NOTES

1.  

There has been some discussion in the United Kingdom about the rational use of energy. This paper makes the assumption that a major contribution to achieving this goal is to ensure that all energy costs are tallied, including those related to the environment.

2.  

This last, of course, would have a special relationship with electricity, because electrolysis is usually identified as the main means of manufacturing the necessary hydrogen supplies.

3.  

The reasons for this divergence in practice are complex and include the widespread occurrence of municipal provision of electricity generation in continental Europe, which, coupled with a housing function, has encouraged the pursuit of combined heat and power and district heating in several European countries.

4.  

In this respect, the experience of some of the industrialized countries of East Asia, where population densities and urban-land scarcity often mandate proximity of industrial and residential functions, may be more relevant as these countries strive for environmental quality.

5.  

In the United Kingdom, such institutional housing providers are local government authorities and, increasingly in recent years, housing associations—nonprofit organizations set up to provide social housing.

6.  

Solid waste generated from gas-fired plants, furnace cleaning, etc. are orders of magnitude less significant than that from coal-or even oil-fired plants.

7.  

There have been examples in the United Kingdom of residents' resistance to the proximity of gas-fired and straw-fired power plants.

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