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Potential Food Components to Enhance Performance—A Selected Bibliography

On the following pages is a selection of references dealing with food components to enhance performance. This bibliography was compiled from the joint reference lists of the 23 chapters in this report, selected references from a computer-based literature search conducted in 1992, and references recommended by the invited speakers as background reading for the workshop participants. As a result, references that are historical in nature are included in this listing with the most current studies on food components to enhance performance.



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Food Components to Enhance Performance: An Evaluation of Potential Performance-Enhancing Food Components for Operational Rations C Potential Food Components to Enhance Performance—A Selected Bibliography On the following pages is a selection of references dealing with food components to enhance performance. This bibliography was compiled from the joint reference lists of the 23 chapters in this report, selected references from a computer-based literature search conducted in 1992, and references recommended by the invited speakers as background reading for the workshop participants. As a result, references that are historical in nature are included in this listing with the most current studies on food components to enhance performance.

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Food Components to Enhance Performance: An Evaluation of Potential Performance-Enhancing Food Components for Operational Rations AMAC American Medical Association’s Council on Scientific Affairs 1984 Cafffeine labeling, a report on the safety of dietary caffeine. JAMA 252:803–806. Anderson, S.A., and D.J.Raiten, eds. 1992 Safety of Amino Acids Used as Dietary Supplements. Bethesda, Md.: Life Sciences Research Office. Arvedson, I., G.Sterky, and K.Tjernstrom 1969 Breakfast habits of Swedish schoolchildren: Effect of protein content. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 55:257–261. Askew, E.W., J.R.Claybaugh, S.A.Cucinell, A.J.Young, and E.G.Szeto 1987 Nutrient intakes and work performance of soldiers during seven days of exercise at 7,200 ft. altitude consuming the meal, Ready-to-Eat ration. Technical Report T3–87. Natick, Mass.: U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine. Askew, E.W., J.R.Claybaugh, G.M.Hashiro, W.S.Stokes, A.Sato, and S.A.Cucinell 1987 Mauna Kea III: Metabolic effects of dietary carbohydrate supplementation during exercise at 4,100 m altitude. Technical Report No. T12–87, AD A180 629 . Natick, Mass.: U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine. Banderet, L.E., and H.E.Lieberman. 1989 Treatment with tyrosine, a neurotransmitter precursor, reduces environmental stress in humans. Brain Res. Bull. 22:759–762. Bartus, R.T., R.L.Dean, J.A.Goas, and A.S.Lippa 1980 Age-related changes in passive avoidance retention: Modulation with dietary choline. Science 209:301–303. Battig, K., R.Buzzi, J.R.Martin, and J.M.Feierabend 1984 The effects of caffeine on physiological functions and mental performance. Experentia 40:1218–1223. Beisel, W.R. 1991 Nutrition and infection. Pp. 507–542 in Nutritional Biochemistry and Metabolism, 2nd ed., M.C.Linder, ed. New York: Elsevier. Benevenga, N.J., and R.D.Steele 1984 Adverse effects of excessive consumption of amino acids. Annu. Rev. Nutr. 4:157–181. Bergman, J., and P.B.Dews 1987 Dietary cafeine and its toxicity. In J.Hathcock (ed.) Nutritional Toxicology. New York: Academic Press. Bergström, J., L.Hermansen, E.Hultman and B.Saltin 1967 Diet, muscle glycogen and physical performance. Acta Physiol. Scand. 71:140–150.

