TABLE 5.20 Elasticity of Native Wages and Native Employment with Respect to the Number of Immigrants in a Locality

Study

Panel A: Native Wages

Impact of Immigrants on:

Dependent Variable

Elasticity Estimate

Altonji and Card (1991:220)

Less skilled natives

Weekly wages

+.01

Bean, Lowell, and Taylor (1988:44)

Native Mexican men

Annual earnings

-.005 to +.05

 

Black men

Annual earnings

-.003 to +.06

Borjas (1990:87)

White native men

Annual earnings

-.01

 

Black native men

Annual earnings

+.02

Grossman (1982:600)

All natives

Factor share of native workers

-.02

LaLonde and Topel (1991:186)

Young black natives

Annual earnings

-.06

 

Young Hispanic natives

Annual earnings

-.01

Panel B: Native Employment

Altonji and Card (1991:220)

Less skilled natives

Employment-population ratio

-.038

 

 

Weeks worked

-.062

Borjas (1990:92)

White native men

Labor force participation rate

-.01

 

Black native men

Labor force participation rate

+.04

Muller and Espenshade (1985:100)

Black natives

Unemployment rate

-.01

Simon, Moore, and Sullivan (1993)

Natives

Unemployment rate

+.001

Winegarden and Khor (1991:109)

Young white natives

Unemployment rate

.01

 

Young black natives

Unemployment rate

-.003

 

Source: Borjas (1994).



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