Chromates, 54, 55, 97

Chromatography, 67, 155

Chromium(VI) compounds, 66, 77, 286-287

Chromium trioxide (chromic acid), 66, 102, 286-287

Chronic toxicity, 36, 37, 230-232

in Laboratory Chemical Safety Summaries, 236

in Material Safety Data Sheets, 32

of new and unknown compounds, 3

systemic effects, 39

see also Carcinogens

Circuit breakers and fuses, 59, 88, 110, 112

Clean Air Act, 9, 148, 201, 209-210

Cleaning, see Housekeeping and cleaning

Clean rooms, 193, 194

Clean Water Act, 148

Clinical laboratories, 6, 60, 151

Clinical Toxicology of Commercial Products,34

Clothing and protective apparel, 43, 83-84, 87-88, 88, 89, 92, 93, 94, 98, 131-132, 228, 230

CMME, see Chloromethyl methyl ether

Cobalt salts, 102

Cold rooms, 59, 82, 111, 194

Cold traps, 58, 103, 112, 113, 128, 129

Color coding, 10, 121-122

Combustion, see Explosibility; Flammability; Ignition sources

Commingling of waste, 6, 145, 147, 150

Comprehensive Guide to the Hazardous Properties of Chemical Substances, 34, 41

Compressed Gas Association (CGA) standards, 122, 123, 126

Compressed gases, 57, 104-105, 109, 121-126, 144, 219-220

flammability, 51, 104, 105, 123-124

Computer simulation, 2, 4, 18

Computer systems and services

hazard information, 34-35

inventory and tracking, 68, 69-70

Material Safety Data Sheets, 31, 34-35

Condensation, 57, 70, 99, 111, 128, 129

Congenital effects, see Developmental toxicity

Connectors, 85, 109

Contact lenses, 82, 94, 132, 230

Containers and packages, 38, 39, 60, 73-74, 76, 93, 113

bulk and economy sizes, 4, 64, 67

flammable substances, 50, 74, 75, 85

and microwaves, 59, 118

smaller sizes, 4, 64-65, 67, 121, 146

transfers among, 38, 64, 66, 71, 96, 128

transport, 68, 69, 84, 92, 121, 128

waste, 74, 75, 84, 85, 145, 148, 157, 207-208

see also Gas cylinders;

Glass and glassware;

Labels and labeling

Contingency plans, 10, 23, 23-24, 25-26, 47, 81, 93, 146

Cooling baths, 59, 109, 128, 129

Copper, 66, 99, 124, 125

Corrosives and corrosivity, 35, 39-40, 41, 43

eye contact, 39, 40, 43

ingestion, 38, 39

inhalation, 39

skin contact, 38, 39, 40, 43

of wastes, 144

Cryogenic liquids, 57, 58, 60, 74, 97, 101, 120, 128-129, 130

Culture of safety, 1-2, 14-20, 24-25

Custodial and maintenance staff, 6, 8, 39, 177, 204

Cuts, 60

Cutting and drilling tools, 109, 120

Cyanides, 40, 41

incompatibilities, 51, 54

in wastes, 142-143, 144, 164-165

see also under names of specific compounds

Cyanobromide, see Cyanogen bromide

Cyanoethylene, see Acrylonitrile

Cyanogen bromide, 288-289

Cyanomethane, see Acetonitrile

Cylinders, see Gas cylinders

D

Deactivation, see Waste treatment methods

''Decay-in-storage" procedures, 7, 10, 151, 152, 154, 159

Decommissioning, 70

Decomposition, 97, 100

Dehydrating and drying agents, 40, 51, 102

Delivery, see Receiving rooms and loading areas;

Shipment and transport

Department of Transportation (DOT), 68, 121, 146, 209

Designated areas, 91, 93, 101, 220

Dessicators, 85, 131

Detergents, 66

Developmental toxicity, 45-46, 230-231

information sources, 34, 46

Dewar flasks, 57, 85, 99, 128, 130-131

Diacyl peroxides, 163

Diakyl peroxides, 163

Diamide, see Hydrazine

Diazirine, see Diazomethane

Diazomethane,40, 54, 102, 290-291

Diborane, 292-293

Dibromochloropropane, 40

1, 2-Dibromoethane, see Ethylene dibromide

Dichloromethane (methylene chloride),37, 294-295

Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide, 40

Diethyl ether,46, 48, 50, 58, 67, 88, 95, 102, 296-297

1, 4-Diethylene dioxide, see Dioxane

Diethylene ether, see Dioxane

Diethylnitrosamine, 298-299

Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), 97

Differential thermal analysis (DTA), 97

Digestive tract, see Ingestion

2, 4-Diisocyanato-1-methyl benzene, see Toluene diisocyanate

Dilution, 95-96, 100-101

Dimethoxyethane, 88

Dimethyl sulfate, 300-301

Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO),38, 50, 102, 302-303

Dimethylene oxide, see Ethylene oxide

1, 1-Dimethylethyllithium, see Butyllithiums

Dimethylformamide (DMF), 304-305

Dimethylhydrazines, see Hydrazines

Dioxane,102, 306-307

Diphosgene (trichloromethyl) chloroformate, 66

"Dirty Dozen", 57, 58

Disinfection, 6, 7, 60, 151, 156-157

Disposal, see Waste disposal. Note: Information about specific chemicals (indicated by boldface) is included in the Laboratory Chemical Safety Summaries.

Distillation, 55, 65, 101, 112

DMF, see Dimethylformamide

DMSO, see Dimethyl sulfoxide

Documentation and record-keeping, 22, 23, 24, 91, 176, 224, 228

adverse reactions, 211-212

emergency response, 23, 24, 176, 228

waste disposal, 6, 141, 146

Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values and Biological Exposure Indices,34



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