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Appendix D List of Commissioned Background Papers On the Allocation of Fecleral R&D Christopher T. Hill, Professor of Public Policy and Technology George Mason University This paper provides a broad overview of the present-clay allocations of federal research and development ~&rD) funds among diverse national purposes, perform- ers, and sponsoring fecleral agencies. It sets out a number of general considerations in the formulation of fecleral R&D policies over the past 5 decacles, and it describes ant! analyzes the historical processes through which the portfolio of federal R&~ has been shaped. Previous Analyses of the US. RED Allocation Process Robert M. Cook-Deegan, Senior Program Officer National Research Council This document reviews some major reports on U.S. federal science policy relevant to the committee's task. its purpose is to review what others have said when con- fronted with tasks similar to the committee's mandate, or when given different tasks that required them to confront similar choices about Ram spending that must be macle at the presiclential or congressional level. Where Does the Fecleral Dollar for Basic Research Go? Michael G.H. McGeary, Consultant This paper describes the composition of the federal basic research budget and presents backgrounci information on feclerally funciect basic research who funds basic research and why, what mechanisms are used to provide support, who con- ducts basic research and how, and how performers spend the clollars. Survey of Reports on Fecleral Laboratories Robert M. Cook-Deegan, Senior Program Officer National Research Council This background paper summarizes the recent reviews of fecieral laboratories, both those operateci by government and those conducted by contractors (whether corpo- rate or university). NOTE: Copies of all commissioned papers are available upon request from the Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, end applications, National Research Council, 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20418. 95