Appendixes



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 303
--> Appendixes

OCR for page 303
This page in the original is blank.

OCR for page 303
--> Appendix A Sexually Transmitted Pathogens and Associated Diseases, Syndromes, and Complications Twenty-Five Sexually Transmitted Pathogens And Associated Diseases Or Syndromes Pathogen Associated Disease or Syndrome BACTERIA   Neisseria gonorrhoeae Urethritis, epididymitis, proctitis, cervicitis, endometritis, salpingitis, perihepatitis, bartholinitis, pharyngitis, conjunctivitis, prepubertal vaginitis, prostatitis (?), accessory gland infection, disseminated gonococcal infection (DGI), chorio-amnionitis, premature rupture of membranes, premature delivery, amniotic infection syndrome Chlamydia trachomatis All of the above except DGI, plus otitis media, rhinitis, and pneumonia in infants and Reiter's syndrome Mycoplasma hominis Postpartum fever, salpingitis (?) Ureaplasma urealyticum Nongonococcal urethritis

OCR for page 303
--> Treponema pallidum Syphilis Gardnerella vaginalis Bacterial ("nonspecific") vaginosis (in conjunction with Mycoplasma hominis and vaginal anaerobes, such as Mobiluncus spp) Haemophilus ducreyi Chancroid Calymmatobacterium granulomatis Donovanosis (granuloma inguinale) Shigella spp Shigellosis in homosexual men Campylobacter spp Enteritis, proctocolitis VIRUSES Human immunodeficiency virus, types 1 and 2 AIDS Herpes simplex virus Initial and recurrent genital herpes, aseptic meningitis, neonatal herpes Human papillomavirus (more than 70 types identified) Condyloma acuminata, laryngeal papilloma, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and carcinoma, vaginal carcinoma, anal carcinoma, vulvar carcinoma, penile carcinoma Hepatitis B virus Acute hepatitis B virus infection, chronic active hepatitis, persistent (unresolved) hepatitis, polyarteritis nodosa, chronic membranous glomerulonephritis, mixed cryoglobulinemia (?), polymyalgia rheumatica (?), hepatocellular carcinoma Hepatitis A virus Acute hepatitis A Cytomegalovirus Heterophil-negative infectious mononucleosis; congenital CMV infection with gross birth defects and infant mortality, cognitive impairment (e.g., mental retardation, sensorineural deafness); protean manifestations in the immunosuppressed host

OCR for page 303
--> Molluscum contagiosum virus Genital molluscum contagiosum Human T-cell lymphotrophic virus, types I and II Human T-cell leukemia or lymphoma Human herpes virus type 8 Kaposi's sarcoma (?), body cavity lymphoma PROTOZOA Trichomonas vaginalis Trichomonal vaginitis Entamoeba histolytica Amebiasis in men who have sex with men Giardia lamblia Giardiasis in men who have sex with men FUNGI Candida albicans Vulvovaginitis, balanitis ECTOPARASITES Phthirus pubis Public lice infestation Sarcoptes scabiei Scabies Selected Syndromes And Complications Of Sexually Transmitted Pathogens Syndrome or Complication Associated Sexually Transmitted Pathogen IN MEN AIDS Human immunodeficiency virus, types 1 and 2 Urethritis Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydial trachomatis, herpes simplex virus, Ureaplasma urealyticum Epididymitis C. trachomatis, N. gonorrhoeae

OCR for page 303
--> Intestinal infections Proctitis N. gonorrhoeae, herpes simplex virus, C. trachomatis Proctocolitis or enterocolitis Campylobacter spp, Shigella spp, Entamoeba histolytica Enteritis Giardia lamblia Hepatitis Hepatitis A and B viruses, cytomegalovirus, Treponema pallidum IN WOMEN AIDS Human immunodeficiency virus, types 1 and 2 Lower genitourinary tract infection Vulvitis Candida albicans, herpes simplex virus Vaginitis Trichomonas vaginalis, C. albicans Vaginosis Gardnerella vaginalis, Mobiluncus spp, other anaerobes, Mycoplasma hominis Cervicitis N. gonorrhoeae, C. trachomatis, herpes simplex virus Urethritis N. gonorrhoeae, C. trachomatis, herpes simplex virus Pelvic inflammatory disease N. gonorrhoeae, C. trachomatis, M. hominis, anaerobes, Group B streptococcus Infertility Postsalpingitis, postobstetrical, postabortion N. gonorrhoeae, C. trachomatis, M. hominis (?) Pregnancy morbidity Several STDs have been implicated in one or more of these conditions. Chorioamnionitis, amniotic fluid infection, prematurity, premature rupture of membranes, preterm delivery, postpartum endometritis, ectopic pregnancy   IN MEN AND WOMEN Neoplasia Human papillomavirus Cervical, vulvar, vaginal, anal, and penile; intraepithelial neoplasia, carcinoma  

OCR for page 303
--> Hepatocellular carcinoma Hepatitis B virus Kaposi's sarcoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma Human immunodeficiency virus, types 1 and 2 Genital ulceration Herpes simplex virus, T. palladium, Haemophilus ducreyi, Calymmatobacterium granulomatis, C. trachomatis (LGV strains) Acute arthritis with urogenital or intestinal infection N. gonorrhoeae, C. trachomatis, Shigella spp, Campylobacter spp Genital warts Human papillomavirus Molluscum contagiosum Molluscum contagiosum virus Ectoparasite infestations Sarcoptes scabiei, Phthirus pubis Heterophil-negative mononucleosis Cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus (some evidence for sexual transmission) Tropical spastic paraparesis Human T-cell lymphotrophic virus, type I IN NEONATES AND INFANTS TORCHES syndromea Cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus, T. pallidum Conjunctivitis C. trachomatis, N. gonorrhoeae Pneumonia C. trachomatis, U. urealyticum (?) Otitis media C. trachomatis Sepsis, meningitis Group B streptococcus Cognitive impairment, deafness Cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus, T. pallidum NOTE: For each of the above syndromes, some cases cannot yet be ascribed to any cause and must currently be considered idiopathic. An ''?" indicates a possible associated syndrome. a TORCHES is an acronym for toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes, and syphilis. The syndrome consists of various combinations of encephalitis, hepatitis, dermatitis, and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). SOURCES: Cates W Jr., Holmes KK. Sexually transmitted diseases. In: Last JM, Wallace RB, eds. Maxcy-Rosenau-Last public health and preventive medicine. 13th ed. Norwalk, CT: Appleton & Lange, 1992:99-114; 121-3. Holmes KK, Handsfield HH. Sexually transmitted diseases. In: Isselbacher KJ, Braunwald E, Wilson JD, Martin JB, Fauci AS, Kasper DL, eds. Harrison's principles of internal medicine. 13th ed. New York: McGraw Hill, 1994:534-43.

OCR for page 303
This page in the original is blank.