Table 2-3 Major Sequelae of STDs

Health Consequence

Women

Men

Infants

Cancers

Cervical cancer

Vulva cancer

Vaginal cancer

Anal cancer

Liver cancer

T-cell leukemia

Kaposi's sarcoma

Body cavity lymphoma

Penile cancer

Anal cancer

Liver cancer

T-cell leukemia

Kaposi's sarcoma

Body cavity lymphoma

 

Reproductive health problems

Pelvic inflammatory disease

Infertility

Ectopic pregnancy

Spontaneous abortion

Epididymitis

Prostatitis

Infertility

 

Pregnancy-related problems

Preterm delivery

Premature rupture of membranes

Puerperal sepsis

Postpartum infection

 

Stillbirth

Low birth weight

Conjunctivitis

Pneumonia

Neonatal sepsis

Acute hepatitis

Neurologic damage

Congenital abnormalities

Neurologic problems

HTLV-associated myelopathy (paralysis)

Neurosyphilis

HTLV-associated myelopathy (paralysis)

Neurosyphilis

Cytomegalovirus-, herpessimplex- virus-, and syphilis-associated neurologic problems;

Group B strep meningitis

Other common health consequences

Chronic liver disease

Cirrhosis

Chronic liver disease

Cirrhosis

Chronic liver disease

Cirrhosis



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement