Guidance for Readers

The National Science Education Standards are intended to serve as a responsible guide to the creation of a scientifically literate society. Because the Standards present a vision for scientific literacy that will require changes in the entire education system, it is expected that different individuals will read the Standards for different purposes. It is important that all readers read Chapter 2, Principles and Definitions, which sets the foundation for the vision of science education reform. The order of reading then might differ, depending on the reader's purpose. The brief guide below (Table 1.1) provides direction for locating different types of information.



Defining scientific literacy

   Principles and Definitions (Chapter 2)

   Content Standards (Chapter 6)

Providing guidance for teachers and other science educators

   Teaching Standards (Chapter 3)

   Assessment Standards (Chapter 5)

   Professional Development Standards (Chapter 4)

Clarifying the responsibility of policy makers and the community

   Program Standards (Chapter 7)

   System Standards (Chapter 8)

References for Further Reading

AAAS (American Association for the Advancement of Science). 1993. Benchmarks for Science Literacy. New York: Oxford University Press.

AAAS (American Association for the Advancement of Science). 1989. Science for All Americans. New York: Oxford University Press.

National Commission on Excellence in Education. 1983. A National at Risk: The Imperative for Educational Reform. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

NCTM (National Council of Teachers of Mathematics). 1989. Curriculum and Evaluation Standards for School Mathematics. Reston, VA: NCTM.

NRC (National Research Council). 1989. Everybody Counts: A Report to the Nation of the Future of Mathematics Education. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

NSTA (National Science Teachers Association). 1992. Scope, Sequence and Coordination of Secondary School Science. Vol.1. The Content Core: A Guide for Curriculum Developers. Washington, DC: NSTA.

SCANS (Secretary's Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills). 1991. What Work Requires of Schools. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

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