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Appendix A: Title I of the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 19SS, as Amended (Public Law 85-568)

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112 Technologyfor Small Spacecraft NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ACT OF 1958, AS AMENDED AN ACT To provide for research into problems of flight within and outside the earth's atmosphere, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, TITLE I SHORT TITLE, DECLARATION OF POLICY, AND DEFINITIONS SHORT TITLE Sec. 101. This Act may be cited as the "National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958". DECLARATION OF POLICY AND PURPOSE Sec. 102. (a) The Congress hereby declares it is the policy of the United States that activities in space should be devoted to peaceful purposes for the benefit of all mankind. (b) The Congress declares that the general welfare and security of the United States require that adequate provision be made for aeronautical and space activities. The Congress further declares that such activities shall be the responsibility of, and shall be directed by, a civilian agency exercising control over aeronautical and space activities sponsored by the United States, except that activities peculiar to or primarily associated with the development of weapons systems, military operations, or the defense of the United States (including the research and development necessary to make effective provision for the defense of the United States) shall be the responsibility of, and shall be directed by, the Department of Defense; and that determination as to which such agency has responsibility for and direction of any such activity shall be made by the President in conformity with section 201(e). (c) The aeronautical and space activities of the United States shall be conducted so as to contribute materially to one or more of the following objectives: Public Law X5- 56X, Bath Congress, H.R. 12575. July 29, 195X. 72 Stat. 426. 42 U.S.C. 2451.

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Appendix A 113 (~) The expansion of human knowledge of phenomena in the atmosphere and space; (2) The improvement of the usefulness! performance, speed. safety. and efficiency of aeronautical and space vehicles; (3) The development and operation of vehicles capable of carrying instruments, equipment, supplies, and living organisms through space; (4) The establishment of long-range studies of the potential benefits to be gained from, the opportunities fort and the problems involved in utilization of aeronautical and space activities for peaceful and scientific purposes: (5) The preservation of the role of the United States as a leader in aeronautical and space science and technology and in the application thereof to the conduct of peaceful activities within and outside the atmosphere; (6) The making available to agencies directly concerned with national defense of discoveries that have military value or significance, and the furnishing by such agencies, to the civilian agency established to direct and control nonmilitary aeronautical and space activities, of information as to discoveries which have value or significance to that agency; (7) Cooperation by the United States with other nations and groups of nations in work done pursuant to this Act and in the peaceful application of the results thereof; and (~) The most effective utilization of the scientific and engineering resources of the United States, with close cooperation among all interested agencies of the United States in order to avoid unnecessary duplication of effort, facilities, and equipment. (d) The Congress declares that the general welfare of the United States requires that the unique competence in scientific and engineering systems of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration also be directed toward ground propulsion systems research and development. Such development shall be conducted so as to contribute to the objectives of developing energy- and petroleum-conserving ground propulsion systems

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114 and of minimizing the environmental degradation caused by such systems. (e) The Congress declares that the general welfare of the United States requires that the unique competence in scientific and engineering systems of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration also be directed toward the development of advanced automobile propulsion systems. Such development shall be conducted so as to contribute to the achievement of the purposes set forth in section 302(b) of the Automotive Propulsion Research and Development Act of 1978.2 (f) The Congress declares that the general welfare of the United States requires that the unique competence of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in science and engineering systems be directed to assisting in bioengineering research, development, and demonstration programs designed to alleviate and minimize the effects of disability.3 (g) It is the purpose of this Act to carry out and effectuate the policies declared in subsections (a), (b), (c), all, (e), and (f). DEFINITIONS Sec. 103. As used in this Act- (~) the term "aeronautical and space activities" means (A) research into, and the solution of, problems of flight within ant} outside the earth's atmosphere, (B) the development, construction, testing, and operation for research purposes of ~ The "Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Research, Development, and Demonstration Act of 1976", Public Law 94-413, September 17, 1976, section 15 (90 Stat. 1270), added this new subsection (d) and redesignated old subsection (d) as subsection (e). 2 The "Department of Energy Act of 1978 Civilian Applicationsn, Public Law 95-238, February 25, 1978, section 311 (92 Stat. 47), added a new subsection (e) and redesignated old subsection (e) as subsection Hi. 3 The National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act, 1979 Public Law 96-401, September 30, 1978, section 7 (92 Stat. 860), added a new subsection (f) and redesignated old subsection (I) as subsection (g). Technology for Small Spacecraft 42 U.S.C. 2452.

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Appendix A aeronautical and space vehicles, (C) the operation of a space transportation system including the Space Shuttle, upper stages, space platforms, and related equipment,4 and (D) such other activities as may be required for the exploration of space; and (2) the term "aeronautical and space vehicles" means aircraft, missiles, satellites, and other space vehicles, manned and unmanned, together with related equipment, devices, components, and parts. 4 Subsection (C) was added by the "National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act, 1984," Public Law 98-52, July 15, 1983, section 106 (97 Stat. 285) which also redesignated old subsection (C) as (D). 115