botany, University of Transkei, Post Bag X I, Unitra, Umtata, Transkei, South Africa Hilda Kigutha, Department of Home Economics, Egerton University, PO Box 536, Njoro, Kenya J. Maud Kordylas, Arkloyd's Food Laboratory (A.F.L.), Boîte Postal 427, Douala, Cameroon K. Anand Kumar, Pearl Millet Program, ICRISAT Sahelian Centre, Boîte Postal 12404, Niamey, Niger (INTSORMIL [International Sorghum/Millet Collaborative Research Support Program] collaborator) I.M. Mharapara, Research and Specialist Services, Chiredzi Research Station, PO Box 97, Chiredzi, Zimbabwe Sam Z. Mukuru, East Africa Regional Cereals and Legumes Centre (EARCAL), ICRISAT, PO Box 39036, Nairobi, Kenya (INTSORMIL collaborator) Davidson K. Mwangi, Amaranth Seeds & Food Research & Development, Amaranth and Natural Foods, PO Box 376, Nanyuki, Central Province, Kenya Figuhr Muza, Department of Research and Specialist Services, Private Bag 8100, Causeway, Harare, Zimbabwe S.C. Nana-Sinkam, Joint ECA/FAO Agriculture Division, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, PO Box 3001, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Nlandu ne Nsaku, Direction des Services Géneraux Techniques, Institut de Recherche Agronomique et Zootechnique (IRAZ), Boîte Postal 91, Gitega, Burundi J.C. Obiefuna, Department of Crop Production, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Private Mail Bag 1526, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria Gregory Saxon, Caixa Postal 1152, Beira, Sofala, Mozambique (seeds and services) Southern Africa Development Coordination Council (SADCC), Regional Sorghum and Millets Improvement Program, ICRISAT, PO Box 776, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe Tharcisse Seminega, Department de Biologie, Universite Nationale du Rwanda, Boîte Postal 117, Butare, Rwanda (biotechnology and food industry) A. Shakoor, The Dryland Farming Research and Development Project, Kenyan Ministry of Agriculture, FAO, PO Box 340, Katumani, Machakos, Kenya P.S. Steyn, Division of Food Science and Technology, National Food Research Institute, CSIR, PO Box 395, Pretoria 0001, South Africa J.H. Williams, Pearl Millet Improvement Program, ICRISAT Sahelian Centre, Boîte Postal 12404, Niamey, Niger (INTSORMIL collaborator) Other Countries David J. Andrews, Department of Agronomy, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583, USA (breeding) S.C. Bal, Department of Soils and Agricultural Chemistry, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar 751 003, Orissa, India K.V. Bondale, Millet Development Program, Ministry of Agriculture, 27 Eldams Road, Madras 600 018, India Wayne Carlson, Maskal Forages, Inc., PO Box A, Caldwell, Idaho 83606, USA William Critchley, Centre for Development Cooperation Services, Free University Amsterdam, van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands Johannes M.M. Engels, Regional Office for South and Southeast Asia, IPGRI (IPBGR), c/o Pusa Campus, New Delhi 110 012, India Charles A. Francis, Department of Agronomy, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583, USA Zewdie Wolde Gebriel, Department of Human Nutrition, Wageningen Agricultural University, PO Box 8129, Wageningen 6700 EV, Netherlands

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Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I, Grains David Gibbon, School of Development Studies, Overseas Development Group, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk NR4 7TJ, England Heiner E. Goldbach, Abta Agrarökologie, Lehrstuhl Biogeographie, Institut für Geowissenschaften der Universität Bayreuth, Postfach 101251, D-8580 Bayreuth, Germany Le Dit Bokary Guindo, Special Program for African Agricultural Research, The World Bank, 1818 H Street, NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA Khidir W. Hilu, Department of Biology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, USA (molecular genetics) S.C. Hiremath, Faculty of Science and Technology, Karnatak University, Dharwad 580 003, India Leland R. House, Route 2 Box 136 A-1, Bakersville, North Carolina 28705, USA R. Kulandaivelu, Agricultural Research Station, Bhavanisagar, Tamil Nadu, India N.G. Malleshi, Cereal Science and Technology, Central Food Technological Research Institute, Cheluvamba Mansion, V.V. Mohalla PO, Mysore 570013, India (processing, weaning foods) J.P. Marathee, Crop and Grasslands Services, Plant Production and Protection Division, FAO, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00100, Italy Shegeta Masayoshi, The Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University, 46 Shimoadachi-cho, Yoshida, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606, Japan Alemu Mengistu, Department of Plant Pathology, University of Wisconsin, 1630 Linden Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA G.N. Mitra, Department of Soils and Agricultural Chemistry, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar 751 003, Orissa, India Robert L. Myers, Alternative Crops and Products Project, Department of Agronomy, 210 Waters Hall, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA R.C. Parida, Department of Soils and Agricultural Chemistry, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar 751 003, Orissa, India Daniel H. Putnam, Department of Agronomy and Range Science, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA A. Appa Rao, Genetic Resources Unit, ICRISAT, Patancheru PO, Andhra Pradesh 502 324, India (germplasm) Raman Rai, Department of Microbiology, Narendra Deva University of Agriculture and Technology, Narendranagar, Kumarganj, Faizabad 224 229, Uttar Pradesh, India (nitrogen fixation) K.W. Riley, National Hill Crops Improvement Program, International Development Research Centre (IDRC), PO Box 1336, Kathmandu, Nepal A. Seetharam, All India Coordinated Small Millets Improvement Project, G.K.V.K. Campus, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore 560 065, India K.V. Selvaraj, Agricultural Research Station, Bhavanisagar, Tamil Nadu, India Y.M. Somasekhara, G.K.V.K. Campus, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore 560 065, India K. Vanangamudi, Agricultural Research Station, Bhavanisagar, Tamil Nadu, India K.P.R. Vittal, Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Santoshnagar, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India C.E. West, Department of Human Nutrition, Wageningen Agricultural University, PO Box 8129, Wageningen 6700 EV, Netherlands John Yohe, International Sorghum/Millet Collaborative Research Support Program (INTSORMIL CRSP), 54 Nebraska Center, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583, USA Vincent Makumba Zake, c/o Department of Agronomy, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, Mississippi 39762, USA (breeding) FONIO (Acha) Although fonio has been overlooked by most researchers, two special groups in Senegal have for some years been championing this crop's cause.

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Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I, Grains One, a program called ''Fonio for the World," has been growing and distributing fonio seeds for research and development work. For information on availability of samples and terms under which they are supplied, write to Babacar N'Diaye, Conseiller Agricole chargé du Programme "Fonio pour le monde," Conseil Général de Diam-Diam, Koungheul, Senegal. The other program, concentrating on laboratory studies, is L'Institut des Sciences de l'Environnement of the Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar, Boîte Postal 5005, Dakar-Fann, Senegal. African Countries Daniel K. Abbiw, Herbarium, Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana Diarra Aboubacak, Division Etude et Contrôle phytosanitaire, Service de la Protection des Végétaux, Boîte Postal 1560, Bamako, Mali Samuel Agboire, National Cereals Research Institute, Private Mail Bag 8, Bida, Niger State, Nigeria J.O. Akingbala, Department of Food Technology, University of Agriculture, Private Mail Bag 2240, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria Association Malienne pour la Promotion des Jeunes, c/o Ministère de la Jeunesse et du Sport, Bamako, Mali Forson K. Ayensu, Plant Genetic Resources Unit, Crops Research Institute, CSIR, PO Box 7, Bunso, Ghana Robert Cudjoe Aziawor, Grains Development Board, PO Box 343, Hohoe, Volta Region, Ghana S.O. Bennett-Lartey, Plant Genetic Resources Unit, Crops Research Institute, CSIR, PO Box 7, Bunso, Ghana Carl W. Castleton, International Section, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), U.S. Department of Agriculture, American Embassy -Abidjan, Boîte Postal 1712, Abidjan 01, Côte d'lvoire Saliou Diangar, Agronome/Programme Mil, CNRA, ISRA, Boîte Postal 53, Bambey, Senegal Sahr N. Fomba, Mangrove Swamp Rice Research Station, WARDA, Private Mail Bag 678, Freetown, Sierra Leone Ephraim O. Lucas, Department of Agronomy, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria Jon Kirby, Tamale Institute of Cross Cultural Studies, PO Box 42, Tamale, Northern Region, Ghana Danladi Musa, Elwa Rural Development, Ltd., PO Box 63, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria S.C. Nana-Sinkam, Joint ECA/FAO Agriculture Division, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, PO Box 3001, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Amadou Makhtar Ndiaye, Organisme de Recherches sur I'Alimentation et la Nutrition Africaines (ORANA), 39 avenue Pasteur, Boîte Postal 2089, Dakar, Senegal Nyat Quat Ng, Genetic Resources Unit, IITA, Oyo Road, Private Mail Bag 5320, Ibadan, Nigeria Emmanuel Ndu Onyedeke, Community Development, P.M.B.I. Mgbidi, Oru LGA, Imo State, Nigeria O.B. Oyewole, Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, P.M.B. 2240, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria Z.J.L. Sanago, Division de Recherches sur les Systèmes de Production Rurale, Institut d'Economie Rurale, Sikasso, Mali V.J. Temple, Department of Food and Nutrition, University of Jos, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria Mouhamadou Lamine Thiam, Biologie Végétale, Laboratoire de Microbiologie, Faculté Sciences et Techniques, Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar, Boîte Postal 5005, Dakar-Fann, Senegal

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Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I, Grains Jane Toll, IPGRI (IBPGR), c/o ICRISAT Sahelian Centre, Boîte Postal 12404, Niamey, Niger Jeanne Zoundjihekpon, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université Nationale de Côte d'lvoire, 22 Boîte Postal 582, Abidjan 22, Côte d'lvoire Other Countries Kathleen M. Baker, Department of Geography, School of Oriental and African Studies, London University, Thornaugh Street, Russell Square, London WCIH OXG, England Robert Becker, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 800 Buchanan Street, Albany, California 94710, USA Donald F. Beech, Division of Tropical Crops and Pastures, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), Mill Road, St. Lucia, Brisbane 4067, Queensland, Australia H.M. Burkill, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AB, England (botany) Geoffrey P. Chapman, Wye College, University of London, Wye, Near Ashford, Kent TN25 5AH, England James Duke, ARS, USDA, Room 133, Building 001, Beltsville, Maryland 20705, USA P. Gosseye, Department of Agrosystems Research, Centrum voor Agrobiologisch Onderzoek, Centre for Agrobiological Research (CABO), Bornsesteeg 65, PO Box 14, Wageningen 6700 AA, Netherlands Niels Hanssens, Kano State Agricultural and Rural Development Project, Hadejia Zone IV, Private Mail Bag 3130, Kano, Kano State, Nigeria, c/o Agroman, 34 New Cavendish Street, London WIM 7LH, England Nazmul Haq, International Centre for UnderUtilized Crops, Andrews Building, Kings College London, Campden Hill Road, L18 7AH, England G. Harinarayana, All India Coordinated Pearl Millet Improvement Project, India Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), College of Agriculture Campus, Shivajinagar, Pune 411 005, India J.R. Harlan, 1016 North Hagan Street, New Orleans, Louisiana 70119, USA Frank Nigel Hepper, The Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, London TW9 3AE, England Israel Afam Jideani, School of Science & Science Education, Abubakar Tafawa-Balewa University, Private Mail Bag 0248, Bauchi, Nigeria International Centre for UnderUtilized Crops, Andrews Building, Kings College London, Campden Hill Road, L18 7AH, England Andrew Kidd, International Council for the Development of Underutilized Crops, Building 44, The University of Southhampton, Southampton SO9 5NH, England Pius Michael Kyesmu, Wye College, University of London, Wye, Ashford, Kent TN25 5AH, England Clare Madge, School of Geography, The University of Birmingham, PO Box 363, Egbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, West Midlands, England J.P. Marathee, Crop and Grasslands Services, Plant Production and Protection Division, FAO, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00100, Italy Shegeta Masayoshi, The Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University, 46 Shimoadachi-cho, Yoshida, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606, Japan Robert L. Myers, Alternative Crops and Products Project, Department of Agronomy, 210 Waters Hall, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA Don Osborn, 4632 South Hagadorn Road #C-33, East Lansing, Michigan 48823, USA Daniel H. Putnam, Department of Agronomy and Range Science, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA Paul Richards, Department of Anthropology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC I E 6BT, England Barrie Sharpe, Department of Food Science, Kings College (Kensington Campus), University of London, London W8 7AH, England B. Simpson, c/o Department of Resource Development, 323 Natural Resources Building, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA