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Food Components to Enhance Performance: An Evaluation of Potential Performance-Enhancing Food Components for Operational Rations Blom, P.C.S, A.T.Høstmark, O.Vaage, K.R.Kardel, and S.Maehlum 1987 Effect of different post-exercise sugar diets on the rate of muscle glycogen synthesis. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 19:491–496. Blomstrand, E., F.Celsing, and E.A.Newsholme 1988 Changes in plasma concentrations of aromatic and branched-chain amino acids during sustained exercise in man and their possible role in fatigue. Acta Physiol. Scand. 133:115–121. Blomstrand, E., P.Hassmén, B.Ekblom, and E.A.Newsholme 1991 Administration of branched-chain amino acids during sustained exercise—effects on performance and on plasma concentration of some amino acids. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 63:83–88. Blundell, J.E. 1986 Serotonin manipulations and the structure of feeding behaviour. Appetite Supl. 7:39–56. Boyd, W.D., W.J.Graham, G.Blackwood, I.Glen, and J.McQueen 1977 Clinical effects of choline in Alzheimer senile dementia. Letter. Lancet 2:711. Bredle, D.L., J.M.Stager, W.F.Brechue, and M.O.Farber 1988 Phosphate supplementation, cardiovascular function, and exercise performance in humans. J. Appl. Physiol. 65:1821–1826. Bruce, M., N.Scott, M.Lader, and V.Marks 1986 The psychopharmacological and electrophysiological effects of single doses of caffeine in healthy human subjects. Br. J. Clin. Pharmacol. 22:81–87. Brzezinski, A.A., J.J.Wurtman, R.J.Wurtman, R.Gleason, T.Nader, and B.Laferrere 1990 D-fenfluramine suppresses the increased calorie and carbohydrate intakes and improves the mood of women with premenstrual syndrome. Obstet. Gynecol. 76:296–301. Cade, R., M.Conte, C.Zauner, D.Mars, J.Peterson, D.Lunne, N.Hommen, and D.Parker 1984 Effects of phosphate loading on 2,3-diphosphoglycerate and maximal oxygen uptake. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 16:263–268. Caputo, F.A., and R.D.Mattes 1992 Human dietary responses to covert manipulations of energy, fat, and carbohydrate in a midday meal. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 56:36–43. Childs, J.M. 1978 Caffeine consumption and target scanning performance. Hum. Factors 20:91–96.

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Food Components to Enhance Performance: An Evaluation of Potential Performance-Enhancing Food Components for Operational Rations Choi, O.H., M.T.Shamin, W.L.Padgett, and J.W.Daly 1988 Caffeine and theophylline analogues: Correlation of behavioral effects with activity as adenosine receptor antagonists and as phosphodiesterase inhibitors. Life Sci. 43:387–398. Cohen, E.L., and R.J.Wurtman 1975 Brain acetylcholine: Increase after systemic choline administration. Life Sci. 16:1095–1102. 1976 Brain acetylcholine: Control by dietary choline. Science 191:561–562. Conlay, L.A., R.J.Wurtman, K.Blusztajn, I.L.Coviella, T.J.Maher, and G.E.Evoniuk 1986 Decreased plasma choline concentrations inmarathon runners. Letter. N. Engl. J. Med. 315:892. Cooper, C., E.J.Atkinson, H.W.Wahner, W.M.O’Fallon, B.L.Riggs, H.L. Judd, and L.J.Melton 1992 Is caffeine consumption a risk factor for osteoporosis? J. Bone & Min. Res. 7:465–471. Costill, D.L. 1988 Carbohydrates for exercise: Dietary demands for optimal performance. Int. J. Sports Med. 9:1–18. Costill, D.L., G.Dalsky, and W.Fink 1978 Effects of caffeine ingestion on metabolism and exercise performance. Med. Sci. Sports 10:155–158. Costill, D.L., W.M.Sherman, W.J.Fink, C.Maresh, and M.Witten 1981 The role of dietary carbohydrate in muscle glycogen resynthesis after strenuous running. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 34:1831–1836. Coyle, E.F., J.M.Hagberg, B.R.Hurley, W.H.Martin, A.A.Ehsani, and J.O.Holloszy 1983 Carbohydrate feeding during prolonged strenuous exercise can delay fatigue. J. Appl. Physiol. 55:230–235. Coyle, E.F., A.R.Coggan, M.K.Hemmert, and J.L.Ivy 1986 Muscle glycogen utilization during prolonged strenuous exercise when fed carbohydrate. J. Appl. Physiol. 61:165–172. Craig, A. 1986 Acute effects of meals on perceptual and cognitive functioning. Nutr. Rev. 44(Suppl):163–171. Cromer, B.A., K.J.Tarnowski, A.M.Stein, P.Harton, and D.Thornton 1990 The school breakfast program and cognition in adolescents. Dev. Behav. Pediatr. 11:295–300. Curatolo, P.W., and D.Robertson 1983 The health consequences of caffeine. Ann. Intern. Med. 98:641–653.

