Physical Science, Life Science, and Earth and Space Science Standards

The standards for physical science, life science, and earth and space science describe the subject matter of science using three widely accepted divisions of the domain of science. Science subject matter focuses on the science facts, concepts, principles, theories, and models that are important for all students to know, understand, and use. Tables 6.2, 6.3, and 6.4 are the standards for physical science, life science, and earth and space science, respectively.

TABLE 6.2. PHYSICAL SCIENCE STANDARDS

LEVELS K-4

LEVELS 5-8

LEVELS 9-12

Properties of objects and materials

Properties and changes of properties in matter

Structure of atoms

Position and motion of objects

Motions and forces

Structure and properties of matter

Light, heat, electricity, and magnetism

Transfer of energy

Chemical reactions

 

 

Motions and forces

 

 

Conservation of energy and increase in disorder

 

 

Interactions of energy and matter

TABLE 6.3. LIFE SCIENCE STANDARDS

LEVELS K-4

LEVELS 5-8

LEVELS 9-12

Characteristics of organisms

Structure and function in living systems

The cell

Life cycles of organisms

Reproduction and heredity

Molecular basis of heredity

Organisms and environments

Regulation and behavior

Biological evolution

 

Populations and ecosystems

Interdependence of organisms

 

Diversity and adaptations of organisms

Matter, energy, and organization in living systems

 

 

Behavior of organisms

Science and Technology Standards

The science and technology standards in Table 6.5 establish connections between the natural and designed worlds and provide students with opportunities to develop decision-making abilities. They are not standards for technology education; rather, these standards emphasize abilities associated with the process of design and fundamental understandings about the enterprise of science and its various linkages with technology.

As a complement to the abilities developed in the science as inquiry standards,



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