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Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I, Grains Margaret Steentoft, 7 The Purrocks, Petersfield, Hampshire GU32 2HU, England E. Wagner, Crop and Grassland Production Service, Plant Production and Protection Division, FAO, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00100, Italy PEARL MILLET African Countries Adam Aboubacar, Cereal Chemistry, Institut National de Recherches Agronomiques au Niger (INRAN), Boîte Postal 429, Niamey, Niger (INTSORMIL collaborator) Abdelmoneim Taha Ahmed, Economics and Statistical Section, Gezira Agricultural Research Station, Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC), PO Box 126, Wad Medani, Sudan (INTSORMIL collaborator) O.C. Aworh, Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Technology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria Sitt El Nafr Badi, Food Research Centre, Shambat Box 213, North Khartoum, Sudan (INTSORMIL collaborator) Tareke Berhe, SAA - Global 2000, Kotoka International Airport, Post Office Private Mail Bag, Accra, Ghana (INTSORMIL collaborator) Jacques Beyo, IRA, Boîte Postale 33, Maroua, Cameroon Taye Bezuneh, STRC-SAFGRAD, Organization of African Unity (OAU), Boîte Postal 1783, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso (INTSORMIL collaborator) Ouendeba Botorou, PARA - Institut National de Recherches Agronomiques au Niger (INRAN), Boîte Postal 429, Niamey, Niger (INTSORMIL collaborator) Stephen J. Carr, Christian Services Committee of Malawi, Private Bag 5, Zomba, Malawi H.S. Chambo, Agricultural Research Institute (ARI) - Hombolo, PO Box 299, Dodoma, Tanzania (INTSORMIL collaborator) Yacouba O. Doumbia, DRA/SRCVO - Institute Economic Rurale (IER), Sotuba Research Station, Boîte Postal 258, Bamako, Mali (INTSORMIL collaborator) Amadou Fofana, CNRA, ISRA, Boîte Postal 53, Bambey, Senegal (INTSORMIL collaborator) Walter Frölich, Sorghum and Millet Section, Nyankpala Agricultural Experiment Station (NAES), Crops Research Institute (CRI), PO Box 483, Tamale, Ghana Lucas Gakale, Department of Agricultural Research, Private Bag 0033, Gaborone, Botswana (INTSORMIL collaborator) S.C. Gupta, Regional Sorghum and Millets Improvement Program, SADCC, ICRISAT, PO Box 776, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe M. Haidara, Institut Economie Rurale (IER), Boîte Postal 258, Bamako, Mali (INTSORMIL collaborator) Dale Hess, ICRISAT Sahelian Centre, Boîte Postal 12404, Niamey, Niger (INTSORMIL collaborator) Thomas V. Jacobs, Department of Botany, University of Transkei, Post Bag XI, Unitra, Umtata, Transkei, South Africa Hilda Kigutha, Department of Home Economics, Egerton University, PO Box 536, Njoro, Kenya J. Maud Kordylas, Arkloyd's Food Laboratory (A.F.L.), Boîte Postal 427, Douala, Cameroon Joyce Lowe, Department of Botany and Microbiology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria Fernando A.B. Marcelino, Instituto de Investigação Agronómica (IIA), Caixa Postal 406, Huambo, Angola Demba M'Baye, CNRA, ISRA, Boîte Postal 53, Bambey, Senegal (INTSORMIL collaborator) I.M. Mharapara, Research and Specialist Services, Chiredzi Research Station, PO Box 97, Chiredzi, Zimbabwe

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Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I, Grains Figuhr Muza, Department of Research and Specialist Services, Private Bag 8100, Causeway, Harare, Zimbabwe (breeding; INTSORMIL collaborator) Oumar Niangado, Institute Economic Rurale (IER), Boîte Postal 258, Bamako, Mali (INTSORMIL collaborator) Regional Sorghum and Millets Improvement Program, SADCC, ICRISAT, PO Box 776, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe A. Shakoor, The Dryland Farming Research and Development Project, Kenyan Ministry of Agriculture, FAO, PO Box 340, Katumani, Machakos, Kenya P. Soman, ICRISAT Sahelian Centre, Boîte Postal 12404, Niamey, Niger P.S. Steyn, Division of Food Science and Technology, National Food Research Institute, CSIR, PO Box 395, Pretoria 0001, South Africa Jens von Bargen, Nyankpala Agricultural Experiment Station (NAES), Crops Research Institute (CRI), PO Box 483, Tamale, Ghana G.K. Weber, IITA, Private Mail Bag 5320, Ibadan, Nigeria J.H. Williams, Pearl Millet Improvement Program, ICRISAT Sahelian Centre, Boîte Postal 12404, Niamey, Niger (INTSORMIL collaborator) Ousmane Youm, ICRISAT Sahelian Centre, Boîte Postal 12404, Niamey, Niger (INTSORMIL collaborator) Other Countries David J. Andrews, Department of Agronomy, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583, USA (breeding: INTSORMIL collaborator) John Axtell, Department of Agronomy, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA (breeding; striga; INTSORMIL collaborator) Glenn W. Burton, Forage and Turf Research, Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station, ARS, USDA, PO Box 748, Tifton, Georgia 31793, USA Jeremy Davis, Plant Breeding International, PBI Cambridge Ltd., Maris Lane, Trumpington, Cambridge CB2 2LQ, England (forages) Charles A. Francis, Department of Agronomy, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583, USA Donald Fryrear, Big Spring Experiment Station, ARS, USDA, Box 909, Big Spring, Texas 79721, USA Zewdie Wolde Gebriel, Department of Human Nutrition, Wageningen Agricultural University, PO Box 8129, Wageningen 6700 EV, Netherlands P. Geervani, College of Home Science, Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh 500 030, India S.C. Geiger, College of Agriculture, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA Le Dit Bokary Guindo, Special Program for African Agricultural Research, The World Bank, 1818 H Street, NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA Wayne W. Hanna, Department of Agronomy, Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station, ARS, USDA, PO Box 748, Tifton, Georgia 31793, USA Tom Hash, ICRISAT, Patancheru PO, Andhra Pradesh 502 324, India (INTSORMIL collaborator) G. M. Hill, Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station, College of Agriculture, Department of Animal Science, University of Georgia, PO Box 748, Tifton, Georgia 31793, USA R.C. Hoseney, Department of Agronomy, Throckmorton Hall, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas 66506, USA Leland R. House, Route 2 Box 136 A-1, Bakersville, North Carolina 28705, USA Catherine Howarth, Department of Environmental Biology, Welsh Plant Breeding Station, Institute for Grassland and Environmental Research, University College of Wales, PO Box 2, Old College, Aberystwyth, Dyfed SY23 3EB, Wales (modern millets) Carl S. Hoveland, Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA R.L. Jensen, Department of Poultry Science, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA

