TABLE 9.1 Federal Laws and Regulations Affecting Laboratories

Law / Regulation




Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA)

29 USC 651 et seq.

Worker protection


Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories (Laboratory Standard)

29 CFR 1910.1450

Laboratory worker protection from chemical use


Hazard Communication Standard

29 CFR 1910.1200

General worker protection from chemical use


Occupational Exposure to Blood borne Pathogens

29 CFR 1910.1030

Worker protection from exposure to blood borne pathogens


Air Contaminants

29 CFR 1910.1000-1050

Standards for exposure to hazardous chemicals


Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response(HAZWOPER)

29 CFR 1910.120 and

40 CFR 311

Worker protection during hazardous waste cleanup

Applies to state and local government employees not covered by OSHA

Hazardous Materials

29 CFR 1910.101-111

Protection against hazards of compressed gases, flammable and combustible liquids, explosives, anhydrous ammonia

See also Uniform Fire Code(UFC) and National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) standards

Personal Protective Equipment

29 CFR 1910.132-138

Head, hand, foot, eye, face, and respiratory tract protection

See also American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards

Medical Services and First Aid

29 CFR 1910.151

Provision of medical services, first aid equipment, and facilities for quick drenching and flushing of eyes


Control of Hazardous Energy(Lock out/Tag out)

29 CFR 1910.147

Worker protection from electrical and other stored energy hazards


Machinery and Machine Guarding

29 CFR 1910.211-219

Worker protection from mechanical hazards


Ionizing Radiation

29 CFR 1910.96

Worker protection from radiation

See also Atomic Energy Act

General Duty Clause

29 USC 654 5(a) and (b)

Assurance of workplace free from recognized hazards that are causing or likely to cause serious physical harm


Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)

42 USC 6901 et seq.

Protection of human health and environment


Hazardous Waste Management

40 CFR 260-272

"Cradle-to-grave" control of chemical waste


Underground Storage Tanks

40 CFR 280

Protection against groundwater and soil contamination


The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement