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Indexer Add-on grants, 8, 51 Administrators, 4, 56, 59-60 enlisting support of, 2, 6-7, 26, 28-29, 46, 58-59 university, 5, 51 Advertisements, 55-56 Alliances, see Partnerships and alliances American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 24, 52, 65, 72 American Association of Physics Teachers, 52 American Chemical Society (ACS), 51-52 American Physical Society, 51-52 American Physiological Society, 44 American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB), 44 American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB), 44, 52 American Society for Microbiology, 52 American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG), 52, 53 Association of Science-Technology Centers (ASTC), 44 Beginning teachers, 22-23 Benchmarks, 65 Business and industry, 8, 31 City Science Project, 56, 66 Class presentations, 3, 32 Classroom supplies and equipment, 60, 64, 78 funding for, 5, 8, 28-29, 42, 58, 60 laboratory kits, 38-39, 44 sharing of, 38, 58 Collaboration and cooperation, 2, 26, 27, 32, 33, 42-43 among university departments, 8, 54 in reform efforts, 62, 63, 65, 67-68, 72 Colleges, see Universities and colleges Collegial relationships, 2, 4, 17, 26, 27, 57 Computers and computer networks, 28, 41-42 Conceptual-change perspective, 20 Consortia, 58, 229 Content learning, 16, 17, 19-20, 37, 63, 68 Continuing-education credits, 4, 5, 6, 40, 57 Conventions, see Meetings and conventions *Because of the structure and content of the appendixes to this volume, they do not lend them- selves to regular indexing; therefore, they are not represented here. 235

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236 Cooperative Educational Service Agency 11 Coordination of programs, with conscience subjects, 69 Cornell Institute for Biology Teachers (CIBT), 47, 56 Cost effectiveness, 75 County offices, 56 Curriculum development, 3, 37, 42-43, 60 funding, 8 reform efforts, 24, 62, 63-64, 69, 72 Data collection, 75 Department of Education, 8, 64 Direct mail, 28, 56 Diversity and equity, 16 Duration and timing of programs, 45-46 Educational reform, 1, 9, 67 curriculum, 24, 62, 63-64, 69, 72 elementary school, 7, 68, 71-72 scientists' roles, 6-7, 25, 52, 66, 71, 72 secondary schools, 71-72 standards-based, 15, 24, 64, 65-66, 72 systemic, 5-7, 24-25, 62-72, 78 teachers' roles, 24-25, 63, 66, 77-78 Educational research, 25, 79 Eisenhower, Dwight D., Professional Development Program, 8, 40 Elementary education, 7, 18, 22, 68, 71-72 Ethical analysis, 41 Evaluation of programs, 7, 73-81 continuous, 2, 7, 26, 28, 75, 77, 78 funding, 8, 80, 81 long-term followup, 7, 77-78, 79, 80 planning for, 7, 75, 76, 80 professionally conducted, 8, 81 Evolution and the Nature of Science Institute (ENSI), 56 Exploratorium, The, 44, 47 Feedback mechanisms, 57, 69, 75, 77, 80 Followup activities, 4, 27-28, 29 Footlocker Program in Biotechnology, 48 Funding of programs, 2, 5, 8, 28-29, 43, 51, 57, 60, 80-81 Fund-raising, 58 Genetics Society of America, 52 Grant proposals, 38 Hands-on programs, 18, 43 INDEX Higher-education institutions, see Universities and colleges Honoraria, 57 Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), 51 Hutchinson, Fred, Cancer Research Center, 47, 58 Hypothesis-testing, 20, 41 Indiana University, 56 Individual-based development programs, 5-6, 24, 62, 67-68, 72 Industry, 8, 31 Industry Initiatives for Science and Math Education (IISME), 44 Information and dissemination, 2, 27, 29 funding of programs for, 8 professional societies' role in, 54 Inquiry-based teaching, 18, 19-20, 38, 43, 63, 64, 66, 71 Instructional materials, and reform efforts, 24, 63-64, 69 Iowa Chautauqua Program (ICP), 47 Journals, 3, 52-53, 54, 60, 61 Laboratory facilities, 60, 78 Laboratory kits, 38-39, 44 Lansing Community College, 47-48 Leadership, 2, 24, 27, 29, 56 Lectures, 6, 39-40 Local education agencies, 8 Mailings, 28, 55-56 Meetings and conventions, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 61 Mentors, 38, 56 Minority-group participation, 16, 67 National Academy of Sciences, 44, 66 National Association of Biology Teachers (NAB T), 28, 53, 58-59, 60 National Defense Education Act, 64 National Leadership Program for Teachers, 56 National Science Education Standards, 16, 24, 66,72 National Science Foundation (NSF), 2, 8, 41, 51, 63-65, 80 National Science Resources Center (NSRC), 44 National Science Teachers Association (NSTA), 15, 24, 28 Newsletters, 28, 52, 54