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Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I, Grains P. Kishore, Division of Entomology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi, India K. Anand Kumar, Pearl Millet Program, ICRISAT Sahelian Centre, Boîte Postal 12404, Niamey, Niger (INTSORMIL collaborator) James D. Maguire, Department of Agronomy and Soils, Washington State University, 201 Johnson Hall, Pullman, Washington 99164, USA V. Mahalakshmi, Cereal Program, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru PO, Andhra Pradesh 502 324, India N.G. Malleshi, Cereal Science and Technology, Central Food Technological Research Institute, Cheluvamba Mansion, V.V. Mohalla PO, Mysore 570 013, India (processing, weaning foods) J.P. Marathee, Crop and Grasslands Services, Plant Production and Protection Division, FAO, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00100, Italy Shegeta Masayoshi, The Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University, 46 Shimoadachi-cho, Yoshida, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606, Japan Paul L. Mask, 110 Extension Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849-5633, USA A.N. Misra, Department of Botany, Utkal University, PO Vani Vihar, Bhubaneswar 751 004, Orissa, India N.A. Mnzava, The Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center, PO Box 42, Shanhua, Tainan, Taiwan 74199, Republic of China Kenneth O. Rachie, 5434 Dynasty Drive, Pensacola, Florida 32504, USA T.F. Rajewski, Department of Agronomy, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583, USA A. Appa Rao, Genetic Resources Unit, ICRISAT, Patancheru PO, Andhra Pradesh 502 324, India (germplasm) K.C. Reddy, Agency for International Development (AID) - Niamey, U.S. Department of State, Washington, DC 20523, USA Shao Qiquan, Genetic Transformation Laboratory & Genetic Resources of Plants, Academia Sinica Institute of Genetics, De-Sheng-Men-Wai, Bei-Sha-Tan Building 917, Beijing 100012, China R.L. Smith, Department of Agronomy, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA Robert J. Theodoratus, Department of Anthropology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA (beer) J.H. Topps, Division of Agricultural Chemistry and Biochemistry, School of Agriculture, University of Aberdeen, 581 King Street, Aberdeen AB2 4AQ, Scotland S. Tostain, Institut Français de Recherche Scientifique pour le Developpement en Coopération de Montpellier, Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer (ORSTOM), Boîte Postal 5045, 34032 Montpellier Cédex, France Rick J. Van Den Beldt, Forestry/Fuelwood Research and Development (F/FRED) Project, Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development, Network Secretariat, PO Box 1038, Kasetsart Post Office, Bangkok 10903, Thailand Paresh Verma, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Department of Agronomy, 205 KCRL, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583, USA K.P.R. Vittal, Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Santoshnagar, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India C.E. West, Department of Human Nutrition, Wageningen Agricultural University, PO Box 8129, Wageningen 6700 EV, Netherlands John Yohe, International Sorghum/Millet Collaborative Research Support Program (INTSORMIL CRSP), 54 Nebraska Center, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583, USA SORGHUM African Countries Rashad A. Abo-Elenien, Field Crops Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt (INTSORMIL collaborator)

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Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I, Grains Adam Aboubacar, Cereal Chemistry, Institut National de Recherches Agronomiques au Niger (INRAN), Boîte Postal 429, Niamey, Niger (INTSORMIL collaborator) Moussa Adamou, Institut National de Recherches Agronomiques au Niger (INRAN), Boîte Postal 429, Niamey, Niger (INTSORMIL collaborator) A. Adeyinka Adesiyun, Institute for Agricultural Research, Ahmadu Bello University, Samara, Zaria, Nigeria Samuel Agboire, National Cereals Research Institute, Private Mail Bag 8, Bida, Niger State, Nigeria Abdelmoneim Taha Ahmed, Economics and Statistical Section, Gezira Agricultural Research Station, Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC), PO Box 126, Wad Medani, Sudan (INTSORMIL collaborator) Olupomi Ajayi, West African Sorghum Improvement Program (WASIP), ICRISAT, Private Mail Bag 3491, Kano, Nigeria O.C. Aworh, Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Technology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria Abdeljabar T. Babikher, Gezira Agricultural Research Station, Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC), Box 126, Wad Medani, Sudan (INTSORMIL collaborator) Minbamba Bagayoko, Institute Economic Rurale (IER), Boîte Postal 258, Bamako, Mali (INTSORMIL collaborator) M.A. Benhura, Department of Biochemistry, University of Zimbabwe, PO Box MP 176, Mount Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe (brewing) Tareke Berhe, SAA - Global 2000, Kotoka International Airport, Post Office Private Mail Bag, Accra, Ghana (INTSORMIL collaborator) Taye Bezuneh, STRC-SAFGRAD, Organization of African Unity (OAU), Boîte Postal 1783, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso (INTSORMIL collaborator) T.S. Brand, Elsenburg Agricultural Centre, Elsenburg, Cape Province, South Africa Stephen J. Carr, Christian Services Committee of Malawi, Private Bag 5, Zomba, Malawi J. Chantereau, CIRAD, West African Sorghum Improvement Program (WASIP), ICRISAT, Boîte Postal 320, Bamako, Mali Edmund Chintu, Sorghum Research Office, Chitedze Research Station, PO Box 158, Lilongwe, Malawi (INTSORMIL collaborator) Medson Chisi, Mutanda Research Station, Box 110312, Solwezi, Zambia (INTSORMIL collaborator) Sidi Bekaye Coulibaly, SRCVO - Institute Economic Rurale (IER), PO Box 438, Bamako, Mali (INTSORMIL collaborator) Sansan Da, Tropical Station