5.13 Science Activities for the Visually Impaired/Science Enrichment for Learners with Physical Handicaps (SAVI/SELPH), Center for Multisensory Learning, Lawrence Hall of Science, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-5200 (510) 642-8941; Fax: (510) 642-1055

SAVI/SELPH, published in the late 1970s and early 1980s, consists of 9 modules designed for special-education students in grades 4-7. The activities enable all children to participate successfully in multisensory investigations of the life, earth, and physical sciences, increasing their understanding of science concepts and enhancing their science process skills. The modules work well in a variety of settings and can be directed by teachers with little science background. Funding has been provided by the U.S. Office of Education. Materials are available from the Lawrence Hall of Science. Following are the titles produced by SAVI/SELPH:

Communication (Grades 4-7)

Environmental Energy (Grades 4-7)

Environments (Grades 4-7)

Kitchen Interactions (Grades 4-7)

Magnetism and Electricity (Grades 4-7)

Measurement (Grades 4-7)

Mixtures and Solutions (Grades 4-7)

Scientific Reasoning (Grades 4-7)

Structures of Life (Grades 4-7)

5.14 Science and Technology for Children (STC), National Science Resources Center, Arts and Industries Building, Room 1201, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560 (202) 357-2555; Fax: (202) 786-2028

The Science and Technology for Children program consists of a series of 24 inquiry-centered curriculum units for grades 1 through 6, with 4 units at each grade level. Students learn about topics in the life, earth, and physical sciences. The technological applications of science and the interactions among science, technology, and society are addressed throughout the program. Units encourage participatory learning and the integration of science with mathematics, language arts, social studies, and art. Development of scientific reasoning skills is emphasized. Funding was provided by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation and the National Science Foundation. The titles produced by the STC project are as follows:

Animal Studies (Grade 4)

Balancing and Weighing (Grade 2)

Changes (Grade 2)

Chemical Tests (Grade 3)

Comparing and Measuring (Grade 1)

Ecosystems (Grade 5)

Electric Circuits (Grade 4)

Experiments with Plants (Grade 6)

Floating and Sinking (Grade 5)

Food Chemistry (Grade 5)

Land and Water (Grade 4)

The Life Cycle of Butterflies (Grade 2)

Magnets and Motors (Grade 6)

Measuring Time (Grade 6)

Microworlds (Grade 5)

Motion and Design (Grade 4)

Organisms (Grade 1)

Plant Growth and Development (Grade 3)

Rocks and Minerals (Grade 3)

Soils (Grade 2)

Solids and Liquids (Grade 1)

Sound (Grade 3)

Technology of Paper (Grade 6)

Weather (Grade 1)

5.15 Science—A Process Approach (SAPA/SAPA II), American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, DC 20005 (202) 326-6400

Inactive. Original SAPA materials are available on Science Helper K-8 (see 7.27). SAPA II revisions are available from Delta Education (see appendix A).

SAPA and SAPA II are general science programs that focus heavily on processes of science rather than on concepts. In both the first and the second versions, activities form a sequential K-6 modular program in which mastery of specific skills is predicated upon the accumulation of experience. Funded by the National Science Foundation, SAPA was published in the 1960s by the Xerox Education Division. It consists of 7 parts, each containing activity modules appropriate to a particular grade. The SAPA II folio version was originally published in the 1970s by Ginn and Company. Its revised edition contains 105 modules. Following are the 7 parts published for SAPA and the distribution by grade of the 105 SAPA II modules:


Part A (Grades K-2)

Part B (Grades 1-3)

Part C (Grades 2-4)

Part D (Grades 3-5)

Part E (Grades 4-6)

Part F (Grades 5-7)

Part G (Grades 6-8)


Level K: Modules 1-15

Level 1: Modules 16-30

Level 2: Modules 31-45

Level 3: Modules 46-60

Level 4: Modules 61-75

Level 5: Modules 76-90

Level 6: Modules 91-105

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