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Food Components to Enhance Performance: An Evaluation of Potential Performance-Enhancing Food Components for Operational Rations Curran, H.V. 1992 Antidepressant drugs, cognitive function and human performance. Pp. 319–336 in Handbook of Human Performance, Vol. 2, Health and Performance, A.P.Smith and D.M.Jones, eds. Boston: Academic Press. Dews, P.B. 1984 Behavioral effects of caffeine. Pp. 86–103 in Caffeine, P.B.Dews, ed. New York: Springer-Verlag. Diaz, E., G.R.Goldberg, M.Taylor, J.M.Savage, D.Sellen, W.A.Coward, and A.M.Prentice 1991 Effects of dietary supplementation on work performance in Gambian laborers. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 53:803–811. Dollins, A.B., L.P.Krock, W.F.Storm, and H.R.Lieberman 1990 Tyrosine decreases physiological stress caused by lower body negative pressure (LBNP). Aviat. Space Environ. Med. 61:491 Duffy, D.J., and R.K.Conlee 1986 Effects of phosphate loading on leg power and high intensity treadmill exercise. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 18:674–677. Eskenazi, B. 1993 Caffeine during pregnancy: Grounds for concern? JAMA 270:2973– 2974. Essig, D., D.L.Costill, and P.J.van Handel 1980 Effects of caffeine ingestion on utilization of muscle glycogen and lipid during leg ergometer cycling. Int. J. Sports Med. 1:86–90. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 1981 Effects of Consumption of Choline and Lecithin on Neurological and Cardiovascular Systems. PB82–133257. Springfield, Va.: National Technical Information Service. Fernstrom, J.D., and R.J.Wurtman 1971 Brain serotonin content: Increase following ingestion of carbohydrate diet. Science 174:1023–1025. Fogelholm, G.M., J.-J.Himberg, K.Alopaeus, C.-G.Gref, J.T.Laakso, J.J. Lehto, and H.Mussalo-Rauhamaa 1992 Dietary and biochemical indices of nutritional status in male athletes and controls. J. Am. Coll. Nutr. 11:181–191. Food and Drug Administration 1982 Toxicological Principles for the Safety Assessment of Direct Food Additives and Color Additives Used in Food. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

