Apes, see Nonhuman primates

Association of Primate Veterinarians (APV), 105-106

Australia and New Zealand Council for the Care of Animals in Research and Teaching (ANZCCART), 106

Autoclaving

of foods and bedding, 39, 41

for surgery, 62, 79

B

Barrier entry systems, 16

Bedding24, 32, 41

changing of, 24, 29, 34, 42, 44

disposal, 15, 16

Behavior and behavior changes, 2, 11, 12, 22, 23, 25, 36-38

Biologic agents and hazards, 14, 16, 18, 44

recommended readings, 85-86

waste disposal, 44, 45

Biologic-safety cabinets, 17, 76

Birds, recommended readings, 87

Bites and scratches, 14, 18

Bordetella bronchiseptica,59

Breeding and reproduction, 47, 57

environmental conditions for, 22, 25, 35

records, 46, 47

C

Cages and caging, 23, 38

cleaning and sanitation, 24, 43, 44

complexities in, 25, 36

dimensions and space allocation, 25-28

flooring, 24, 43

see also Primary enclosures

Calorie restriction, 40

Canadian Association for Laboratory Animal Medicine/L'Association canadienne dela medecine des animaux de laboratoire (CALAM/ACMAL) , 106-107

Canadian Association for Laboratory Animal Science/L'Association canadienne pour la technologie des animeaux laboratoire (CALAM/ACTAL) , 106-107

Canadian Council on Animal Care (CCAC), 13, 107

Carcass disposal, 45, 73, 77

Cats, 38, 46

housing requirements, 25, 28, 32

procurement, 57

recommended readings, 87

Cattle, space requirements, 26, 31, 38

Cedar shavings, 41

Ceilings, 75

Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing (CAAT), 107-108

Center for Laboratory Animal Welfare (CLAW), 110

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 16, 18

Cercopithecine herpesvirus,18, 59

Chairing, 11

Chemical cleaning agents, 14, 43, 62

Chickens, 28, 32

Circadian cycles, 34, 35

Cleaning and sanitation, 15, 24, 34, 42-44, 72, 77-78

Clinical records, 46-47

Clothing, 15, 17

Cold storage and refrigeration, 39, 45, 77

Committees, see Institutional animal care and use committees (IACUCs)

Computer modeling

as an alternative to animal use, 10, 117

in facility design, 31, 71

Conditioned-response protocols, 12

Construction materials, 23, 72

Contaminants

airborne, 17, 22-23, 24, 33, 62-63

in food, 38, 39

recommended readings, 88-89

in water, 40, 41

Corridors, 16, 73, 77

Cryopreservation, 47-48

D

Defecation, 23, 43

Dehydration, 12

Diagnosis, 59-60

Diet and dietary control, 12, 39, 40

Disaster planning, 46

Disease control, 57-58, 60

Disease susceptibility, 22-23, 37

Disinfection, 23, 24, 42-44

Disposable clothing, 15

Distress

and euthanasia, 10, 65, 66

procedures causing, 10-11, 65, 117



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