Farako - BA, IRA, Boîte Postal 910, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso (INTSORMIL collaborator) Alfredo A.F. Da Cunha, Breeding Research, Ministry of Agriculture, PO Box 527, Luanda, Angola (INTSORMIL collaborator) Abera Debelo, Ethiopian Sorghum Improvement Program, Institute of Agricultural Research (IAR), PO Box 103, Nazreth, Ethiopia (INTSORMIL collaborator) Siriba Dione, Institute Economic Rurale (IER), Boîte Postal 258, Bamako, Mali (INTSORMIL collaborator) Mamourou Diourte, Institute Economic Rurale (IER), Sotuba, Boîte Postal 438, Bamako, Mali (INTSORMIL collaborator) M.A. Daodu, Federal Institute of Industrial Research, Oshodi, Private Mail Bag 21023, Murtala Muhammed Airport, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria (weaning foods) Yacouba O. Doumbia, DRA/SRCVO - Institute Economic Rurale (IER), Sotuba Research Station, Boîte Postal 258, Bamako, Mali (INTSORMIL collaborator) Hamy El-Assuity, Department of Sugar Cane, Sorghum, Maize and Forage Crops, Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt (INTSORMIL collaborator) Ahmad Abu El Gassim, National Seed Administration, Ministry of Agriculture, PO Box 285, Khartoum, Sudan (INTSORMIL collaborator) Osman O. El-Nagouly, National Sorghum Program, Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt (INTSORMIL collaborator) Osman Ibrahim El Obeid, Gezira Agricultural Research Station, Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC), Box 126, Wad Medani, Sudan (INTSORMIL collaborator)

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Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I, Grains Haroun El-Shafey, Department of Sugar Cane, Sorghum, Maize and Forage Crops, Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt (INTSORMIL collaborator) J. Peter Esele, Sorghum and Millet Unit, Uganda Agriculture and Forestry Research, PO Soroti, Serere, Uganda (INTSORMIL collaborator) Saeed Farah, Gezira Agricultural Research Station, Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC), Box 126, Wad Medani, Sudan (INTSORMIL collaborator) Lucas Gakale, Department of Agricultural Research, Private Bag 0033, Gaborone, Botswana (INTSORMIL collaborator) Marcel Galiba, SAA - Global 2000, Kotoka International Airport, Post Office Private Mail Bag, Accra, Ghana (INTSORMIL collaborator) M. Haidara, Institut Economie Rurale (IER), Boîte Postal 258, Bamako, Mali (INTSORMIL collaborator) Dale Hess, ICRISAT Sahelian Centre, Boîte Postal 12404, Niamey, Niger (INTSORMIL collaborator) C.H. Horn, University of the Orange Free State, PO Box 339, Bloemfontein 9300, Orange Free State, South Africa (fermentation) Ben M. Kanyenji, National Dryland Farming Research Station Katumani, PO Box 340, Machakos, Kenya (INTSORMIL collaborator) Helen Kasalu, Misamfu Regional Research Station, PO Box 410055, Kasama, Zambia (INTSORMIL collaborator) Yilma Kebede, Pioneer Hybrid Seed Co., Private Bag BW 6237, Borrowdale, Harare, Zimbabwe (INTSORMIL collaborator) Issoufou Kollo, Institut National de Recherches Agronomiques au Niger (INRAN), Boîte Postal 249, Niamey, Niger (INTSORMIL collaborator) Mohale Mahanyele, National Sorghum Breweries Limited, PO Box 785067, Sandton 2146, South Africa (brewing; malting) Charles Maliro, Sorghum Research Office, Chitedze Research Station, PO Box 158, Lilongwe, Malawi (INTSORMIL collaborator) Anaclet Mansuetus, Agricultural Research Institute (ARI) - Ilonga, PO Box Ilonga, Ilosa, Tanzania (INTSORMIL collaborator) Chris Manthe, Department of Agricultural Research, Private Bag 0033, Gaborone, Botswana (INTSORMIL collaborator) Louis Mazhani, Department Agricultural Research, Private Bag 0033, Gaborone, Botswana (INTSORMIL collaborator) C. Mburu, Western Agricultural Research Station, Kakamega, Kenya (INTSORMIL collaborator) Emmanuel Monyo, SADCC, ICRISAT, PO 776, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe (INTSORMIL collaborator) Lewis Mughogho, SADCC, ICRISAT, PO 776, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe (INTSORMIL collaborator) Sam Z. Mukuru, RCAL, ICRISAT, PO Box 39063, Nairobi, Kenya (INTSORMIL collaborator) D.S. Murty, West African Sorghum Improvement Program (WASIP), ICRISAT, Private Mail Bag 3491, Kano, Nigeria Joseph N. Mushonga, Department of Research and Specialist Services, Crop Breeding Institute, Private Bag 8100, Causeway, Harare, Zimbabwe (breeding; INTSORMIL collaborator) Mouhoussine Nacro, Organic Chemistry Laboratory, Chemistry Department, Ougadougou University, 01 PO Box 1955, Ougadougou 01, Burkina Faso (sorghum dyes and tanning) Nlandu ne Nsaku, Direction des Services Généraux Techniques, IRAZ, Boîte Postal 91, Gitega, Burundi Tunde Obilana, Sorghum and Millet Program, SADCC, ICRISAT, PO 776, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe (INTSORMIL collaborator) El Hilu Omer, Gezira Agricultural Research Station, Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC), Box 126, Wad Medani, Sudan (INTSORMIL collaborator) Caleb O. Othieno, Tea Research Foundation of Kenya, PO Box 820, Kericho, Kenya Moussa Oumarou, Soil Laboratory, Institut National de Recherches Agronomiques au Niger (INRAN), Boîte Postal 429, Niamey, Niger (INTSORMIL collaborator)

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Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I, Grains Regional Sorghum and Millets Improvement Program, SADCC, ICRISAT, PO Box 776, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe J.K. Rutto, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, PO Box 57811, Nairobi, Kenya (INTSORMIL collaborator) Peter Setimela, Department of Agricultural Research, PO Box 0033, Sebel, Botswana (INTSORMIL collaborator) P.S. Steyn, Division of Food Science and Technology, National Food Research Institute, CSIR, PO Box 395, Pretoria 0001, South Africa John R.N. Taylor, c/o Department of Food Science, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa (brewing) Pamela Thole, Zambia Seed Company, PO Box 35441, Lusaka, Zambia (INTSORMIL collaborator) Abdoul Toure, DAR - Institute Economic Rurale (IER), Bamako, Mali (INTSORMIL collaborator) Aboubacar Toure, Institute Economic Rurale (IER), Box 258, Bamako, Mali (INTSORMIL collaborator) Moussa Traore, Ministere du Development Rural, Rue Mohamed V, Boîte Postal 61, Bamako, Mali (INTSORMIL collaborator) Gilles Trouche, CNRA, ISRA, Boîte Postal 53, Bambey, Senegal (breeding; INTSORMIL collaborator) H.A. Van de Venter, Faculty of Science, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa (heat-shock sorghums) Bhola Nath Verma, Mt. Makulu Research Station, Boîte Postal 7, Chilanga, Zambia (INTSORMIL collaborator) W.G. Wenzel, Grain Crops Research Institute, Private Bag X1251, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa J.H. Williams, Pearl Millet Improvement Program, ICRISAT Sahelian Centre, Boîte Postal 12404, Niamey, Niger V.M. Zake, Sorghum and Millet Unit, Uganda Agriculture and Forestry Research, PO Soroti, Serere, Uganda (INTSORMIL collaborator) Other Countries Irvin C. Anderson, Department of Agronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA (sweet sorghums) David J. Andrews, Department of Agronomy, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583, USA (breeding: INTSORMIL collaborator) John Axtell, Department of Agronomy, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA (breeding; striga; INTSORMIL collaborator) Sitt El Nafr Badi, Food Research Centre, Shambat Box 213, North Khartoum, Sudan (INTSORMIL collaborator) Robert H. Baumann, Center for Energy Studies, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70808, USA (sweet sorghums) Dorothea Bedigian, Department of Biology, Washington University, Campus Box 1137, St. Louis, Missouri 63130, USA (ethnography) Alessandro Bozzini, Ente Nazionale Energia Atomica, Viale Regina Margherita N.125, 00198, Rome, Italy (fuel, energy sorghums) Paula Bramel-Cox, Crop, Soil, and Range Sciences, Department of Agronomy, Throckmorton Hall, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas 66506-5501, USA (genetics and breeding; perennial sorghums) Larry Butler, Department of Agronomy, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA (striga) David L. Carter, Soil and Water Management Research, ARS, USDA, Snake River Conservation Research Center, Route 1, Box 186, Kimberly, Idaho 83341, USA (soil reclamation) Max D. Clegg, Department of Agronomy, Crop, Range, Soil, and Weed Sciences, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583, USA (sweet and fuel sorghums)

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Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I, Grains Elizabeth Colson, University of California at Berkeley (retired), 840 Arlington Boulevard, El Cerrito, California 94530, USA (ethnography) Jeff Dahlberg, Sorghum Research Program, Department of Soil and Crop Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA Gene Dalton, Sorghum Research Program, Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc., 6800 Pioneer Parkway, PO Box 316, Johnston, Iowa 50131, USA Division of Tropical Crops and Pastures, CSIRO, Mill Road, St. Lucia, Brisbane, Queensland 4067, Australia (sweet sorghums) Ronny R. Duncan, Department of Agronomy, University of Georgia, Georgia Experiment Station, Griffin, Georgia 30223-1797, USA (editor of annual sorghum-research newsletter) B.O. Eggum, Statens Husdyrbrugsfors g (National Institute of Animal Science), Postboks 39, 8830 Tjele, Denmark Frank Einhellig, Department of Biology, University of South Dakota, Vermillion, South Dakota 57069, USA (sorghum for controlling weeds) Gebisa Ejeta, Department of Agronomy, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA (INTSORMIL collaborator) Lindolfo Fernández, Las Playitas Experiment Station, Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR), Comayagua, Honduras R.A. Frederiksen, Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA Gas Research Institute, 8600 West Bryn Mawr Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60631, USA (sweet sweet-stalk sorghums for energy, and crop support) Earl W. Gleaves, Department of Animal Science, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583, USA Francisco Gomez, Escuela Agrícola Panamericana, Apartado Postal 93, Tegucigalpa, Honduras Patricio Gutierrez, Department of Agronomy, Escuela Agrícola Panamericana, Apartado Postal 93, Tegucigalpa, Honduras (INTSORMIL collaborator) J.R. Harlan, 1016 North Hagan Street, New Orleans, Louisiana 70119, USA F.J. Hills, Department of Agronomy and Range Science, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA (sweet sorghums) Leland R. House, Route 2 Box 136 A-1, Bakersville, North Carolina 28705, USA Catherine Howarth, Department of Environmental Biology, Welsh Plant Breeding Station, Institute for Grassland and Environmental Research, University College of Wales, PO Box 2, Old College, Aberystwyth, Dyfed SY23 3EB, Wales, United Kingdom (heat-shock sorghum) Kaiser Engineers, Inc., 1800 Harrison Street, PO Box 23210, Oakland, California 94623, USA (sweet sorghums) Robert Kalton, Research Seeds, Inc., Answer Farm, Rural Route 2, Webster City, Iowa 50595, USA Issoufou Kapran, Department of Agronomy, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA (INTSORMIL collaborator) Clarissa T. Kimber, Department of Geography, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-3147, USA Arthur Klatt, Division of Agriculture, 139 Agricultural Hall, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078-0500, USA Steve Kresovich, Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, ARS, USDA, Griffin, Georgia 30223-1797, USA (sweet, fuel sorghums) Gerald R. Leather, Foreign Disease - Weed Science Research, ARS, USDA, Fort Detrick, Building 1301, Frederick, Maryland 21701, USA (allelopathy and sorghum for controlling weeds) R.T. Lewellen, Department of Agronomy and Range Science, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA (sweet sorghums) David G. Lynn, Department of Chemistry, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA (striga) N.G. Malleshi, Cereal Science and Technology, Central Food Technological Research Institute, Cheluvamba Mansion, V.V. Mohalla PO, Mysore 570013, India (processing, weaning foods)