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Food Components to Enhance Performance: An Evaluation of Potential Performance-Enhancing Food Components for Operational Rations Friedman, M. 1991 Formation, nutritional value, and safety of D-amino acids. Pp. 447–81 in Nutritional and Toxicological Consequences of Food Processing. New York: Plenum Press. Fulco, C.S., P.B.Rock, L.A.Trad, M.S.Rose, V.A.Forte, Jr., P.M. Young, and A.Cymerman 1989 Effect of caffeine on endurance time to exhaustion. Technical Report No. T17–89, AD A212 069. Natick, Mass.: U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine. Gelenberg, A.J., J.D.Wojcik, C.J.Gibson, and R.J.Wurtman 1983 Tyrosine for depression. J. Psychiatr. Res. 17(2):175. Ghoneim, M.M., J.V.Hinrichs, C.K.Chiang, and W.H.Loke 1986 Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions between caffeine and diazepam. J. Clin. Psychopharmacol. 6:75–80. Goldstein, A., R.Warren, and S.Kaizer 1965 Psychotropic effects of caffeine in man. I. Individual differences in sensitivity to caffeine-induced wakefulness. J. Clin. Pharmacol. Exp. Therapeutics 149:156–169. Gonder-Frederick, L.A., J.L.Hall, J.Vogt, D.J.Cox, J.Green, and P.E.Gold 1987 Memory enhancement in elderly humans: Effects of glucose ingestion. Physiol. Behav. 41:503–504. Gonder-Frederick, L.A., D.J.Cox, S.A.Bobbitt, and J.W.Pennebaker 1989 Mood changes associated with blood glucose fluctuations in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Health Psychol. 8:45–59. Gorostiaga, E.M., C.A.Maurer, and J.P.Eclache 1989 Decrease in respiratory quotient during exercise following L-carnitine supplementation. Int. J. Sports Med. 10:169–174. Graham, D.M. 1978 Caffeine-Its identity, dietary sources, intake and biological effects. Nutr. Rev. 36:97–102. Graham, T.E., and L.L.Spriet 1991 Performance and metabolic responses to a high caffeine dose during prolonged exercise. J. Appl. Physiol. 71:2292–2298. Griffiths, R.R., and P.P.Woodson 1988 Reinforcing effects of caffeine in humans. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 246:21–29. Hall, J.L., L.A.Gonder-Frederick, W.W.Chewning, J.Silveira, and P.E.Gold 1989 Glucose enhancement of memory in young and aged humans. Neuropsychologia 27:1129–1138.

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Food Components to Enhance Performance: An Evaluation of Potential Performance-Enhancing Food Components for Operational Rations Hartmann, E., and D.Greenwald 1984 Tryptophan and human sleep: An analysis of 43 studies. Pp. 297–304 in Progress in Tryptophan and Serotonin Research, H.G. Schlossberger, W.Kochen, B.Kinzen, and H.Steinhart, eds. New York: Walter de Gruyter. Hartmann, E., C.L.Spinweber, and J.Fernstrom 1977 Diet, amino acids and sleep. Sleep Res. 6:61. Heigenhauser, G.J.F., and N.L.Jones 1991 Bicarbonate loading. Pp. 183–212 in Ergogenics, Enhancement of Performance in Exercise and Sport, D.R.Lamb and M.H.Williams, eds. Ann Arbor, Mich.: William C.Brown. Holder, M.D., and G.Huether 1990 Role of prefeedings, plasma amino acid ratios and brain serotonin levels in carbohydrate and protein selection. Physiol. Behav. 47:113–119. Hughes, J.R., S.T.Higgins, W.K.Bickel, W.K.Hunt, J.W.Fenwick, S.B. Gulliver, and G.C.Mireault 1991 Caffeine self-administration, withdrawal, and adverse effects among coffee drinkers. Archives Gen. Psychiatr. 48:611–617. Infante-Rivard, C., A.Fernandez, R.Gauthier, D.Michele, and G.E.Rivard 1993 Fetal loss associated with cafeine intake before and during pregnancy. JAMA 270:2940–2943. Ivy, J.L., D.L.Costill, W.J.Fink, and R.W.Lower 1979 Influence of caffeine and carbohydrate feedings on endurance performance. Med. Sci. Sports 11:6–11. Ivy, J.L., W.Miller, V.Dover, L.G.Goodyear, W.H.Sherman, S.Farrell, and H.Williams 1983 Endurance improved by ingestion of a glucose polymer supplement. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 15:466–471. Jacobson, B.H., and B.M.Edgely 1987 Effects of caffeine on simple reaction time and movement time. Aviat. Space Environ. Med. 58:1153–1156. Jarvis, M. 1993 Does caffeine intake enhance absolute levels of cognitive performance? Psychopharmacology 110:45–52. Joesoef, M.R., V.Beral, R.T.Rolfs, S.O.Aral, and D.W.Cramer 1990 Are caffeinated beverages risk factors for delayed conception? The Lancet 335:136–137. Johansson, C., D.Mellstrom, U.Lerner, and T.Osterberg 1992 Coffee drinking: a minor risk factor for bone loss and fractures. Age and Aging 21:20–26.

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