The impact of STDs on women's health is substantial. STDs disproportionately impact women because women are more susceptible to infection, they are more likely to have undetected infections, and they are more likely to have STD-related complications compared to men. Adolescents and young adults are at greatest risk for acquiring STDs. Female adolescents appear to be particularly susceptible to several STDs. As described in Chapter 3, adolescents and young adults are also likely to lack information regarding STDs, lack health insurance, and use intoxicating drugs; these factors significantly increase risk for STDs.

Many STDs increase an individual's risk for acquiring and transmitting HIV infection. Therefore, reducing STDs would decrease the incidence of HIV infection in the population. Given the strong association between certain STDs and cervical, liver, and other cancers, cancer prevention programs need to incorporate STD prevention strategies as means for preventing such cancers. As emerging and reemerging infections, new sexually transmitted infections appear on a regular basis and are likely to continue to do so as long as rates of risky sexual behaviors remain high and global economic and demographic factors continue to promote emergence of new STDs. STDs are major international health problems, and all nations will have to contribute to prevention efforts on a global scale.

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