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INDEX News media, 58 North Carolina Biotechnology Center (NCBC), 46-47, 58 Orientation meeting, 56 Parents and family members, program participation, 58, 60 Partnerships and alliances, 2, 6, 26, 28, 32, 66 Pedagogy, see Educational research; Teaching methods and strategies Peer review, 8 Philanthropic organizations, 8 Planning and development, 7, 27, 56, 57, 75, 76, 80 Preparation time, 60 Preservice, see Teacher preparation Principal investigators, 7, 78, 79, 81 Principals, 56, 58 Private foundations and organizations, 8 Problem-solving, see Inquiry-based teaching Process learning, 17, 19-20, 37, 63, 68, 69 Professional development, definition, 1, 13-14 Professional-practice models, 15, 77 Professional societies, 3-5, 23, 28, 48, 51-55, 61 Program directors, 2, 7, 27, 29, 78, 79, 81 Project 2061, 24, 65, 72 Promotion decisions, 5, 51, 54 Public relations and public image, 2, 15, 26, 28, 58 Questionnaires, 79 Recruitment of school administrators, 2, 6-7, 26, 28-29, 46, 58-59 of teachers, 2, 3, 4-5, 23, 26, 28, 55, 55-58 Reform, see Educational reform Research-laboratory programs, 3-4, 6, 37-38, 43-44, 54, 56 Reward and incentive systems, 5, 36, 49-51 for scientist involvement, 5, 49-51, 53, 54, 61 for teacher participation, 4, 5, 43, 57, 60 San Francisco State University, 58 San Francisco Unified School District, 56 San Jose State University, 56 Science educator, definition, 14 Science for AII Americans, 65 237 Science-technology- society (STS) approach, 20 Scientists' roles and participation and educational research, 25, 48 in education reform, 6-7, 25, 52, 66, 71, 72 O In peer-review process, 0 in program evaluation, 66-67, 78-79 in teacher professional development, 3-5, 13, 30-48, 59, 61 as teachers, 3, 31-32, 48, 50 Secondary-school education, 18, 22, 71-72 Self-sustaining programs, 6, 69 Seminars, 4, 33, 39-40 Sharing of equipment, 38, 58 Smithsonian Institution, 44 Standards and standards-based reform, 15, 24, 64, 65-66, 72 State education agencies Eisenhower program funds, 8 reform activities, 65 support services, 56 Statewide Systemic Initiatives (SSI), 45, 65 Stipends, 27, 43, 57, Student achievement, measurement, 8, 67, 73, 74,78 Student teaching, 18 Subject matter, see Content learning Summer institutes, 6, 41 financial support, 57 and reform efforts, 63-64 Summer research-laboratory programs, 3, 6, 43-44, 54, 56 Supervisors, 56 Supplies, see Classroom supplies and equipment; Instructional materials Support services, 15, 28 Support systems, 58-59, 60 Systemic reform, 5-7, 24-25, 62-72, 78 Teachers Education Network (TEN), 44 Teacher participation, 13-14, 59 in elementary schools, 71, 72 evaluation of, 77-78 incentives and support, 4, 5, 43, 57, 60 isolation and networking, 4, 20-21, 27-28, 38 leadership roles, 24, 56 in peer-review process, 8 in planning and development, 27, 56, 57 recruitment, 2, 3, 4-5, 23, 26, 28, 55, 55-58 in reform efforts, 24-25, 63, 66, 77-78 Teacher preparation, 14, 17-18

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238 Teaching methods and strategies, 16, 17- 18, 19-20, 57, 78 and reform efforts, 20, 24, 68 see also Content learning; Inquiry-based teaching; Process learning Tenure decisions, 51, 53 Textbooks, 37, 63, 64 UCI Summer Science Institute, 56 Undergraduate education, of teachers, 3, 14, 54 Universities and colleges, 5, 39, 40, 49-51, 53- 54 interdepartmental collaboration, 8, 54 research-laboratory participation, 33 teacher outreach programs, 6, 51 INDEX University of Arizona, 50-51 University of California, Irvine (UCI), 50, 56 University of California, San Francisco, 56 University of Illinois-Urbana-Champaign, 48, 58 University of Iowa, 47 University of Washington, 50 Urban Systemic Initiatives, 65 Video technology, 42, 78 Visits to schools, 3-4, 32-33 Wilson, Woodrow, National Fellowsh Foundation, 56 Workshops, 6, 40, 41, 52, 54, 61, 66 lp