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Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I, Grains Paul L. Mask, 110 Extension Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849-5633, USA (sweet-stalk sorghums) A. Bruce Maunder, Sorghum and Tropical Maize Research, DeKalb Genetics Corporation, Route 2 Box 56, Lubbock, Texas 79415, USA Dan H. Meckenstock, Programa Internacional de Sorgo y Mijo (INTSORMIL), Escuela Agrícola Panamericana, Apartado Postal 93, Tegucigalpa, Honduras Humberto Mejia, Raul Valle Experiment Station, Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR), Olancho, Honduras (INTSORMIL collaborator) Fred R. Miller, Department of Soil and Crop Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (breeding and crop support) Kenneth J. Moore, Wheat, Sorghum, and Forage Research Unit, ARS, USDA, 344 Keim Hall, University of Nebraska East Campus, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583, USA (utility sorghums) Charles F. Murphy, Grain Crops, Plant Sciences, National Program Staff, Agricultural Research Service (ARS), U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Building 005, BARC-West, Beltsville, Maryland 20705, USA George R. Newkome, Center for Energy Studies, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70808, USA (sweet sorghums; fuel sorghums) M.H. Nguyen, Hawkesbury Agricultural College, Richmond, N.S.W. 2753, Australia (sweet sorghums) Evelyn Oviedo, La Lujosa Experiment Station, Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR), Choluteca, Honduras (INTSORMIL collaborator) Alejandro Palma, Department of Agronomy, Escuela Agrícola Panamericana, Apartado Postal 93, Tegucigalpa, Honduras (INTSORMIL collaborator) Gary Peterson, Texas A&M Agricultural Experiment Station, Lubbock, Texas 79401, USA (INTSORMIL collaborator) Hector Portillo, Department of Agronomy, Escuela Agrícola Panamericana, Apartado Postal 93, Tegucigalpa, Honduras (INTSORMIL collaborator) Martin L. Price, Educational Concerns for Hunger Organization (ECHO), 17430 Durrance Road, North Fort Myers, Florida 33917, USA (fuel and specialty sorghums) Alan Putnam, Department of Agronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA (sorghum for controlling weeds) Kenneth O. Rachie, 5434 Dynasty Drive, Pensacola, Florida 32504, USA A.K. Rajvanshi, Nimbkar Agricultural Research Institute, PO Box 23, Phaltan-Lonand Road, Phaltan 415 523, Satara District, Maharashtra, India (sweet sorghums; alcohol fuels) K.V. Ramaiah, ICRISAT, Patancheru PO, Andhra Pradesh 502 324, India Korivi Eswara Prasada Rao, Genetic Resources Program, ICRISAT, Patancheru PO, Andhra Pradesh 502 324, India James Rasmussen, Mount Marty College, 1105 West 8th, Yankton, South Dakota 57078, USA (sorghum for controlling weeds) James L. Riopel, Department of Biology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 29428, USA (striga) Charles W. Robbins, Soil and Water Management Research, ARS, USDA, 3793 North 3600 East, Kimberly, Idaho 83341, USA (sorghum/sudangrass hybrids; sodic soils) Lloyd W. Rooney, Cereal Quality Lab, Department of Soil and Crop Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA (food science) Darrell Rosenow, Texas A&M Agricultural Experiment Station, Research and Extension Center, Lubbock, Texas 79401, USA (INTSORMIL collaborator) Edgar Salguero, Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología Agrícolas (ICTA), Jutiapa, Guatemala (INTSORMIL collaborator) Manuel Santos, Centro Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (CENTA), San Andres, El Salvador (INTSORMIL collaborator) R.E. Schaffert, Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Milho e Sorgo (CNPMS), Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA), Caixa Postal 151, Sete Lagoas, Minas Gerais 35700, Brazil (breeding; sweet sorghums) I.O. Skoyen, Department of Agronomy and Range Science, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA (sweet sorghums) Bluebell R. Standal, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Tropical

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Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I, Grains Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii, 3190 Maile Way, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822, USA (nutrition: specialty sorghums) Keith Steinkraus, Department of Food Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14456, USA (fermented foods) J.W. Stenhouse, ICRISAT, Patancheru PO, Andhra Pradesh 502 324, India (INTSORMIL collaborator, breeding) Robert J. Theodoratus, Department of Anthropology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA (beer) K.P.R. Vittal, Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Santoshnagar, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India Fred M. Wrighton, Center for Energy Studies, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70808, USA (sweet sorghums) John Yohe, International Sorghum/Millet Collaborative Research Support Program (INTSORMIL CRSP), 54 Nebraska Center, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583, USA J.R. Zanini, Departamento de Agricultura, Universidade Estadual Paulista ''Júlio de Mesquita Filho" (UNESP), Ilha Solteira, São Paulo, Brazil (sweet sorghums) TEF African Countries Endashaw Bekele, The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, PO Box 3434, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Abebe Demissie, Plant Germplasm Exploration & Collection, PGRC/E, PO Box 30726, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Susan Burnell Edwards, The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, PO Box 3434, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Tewolde Berhan Gebre Egziabher, c/o The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, PO Box 3434, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Kifle Gozeguze, Regional Soil and Water Conservation Department, c/o Ministry of Agriculture, PO Box 62347, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Tantigegn Kerede Kassa, Zonal Team in Soil Conservation, Bahrder, Ethiopia Abebe Kirub, Information Services, Institute of Agricultural Research, PO Box 2003, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Helmut Kreiensiek, Agriculture and Soil Conservation, German AgroAction -FSAP, PO Box 6, Maseru 100, Lesotho Mahmoud Ahmed Mahmoud, Arab Organization for Agricultural Development (AOAD), PO Box 474, Khartoum, Sudan Dejene Makonnen, Alemaya University of Agriculture, PO Box 138, Alemaya, Ethiopia P.C.J. Maree, Department of Agronomy and Pastures, University of Stellenbosch, Victoria Street, Stellenbosch 7600, Cape Province, South Africa Mateos Megiso, Soil Conservation Department, Ministry of Agriculture, PO Box 62347, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Gebru Teka Mehereta, Natural Resources Department, Ministry of Agriculture, PO Box 62347, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Solomon Mengistu, International Livestock Centre for Africa (ILCA), PO Box 30709, Nairobi, Kenya Getachew Beyene Misker, Community Forestry Department, Ministry of Agriculture, PO Box 62347, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Helen Moss, 63 End Road, Linden Extension 2194, Randburg, South Africa P.O. Osuji, International Livestock Centre for Africa (ILCA), P.O. Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (forage) Norman F.G. Rethman, Department of Plant Production, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa

