Changing Emphases

The emphasis charts for system standards are organized around shifting the emphases at three levels of organization within the education system—district, state, and federal. The three levels of the system selected for these charts are only representative of the many components of the science education system that need to change to promote the vision of science education described in the National Science Education Standards.

FEDERAL SYSTEM

LESS EMPHASIS ON

MORE EMPHASIS ON

Financial support for developing new curriculum materials not aligned with the Standards

Financial support for developing new curriculum materials aligned with the Standards

Support by federal agencies for professional development activities that affect only a few teachers

Support for professional development activities that are aligned with the Standards and promote systemwide changes

Agencies working independently on various components of science education

Coordination among agencies responsible for science education

Support for activities and programs that are unrelated to Standards -based reform

Support for activities and programs that successfully implement the Standards at state and district levels

Federal efforts that are independent of state and local levels

Coordination of reform efforts at federal, state, and local levels

Short-term projects

Long-term commitment of resources to improving science education

STATE SYSTEM

LESS EMPHASIS ON

MORE EMPHASIS ON

Independent initiatives to reform components of science education

Partnerships and coordination of reform efforts

Funds for workshops and programs having little connection to the Standards

Funds to improve curriculum and instruction based on the Standards

Frameworks, textbooks, and materials based on activities only marginally related to the Standards

Frameworks, textbooks, and materials adoption criteria aligned with national and state standards

Assessments aligned with the traditional content of science education

Assessments aligned with the Standards and the expanded view of science content

Current approaches to teacher education

University/college reform of teacher education to include science-specific pedagogy aligned with the Standards

Teacher certification based on formal, historically based requirements

Teacher certification that is based on understanding and abilities in science and science teaching



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement