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Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members William M. Lewis, Jr., (ChairJ is professor and chair of the Department of Environmental, Population, and Organismic Biology at the University of Colorado, Boulcler, and serves as director of the Center for Limnology at CU- Boulder. Professor Lewis received his Ph.D. degree with emphasis on lim- nology, the study of inland waters, in 1974from Indiana University. His research interests, as reflected by over 120 journal articles and books, include productivityand other metabolic aspects of aquatic ecosystems, aquatic food webs, composition of biotic communities, nutrient cycling, and the quality of inland waters. The geographic extent of Professor Lewis's work encom- passes not only the montane and plains areas of Colorado but also Latin America and Southeast Asia, where he has conducted extensive studies of tropical aquatic systems. Professor Lewis has served on the National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council's Committee on Irrigation- lnduced Water Quality Problems and was chair of the NRC's Wetlands Characterization Committee. He is a member of the NRC's Water Science and Technology Board. Garrick A. Bailey earned his B.A. in history from the University of Oklahoma and his M.A. and Ph.D. in anthropology from the University of Oregon. He is a professor in the Department of Anthropology and is director of the Indian Studies Program at the University of Tulsa. Dr. Bailey specializes in North American Indians, legal systems, cultural ecology, ethnohistoric methods, and social organization. He is a member of the American Anthro- pological Association, the Plains Anthropological Society, the American Ethnological Society, and the American Society of Ethnohistory. 222

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Appendix A 223 Bonnie Colby is associate professor of agricultural and resource economics at the University of Arizona. Her undergraduate degree is from the University of California and her Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin. Her research, teaching, and consulting focus is on the economics of water resources management and policy. She has authored over 40 publications in this area, including a number of journal articles and a book, Water Marketingin Theoryand Practice: Market Transfers, Water Values and Public Policy (1987~. In addition to her work on water reallocation, she has special- ized in research on water quality, valuation of water rights and environmental amenities, and natural resource management in developing tribal and rural economies. Dr. Colby served on the NRC's Committee on Western Water Management. David Dawdy received his M.S. in statistics from Stanford University. His professional experience has been with the U.S. Geological Survey from 1951 to 1976 as a research hydraulic engineer; as adjunct professor of civil en- gineering at Colorado State University, Ft. Collins, from 1969 to 1972; and as assistant district chief for programming of the California District, Water Resources Division, from 1972 to 1975. He has served on numerous advisory groups including NRC committees. From 1976 to 1980 he was chief hy- drologist with Dames and Moore in Washington, D.C., and is currently a consultant in surface water hydrology. Robert C. Euler is a consulting anthropologist specializing in the applied anthropology, archeology, ethnology, and ethnohistory of the American Southwest and Great Basin. As such, he conducts research in cross-cultural resources management, social and economic impact assessments, Indian legal claims cases, and archeological investigations, especially those related to environmental impacts. Dr. Euler is also adjunct professor of anthropology at Arizona State University, Tempe. In addition, he serves as tribal anthro- pologist for the Yavapai-Prescott Indian Tribe. Dr. Euler earned his B.A. and M.A. in economics from Northern Arizona University and his Ph.D. in anthro pology from the University of New Mexico. Ian Goodman earned his B.S. in civil engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1977. Initially in his career he performed research at MIT, where he developed inputs to a policy-specific model of energy use for intercity goods movement. He began consulting in 1978 and was employed with several firms in the Boston area, working on various aspects

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224 Appendix A of utility regulation and economics. He is now the principal of his own consulting firm, The Goodman Group, where his work includes assessing electric and gas resource planning, demand forecasts, supply options, and environmental effects. Mr. Goodman also evaluates conservation potential and cost effectiveness, program design, and utility demand-side management initiatives. William Graf obtained his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin, Madison, with a major in physical geography and a minor in water resources management. He specializes in fluvial geomorphology, hydrology, con- servation policy and public land management, and aerial photographic interpretation. He has served as consulting geomorphologist for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in a research and advisory role concerning the en- vironmental impact assessment of flood control works at the Salt and Gila rivers in Arizona; and for Camp, Dresser, and McKee, Inc., for geomorphology and geology, and the state of Arizona for fluvial geomorphology. His research activities have emphasized fluvial geomorphology and the effects of human activities on streams; public land management, especially wilderness preservation, and rapids in canyon rivers; dynamics and recreation man- agement; and the problems of heavy metal and radionuclide transport in river systems. Dr. Graf has published some 50 articles and book chapters on the impact of suburbanization on fluvial geomorphology; resources, the environment, and the American experience; and the effect of dam closure on downstream rapids. His books include The Geomorphic Systems of North America, The Colorado River: Basin Stability and Management, Fluvial Processes and Dryland Rivers, Wilderness Preservation and the Sagebrush Rebellions, and Plutonium and the Rio Grande. Dr. Graf is a member of the NRC's Water Science and Technology Board. Clark Hubbs received his Ph.D. in biology from Stanford University in 1951. He joined the faculty of the University of Texas at Austin in 1949, became professor of zoology in 1963 and was the Clark Hubbs Regents Professor in 1989, and has been regents professor emeritus since 1991 . He has served as chairman of biology (1974-1976) and chairman of zoology (1978-85~. He was concurrently visiting professor of zoology at the University of Oklahoma (1973-1986) and on the faculty of Texas A&M University (1975- 81~. He has served as curator of ichthyology at the Texas Memorial Museum since 1975. He has received the Award of Excellence from the American Fisheries Society and the Lifetime Achievement Award from the American

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Appendix A 225 Society of Ichthyologists. He has published more then 250 papers on aquatic biology. His research interests include distribution and speciation of fishes, hybridization of freshwater fishes, and environmental modification of fresh- water fishes. Dr. Hubbs has a history of work with endangered fishes and now has a substantial program on predation of adults on their young. Trevor C. Hughes acquired his Ph.D. in civil engineering from Utah State University. His professional experience includes teaching since 1972 at Utah State University in the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department; research experience as NDEAfellow at Utah State; associate professor of civil and environmental engineering, Utah Water Research Lab; and research scientist at the International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis, Austria. Since 1971 he has conducted research projects on the management of salinity in the Colorado Basin, drought management analysis and policy design, regional planning of rural water supply systems, economic analysis of alternative water conservation concepts, river system operational models, and modeling of urban water system demands. Roderick Nash received an M.A. and Ph.D. in 1961 and 1964 from the University of Wisconsin. He specialized in American intellectual history under Professor Merle Curti. Before his appointment at the University of Santa Barbara in 1966, he taught for two years at Dartmouth College. Dr. Nash published the first collections of documents relating to environmental history, The American Environment, in 1968. His most significant recent work, The Rights of Nature: A History of Environmental Ethics, was published in 1989. A national leader in the field of conservation, environmental management, and environmental education, Dr. Nash has a special interest in problems relating to the wilderness and its preservation. A. Dan Tarlock holds an A.B. and LL.B. from Stanford University and is currently Distinguished Professor of Law and Associate Dean for Faculty at the Chicago-Kent College of Law. He has practiced law in San Francisco and Omaha-Denver, and taught at the universities of Chicago, Indiana, Kansas, Michigan, Texas and Utah. He has written and consulted widely in the fields of water law, environmental protection and natural resources management. From 1987-1994, he was a member of the Water Science and Technology Board, and between 1989-1992 he chaired the Committee on Western Water Management Change, the report of which was published as Water Transfers in the West in 1992.

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226 Appendix A NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL STAFF Sheila David, a senior program officer at the Water Science and Technology Board, served as study director for this committee since its inception in 1986. On the staff of the National Research Council (NRC) since 1976, she has served as study director for a wide range of NRC projects including studies on coastal erosion, wetlands characteristics and bound- aries, ground water protection, water reuse, and international studies con- cerning water supply management in Indonesia and the Middle East region. Mary Beth Morris is a senior project assistant at the Water Science and Technology Boarcl. She has been on the NRC staff since 1993 and has worked on WSTB studies including flood risk management, the use of treated wastewater on crops for human consumption, and valuing ground water. She holds a B.A. in politics from Randolph-Macon Woman's College.