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Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I, Grains Adebacho Watchiso, Community Forestry Department, Ministry of Agriculture, PO Box 62347, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia J.J.P. Van Wyk, Research Institute for Reclamation Ecology, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa (soil reclamation) Other Countries Donald F. Beech, Division of Tropical Crops and Pastures, CSIRO, Mill Road, St. Lucia, Brisbane 4067, Queensland, Australia K.V. Bondale, Millet Development Program, Ministry of Agriculture, 27 Eldams Road, Madras 600 018, India Wayne Carlson, Maskal Forages, Inc., PO Box A, Caldwell, Idaho 83606, USA Geoffrey P. Chapman, Wye College, University of London, Wye, Near Ashford, Kent TN25 5AH, England M. Cheverton, Wye College, University of London, Wye, Ashford, Kent TN25 5AH, England R.H. Ellis, Department of Agriculture, University of Reading, Reading, Berkshire, RG6 2AH, England Johannes M.M. Engels, Regional Office for South and Southeast Asia, IPGRI (IBPGR), c/o Pusa Campus, New Delhi 110 012, India Don F. Gaff, Department of Ecology and E.B., Monash University, Wellington Road, Clayton, Victoria 3168, Australia Heiner E. Goldbach, Abta Agrarökologie, Lehrstuhl Biogeographie, Institut für Geowissenschaften der Universität Bayreuth, Postfach 101251, D-8580 Bayreuth, Germany Pamela M. Goode, Environmental Resources Unit, University of Salford, Salford M5 4WT, England Le Dit Bokary Guindo, Special Program for African Agricultural Research, The World Bank, 1818 H Street, NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA David Hilling, Centre for Developing Areas Research, Department of Geography, Royal Holloway and Bedford New College, University of London, Egham Hill, Egham, Surrey TW20 0EX, England B.M. Glyn Jones, Biology Department, Huntersdale New College, Egham, Surrey TW20 0EX, England J.P. Marathee, Crop and Grasslands Services, Plant Production and Protection Division, FAO, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00100, Italy Melak H. Mengesha, Genetic Resources Unit, ICRISAT, Patancheru PO, Andhra Pradesh 502 324, India Frederick G. Meyer, c/o Herbarium, U.S. National Arboretum, 3501 New York Avenue, NE, Washington, DC 20002, USA Redwood City Seed Company, PO Box 361, Redwood City, California 94064, USA Michael Stocking, Soils and Land Use Development Studies, Overseas Development Group, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk NR4 7TJ, England D. Theodoropoulos, J.L. Hudson, Seedsman, PO Box 1058, Redwood City, California 94064, USA H.D. Tindall, 8 Church Avenue, Ampthill, Bedford MK45 2PN, England J.H. Topps, Division of Agricultural Chemistry and Biochemistry, School of Agriculture, University of Aberdeen, 581 King Street, Aberdeen AB2 4AQ, Scotland E.K. Twidwell, South Dakota Cooperative Extension Service, South Dakota State University, College Station, Brookings, South Dakota 57007, USA (forage) C.E. West, Department of Human Nutrition, Wageningen Agricultural University, PO Box 8129, Wageningen 6700 EV, Netherlands Josien M.C. Westphal-Stevels, Department of Plant Taxonomy, Wageningen Agricultural University, Gen. Foulkesweg 37, PO Box 8010, Wageningen 6700 ED, Netherlands Erica F. Wheeler, Centre for Human Nutrition, The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 2 Taviton Street, London WCIH 0BT, England M. Zewdie, Department of Agriculture, University of Reading, Reading, Berkshire, RG6 2AH, England

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Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I, Grains CULTIVATED AND WILD GRAINS African Countries Samuel Agboire, National Cereals Research Institute, Private Mail Bag 8, Bida, Niger State, Nigeria Abebe Demissie, Plant Germplasm Exploration & Collection, PGRC/E, PO Box 30726, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (emmer, barley) Susan Burnell Edwards, The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, PO Box 3434, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Seyfu Ketema, Tef Improvement Programme, Holetta Research Station, Institute of Agricultural Research (IAR), PO Box 2003, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia H. Gebre Mariam, Institute of Agricultural Research, PO Box 2003, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Bede Okigbo, Institute for Natural Resources, United Nations University (UNU), c/o United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), PO Box 1423, Accra, Ghana Other Countries Bernard R. Baum, Central Experimental Farm, Centre for Land & Biological Resources Research, Ottawa KIA 0C6, Ontario, Canada (Ethiopian oats) K.V. Bondale, Millet Development Program, Ministry of Agriculture, 27 Eldams Road, Madras 600 018, India (kodo millet) Geoffrey P. Chapman, Wye College, University of London, Wye, Near Ashford, Kent TN25 5AH, England (buffel grass; wild grains) A.B. Damania, Genetic Resources Unit, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), PO Box 5466, Aleppo, Syria (emmer) Frances Cook, Economic and Conservation Section (ECOS), Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AB, England (botany) Johannes M.M. Engels, Regional Office for South and Southeast Asia, IPGRI (IBPGR), c/o Pusa Campus, New Delhi 110 012, India (barley) Jeffrey Gritzner, Public Policy Research Institute, Department of Geography, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana 59812-1018, USA S. Hakim, Faculty of Agriculture, Tishreen University, Lattakia, Syria (emmer) Wayne W. Hanna, Department of Agronomy, Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station, ARS, USDA, PO Box 748, Tifton, Georgia 31793, USA J.R. Harlan, 1016 North Hagan Street, New Orleans, Louisiana 70119, USA (wild grains, barley) David B. Harper, Food and Agricultural Chemistry Department, The Queen's University of Belfast, Newforge Lane, Belfast BT9 5PX, United Kingdom (wild grains) Arthur Klatt, Division of Agriculture, 139 Agricultural Hall, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078-0500, USA J.P. Marathee, Crop and Grasslands Services, Plant Production and Protection Division, FAO, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00100, Italy M.Y. Moualla, Faculty of Agriculture, Tishreen University, Lattakia, Syria (emmer) John Compton Tothill, Division of Tropical Crops and Forages, CSIRO, 306 Carmody Road, St. Lucia 4069, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia (taxonomy) John Yohe, International Sorghum/Millet Collaborative Research Support Program (INTSORMIL CRSP), 54 Nebraska Center, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583, USA