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Prudent Practices in the Laboratory: Handling and Disposal of Chemicals
Flammability and Explosibility
Aniline is a combustible liquid (NFPA rating = 2). Smoke from a fire involving aniline may contain toxic nitrogen oxides and aniline vapor. Toxic aniline vapors are given off at high temperatures and form explosive mixtures in air. Carbon dioxide or dry chemical extinguishers should be used to fight aniline fires.
Reactivity and Incompatibility
Reacts violently with strong oxidizing agents, including nitric acid, peroxides, and ozone.
Storage and Handling
Aniline should be handled in the laboratory using the "basic prudent practices" described in Chapter 5.C. In particular, aniline should only be used in areas free of ignition sources, and quantities greater than 1 liter should be stored in tightly sealed metal containers in areas separate from oxidizers.
In the event of skin contact, immediately wash with soap and water and remove contaminated clothing. In case of eye contact, promptly wash with copious amounts of water for 15 min (lifting upper and lower lids occasionally) and obtain medical attention. If aniline is ingested, obtain medical attention immediately. If inhaled, move the person to fresh air and seek medical attention at once.
In the event of a spill, remove all ignition sources, soak up the aniline with a spill pillow or absorbent material, place in a covered metal container, label clearly, and dispose of properly. Respiratory protection may be necessary in the event of a large spill or release in a confined area.
Excess aniline and waste material containing this substance should be placed in a covered metal container, clearly labeled, and handled according to your institution's waste disposal guidelines. For more information on disposal procedures, see Chapter 7 of this volume.